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  • Tokyo, Japan
    Sunday Aug 12, 1945

    Hirohito

    The Emperor Informed The Imperial Family of His decision To Surrender

    Tokyo, Japan
    Sunday Aug 12, 1945

    On August 12, 1945, the Emperor informed the imperial family of his decision to surrender. One of his uncles, Prince Yasuhiko Asaka, asked whether the war would be continued if the kokutai (national polity) could not be preserved. The Emperor simply replied "Of course."




  • Mount Osutaka, Ueno, Gunma Perfecture, Japan
    Monday Aug 12, 1985

    Plane Accidents

    JAL flight123

    Mount Osutaka, Ueno, Gunma Perfecture, Japan
    Monday Aug 12, 1985

    The crashes of Japan Airlines Flight 123 on August 12, 1985, is the single-aircraft disaster with the highest number of fatalities: 520 people died on board a Boeing 747. The aircraft suffered an explosive decompression from an incorrectly repaired aft pressure bulkhead, which failed in mid-flight, destroying most of its vertical stabilizer and severing all of the hydraulic lines, making the 747 virtually uncontrollable. Pilots were able to keep the plane flying for 32 minutes after the mechanical failure before crashing into a mountain. All 15 crew members and 505 of the 509 passengers on board died.




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