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  • Oxford, England
    Thursday Jan 8, 1942

    Stephen Hawking

    Birth

    Oxford, England
    Thursday Jan 8, 1942

    Hawking was born on 8 January 1942 in Oxford.




  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Wednesday May 20, 1942

    Winston Churchill

    Vyacheslav Molotov arrived in London

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Wednesday May 20, 1942

    On 20 May, the Soviet Foreign Affairs minister, Vyacheslav Molotov, arrived in London and stayed until the 28th before going on to Washington. The purpose of this visit was to sign a treaty of friendship but Molotov wanted it done on the basis of certain territorial concessions re Poland and the Baltic States. Churchill and Eden worked for a compromise and eventually a twenty-year treaty was formalized but with the question of frontiers placed on hold. Molotov was also seeking a Second Front in Europe but all Churchill could do was confirm that preparations were in progress and make no promises on a date.




  • United Kingdom
    Wednesday May 27, 1942

    Winston Churchill

    Churchill contacted Roosevelt

    United Kingdom
    Wednesday May 27, 1942

    Churchill felt well pleased with these negotiations and said as much when he contacted Roosevelt on the 27th.




  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Jun 23, 1942

    Dwight D. Eisenhower

    Eisenhower returned to London as Commanding General, European Theater of Operations

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Jun 23, 1942

    On June 23, 1942, Eisenhower returned to London as Commanding General, European Theater of Operations (ETOUSA), based in London and with a house on Coombe, Kingston upon Thames, and took over command of ETOUSA from Chaney. He was promoted to lieutenant general on July 7.




  • United Kingdom
    Thursday Jun 25, 1942

    Winston Churchill

    Churchill returned to Britain

    United Kingdom
    Thursday Jun 25, 1942

    Churchill returned to Britain on 25 June and had to face another motion of no confidence, this time in his central direction of the war, but again he won easily.




  • England
    Tuesday Jul 7, 1942

    John Maynard Keynes

    Baron Keynes, of Tilton, in the County of Sussex

    England
    Tuesday Jul 7, 1942

    On 7 July his title was gazetted as "Baron Keynes, of Tilton, in the County of Sussex" and he took his seat in the House of Lords on the Liberal Party benches.




  • United Kingdom
    Thursday Jul 16, 1942

    Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh

    Promotion to lieutenant

    United Kingdom
    Thursday Jul 16, 1942

    Promotion to lieutenant followed on 16 July 1942.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Nov 10, 1942

    Winston Churchill

    End of the beginning

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Nov 10, 1942

    As 1942 drew to a close, the tide of war began to turn with Allied victory in the key battles of El Alamein and Stalingrad. Until November, the Allies had always been on the defensive, but from November, the Germans were. Churchill ordered the church bells to be rung throughout Great Britain for the first time since early 1940. On 10 November, knowing that El Alamein was a victory, he delivered one of his most memorable war speeches to the Lord Mayor's Luncheon at the Mansion House in London, in response to the Allied victory at El Alamein: "This is not the end. It is not even the beginning of the end. But it is, perhaps, the end of the beginning".


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