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  • Alexandria, Egypt
    Sunday Jul 01, 1798

    Napoleon

    Napoleon landed at Alexandria

    Alexandria, Egypt
    Sunday Jul 01, 1798

    General Bonaparte and his expedition eluded pursuit by the Royal Navy and landed at Alexandria on 1 July.




  • Germany
    Saturday Jul 01, 1933

    Martin Bormann

    The Chief of Staff In The Office of Rudolf Hess

    Germany
    Saturday Jul 01, 1933

    Bormann applied for a transfer and was accepted as chief of staff in the office of Rudolf Hess, the Deputy Führer, on 1 July 1933.




  • Yugoslavia
    Tuesday Jul 01, 1941

    Josip Broz Tito

    The Comintern sent precise instructions calling for immediate action

    Yugoslavia
    Tuesday Jul 01, 1941

    On 1 July 1941, the Comintern sent precise instructions calling for immediate action.




  • El Alamein, Egypt
    Wednesday Jul 01, 1942

    World War II

    First Battle of El Alamein

    El Alamein, Egypt
    Wednesday Jul 01, 1942

    The Axis offensive in Libya (Battle of Gazala) forced an Allied retreat deep inside Egypt until Axis forces were stopped at El Alamein (First Battle of El Alamein), which lasted from 1 to 27 July 1942. The British prevented a second advance by the Axis forces into Egypt. Axis positions near El Alamein, only 66 mi (106 km) from Alexandria, were dangerously close to the ports and cities of Egypt, the base facilities of the Commonwealth forces and the Suez Canal.




  • Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Jul 01, 1943

    Martin Bormann

    Giving Adolf Eichmann absolute Powers Over Jews

    Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Jul 01, 1943

    A further decree, signed by Bormann on 1 July 1943, gave Adolf Eichmann absolute powers over Jews, who now came under the exclusive jurisdiction of the Gestapo.




  • New Hampshire, United States
    Saturday Jul 01, 1944

    Bretton Woods Conference

    Bretton Woods Conference

    New Hampshire, United States
    Saturday Jul 01, 1944

    The conference was held from July 1 to 22, 1944. Agreements were signed that, after legislative ratification by member governments, established the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).




  • New Hampshire, United States
    Saturday Jul 01, 1944

    World Bank

    Bretton Woods conference

    New Hampshire, United States
    Saturday Jul 01, 1944

    Early in the Second World War, John Maynard Keynes of the British Treasury and Harry Dexter White of the United States Treasury Department independently began to develop ideas about the financial order of the postwar world. (See below on Keynes's proposal for an International Clearing Union.) After negotiation between officials of the United States and United Kingdom, and consultation with some other Allies, a "Joint Statement by Experts on the Establishment of an International Monetary Fund," was published simultaneously in a number of Allied countries on April 21, 1944. On May 25, 1944, the U.S. government invited the Allied countries to send representatives to an international monetary conference, "for the purpose of formulating definite proposals for an International Monetary Fund and possibly a Bank for Reconstruction and Development." (The word "International" was only added to the Bank's title late in the Bretton Woods Conference.) The United States also invited a smaller group of countries to send experts to a preliminary conference in Atlantic City, New Jersey, to develop draft proposals for the Bretton Woods conference. The Atlantic City conference was held from June 15–30, 1944.


  • Abu Al-Khaseeb District, Basra Governorate, Iraq
    Thursday Jul 01, 1954

    Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis

    Birth

    Abu Al-Khaseeb District, Basra Governorate, Iraq
    Thursday Jul 01, 1954

    Jamal Jaafar al-Ibrahimi was born on 1 July 1954 in Abu Al-Khaseeb District, Basra Governorate, Iraq, to an Iraqi father and an Iranian mother.


  • Havana, Cuba
    Saturday Jul 01, 1961

    Raúl Castro

    A Member of The National Leadership of The Integrated Revolutionary PO Organizations

    Havana, Cuba
    Saturday Jul 01, 1961

    Raúl Castro Ruiz was a member of the national leadership of the Integrated Revolutionary PO Organizations (established July 1961; dissolved March 1962) and of the United Party of the Socialist Revolution of Cuba (established March 1962; dissolved October 1965).


  • Park House, Sandringham, Norfolk, United Kingdom
    Saturday Jul 01, 1961

    Princess Diana

    Birth

    Park House, Sandringham, Norfolk, United Kingdom
    Saturday Jul 01, 1961

    Diana Frances Spencer was born on 1 July 1961, in Park House, Sandringham, Norfolk.


