Historydraft LogoHistorydraft Logo
Historydraft
beta
Historydraft Logo
Historydraft
beta

  • Germany
    Thursday Apr 12, 1945
    Joseph Goebbels

    Goebbels knew how to play on Hitler's fantasies

    Germany
    Thursday Apr 12, 1945

    Goebbels knew how to play on Hitler's fantasies, encouraging him to see the hand of providence in the death of the United States, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, on 12 April.




  • Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 16, 1945
    Martin Bormann

    The Battle of Berlin

    Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 16, 1945

    The Battle of Berlin, the final major Soviet offensive of the war, began on 16 April 1945.




  • Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 16, 1945
    World War II

    Fall of Berlin

    Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 16, 1945

    Soviet forces stormed and captured Berlin in late April. The battle started on 16 April 1945.




  • Ruhr Area, Germany
    Wednesday Apr 18, 1945
    World War II

    Ruhr Pocket

    Ruhr Area, Germany
    Wednesday Apr 18, 1945

    By April, the Western Allies crossed the Rhine north and south of the Ruhr, encircling the German Army Group B. The battle of encirclement took place from 1 to 18 April.




  • Germany
    Wednesday Apr 18, 1945
    Joseph Goebbels

    Goebbels burned his private papers

    Germany
    Wednesday Apr 18, 1945

    He knew how the outside world would view the criminal acts committed by the regime, and had no desire to subject himself to the "debacle" of a trial. He burned his private papers on the night of 18 April.




  • Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Apr 19, 1945
    Martin Bormann

    The Red Army started to Encircle Berlin

    Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Apr 19, 1945

    By 19 April the Red Army started to encircle the city.




  • Berlin, Germany
    Friday Apr 20, 1945
    Adolf Hitler

    Last trip from the Führerbunker

    Berlin, Germany
    Friday Apr 20, 1945

    On 20 April, his 56th birthday, Hitler made his last trip from the Führerbunker (Führer's shelter) to the surface.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Friday Apr 20, 1945
    Martin Bormann

    Hitler's 56th Birthday

    Berlin, Germany
    Friday Apr 20, 1945

    On 20 April, Hitler's 56th birthday, he made his last trip to the surface. In the ruined garden of the Reich Chancellery, he awarded Iron Crosses to boy soldiers of the Hitler Youth. That afternoon, Berlin was bombarded by Soviet artillery for the first time.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Friday Apr 20, 1945
    Joseph Goebbels

    Most of Hitler's inner circle to leave Berlin

    Berlin, Germany
    Friday Apr 20, 1945

    Most of Hitler's inner circle, including Göring, Himmler, Ribbentrop, and Speer, prepared to leave Berlin immediately after Hitler's birthday celebration on 20 April.


  • Seelow Heights, Province of Brandenburg, Prussia, Germany
    Saturday Apr 21, 1945
    Adolf Hitler

    Battle of the Seelow

    Seelow Heights, Province of Brandenburg, Prussia, Germany
    Saturday Apr 21, 1945

    By 21 April, Georgy Zhukov's 1st Belorussian Front had broken through the defenses of General Gotthard Heinrici's Army Group Vistula during the Battle of the Seelow Heights and advanced to the outskirts of Berlin.


  • Obersalzberg, Berchtesgaden, Germany
    Monday Apr 23, 1945
    Martin Bormann

    Albert Bormann Left The Bunker complex and flew to the Obersalzberg

    Obersalzberg, Berchtesgaden, Germany
    Monday Apr 23, 1945

    On 23 April, Albert Bormann left the bunker complex and flew to the Obersalzberg. He and several others had been ordered by Hitler to leave Berlin.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 23, 1945
    Joseph Goebbels

    Goebbels made the last proclamation to the people of Berlin

    Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 23, 1945

    On 23 April, Goebbels made the following proclamation to the people of Berlin: I call on you to fight for your city. Fight with everything you have got, for the sake of your wives and your children, your mothers, and your parents. Your arms are defending everything we have ever held dear, and all the generations that will come after us. Be proud and courageous! Be inventive and cunning! Your Gauleiter is amongst you. He and his colleagues will remain in your midst. His wife and children are here as well. He, who once captured the city with 200 men, will now use every means to galvanize the defense of the capital. The battle for Berlin must become the signal for the whole nation to rise up in battle ...".


