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  • Magersfontein, South Africa
    Monday Dec 11, 1899

    Second Boer War

    Battle of Magersfontein

    Magersfontein, South Africa
    Monday Dec 11, 1899

    Battle of Magersfontein was fought on 11 December 1899, at Magersfontein near Kimberley, South Africa, on the borders of the Cape Colony and the independent republic of the Orange Free State. British forces under Lieutenant General Lord Methuen were advancing north along the railway line from the Cape in order to relieve the Siege of Kimberley, but their path was blocked at Magersfontein by a Boer force that was entrenched in the surrounding hills. The British had already fought a series of battles with the Boers, most recently at Modder River, where the advance was temporarily halted. Lord Methuen failed to perform adequate reconnaissance in preparation for the impending battle, and was unaware that Boer Vecht-generaal (Combat General) De la Rey had entrenched his forces at the foot of the hills rather than the forward slopes as was the accepted practice. This allowed the Boers to survive the initial British artillery bombardment; when the British troops failed to deploy from a compact formation during their advance, the defenders were able to inflict heavy casualties. The Highland Brigade suffered the worst casualties, while on the Boer side, the Scandinavian Corps was destroyed. The Boers attained a tactical victory and succeeded in holding the British in their advance on Kimberley. The battle was the second of three battles during what became known as the Black Week of the Second Boer War. Following their defeat, the British delayed at the Modder River for another two months while reinforcements were brought forward. General Lord Roberts was appointed Commander in Chief of the British forces in South Africa and moved to take personal command of this front. He subsequently lifted the Siege of Kimberley and forced Cronje to surrender at the Battle of Paardeberg.




  • Stockholm, Sweden
    Sunday Dec 11, 1910

    Albrecht Kossel

    The Nobel Prize

    Stockholm, Sweden
    Sunday Dec 11, 1910

    Kossel was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1910 for his research in cell biology, the chemical composition of the cell nucleus, and for his work in isolating and describing nucleic acids. The award was presented on 10 December 1910.




  • Cork, Ireland
    Saturday Dec 11, 1920

    Irish War of Independence

    IRA ambush in the city

    Cork, Ireland
    Saturday Dec 11, 1920

    On 11 December, the centre of Cork City was burnt out by the Black and Tans, who then shot at firefighters trying to tackle the blaze, in reprisal for an IRA ambush in the city on 11 December 1920 which killed one Auxiliary and wounded eleven.




  • Guangzhou, China
    Sunday Dec 11, 1927

    Chinese Civil War

    Guangzhou Uprising

    Guangzhou, China
    Sunday Dec 11, 1927

    On December 11, the CPC started the Guangzhou Uprising, establishing a soviet there the next day, but lost the city by December 13 to a counter-attack under the orders of General Zhang Fakui.




  • England, United Kingdom
    Friday Dec 11, 1936

    Edward VIII

    Last act of his reign was the royal assent to His Majesty's Declaration of Abdication Act 1936

    England, United Kingdom
    Friday Dec 11, 1936

    The next day, the last act of his reign was the royal assent to His Majesty's Declaration of Abdication Act 1936. As required by the Statute of Westminster, all the Dominions had already consented to the abdication.




  • United Kingdom
    Friday Dec 11, 1936

    Edward VIII

    A Prince

    United Kingdom
    Friday Dec 11, 1936

    On the night of 11 December 1936, Edward, now reverted to the title and style of a prince, explained his decision to abdicate in a worldwide radio broadcast. He famously said, "I have found it impossible to carry the heavy burden of responsibility and to discharge my duties as king as I would wish to do without the help and support of the woman I love." He added that the "decision was mine and mine alone ... The other person most nearly concerned has tried up to the last to persuade me to take a different course".