  • Tokyo, Japan
    Sunday Jul 01, 1979

    Sony Corporation

    The Walkman Brand

    Tokyo, Japan
    Sunday Jul 01, 1979

    In 1979, the Walkman brand was introduced, in the form of the world's first portable music player using the compact cassette format.


  • Tokyo, Japan
    Sunday Jul 01, 1979

    Akio Morita

    Releasing The Walkman

    Tokyo, Japan
    Sunday Jul 01, 1979

    In 1979, the Walkman was introduced, making it one of the world's first portable music players.


  • New Mexico, U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 01, 1980

    Bill Gates

    IBM approached Microsoft

    New Mexico, U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 01, 1980

    IBM approached Microsoft in July 1980 in reference to an operating system for its upcoming personal computer, the IBM PC. IBM first proposed that Microsoft write the Basic interpreter.


  • California, U.S.
    Sunday Jul 01, 1984

    Atari, Inc.

    Tramel accusation

    California, U.S.
    Sunday Jul 01, 1984

    Unknown to James Morgan and the senior management of Atari, Warner had been in talks with Tramel Technology to buy Atari's consumer electronics and home computer divisions. Negotiating until close to midnight on July 1, 1984, Jack Tramiel purchased Atari. Warner sold the home computing and game console divisions of Atari to Tramiel for $50 cash and $240 million in promissory notes and stocks, giving Warner a 20% stake in Atari Corporation.


  • Russia
    Monday Jul 01, 1985

    Dissolution of the Soviet Union

    Changes

    Russia
    Monday Jul 01, 1985

    On July 1, 1985, Gorbachev promoted Eduard Shevardnadze, First Secretary of the Georgian Communist Party, to full member of the Politburo, and the following day appointed him minister of foreign affairs, replacing longtime Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko.


  • Monaco, France
    Friday Jul 01, 1988

    George Weah

    Moving To Monaco

    Monaco, France
    Friday Jul 01, 1988

    After playing in the Liberian domestic league at the beginning of his successful career and winning several national honours (including the Liberian Premier League and the Liberian Cup), Weah's abilities were discovered by the Cameroon national team coach, Claude Le Roy, who relayed the news to Arsène Wenger. Weah moved to Europe in 1988, for just £12,000 from Cameroonian club Tonnerre Yaoundé, when he was signed by Wenger – the manager of Monaco at the time – who flew to Africa himself prior to the signing, and whom Weah credits as an important influence on his career.


  • U.S.
    Friday Jul 01, 1988

    Nike, Inc.

    Nike's first "Just Do It" Advertisement

    U.S.
    Friday Jul 01, 1988

    Walt Stack was featured in Nike's first "Just Do It" advertisement, which debuted on July 1, 1988.


  • Tehran, Iran
    Friday Jul 01, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    The Joint Central Command In Iran

    Tehran, Iran
    Friday Jul 01, 1988

    On 2 July, Iran belatedly set up a joint central command which unified the Revolutionary Guard, Army, and Kurdish rebels, and dispelled the rivalry between the Army and the Revolutionary Guard.


  • East Germany, Germany
    Sunday Jul 01, 1990

    Berlin Wall

    East Germany adopted the West German currency

    East Germany, Germany
    Sunday Jul 01, 1990

    On 1 July, the day East Germany adopted the West German currency, all de jure border controls ceased, although the inter-German border had become meaningless for some time before that.


  • Serbia
    Sunday Jul 01, 1990

    Kosovo War

    Serbia approved the new amendments to the Constitution of Serbia

    Serbia
    Sunday Jul 01, 1990

    On 1 or 2 July 1990, Serbia approved the new amendments to the Constitution of Serbia in a referendum.


  • Slovenia
    Monday Jul 01, 1991

    Ten-Day War (Slovenian Independence War)

    The YPA's first plan failed

    Slovenia
    Monday Jul 01, 1991

    the YPA's leadership sought permission to change the tempo of its operations. Defense Minister Veljko Kadijević informed the Yugoslav cabinet that the YPA's first plan – a limited operation to secure Slovenia's border crossings – had failed, and that it was time to put into operation the backup plan of a full-scale invasion and imposition of military rule in Slovenia. >>the collective presidency (Yogoslavia)– headed at the time by Serbia's Borisav Jović – refused to authorise such an operation. The YPA Chief of Staff, General Blagoje Adžić, was furious and publicly denounced "the federal organs [which] continually hampered us, demanding negotiations while they [the Slovenians] were attacking us with all means".