  • Berlin, Germany
    Sunday Apr 29, 1945
    Adolf Hitler

    Marriage

    Berlin, Germany
    Sunday Apr 29, 1945

    After midnight on the night of 28–29 April, Hitler married Eva Braun in a small civil ceremony in the Führerbunker.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Sunday Apr 29, 1945
    Adolf Hitler

    Hitler removed Göring from all government positions

    Berlin, Germany
    Sunday Apr 29, 1945

    Göring sent a telegram from Berchtesgaden, arguing that since Hitler was isolated in Berlin, Göring should assume leadership of Germany. Göring set a deadline, after which he would consider Hitler incapacitated. Hitler responded by having Göring arrested, and in his last will and testament of 29 April, he removed Göring from all government positions.


  • Obersalzberg, Berchtesgaden, Germany
    Sunday Apr 29, 1945
    Martin Bormann

    Bormann was Named Executor of The Estate

    Obersalzberg, Berchtesgaden, Germany
    Sunday Apr 29, 1945

    In the early morning hours of 29 April 1945, Wilhelm Burgdorf, Goebbels, Hans Krebs, and Bormann witnessed and signed Hitler's last will and testament. Bormann was named executor of the estate. That same night, Hitler married Eva Braun in a civil ceremony.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Sunday Apr 29, 1945
    Joseph Goebbels

    Goebbels and Bormann were witnesses to Hitlers

    Berlin, Germany
    Sunday Apr 29, 1945

    Hitler then took secretary Traudl Junge to another room and dictated his last will and testament. Goebbels and Bormann were two of the witnesses.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Sunday Apr 29, 1945
    World War II

    German forces surrender

    Berlin, Germany
    Sunday Apr 29, 1945

    Soviet and Polish forces stormed and captured Berlin in late April. In Italy, German forces surrendered on 29 April. On 30 April, the Reichstag was captured, signaling the military defeat of Nazi Germany, Berlin garrison surrendered on 2 May.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Sunday Apr 29, 1945
    Joseph Goebbels

    Hitler married Eva Braun before his suicide

    Berlin, Germany
    Sunday Apr 29, 1945

    After midnight on 29 April, with the Soviets advancing ever closer to the bunker complex, Hitler married Eva Braun in a small civil ceremony within the Führerbunker.


  • Germany
    Monday Apr 30, 1945
    Joseph Stalin

    WWII Finished in Europe

    Germany
    Monday Apr 30, 1945

    In April 1945, the Red Army seized Berlin, Hitler committed suicide, and Germany surrendered.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 30, 1945
    Adolf Hitler

    Death

    Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 30, 1945

    On 30 April 1945, Soviet troops were within a block or two of the Reich Chancellery when Hitler shot himself in the head and Braun bit into a cyanide capsule.


  • Germany
    Monday Apr 30, 1945
    Martin Bormann

    Bormann was named as Party Minister

    Germany
    Monday Apr 30, 1945

    In accordance with Hitler's last wishes, Bormann was named as Party Minister, thus officially confirming his top position in the Party. Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz was appointed as the new Reichspräsident (President of Germany) and Goebbels became head of government and Chancellor of Germany. Goebbels and his wife Magda committed suicide later that day.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 30, 1945
    Martin Bormann

    Hitler and Braun Committed Suicide

    Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 30, 1945

    As Soviet forces continued to fight their way into the centre of Berlin, Hitler and Braun committed suicide on the afternoon of 30 April. Braun took cyanide and Hitler shot himself. Pursuant to Hitler's instructions, their bodies were carried up to the Reich Chancellery garden and burned.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 30, 1945
    World War II

    Hitler Committed Suicide

    Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 30, 1945

    Two days later after Mussolini's assassination, Hitler committed suicide in besieged Berlin, and he was succeeded by Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 30, 1945
    Joseph Goebbels

    Goebbels was depressed

    Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 30, 1945

    Goebbels was depressed and stated that he would walk around the Chancellery garden until he was killed by the Russian.


<