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  • U.S.
    Saturday Apr 13, 1861

    Elizabeth Blackwell

    American Civil War broke out

    U.S.
    Saturday Apr 13, 1861

    When the American Civil War broke out, the Blackwell sisters aided in nursing efforts. Blackwell sympathized heavily with the North due to her abolitionist roots, and even went so far as to say she would have left the country if the North had compromised on the subject of slavery. However, Blackwell did meet with some resistance on the part of the male-dominated United States Sanitary Commission (USSC) . The male physicians refused to help with the nurse education plan if it involved the Blackwells. In response to the USSC, Blackwell organized with the Woman's Central Relief Association (WCRA). The WCRA worked against the problem of uncoordinated benevolence, but ultimately was absorbed by the USSC. Still, the New York Infirmary managed to work with Dorothea Dix to train nurses for the Union effort.




  • Warrenton, Virginia, U.S.
    Monday Jun 3, 1861

    Memorial day

    First civil war grave decorated

    Warrenton, Virginia, U.S.
    Monday Jun 3, 1861

    On June 3, 1861, Warrenton, Virginia, was the location of the first Civil War soldier's grave ever to be decorated, according to a Richmond Times-Dispatch newspaper article in 1906. This decoration was for the funeral of the first soldier killed in action during the Civil War, John Quincy Marr, who died on June 1, 1861, during a skirmish at Battle of Fairfax Courthouse in Virginia.




  • U.S.
    Thursday Jul 4, 1861

    Flag of the United States

    Star for Kansas

    U.S.
    Thursday Jul 4, 1861

    The flag was changed to have 34 stars. (for Kansas)




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