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  • Venezuela
    Wednesday Jan 13, 1830

    Simón Bolívar

    Venezuela was proclaimed independent

    Venezuela
    Wednesday Jan 13, 1830

    After the facts, Bolivar continued to govern in a rarefied environment, cornered by fractional disputes. Uprisings occurred in New Granada, Venezuela, and Ecuador during the following two years. The separatists accused him of betraying republican principles and of wanting to establish a permanent dictatorship. Gran Colombia declared war against Peru when president General La Mar invaded Guayaquil. He was later defeated by Marshall Antonio José de Sucre in the Battle of the Portete de Tarqui, 27 February 1829. Sucre was killed on 4 June 1830. General Juan José Flores wanted to separate the southern departments (Quito, Guayaquil, and Azuay), known as the District of Ecuador, from Gran Colombia to form an independent country and become its first President. Venezuela was proclaimed independent on 13 January 1830 and José Antonio Páez maintained the presidency of that country, banishing Bolivar.




  • El Paso, Texas, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 13, 1916

    Mexican Revolution

    Huerta's Death

    El Paso, Texas, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 13, 1916

    In exile, Huerta sought to return to Mexico via the United States; U.S. authorities arrested him and he was imprisoned in Fort Bliss, Texas. He died in January 1916, six months after going into exile




  • Saarland, Germany
    Sunday Jan 13, 1935

    Adolf Hitler

    Saarland

    Saarland, Germany
    Sunday Jan 13, 1935

    In January 1935, over 90 per cent of the people of the Saarland, then under League of Nations administration, voted to unite with Germany.




  • Tokyo, Japan
    Tuesday Jan 13, 1942

    Hirohito

    The Emperor pressed Sugiyama four times to launch an Attack on Bataan

    Tokyo, Japan
    Tuesday Jan 13, 1942

    The Emperor made major interventions in some military operations. For example, he pressed Sugiyama four times, on January 13 and 21 and February 9 and 26, to increase troop strength and launch an attack on Bataan.




  • Vietnam
    Saturday Jan 13, 1951

    First Indochina War

    Giáp moved the 308th and 312th Divisions

    Vietnam
    Saturday Jan 13, 1951

    On January 13, 1951, Giáp moved the 308th and 312th Divisions, made up of over 20,000 men, to attack Vĩnh Yên, 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Hanoi, which was manned by the 6,000-strong 9th Foreign Legion Brigade.




  • Yugoslavia
    Tuesday Jan 13, 1953

    Josip Broz Tito

    The law on self-management

    Yugoslavia
    Tuesday Jan 13, 1953

    On 13 January 1953, they established that the law on self-management was the basis of the entire social order in Yugoslavia.




  • Karkow, Poland
    Monday Jan 13, 1964

    Pope John Paul II

    Archbishop of Kraków

    Karkow, Poland
    Monday Jan 13, 1964

    On 13 January 1964, Pope Paul VI appointed him Archbishop of Kraków.


  • Orly Airport near Paris, France
    Monday Jan 13, 1975

    Carlos the Jackal

    Attacks on El Al airplanes at Orly Airport

    Orly Airport near Paris, France
    Monday Jan 13, 1975

    He later participated in two failed rocket propelled grenade attacks on El Al airplanes at Orly Airport near Paris on 13 and 17 January 1975.


  • Schenectady, New York, U.S.
    Monday Jan 13, 1975

    Andrew Yang

    Birth

    Schenectady, New York, U.S.
    Monday Jan 13, 1975

    Yang was born in Schenectady, New York, on January 13, 1975. His parents were from Taiwan and immigrated to the U.S. in the 1960s. They met while they were both in graduate school at the University of California, Berkeley. His father graduated with a Ph.D. in physics and worked in the research labs of IBM and General Electric, generating over 69 patents in his career. His mother graduated with a master's degree in statistics and became a systems administrator at a local university. Yang has an older brother, Lawrence, who is a psychology professor.


