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  • United Kingdom
    Wednesday Mar 28, 1945

    Winston Churchill

    Churchill decided to restrict area bombing and sent a memorandum to General Ismay

    United Kingdom
    Wednesday Mar 28, 1945

    On 28 March, he decided to restrict area bombing and sent a memorandum to General Ismay for the Chiefs of Staff Committee: The destruction of Dresden remains a serious query against the conduct of Allied bombing..... I feel the need for more precise concentration upon military objectives..... rather than on mere acts of terror and wanton destruction, however impressive.




  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday May 8, 1945

    Winston Churchill

    VE Day

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday May 8, 1945

    The next day was Victory in Europe Day (VE Day) when Churchill broadcast to the nation that Germany had surrendered and that a final ceasefire on all fronts in Europe would come into effect at one minute past midnight that night (i.e., on the 9th). Afterward, Churchill went to Buckingham Palace where he appeared on the balcony with the Royal Family before a huge crowd of celebrating citizens. He went from the palace to Whitehall where he addressed another large crowd: "God bless you all. This is your victory. In our long history, we have never seen a greater day than this. Everyone, man or woman, has done their best".




  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday May 8, 1945

    Buckingham Palace

    Victory in Europe Day

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday May 8, 1945

    On VE Day—8 May 1945—the palace was the centre of British celebrations. The King, the Queen, Princess Elizabeth (the future Queen), and Princess Margaret appeared on the balcony, with the palace's blacked-out windows behind them, to cheers from a vast crowd in The Mall. The damaged Palace was carefully restored after the war by John Mowlem & Co. It was designated a Grade I listed building in 1970.




  • England, United Kingdom
    Wednesday May 23, 1945

    Winston Churchill

    Churchill resigned as Prime Minister

    England, United Kingdom
    Wednesday May 23, 1945

    With a general election looming (there had been none for almost a decade), and with the Labour Ministers refusing to continue the wartime coalition, Churchill resigned as Prime Minister on 23 May 1945. Later that day, he accepted the King's invitation to form a new government, known officially as the National Government, like the Conservative-dominated coalition of the 1930s, but sometimes called the caretaker ministry.




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