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  • U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1942
    Atlantic Charter

    Declaration by United Nations

    U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1942

    On 1 January 1942, a larger group of nations, who adhered to the principles of the Atlantic Charter, issued a joint Declaration by United Nations stressing their solidarity in the defense against Hitlerism.




  • U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1942
    World War II

    Declaration by United Nations

    U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1942

    On 1 January 1942, the Allied Big Four (the Soviet Union, China, the United Kingdom and the United States) and 22 smaller or exiled governments issued the Declaration by United Nations.




  • U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1942
    United Nations

    United Nations Declaration

    U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1942

    "On New Year's Day 1942, President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill, Maxim Litvinov, of the USSR, and T. V. Soong, of China, signed a short document which later came to be known as the United Nations Declaration, and the next day the representatives of twenty-two other nations added their signatures". A JOINT DECLARATION BY THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, THE UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS, CHINA, AUSTRALIA, BELGIUM, CANADA, COSTA RICA, CUBA, CZECHOSLOVAKIA, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, EL SALVADOR, GREECE, GUATEMALA, HAITI, HONDURAS, INDIA, LUXEMBOURG, NETHERLANDS, NEW ZEALAND, NICARAGUA, NORWAY, PANAMA, POLAND, SOUTH AFRICA, YUGOSLAVIA The Governments signatory hereto, Having subscribed to a common program of purposes and principles embodied in the Joint Declaration of the President of the United States of America and the Prime Minister of Great Britain dated August 14, 1941, known as the Atlantic Charter, Being convinced that complete victory over their enemies is essential to defend life, liberty, independence and religious freedom, and to preserve human rights and justice in their own lands as well as in other lands and that they are now engaged in a common struggle against savage and brutal forces seeking to subjugate the world, DECLARE: Each Government pledges itself to employ its full resources, military or economic, against those members of the Tripartite Pact and its adherents with which such government is at war. Each Government pledges itself to cooperate with the Governments signatory hereto and not to make a separate armistice or peace with the enemies. The foregoing declaration may be adhered to by other nations which are, or which may be, rendering material assistance and contributions in the struggle for victory over Hitlerism. The Washington Conference 1941–1942




  • Fort Benton, Montana, U.S.
    Monday Jan 12, 1942
    Shep (American dog)

    Shep was run over by a train

    Fort Benton, Montana, U.S.
    Monday Jan 12, 1942

    Shep kept this daily vigil for almost six years until he was run over by a train on January 12, 1942. It is believed that his front paws were on one of the rails and he simply did not hear the train until it was too late, and he slipped off the rail. The train's engineer could not stop the train in time.




  • Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.
    Saturday Jan 17, 1942
    Muhammad Ali Clay

    Birth

    Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.
    Saturday Jan 17, 1942

    Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr. was born on January 17, 1942, in Louisville, Kentucky.




  • U.S.
    Monday Jan 19, 1942
    Frank Sinatra

    Dorsey Eventually relented

    U.S.
    Monday Jan 19, 1942

    As Sinatra's success and popularity grew, Sinatra pushed Dorsey to allow him to record some solo songs. Dorsey eventually relented, and on January 19, 1942, Sinatra recorded "Night and Day", "The Night We Called It a Day", "The Song is You", and "Lamplighter's Serenade" at a Bluebird recording session, with Axel Stordahl as arranger and conductor.




  • U.S.
    Saturday Mar 14, 1942
    Penicillin

    The first patient was treated for streptococcal sepsis with US-made penicillin produced by Merck & Co.

    U.S.
    Saturday Mar 14, 1942

    The challenge of mass-producing this drug was daunting. On March 14, 1942, the first patient was treated for streptococcal sepsis with US-made penicillin produced by Merck & Co.


  • Virginia, U.S.
    Wednesday Apr 1, 1942
    Desmond Doss: Hacksaw Ridge

    World War II service

    Virginia, U.S.
    Wednesday Apr 1, 1942

    Before the outbreak of World War II, Doss was employed as a joiner at a shipyard in Newport News, Virginia. He chose military service, despite being offered a deferment because of his shipyard work, on April 1, 1942, at Camp Lee, Virginia. He was sent to Fort Jackson in South Carolina for training with the reactivated 77th Infantry Division. Meanwhile, his brother Harold served aboard the USS Lindsey.