  • Paris, France
    Friday Jan 13, 1989

    Bernard Arnault

    Chairman of the Executive Management Board

    Paris, France
    Friday Jan 13, 1989

    On 13 January 1989, he was unanimously elected chairman of the executive management board of LVMH.


  • Lithuania
    Sunday Jan 13, 1991

    Dissolution of the Soviet Union

    Vilnius TV Tower stormed

    Lithuania
    Sunday Jan 13, 1991

    On January 13, 1991, Soviet troops, along with the KGB Spetsnaz Alpha Group, stormed the Vilnius TV Tower in Lithuania to suppress the independence movement.


  • U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 13, 1999

    Michael Jordan

    2nd Rerirement

    U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 13, 1999

    Jordan retired for the second time on January 13, 1999.


  • Capitol Hill, Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 13, 1999

    Impeachment of Bill Clinton

    Briefs by Bill Clinton

    Capitol Hill, Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 13, 1999

    briefs were filed by Clinton on January 13, 1999.


  • Redmond, Washington, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 13, 2000

    Microsoft

    Chief Software Architect

    Redmond, Washington, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 13, 2000

    On January 13, 2000, Bill Gates handed over the CEO position to Steve Ballmer, an old college friend of Gates and employee of the company since 1980, while creating a new position for himself as Chief Software Architect.


  • Paris, France
    Saturday Jan 13, 2001

    Ronaldinho

    To Europe

    Paris, France
    Saturday Jan 13, 2001

    In 2001, Ronaldinho signed a five-year contract with French club Paris Saint-Germain in a €5 million transfer.


  • Damadola, Pakistan
    Friday Jan 13, 2006

    Ayman al-Zawahiri

    The Airstrike on Damadola

    Damadola, Pakistan
    Friday Jan 13, 2006

    On January 13, 2006, the Central Intelligence Agency, aided by Pakistan's ISI, launched an airstrike on Damadola, a Pakistani village near the Afghan border where they believed al-Zawahiri was located. The airstrike was supposed to kill al-Zawahiri and this was reported in international news over the following days. Many victims of the airstrike were buried without being identified. Anonymous U.S. government officials claimed that some terrorists were killed and the Bajaur tribal area government confirmed that at least four terrorists were among the dead.


  • Caracas, Venezuela
    Sunday Jan 13, 2008

    Colombian conflict

    Hugo Chávez stated his disapproval with The FARC Strategy

    Caracas, Venezuela
    Sunday Jan 13, 2008

    On January 13, 2008, Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez stated his disapproval with the FARC strategy of armed struggle and kidnapping saying "I don't agree with kidnapping and I don't agree with armed struggle".


  • Milan, Italy
    Tuesday Jan 13, 2009

    Kaká

    A Bid from Manchester City

    Milan, Italy
    Tuesday Jan 13, 2009

    BBC reported on 13 January 2009 that Manchester City made a bid for Kaká for over £100 million.


  • Zürich, Switzerland
    Monday Jan 13, 2014

    Zlatan Ibrahimović

    Winning the 2013 FIFA Puskás Award

    Zürich, Switzerland
    Monday Jan 13, 2014

    On 14 November 2012, he scored all four goals in a 4–2 win over England in the first ever match at the Friends Arena. His fourth goal, a 35-yard overhead kick with his back to goal, won him praise from players and pundits, with the BBC describing it as a goal that "combined unfathomable imagination and expert technique". It would win the 2013 FIFA Puskás Award for Goal of the Year.


  • Syria
    Monday Jan 13, 2020

    Qasem Soleimani

    The Champion of the Syrian Arab Republic

    Syria
    Monday Jan 13, 2020

    On 13 January 2020, Syrian Minister of Defense, Ali Abdullah Ayyoub, presented the medal of "The Champion of the Syrian Arab Republic", which President Bashar Al-Assad granted posthumously to Qassem Soleimani, to his Iranian counterpart, Amir Hatami.


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