Historydraft LogoHistorydraft Logo HistorydraftbetaHistorydraft Logo Historydraftbeta

  • Paterson, New Jersey, U.S.
    Saturday Dec 31, 1892

    Hot Dog

    It was used to mean a sausage

    Paterson, New Jersey, U.S.
    Saturday Dec 31, 1892

    It was used "hot dog" to mean a sausage in casing in the Paterson (New Jersey) Daily Press (31 December 1892): the 'hot dog' was quickly inserted in a gash in a roll.




  • New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
    Tuesday Dec 31, 1912

    Louis Armstrong

    Arrested

    New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
    Tuesday Dec 31, 1912

    Borrowing his stepfather's gun without permission, he fired a blank into the air and was arrested on December 31, 1912. He spent the night at New Orleans Juvenile Court, then was sentenced the next day to detention at the Colored Waif's Home.




  • Lahore, Pakistan
    Tuesday Dec 31, 1929

    Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

    The Indian Flag in Lahore

    Lahore, Pakistan
    Tuesday Dec 31, 1929

    On 31 December 1929, the flag of India was unfurled in Lahore.




  • Alsace and Lorraine, France and Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
    Sunday Dec 31, 1944

    World War II

    Operation Nordwind

    Alsace and Lorraine, France and Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
    Sunday Dec 31, 1944

    Operation Nordwind was the last major German offensive in the war. It began on 31 December 1944 in Rhineland-Palatinate, Alsace and Lorraine in southwestern Germany and northeastern France, and ended on 25 January 1945. The German offensive was a failure, failing to destroy the Allied forces.




  • Henan, Hunan and Guangxi, China
    Sunday Dec 31, 1944

    World War II

    Operation Ichi-Go

    Henan, Hunan and Guangxi, China
    Sunday Dec 31, 1944

    The second Japanese invasion of China aimed to destroy China's main fighting forces, secure railways between Japanese-held territory and capture Allied airfields. The invasion took place from 19 April to 31 December 1944.




  • North Korea
    Sunday Dec 31, 1950

    Korean War

    Chinese New Year's Offensive

    North Korea
    Sunday Dec 31, 1950

    the PVA and the KPA launched their Third Phase Offensive (also known as the "Chinese New Year's Offensive") on New Year's Eve of 1950/51.




  • Cuba
    Wednesday Dec 31, 1958

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Batista Resigned and Fled into Exile

    Cuba
    Wednesday Dec 31, 1958

    Between December 1956 and 1959, Castro led a guerrilla army against the forces of Batista from his base camp in the Sierra Maestra mountains. Batista's repression of revolutionaries had earned him widespread unpopularity, and by 1958 his armies were in retreat. On 31 December 1958, Batista resigned and fled into exile, taking with him an amassed fortune of more than US$300,000,000.


  • Cuba
    Wednesday Dec 31, 1958

    Fidel Castro

    Batista's Escape

    Cuba
    Wednesday Dec 31, 1958

    Fearing Castro was a socialist, the U.S. instructed Cantillo to oust Batista. By this time the great majority of Cuban people had turned against the Batista regime. Ambassador to Cuba, E. T. Smith, who felt the whole CIA mission had become too close to the MR-26-7 movement, personally went to Batista and informed him that the US no longer would support him and felt he no longer could control the situation in Cuba. General Cantillo secretly agreed to a ceasefire with Castro, promising that Batista would be tried as a war criminal; however, Batista was warned, and fled into exile with over US$300,000,000 on 31 December 1958.


  • England
    Thursday Dec 31, 1970

    The Beatles

    McCartney filed a suit

    England
    Thursday Dec 31, 1970

    McCartney filed suit for the dissolution of the Beatles' contractual partnership on 31 December 1970.