  • U.S.
    Thursday Dec 11, 1941

    Franklin D. Roosevelt

    War declaration against Germany

    U.S.
    Thursday Dec 11, 1941

    On December 11, 1941, Hitler and Mussolini declared war on the United States, which responded in kind.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Dec 11, 1941

    World War II

    German declaration of war against the United States

    Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Dec 11, 1941

    On 11 December 1941, four days after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the United States declaration of war against the Japanese Empire, Germany declared war against the United States.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Thursday Dec 11, 1941

    World War II

    United States declared war upon Germany

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Thursday Dec 11, 1941

    On December 11, 1941, the United States Congress declared war upon Germany, hours after Germany declared war on the United States after the attack on Pearl Harbor by the Empire of Japan.


  • U.S.
    Saturday Dec 11, 1943

    Frank Sinatra

    Military Rejection

    U.S.
    Saturday Dec 11, 1943

    Sinatra did not serve in the military during World War II. On December 11, 1943, he was officially classified 4-F ("Registrant not acceptable for military service") by his draft board because of a perforated eardrum. However, U.S. Army files reported that Sinatra was "not acceptable material from a psychiatric viewpoint", but his emotional instability was hidden to avoid "undue unpleasantness for both the selectee and the induction service".


  • Hungnam, North Korea
    Monday Dec 11, 1950

    Korean War

    A Defensive perimeter at the port city of Hungnam

    Hungnam, North Korea
    Monday Dec 11, 1950

    X Corps managed to establish a defensive perimeter at the port city of Hungnam on 11 December and were able to evacuate by 24 December in order to reinforce the badly depleted US Eighth Army to the south.


  • East Germany, Germany
    Wednesday Dec 11, 1957

    Berlin Wall

    New Passport

    East Germany, Germany
    Wednesday Dec 11, 1957

    On 11 December 1957, East Germany introduced a new passport law that reduced the overall number of refugees leaving Eastern Germany.


  • Brunei
    Tuesday Dec 11, 1962

    Brunei revolt

    Eighty-nine Marines of 42 Commando had arrived in Brunei

    Brunei
    Tuesday Dec 11, 1962

    Eighty-nine Marines of 42 Commando had arrived in Brunei on 11 December, led by Captain Jeremy Moore (who later commanded the British Forces during the Falklands War).


  • New York, U.S.
    Friday Dec 11, 1964

    Che Guevara

    Criticized the United Nations

    New York, U.S.
    Friday Dec 11, 1964

    On December 11, 1964, during Guevara's hour-long, impassioned address at the UN, he criticized the United Nations' inability to confront the "brutal policy of apartheid" in South Africa, asking "Can the United Nations do nothing to stop this?"


  • Nassau, Bahamas
    Friday Dec 11, 1981

    Muhammad Ali Clay

    Last match

    Nassau, Bahamas
    Friday Dec 11, 1981

    Despite pleas to definitively retire, Ali fought one last time on December 11, 1981, in Nassau, Bahamas, against Trevor Berbick, losing a ten-round decision.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Sunday Dec 11, 1994

    First Chechen War

    Russian forces entered the republic

    Chechnya, Russia
    Sunday Dec 11, 1994

    On 11 December 1994, five days after Dudayev and Russian Minister of Defense Gen. Pavel Grachev of Russia had agreed to "avoid the further use of force", Russian forces entered the republic in order to "establish constitutional order in Chechnya and to preserve the territorial integrity of Russia".


  • Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
    Sunday Dec 11, 1994

    First Chechen War

    Russian forces launched a three-pronged ground attack towards Grozny

    Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
    Sunday Dec 11, 1994

    On 11 December 1994, Russian forces launched a three-pronged ground attack towards Grozny. The main attack was temporarily halted by the deputy commander of the Russian Ground Forces, General Eduard Vorobyov, who then resigned in protest, stating that it is "a crime" to "send the army against its own people".


