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  • Korea
    Monday Jun 4, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    Violating The Convention of Tientsin

    Korea
    Monday Jun 4, 1894

    On June 4, the Korean king, Gojong, requested aid from the Qing government in suppressing the Donghak Rebellion. Although the rebellion was not as serious as it initially seemed and hence Qing reinforcements were not necessary, the Qing government still sent the General Yuan Shikai as its plenipotentiary to lead 2,800 troops to Korea.




  • Korea
    Wednesday Jun 6, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    Sending Chinese Soldiers

    Korea
    Wednesday Jun 6, 1894

    About 2,465 Chinese soldiers are transported to Korea to suppress the Donghak Rebellion.




  • Seoul, South Korea
    Saturday Jun 9, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    Japanese Response

    Seoul, South Korea
    Saturday Jun 9, 1894

    According to the Japanese, the Qing government had violated the Convention of Tientsin by not informing the Japanese government of its decision to send troops, but the Qing claimed that Japan had approved this. The Japanese countered by sending an 8,000-troop expeditionary force (the Oshima Composite Brigade) to Korea. The first 400 troops arrived on June 9 en route to Seoul, and 3,000 landed at Incheon on June 12.




  • Korea
    Sunday Jun 10, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    End of The Donghak Rebellion

    Korea
    Sunday Jun 10, 1894

    On 11/6/1894, the Donghak Rebellion has ended.




  • Korea
    Friday Jun 22, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    Additional Japanese Troops arrive in Korea

    Korea
    Friday Jun 22, 1894

    Additional Japanese troops arrive in Korea. Japanese prime minister Itō Hirobumi tells Matsukata Masayoshi that since the Qing Empire appear to be making military preparations, there is probably "no policy but to go to war". Mutsu tells Ōtori to press the Korean government on the Japanese demands.




  • Seoul, South Korea
    Monday Jun 25, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    Replacing The Existing Korean Government With Members of the pro-Japanese Faction

    Seoul, South Korea
    Monday Jun 25, 1894

    In early June 1894, the 8,000 Japanese troops captured the Korean king Gojong, occupied the Gyeongbokgung in Seoul and, by June 25, replaced the existing Korean government with members of the pro-Japanese faction.




  • Korea
    Tuesday Jun 26, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    Japanesse reform Proposals

    Korea
    Tuesday Jun 26, 1894

    Ōtori presents a set of reform proposals to the Korean king Gojong. Gojong's government rejects the proposals and instead insists on troop withdrawals.


  • Seoul, Korea (Now South Korea))
    Monday Jul 23, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    Occuping Seoul

    Seoul, Korea (Now South Korea))
    Monday Jul 23, 1894

    Japanese troops occupy Seoul, capture Gojong, and establish a new, pro-Japanese government, which terminates all Sino-Korean treaties and grants the Imperial Japanese Army the right to expel the Qing Empire's Beiyang Army from Korea.


  • Asan, Korea (Now South Korea))
    Wednesday Jul 25, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    The Battle of Pungdo

    Asan, Korea (Now South Korea))
    Wednesday Jul 25, 1894

    On 25 July 1894, the cruisers Yoshino, Naniwa and Akitsushima of the Japanese flying squadron, which had been patrolling off Asan Bay, encountered the Chinese cruiser Tsi-yuan and gunboat Kwang-yi. These vessels had steamed out of Asan to meet the transport Kow-shing, escorted by the Chinese gunboat Tsao-kiang. After an hour-long engagement, the Tsi-yuan escaped while the Kwang-yi grounded on rocks, where its powder-magazine exploded.


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