  • Finland
    Monday Jul 01, 1991

    Nokia

    The World's First GSM Call

    Finland
    Monday Jul 01, 1991

    Nokia assisted in the development of the GSM mobile standard in the 1980s, and developed the first GSM network with Siemens, the predecessor to Nokia Siemens Network. The world's first GSM call was made by Finnish prime minister Harri Holkeri on 1 July 1991, using Nokia equipment on the 900 MHz band network built by Nokia and operated by Radiolinja.


  • Črni Vrh, Slovenia
    Monday Jul 01, 1991

    Ten-Day War (Slovenian Independence War)

    The YPA's ammunition dump caught fire

    Črni Vrh, Slovenia
    Monday Jul 01, 1991

    The YPA's ammunition dump at Črni Vrh caught fire and was destroyed in a massive explosion, damaging much of the town.


  • Nova vas, Slovenia
    Monday Jul 01, 1991

    Ten-Day War (Slovenian Independence War)

    Slovenian TO forces taking over a YPA facility

    Nova vas, Slovenia
    Monday Jul 01, 1991

    More skirmishes took place, with Slovenian TO forces taking over a YPA facility at Nova vas, south of Ljubljana.


  • Slovenia
    Monday Jul 01, 1991

    Ten-Day War (Slovenian Independence War)

    The Slovenians successfully captured depots

    Slovenia
    Monday Jul 01, 1991

    The Slovenians successfully captured depots at Pečovnik, Bukovžlak, and Zaloška Gorica, taking possession of some 70 truckloads of ammunition and explosives.


  • Krško, Slovenia
    Monday Jul 01, 1991

    Ten-Day War (Slovenian Independence War)

    The YPA 306th Light Air Defence Artillery Regiment's column retreated

    Krško, Slovenia
    Monday Jul 01, 1991

    The YPA 306th Light Air Defense Artillery Regiment's column retreated from its exposed position at Medvedjek and headed into the Krakovo Forest (Krakovski gozd) near the Croatian border. It ran into a blockade near the town of Krško and was surrounded by Slovenian forces, but refused to surrender, probably hoping for help from a relief column.


  • Croatia
    Wednesday Jul 01, 1992

    Croatian War of Independence

    Operation Tigar

    Croatia
    Wednesday Jul 01, 1992

    A series of military actions in the Dubrovnik hinterland: Operation Tigar, on 1–13 July 1992.


  • Paris, France
    Wednesday Jul 01, 1992

    George Weah

    Moving to PSG

    Paris, France
    Wednesday Jul 01, 1992

    Weah subsequently played for Paris Saint-Germain (1992–95), with whom he won the Coupe de France in 1993 and 1995, the French league in 1994, and the Coupe de la Ligue in 1995 during a highly prolific and successful period; he also became the top scorer of the 1994–95 UEFA Champions League, with seven goals, after reaching the semi-finals with the club.


  • Bordeaux, France
    Wednesday Jul 01, 1992

    Zinedine Zidane

    Moving To Bordeaux

    Bordeaux, France
    Wednesday Jul 01, 1992

    Zidane was transferred to Girondins de Bordeaux in the 1992–93 season.


  • U.S.
    Thursday Jul 01, 1993

    Desmond Doss

    2nd Marriage

    U.S.
    Thursday Jul 01, 1993

    Doss remarried on July 1, 1993, to Frances May Duman.


  • Milan, Italy
    Saturday Jul 01, 1995

    George Weah

    Moving To A.C. Milan

    Milan, Italy
    Saturday Jul 01, 1995

    Weah joined A.C. Milan in 1995, with whom he immediately won the Italian league in 1996 under Fabio Capello, playing alongside Roberto Baggio and Dejan Savićević in Milan's attack, as well as Marco Simone, on occasion, and finishing the season as Milan's top goalscorer; he won the Serie A title once again in 1999.


  • Chemnitz, Saxony, Germany
    Saturday Jul 01, 1995

    Michael Ballack

    Ballack earned his First Professional Contract

    Chemnitz, Saxony, Germany
    Saturday Jul 01, 1995

    In 1995, Ballack earned his first professional contract, thanks to his performances in the role of central midfielder. He was dubbed the "Little Kaiser", in reference to Franz Beckenbauer, who was nicknamed "Der Kaiser".


  • Turin, Italy
    Monday Jul 01, 1996

    Zinedine Zidane

    Moving To Juventus

    Turin, Italy
    Monday Jul 01, 1996

    Zidane had offers to join Europe's top clubs in the spring of 1996, deciding on a move to UEFA Champions League winners Juventus during the close season.