  • New Delhi, India
    Thursday Dec 31, 1970

    Indira Gandhi

    The Garibi Hatao Programme

    New Delhi, India
    Thursday Dec 31, 1970

    Garibi Hatao (Eradicate Poverty) was the theme for Gandhi's 1971 political bid. The Garibi Hatao slogan and the proposed anti-poverty programs that came with it were designed to give Gandhi an independent national support, based on rural and urban poor. This would allow her to bypass the dominant rural castes both in and of state and local governments; likewise the urban commercial class. And, for their part, the previously voiceless poor would at last gain both political worth and political weight[citation needed]. The programs created through Garibi Hatao, though carried out locally, were funded and developed by the Central Government in New Delhi. The program was supervised and staffed by the Indian National Congress party. "These programs also provided the central political leadership with new and vast patronage resources to be disbursed... throughout the country." **error in date


  • Alcatraz, San Francisco, USA
    Monday Dec 31, 1979

    June 1962 Alcatraz escape attempt: Escape from Alcatraz

    FBI closing files

    Alcatraz, San Francisco, USA
    Monday Dec 31, 1979

    The FBI closed its file on December 31, 1979, after a 17-year investigation. Their official finding was that the prisoners most likely drowned in the cold waters of the bay while attempting to reach Angel Island, it being unlikely that they made it the 1.25 miles to shore with the strong ocean currents and the cold seawater temperatures ranging between 50 and 55 degrees Fahrenheit. They cited the remnants found of the raft as well as the personal effects of the men, as evidence to bolster the official line that the raft broke up and sank at some point after having launched from Alcatraz and that the three convicts tried to swim for it, but then surely succumbed to hypothermia, their bodies swept to sea by the rapid currents of the San Francisco Bay. However, the FBI did hand the investigation over to the U.S. Marshals Service, who have not closed theirs since. As Deputy U.S. Marshal Michael Dyke told NPR in 2009: "There's an active warrant, and the Marshals Service doesn't give up looking for people." Dyke also pointed out that the bodies of two out of every three people who go missing in San Fransisco Bay are eventually recovered.


  • Marseille, France
    Saturday Dec 31, 1983

    Carlos the Jackal

    Bombing of the Gare Saint-Charles

    Marseille, France
    Saturday Dec 31, 1983

    The bombing of the Gare Saint-Charles in Marseille on December 31, 1983 (2 dead, 33 injured).


  • Marseille, France
    Saturday Dec 31, 1983

    Carlos the Jackal

    Bombing of the Marseille-Paris TGV train

    Marseille, France
    Saturday Dec 31, 1983

    The bombing of the Marseille-Paris TGV train (3 dead, 12 injured).


  • Croatia
    Tuesday Dec 31, 1991

    Croatian War of Independence

    Croatian Army expansion

    Croatia
    Tuesday Dec 31, 1991

    Croatia lost much territory, but expanded the Croatian Army from the seven brigades it had at the time of the first ceasefire to 60 brigades and 37 independent battalions by December 31, 1991.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Saturday Dec 31, 1994

    First Chechen War

    Major Russian defeat

    Chechnya, Russia
    Saturday Dec 31, 1994

    When the Russians besieged the Chechen capital, thousands of civilians died from a week-long series of air raids and artillery bombardments in the heaviest bombing campaign in Europe since the destruction of Dresden. The initial assault on New Year's Eve 1995 ended in a major Russian defeat, resulting in heavy casualties and at first nearly a complete breakdown of morale in the Russian forces. The disaster claimed the lives of an estimated 1,000 to 2,000 Russian soldiers, mostly barely trained and disoriented conscripts; the heaviest losses were inflicted on the 131st 'Maikop' Motor Rifle Brigade, which was completely destroyed in the fighting near the central railway station.


  • Indonesia
    Thursday Dec 31, 1998

    1997 Asian financial crisis

    the rate was almost exactly 8,000 to 1 U.S. dollar

    Indonesia
    Thursday Dec 31, 1998

    On 31 December 1998, the rate was almost exactly 8,000 to 1 U.S. dollar. Indonesia lost 13.5% of its GDP that year.


  • Moscow, Russia
    Friday Dec 31, 1999

    Vladimir Putin

    President of the Russian Federation

    Moscow, Russia
    Friday Dec 31, 1999

    On 31 December 1999, Yeltsin unexpectedly resigned and, according to the Constitution of Russia, Putin became Acting President of the Russian Federation.


  • Paris, France
    Friday Dec 31, 1999

    Eiffel Tower

    Countdown to the Year 2000

    Paris, France
    Friday Dec 31, 1999

    For its "Countdown to the Year 2000" celebration on 31 December 1999, flashing lights and high-powered searchlights were installed on the tower. During the last three minutes of the year, the lights will turn on starting from the base of the tower and continuing on until it gets to the top to welcome 2000 with a huge fireworks show. An exhibition above a cafeteria on the first floor commemorates this event. The searchlights on top of the tower made it a beacon in Paris's night sky, and 20,000 flashing bulbs gave the tower a sparkly appearance for five minutes every hour on the hour.


