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  • Iran
    Sunday Feb 3, 1980

    Ruhollah Khomeini

    First president of Iran

    Iran
    Sunday Feb 3, 1980

    On 4 February 1980, Abolhassan Banisadr was elected as the first president of Iran.




  • Iran
    Sunday Apr 6, 1980

    Jimmy Carter

    Economic sanctions

    Iran
    Sunday Apr 6, 1980

    On April 7, 1980, Carter issued Executive Order 12205, imposing economic sanctions against Iran and announced further measures being taken by members of his cabinet and the American government that he deemed necessary to ensure a safe release.




  • Iran
    Thursday Apr 24, 1980

    Jimmy Carter

    Operation Eagle Claw

    Iran
    Thursday Apr 24, 1980

    On April 24, 1980, Carter ordered Operation Eagle Claw to try to free the hostages. The mission failed, leaving eight American servicemen dead and causing the destruction of two aircraft.




  • Iran
    Sunday Sep 21, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    Iraqi Air Force Launched Surprise Air Strikes

    Iran
    Sunday Sep 21, 1980

    Iraq launched a full-scale invasion of Iran on 22 September 1980. The Iraqi Air Force launched surprise air strikes on ten Iranian airfields with the objective of destroying the Iranian Air Force. The attack failed to damage the Iranian Air Force significantly; it damaged some of Iran's airbase infrastructure, but failed to destroy a significant number of aircraft.




  • Iran
    Sunday Sep 21, 1980

    Ruhollah Khomeini

    War with Iraq

    Iran
    Sunday Sep 21, 1980

    Iraq launched a full-scale invasion of Iran, beginning the Iran–Iraq War (September 1980 – August 1988).




  • Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Sunday Sep 21, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    Starting The Battle of Khorramshahr

    Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Sunday Sep 21, 1980

    On 22 September, a prolonged battle began in the city of Khorramshahr, eventually leaving 7,000 dead on each side. Reflecting the bloody nature of the struggle, Iranians came to call Khorramshahr "City of Blood".




  • Iran
    Monday Sep 22, 1980

    Qasem Soleimani

    Iran–Iraq War

    Iran
    Monday Sep 22, 1980

    On 22 September 1980, when Saddam Hussein launched an invasion of Iran, setting off the Iran–Iraq War (1980–1988), Soleimani joined the battlefield serving as the leader of a military company, consisting of men from Kerman whom he assembled and trained.


  • Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Monday Sep 29, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    Clearing The Iranians From The outskirts of The city

    Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Monday Sep 29, 1980

    By 30 September, the Iraqis had managed to clear the Iranians from the outskirts of the city. The next day, the Iraqis launched infantry and armoured attacks into the city. After heavy house-to-house fighting, the Iraqis were repelled.


  • Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Monday Oct 13, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    The Iraqis Launched a Second offensive on Khorramshahr

    Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Monday Oct 13, 1980

    On 14 October, the Iraqis launched a second offensive. The Iranians launched a controlled withdrawal from the city, street by street.


  • Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Sunday Nov 9, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    Capturing the city of Khorramshahr

    Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Sunday Nov 9, 1980

    By 24 October, most of the city was captured, and the Iranians evacuated across the Karun River. Some partisans remained, and fighting continued until 10 November.


  • Iran
    Saturday Dec 6, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    Going on the defensive

    Iran
    Saturday Dec 6, 1980

    On 7 December, Hussein announced that Iraq was going on the defensive. By the end of 1980, Iraq had destroyed about 500 Western-built Iranian tanks and captured 100 others.


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