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  • France
    Tuesday Dec 24, 1799

    Napoleon

    Constitution of the Year VIII

    France
    Tuesday Dec 24, 1799

    Napoleon drafted the Constitution of the Year VIII and secured his own election as First Consul, taking up residence at the Tuileries.




  • Paris, France
    Wednesday Dec 24, 1800

    Napoleon

    Plot of the rue Saint-Nicaise

    Paris, France
    Wednesday Dec 24, 1800

    The Plot of the rue Saint-Nicaise, also known as the Machine infernale plot, was an assassination attempt on the life of the First Consul of France, Napoleon Bonaparte, in Paris on 24 December 1800. It followed the conspiration des poignards of 10 October 1800, and was one of many Royalist and Catholic plots. Though Napoleon and his wife Josephine narrowly escaped the attempt, five people were killed and twenty-six others were injured.




  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Dec 24, 1851

    Library of Congress

    The largest fire in the library's history

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Dec 24, 1851

    On December 24, 1851, the largest fire in the library's history destroyed 35,000 books, about two–thirds of the library's collection and two-thirds of Jefferson's original transfer.




  • Harris County, Texas, U.S.
    Sunday Dec 24, 1905

    Howard Hughes: The Aviator

    Birth

    Harris County, Texas, U.S.
    Sunday Dec 24, 1905

    He was born on December 24, 1905, in Harris County, Texas. However, his certificate of baptism, recorded on October 7, 1906, in the parish register of St. John's Episcopal Church in Keokuk, Iowa, listed his date of birth as December 24, 1905, without any reference to the place of birth.




  • Harris County, Texas, U.S.
    Sunday Dec 24, 1905

    Howard Hughes: The Aviator

    Parents

    Harris County, Texas, U.S.
    Sunday Dec 24, 1905

    Howard Robard Hughes Jr. was the son of Allene Stone Gano (1883—1922) and of Howard R. Hughes Sr. (1869-1924), a successful inventor and businessman from Missouri. He had English, Welsh, and some French Huguenot ancestry, and was a descendant of John Gano (1727-1804), the minister who allegedly baptized George Washington. His father patented (1909) the two-cone roller bit, which allowed rotary drilling for petroleum in previously inaccessible places. The senior Hughes made the shrewd and lucrative decision to commercialize the invention by leasing the bits instead of selling them, obtained several early patents, and founded the Hughes Tool Company in 1909. Hughes' uncle was the famed novelist, screenwriter, and film director Rupert Hughes.




  • Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Thursday Dec 24, 1914

    Armenian Genocide

    Minister of War Enver Pasha implemented a plan to encircle and destroy the Russian Caucasus Army

    Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Thursday Dec 24, 1914

    On 24 December 1914, Minister of War Enver Pasha implemented a plan to encircle and destroy the Russian Caucasus Army at Sarikamish in order to regain territories lost to Russia after the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878. Enver Pasha's forces were routed in the battle, and almost completely destroyed. Returning to Constantinople, Enver Pasha publicly blamed his defeat on Armenians in the region having actively sided with the Russians.




  • Cluj-Napoca (Kolozsvár), Romania
    Tuesday Dec 24, 1918

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Entering Kolozsvár

    Cluj-Napoca (Kolozsvár), Romania
    Tuesday Dec 24, 1918

    On 24 December, units of the Romanian Army entered Kolozsvár.


  • Italy
    Sunday Dec 24, 1933

    Mother's Day

    Mother's Day (Italy)

    Italy
    Sunday Dec 24, 1933

    Mother's Day in Italy was celebrated for the first time on 24 December 1933 as the "Day of the mother and the child" (Giornata della madre e del fanciullo).


  • China
    Thursday Dec 24, 1936

    Second Sino-Japanese War

    Creating of a United Front

    China
    Thursday Dec 24, 1936

    On December 24, the creation of a United Front between the CPC and KMT against Japan. The alliance having salutary effects for the beleaguered CPC, they agreed to form the New Fourth Army and the 8th Route Army and place them under the nominal control of the NRA.


  • Changsha, Hunan, China
    Wednesday Dec 24, 1941

    Second Sino-Japanese War

    Battle of Changsha

    Changsha, Hunan, China
    Wednesday Dec 24, 1941

    As the Western Allies entered the war against Japan, the Sino-Japanese War would become part of a greater conflict, the Pacific theatre of World War II. Almost immediately, Chinese troops achieved another decisive victory in the Battle of Changsha, which earned the Chinese government much prestige from the Western Allies.


  • Changsha, China
    Wednesday Dec 24, 1941

    World War II

    Third Battle of Changsha

    Changsha, China
    Wednesday Dec 24, 1941

    The third Battle of Changsha (24 December 1941 – 15 January 1942) was a major offensive in China by Imperial Japanese forces following the Japanese attack on the Western Allies. The offensive resulted in failure for the Japanese, as Chinese forces were able to lure them into a trap and encircle them. After suffering heavy casualties, Japanese forces were forced to carry out a general retreat. In January 1942, the only Allied success against Japan was a Chinese victory at Changsha.


  • Miami, Florida, U.S.
    Monday Dec 24, 1962

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Transporting Prisoners

    Miami, Florida, U.S.
    Monday Dec 24, 1962

    On 24 December 1962, some prisoners were flown to Miami, others following on the ship African Pilot, plus about 1,000 family members also allowed to leave Cuba.


  • Cyprus
    Tuesday Dec 24, 1963

    Cypriot intercommunal violence

    Britain, Greece, and Turkey had joined talks, with all sides calling for a truce

    Cyprus
    Tuesday Dec 24, 1963

    Further ceasefires were arranged between the two sides, but also failed. By Christmas Eve, the 24th, Britain, Greece, and Turkey had joined talks, with all sides calling for a truce.


  • Paris,France
    Sunday Dec 24, 1995

    George Weah

    Winning the Ballon d'Or

    Paris,France
    Sunday Dec 24, 1995

    Due to his performances with both Paris Saint-Germain and Milan, in 1995 Weah won the Ballon d'Or.


  • London, England
    Tuesday Dec 24, 2013

    Alan Turing

    Queen Elizabeth II Signed a Pardon For Turing's Conviction

    London, England
    Tuesday Dec 24, 2013

    On 24 December 2013, Queen Elizabeth II signed a pardon for Turing's conviction for "gross indecency", with immediate effect.


  • London, United Kingdom
    Thursday Dec 24, 2015

    Ellie Goulding

    Marylebone Project

    London, United Kingdom
    Thursday Dec 24, 2015

    On 24 December 2015, Goulding volunteered in central London at the Marylebone Project to help end homelessness and to assist in the elimination of the stereotype associated with the homeless population.


  • Copenhagen, Denmark
    Tuesday Dec 24, 2019

    World Bank

    Copenhagen climate change conference

    Copenhagen, Denmark
    Tuesday Dec 24, 2019

    The World Bank has been assigned temporary management responsibility of the Clean Technology Fund (CTF), focused on making renewable energy cost-competitive with coal-fired power as quickly as possible, but this may not continue after UN's Copenhagen climate change conference in December 2009, because of the Bank's continued investment in coal-fired power plants.


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