  • Paris, France
    Sunday Dec 31, 2000

    Eiffel Tower

    The lights sparkled blue for several nights to herald the new millennium

    Paris, France
    Sunday Dec 31, 2000

    The lights sparkled blue for several nights to herald the new millennium on 31 December 2000. The sparkly lighting continued for 18 months until July 2001. The sparkling lights were turned on again on 21 June 2003, and the display was planned to last for 10 years before they needed replacing.


  • Europe
    Monday Dec 31, 2007

    Visa Inc.

    Exemption expired

    Europe
    Monday Dec 31, 2007

    In 2002, the European Commission exempted Visa's multilateral interchange fees from Article 81 of the EC Treaty that prohibits anti-competitive arrangements. However, this exemption expired on December 31, 2007. In the United Kingdom, MasterCard has reduced its interchange fees while it is under investigation by the Office of Fair Trading.


  • Calabasas, California, U.S.
    Monday Dec 31, 2007

    Bank of America

    Countrywide provided mortgage servicing for nine million mortgages valued at $1.4 trillion

    Calabasas, California, U.S.
    Monday Dec 31, 2007

    The acquisition was seen as preventing potential bankruptcy for Countrywide. Countrywide, however, denied that it was close to bankruptcy. Countrywide provided mortgage servicing for nine million mortgages valued at $1.4 trillion as of December 31, 2007.


  • U.S.
    Thursday Dec 31, 2009

    Marvel Studios

    The Walt Disney Company purchased Marvel Entertainment

    U.S.
    Thursday Dec 31, 2009

    On December 31, 2009, The Walt Disney Company purchased Marvel Entertainment for $4 billion. Both Marvel and Disney stated that the merger would not affect any preexisting deals with other film studios for the time being,


  • Brazil
    Friday Dec 31, 2010

    Lula da Silva

    Not to allow extradition was officially announced

    Brazil
    Friday Dec 31, 2010

    On 31 December 2010, Lula's last day in office, the decision not to allow extradition was officially announced.


  • London, England
    Tuesday Dec 31, 2013

    Magdi Yacoub

    The Order of Merit

    London, England
    Tuesday Dec 31, 2013

    He was awarded the Order of Merit by HM The Queen in the 2014 New Year Honours.


  • Rwanda
    Thursday Dec 31, 2015

    Rwandan genocide

    The ICTR officially closed

    Rwanda
    Thursday Dec 31, 2015

    The ICTR (International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda) officially closed on 31 December 2015, and its remaining functions were handed over to the Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals.


  • Baghdad, Iraq
    Tuesday Dec 31, 2019

    Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis

    U.S. embassy attacks in Baghdad

    Baghdad, Iraq
    Tuesday Dec 31, 2019

    On 31 December 2019, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo named al-Muhandis, along with Qais Khazali, Hadi al-Amiri, and Falih Alfayyadh, as responsible for the attack on the United States embassy in Baghdad.


  • Dongguan, Guangdong, China
    Tuesday Dec 31, 2019

    Oppo

    First 5G phone

    Dongguan, Guangdong, China
    Tuesday Dec 31, 2019

    In 2020, Oppo released Reno 3 with MediaTek 5G SoC & Reno 3 Pro 5G with the latest Qualcomm Snapdragon 765G & 5G Connectivity. Oppo Reno 3 Pro 4G Version has the latest 44MP Dual Punch Hole Camera & Qualcomm Snapdragon 730G in India.


  • China
    Tuesday Dec 31, 2019

    Covid-19 Pandemic: 2020 Coronavirus outbreak

    China begins getting isolated

    China
    Tuesday Dec 31, 2019

    Since 31 December 2019, some regions and countries near China tightened their screening of selected travelers. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) of the United States later issued a Level 1 travel watch. Guidances and risk assessments were shortly posted by others including the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control and Public Health England. In China, airports, railway stations and coach stations installed infrared thermometers. Travelers with a measured fever are taken to medical institutions after being registered and given masks. A real-time reverse transcription-polymerase Chain Reaction (RRT-PCR) test was used to confirm new cases of coronavirus infection.


<