Historydraft LogoHistorydraft Logo HistorydraftbetaHistorydraft Logo Historydraftbeta

  • Austria
    Wednesday Feb 8, 1809

    Napoleon

    Imperial Government secretly decided on another confrontation against the French

    Austria
    Wednesday Feb 8, 1809

    After four years on the sidelines, Austria sought another war with France to avenge its recent defeats. Austria could not count on Russian support because the latter was at war with Britain, Sweden, and the Ottoman Empire in 1809. Although Archduke Charles warned that the Austrians were not ready for another showdown with Napoleon, a stance that landed him in the so-called "peace party", he did not want to see the army demobilized either. On 8 February 1809, the advocates for war finally succeeded when the Imperial Government secretly decided on another confrontation against the French.




  • Vienna, Austria
    Saturday May 13, 1809

    Napoleon

    Vienna fell for the second time in four years

    Vienna, Austria
    Saturday May 13, 1809

    On 13 May, Vienna fell for the second time in four years, although the war continued since most of the Austrian army had survived the initial engagements in Southern Germany.




  • Austria
    Wednesday May 17, 1809

    Napoleon

    Charles kept the bulk of his troops several kilometres away from the river bank in hopes of concentrating them at the point where Napoleon decided to cross

    Austria
    Wednesday May 17, 1809

    By 17 May, the main Austrian army under Charles had arrived on the Marchfeld. Charles kept the bulk of his troops several kilometres away from the river bank in hopes of concentrating them at the point where Napoleon decided to cross.




  • Lobau, Vienna, Austria
    Sunday May 21, 1809

    Napoleon

    Battle of Aspern-Essling

    Lobau, Vienna, Austria
    Sunday May 21, 1809

    On 21 May, the French made their first major effort to cross the Danube, precipitating the Battle of Aspern-Essling. The Austrians enjoyed a comfortable numerical superiority over the French throughout the battle. On the first day, Charles disposed of 110,000 soldiers against only 31,000 commanded by Napoleon. By the second day, reinforcements had boosted French numbers up to 70,000. It was the first defeat Napoleon suffered in a major set-piece battle, and it caused excitement throughout many parts of Europe because it proved that he could be beaten on the battlefield.




  • Austria
    Friday Jun 30, 1809

    Napoleon

    French recrossed the Danube

    Austria
    Friday Jun 30, 1809

    From 30 June to the early days of July, the French recrossed the Danube in strength, with more than 180,000 troops marching across the Marchfeld towards the Austrians. Charles received the French with 150,000 of his own men.




  • Wagram, Austria
    Wednesday Jul 5, 1809

    Napoleon

    Battle of Wagram

    Wagram, Austria
    Wednesday Jul 5, 1809

    In the ensuing Battle of Wagram, which also lasted two days, Napoleon commanded his forces in what was the largest battle of his career up until then. Napoleon finished off the battle with a concentrated central thrust that punctured a hole in the Austrian army and forced Charles to retreat.




  • Schönbrunn Palace near Vienna, Austria
    Saturday Oct 14, 1809

    Napoleon

    Treaty of Schönbrunn

    Schönbrunn Palace near Vienna, Austria
    Saturday Oct 14, 1809

    The resulting Treaty of Schönbrunn in October 1809 was the harshest that France had imposed on Austria in recent memory.


<