  • U.S.
    Saturday Apr 18, 1942
    Ronald Reagan

    National Duty

    U.S.
    Saturday Apr 18, 1942

    On April 18, 1942, Reagan was ordered to active duty for the first time. Due to his poor eyesight, he was classified for limited service only, which excluded him from serving overseas.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Jun 3, 1942
    Dwight D. Eisenhower

    Eisenhower returned to Washington

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Jun 3, 1942

    Eisenhower returned to Washington on June 3 with a pessimistic assessment, stating he had an "uneasy feeling" about Chaney and his staff.


  • U.S.
    Monday Jun 15, 1942
    Richard Nixon

    Lieutenant Junior Grade In The U.S Naval Reserve

    U.S.
    Monday Jun 15, 1942

    He applied to join the United States Navy. As a birthright Quaker, he could have claimed exemption from the draft; he might also have been deferred because he worked in government service. But instead of exploiting his circumstance, Nixon sought a commission in the navy. His application was successful, and he was appointed a lieutenant junior grade in the U.S Naval Reserve (U.S. Navy Reserve) on June 15, 1942.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Jun 17, 1942
    Winston Churchill

    Churchill had returned to Washington

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Jun 17, 1942

    Churchill had returned to Washington on 17 June. He and Roosevelt agreed on the implementation of Operation Torch as the necessary precursor to an invasion of Europe. Roosevelt had appointed General Dwight D. Eisenhower as commanding officer of the European Theater of Operations, United States Army (ETOUSA). Having received the news from North Africa, Churchill obtained shipment from America to the Eighth Army of 300 Sherman tanks and 100 howitzers.


  • Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Friday Jun 19, 1942
    Marilyn Monroe

    1st Marriage

    Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Friday Jun 19, 1942

    In early 1942, the company that employed Doc Goddard (a friend of her mother's husband, Grace McKee Goddard) relocated him to West Virginia.California child protection laws prevented the Goddards from taking Monroe out of state, and she faced the possibility of having to return to the orphanage.As a solution, she married their neighbors' 21-year-old son, a factory worker James "Jim" Dougherty; the wedding took place on June 19, 1942, just after her 16th birthday.


  • U.S.
    Sunday Jul 12, 1942
    John F. Kennedy

    First Command

    U.S.
    Sunday Jul 12, 1942

    His first command was PT-101 from December 7, 1942, until February 23, 1943


  • Virginia, U.S.
    Monday Aug 17, 1942
    Desmond Doss: Hacksaw Ridge

    Marriage

    Virginia, U.S.
    Monday Aug 17, 1942

    Doss married Dorothy Pauline Schutte on August 17, 1942, and they had one child, Desmond "Tommy" Doss Jr., born in 1946. Dorothy died on November 17, 1991, from a car accident. Doss remarried on July 1, 1993, to Frances May Duman.


  • U.S.
    Thursday Sep 3, 1942
    Frank Sinatra

    Leaving Dorsey's band

    U.S.
    Thursday Sep 3, 1942

    After the 1942 recordings, Sinatra believed he needed to go solo, with an insatiable desire to compete with Bing Crosby, but he was hampered by his contract which gave Dorsey 43% of Sinatra's lifetime earnings in the entertainment industry. A legal battle ensued, eventually settled in August 1942. On September 3, 1942, Dorsey bade farewell to Sinatra, reportedly saying as Sinatra left, "I hope you fall on your ass".


  • Scranton, Pennsylvania, U.S.
    Friday Nov 20, 1942
    Joe Biden

    Birth

    Scranton, Pennsylvania, U.S.
    Friday Nov 20, 1942

    Biden was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania, and lived there for ten years before moving with his family to Delaware. He became a lawyer in 1969 and was elected to the New Castle County Council in 1970.


  • Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
    Saturday Nov 28, 1942
    Penicillin

    Cocoanut Grove fire in Boston

    Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
    Saturday Nov 28, 1942

    In November 1942, survivors of the Cocoanut Grove fire in Boston were the first burn patients to be successfully treated with penicillin.


  • U.S.
    Wednesday Dec 2, 1942
    Nuclear Power

    Chicago Pile-1

    U.S.
    Wednesday Dec 2, 1942

    In the United States, where Fermi and Szilárd had both emigrated, the discovery of the nuclear chain reaction led to the creation of the first man-made reactor, the research reactor known as Chicago Pile-1, which achieved criticality on December 2, 1942.


  • New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Dec 30, 1942
    Frank Sinatra

    The legendary opening at the Paramount Theatre

    New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Dec 30, 1942

    His appeal to bobby soxers, as teenage girls of that time were called, revealed a whole new audience for popular music, which had been recorded mainly for adults up to that time.The phenomenon became officially known as "Sinatramania" after his "legendary opening" at the Paramount Theatre in New York on December 30, 1942.


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