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  • Al-Faw, Iraq
    Sunday Apr 17, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    Second Battle of al-Faw

    Al-Faw, Iraq
    Sunday Apr 17, 1988

    On 17 April 1988, Iraq launched Operation Ramadan Mubarak (Blessed Ramadan), a surprise attack against the 15,000 Basij troops on the peninsula, and within 48 hours, all of the Iranian forces had been killed or cleared from the al-Faw Peninsula.




  • Iraqi-Iranian Border
    Wednesday May 25, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    The First Tawakalna ala Allah (Trust in God) Operation

    Iraqi-Iranian Border
    Wednesday May 25, 1988

    On 25 May 1988, Iraq launched the first of five Tawakalna ala Allah (Trust in God) Operations, consisting of one of the largest artillery barrages in history, coupled with chemical weapons. The marshes had been dried by drought, allowing the Iraqis to use tanks to bypass Iranian field fortifications, expelling the Iranians from the border town of Shalamcheh after less than 10 hours of combat.




  • Radwaniyah Palace, Baghdad, Iraq
    Monday Jun 13, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    The Strike on Saddam's Presidential Palace

    Radwaniyah Palace, Baghdad, Iraq
    Monday Jun 13, 1988

    Faced with such losses, Khomeini appointed the cleric Hashemi Rafsanjani as the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, though he had in actuality occupied that position for months. Rafsanjani ordered a last desperate counter-attack into Iraq, which was launched 13 June 1988. The Iranians infiltrated through the Iraqi trenches and moved 10 km (6.2 mi) into Iraq and managed to strike Saddam's presidential palace in Baghdad using fighter aircraft. After three days of fighting, the decimated Iranians were driven back to their original positions again.




  • Majnoon Island, Iraq
    Saturday Jun 25, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    The Second Tawakal ala Allah Operation

    Majnoon Island, Iraq
    Saturday Jun 25, 1988

    On 25 June, Iraq launched the second Tawakal ala Allah operation against the Iranians on Majnoon Island. Iraqi commandos used amphibious craft to block the Iranian rear, then used hundreds of tanks with massed conventional and chemical artillery barrages to recapture the island after 8 hours of combat.




  • Haj Omran, Iraq
    Thursday Jul 14, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    Iran retreat From Haj Omran

    Haj Omran, Iraq
    Thursday Jul 14, 1988

    Under the threat of a new and even more powerful invasion, Commander-in-Chief Rafsanjani ordered the Iranians to retreat from Haj Omran, Kurdistan on 14 July. The Iranians did not publicly describe this as a retreat, instead calling it a "temporary withdrawal".




  • Iran - Iraq
    Monday Aug 8, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    Ending all Combat Operations

    Iran - Iraq
    Monday Aug 8, 1988

    Iraq came under international pressure to curtail further offensives. Resolution 598 became effective on 8 August 1988, ending all combat operations between the two countries.




  • Iraq
    Saturday Aug 20, 1988

    Gulf War

    The ceasefire with Iran

    Iraq
    Saturday Aug 20, 1988

    By the time the ceasefire with Iran was signed in August 1988, Iraq was heavily debt-ridden and tensions within society were rising.


  • Iran - Iraq
    Saturday Aug 20, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    Peace

    Iran - Iraq
    Saturday Aug 20, 1988

    By 20 August 1988, peace with Iran was restored. UN peacekeepers belonging to the UNIIMOG mission took the field, remaining on the Iran–Iraq border until 1991.


  • Iraq
    Saturday Sep 3, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    Clearing The Kurdish Resistance

    Iraq
    Saturday Sep 3, 1988

    Iraq spent the rest of August and early September clearing the Kurdish resistance. Using 60,000 troops along with helicopter gunships, chemical weapons (poison gas), and mass executions, Iraq hit 15 villages, killing rebels and civilians, and forced tens of thousands of Kurds to relocate to settlements. Many Kurdish civilians fled to Iran. By 3 September 1988, the anti-Kurd campaign ended, and all resistance had been crushed.


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