  • Kyoto, Japan
    Thursday Dec 11, 1997

    Nintendo

    The Game boy Pocket

    Kyoto, Japan
    Thursday Dec 11, 1997

    During the same year, Nintendo also released the Game Boy Pocket in Japan, a smaller version of the Game Boy that generated more sales for the platform


  • South Korea
    Thursday Dec 11, 1997

    1997 Asian financial crisis

    Moody's lowered the credit rating of South Korea from A1 to B2

    South Korea
    Thursday Dec 11, 1997

    In the wake of the Asian market downturn, Moody's lowered the credit rating of South Korea from A1 to A3, on 28 November 1997, and downgraded again to B2 on 11 December.


  • House of Representatives, Washington D.C., U.S.
    Friday Dec 11, 1998

    Impeachment of Bill Clinton

    The Legal Benefit of the Doubt

    House of Representatives, Washington D.C., U.S.
    Friday Dec 11, 1998

    On December 11, 1998, the House Judiciary Committee voted on whether to present the three articles of impeachment to the full House of Representatives. On the first and second articles of impeachment, grand jury perjury and obstruction of justice, the Committee voted 21-to-17 to impeach, strictly on party lines; on the third article of impeachment, perjury, the Committee voted 20-to-18 to impeach, with Republican Lindsey Graham joining Democratic Committee Members in order to give President Clinton "the legal benefit of the doubt".


  • Shali, Chechnya, Russia
    Saturday Dec 11, 1999

    Second Chechen War

    Russian troops had encircled Shali

    Shali, Chechnya, Russia
    Saturday Dec 11, 1999

    Russian troops started by capturing two bridges that link Shali to the capital, and by 11 December 1999, Russian troops had encircled Shali and were slowly forcing separatists out.


  • Rome, Italy
    Monday Dec 11, 2000

    Pelé

    Player of the Century

    Rome, Italy
    Monday Dec 11, 2000

    FIFA Player of the Century was a one-off award created by FIFA to decide the greatest football playerof the 20th century, announced at the annual FIFA World gala, held in Rome on 11 December 2000. Diego Maradona and Pelé were joint winners of the award.


  • Rome, Italy
    Monday Dec 11, 2000

    Diego Maradona

    Player of the Century

    Rome, Italy
    Monday Dec 11, 2000

    FIFA Player of the Century was a one-off award created by FIFA to decide the greatest football playerof the 20th century, announced at the annual FIFA World gala, held in Rome on 11 December 2000. Diego Maradona and Pelé were joint winners of the award.


  • California, U.S.
    Monday Dec 11, 2006

    Java (programming language)

    Java SE 6

    California, U.S.
    Monday Dec 11, 2006

    On December 11, 2006, Sun Microsystems released Java SE 6.


  • U.S.
    Friday Dec 11, 2009

    Financial crisis of 2007–2008

    Bill H.R.4173, Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2009

    U.S.
    Friday Dec 11, 2009

    December 11, 2009, House cleared bill H.R.4173, Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2009.


  • Oslo, Norway
    Thursday Dec 11, 2014

    Nobel Prize

    Youngest Laureat

    Oslo, Norway
    Thursday Dec 11, 2014

    Youngest person ever to receive a Nobel Prize was Malala Yousafzai; at the age of 17, received Nobel Peace Prize (2014).


  • Florence, Italy
    Monday Dec 11, 2017

    Virat Kohli

    Marrying a Anushka Sharma

    Florence, Italy
    Monday Dec 11, 2017

    Kohli started dating Bollywood actress Anushka Sharma in 2013; the couple soon earned the celebrity couple nickname "Virushka". Their relationship attracted substantial media attention, with persistent rumours and speculations in the media, as neither of the two publicly talked about it. The couple married on 11 December 2017 in a private ceremony in Florence, Italy.


  • Vancouver, Canada
    Tuesday Dec 11, 2018

    Huawei

    Releasing Meng

    Vancouver, Canada
    Tuesday Dec 11, 2018

    The warrant was based on allegations of a conspiracy to defraud banks which were clearing money that was claimed to be for Huawei, but was actually for Skycom, an entity claimed to be entirely controlled by Huawei, which was said to be dealing in Iran, contrary to sanctions. None of the allegations have been proven in court. On 11 December 2018, Meng was released on bail.


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