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  • Abbasid Caliphate (now Iran)
    Friday Dec 22, 0856

    Disasters with highest death tolls

    856 Damghan Earthquake

    Abbasid Caliphate (now Iran)
    Friday Dec 22, 0856

    The 856 Damghan earthquake or the 856 Qumis earthquake occurred on 22 December 856 (242 AH). The earthquake had an estimated magnitude of 7.9, and a maximum intensity of X (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. The earthquake's epicenter is estimated to be close to the city of Damghan, which was then the capital of the Persian province of Qumis. It caused approximately 200,000 deaths and is listed by the USGS as the sixth deadliest earthquake in recorded history.




  • Tver, Russian Empire
    Saturday Dec 22, 1906

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Aleksey Ignatyev killed

    Tver, Russian Empire
    Saturday Dec 22, 1906

    Aleksey Ignatyev killed 22 December [O.S. 9 December] 1906.




  • Germany
    Sunday Dec 22, 1929

    Adolf Hitler

    German referendum

    Germany
    Sunday Dec 22, 1929

    The Great Depression provided a political opportunity for Hitler. Germans were ambivalent about the parliamentary republic, which faced challenges from right- and left-wing extremists. The moderate political parties were increasingly unable to stem the tide of extremism, and the German referendum of 1929 helped to elevate Nazi ideology.




  • Cyprus
    Sunday Dec 22, 1963

    Cypriot intercommunal violence

    Gunfire broke out, communication lines to the Turkish neighborhoods were cut

    Cyprus
    Sunday Dec 22, 1963

    In the morning after the shooting, crowds gathered in protest in Northern Nicosia, likely encouraged by the TMT, without incident. On the evening of the 22nd, gunfire broke out, communication lines to the Turkish neighborhoods were cut, and the Greek Cypriot police occupied the nearby airport.




  • Algiers, Algeria
    Monday Dec 22, 1975

    Carlos the Jackal

    The hostages' release

    Algiers, Algeria
    Monday Dec 22, 1975

    On 22 December, the government provided the PFLP and 42 hostages an airplane and flew them to Algiers, as demanded for the hostages' release. Ex-Royal Navy pilot Neville Atkinson, at that time the personal pilot for Libya's leader Muammar al-Gaddafi, flew Carlos and a number of others, including Hans-Joachim Klein, a supporter of the imprisoned Red Army Faction and a member of the Revolutionary Cells, and Gabriele Kröcher-Tiedemann, from Algiers.




  • Croatia
    Saturday Dec 22, 1990

    Croatian War of Independence

    The new constitution

    Croatia
    Saturday Dec 22, 1990

    On 22 December 1990, the Parliament of Croatia ratified the new constitution, which was seen by Serbs as taking away rights that had been granted by the Socialist constitution.




  • Paris, France
    Tuesday Dec 22, 1992

    Marco van Basten

    3rd Ballon d'Or

    Paris, France
    Tuesday Dec 22, 1992

    Van Basten won his 3rd Ballon d'Or.


  • Buynaksk, Dagestan, Russia
    Monday Dec 22, 1997

    Second Chechen War

    forces of Dagestani militants and Chechnya-based Arab warlord Ibn al-Khattab raided the base of the 136th Motor Rifle Brigade of the Russian Army

    Buynaksk, Dagestan, Russia
    Monday Dec 22, 1997

    On 22 December 1997, forces of Dagestani militants and Chechnya-based Arab warlord Ibn al-Khattab raided the base of the 136th Motor Rifle Brigade of the Russian Army in Buynaksk, Dagestan, inflicting severe losses on the men and equipment of the unit.


  • Paris, France
    Tuesday Dec 22, 1998

    Zinedine Zidane

    The Ballon d'Or

    Paris, France
    Tuesday Dec 22, 1998

    In 1998, Zidane won the European Player Of The Year award (the Ballon d'Or).


  • Barcelona, Spain
    Tuesday Dec 22, 2009

    Johan Cruyff

    A Friendly game against Argentina

    Barcelona, Spain
    Tuesday Dec 22, 2009

    On 22 December 2009, they played a friendly game against Argentina, which ended in a Catalonia win, 4–2 at Camp Nou.


  • United States Capitol, Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Dec 22, 2010

    September 11 (9/11) Attacks

    James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act

    United States Capitol, Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Dec 22, 2010

    On December 22, 2010, the United States Congress passed the James L. Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act. It allocated $4.2 billion to create the World Trade Center Health Program, which provides testing and treatment for people suffering from long-term health problems related to the 9/11 attacks.


  • Miami, Florida, U.S.
    Thursday Dec 22, 2016

    Shaquille O'Neal

    The Heat eventually retired O'Neal's jersey

    Miami, Florida, U.S.
    Thursday Dec 22, 2016

    The Heat eventually retired O'Neal's jersey on December 22, 2016, during halftime of a game against his former team, the Los Angeles Lakers. On February 26, 2016, the Miami Heat announced that it would retire O'Neal's No. 32 jersey during the 2016–17 season, making O'Neal one of just 32 athletes in American professional sports history to have their jersey retired by multiple teams.


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