  • Caracas, Venezuela
    Tuesday Jul 01, 1997

    Hugo Chávez

    Chávez Founded a Political Party

    Caracas, Venezuela
    Tuesday Jul 01, 1997

    Chávez and his supporters founded a political party, the Fifth Republic Movement (MVR – Movimiento Quinta República) in July 1997 in order to support Chávez's candidacy in the 1998 presidential election.


  • Kaiserslautern, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
    Tuesday Jul 01, 1997

    Michael Ballack

    Moving to 1. FC Kaiserslautern

    Kaiserslautern, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
    Tuesday Jul 01, 1997

    In the summer of 1997, coach Otto Rehhagel of just-promoted 1. FC Kaiserslautern signed Ballack at their return to top flight football.


  • Leverkusen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
    Thursday Jul 01, 1999

    Michael Ballack

    Moving to Bayer Leverkusen

    Leverkusen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
    Thursday Jul 01, 1999

    On 1 July 1999, Ballack moved to Bayer Leverkusen at age 22 for a transfer fee of €4.1 million.


  • Munich, Germany
    Monday Jul 01, 2002

    Michael Ballack

    Moving to Bayern Munich

    Munich, Germany
    Monday Jul 01, 2002

    In spite of Real Madrid's interest, Ballack decided to sign with Bayern Munich in a €12.9 million deal in 2002 after his impressive performances in the World Cup.


  • Abu Dhabi, UAE
    Tuesday Jul 01, 2003

    George Weah

    Retirement

    Abu Dhabi, UAE
    Tuesday Jul 01, 2003

    He later played with Al-Jazira in the UAE Pro-League, where he remained until his retirement as a player in 2003, at age 37.


  • Palo Alto, California, U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 01, 2003

    Tesla, Inc.

    Tesla founded

    Palo Alto, California, U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 01, 2003

    Tesla was founded in July 2003, by engineers Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning, under the name Tesla Motors. The company's name is a tribute to engineer Nikola Tesla.


  • China
    Tuesday Jul 01, 2003

    Hong Kong independence

    After more than 500,000 people protested against the legislation of national security law as stipulated in the Basic Law Article 23

    China
    Tuesday Jul 01, 2003

    Since 1997, the implementation of the Hong Kong Basic Law Article 45 and Article 68, which states that the Chief Executive (CE) and the Legislative Council (LegCo) should be chosen by universal suffrage, has dominated the political agenda in Hong Kong. The pro-democracy camp, one of the two largest political alignments in the territory, has called for the early implementation of the universal suffrage since the 1980s. After more than 500,000 people protested against the legislation of national security law as stipulated in the Basic Law Article 23 on 1 July 2003, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPCSC) in April 2004 ruled out universal suffrage before 2012.


  • Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 01, 2004

    Marlon Brando

    Death

    Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 01, 2004

    On July 1, 2004, Brando died of respiratory failure from pulmonary fibrosis with congestive heart failure at the UCLA Medical Center.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Thursday Jul 01, 2010

    Christine Lagarde

    The PBS NewsHour interview

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Thursday Jul 01, 2010

    In July 2010, Lagarde told the PBS NewsHour that the IMF's lending program for distressed European countries was "a very massive plan, totally unexpected, totally counter-treaty, because it wasn't scheduled in the treaty that we should do a bailout program, as we did." She also said, "we had essentially a trillion dollars on the table to confront any market attack that would target any country, whether it's Greece, Spain, Portugal, or anybody within the eurozone."


  • Italy
    Thursday Jul 01, 2010

    Ciro Immobile

    Loaned to A.C. Siena

    Italy
    Thursday Jul 01, 2010

    On 1 July 2010, Immobile, along with teammate Luca Marrone, was sent on loan to recently relegated Serie B side A.C. Siena. In exchange for the two loans, Juventus acquired Niccolò Giannetti, Leonardo Spinazzola, and Austrian midfielder Marcel Büchel on loan from the Tuscan club.


  • California, U.S.
    Friday Jul 01, 2011

    Amazon

    Sales taxes

    California, U.S.
    Friday Jul 01, 2011

    California starts collecting sales taxes on Amazon.com purchases.


  • Redmond, Washington, United States
    Monday Jul 01, 2013

    X-box

    Xbox 360 units sales

    Redmond, Washington, United States
    Monday Jul 01, 2013

    As of June 30, 2013, 78.2 million Xbox 360 consoles have been sold worldwide.


  • Turkey
    Tuesday Jul 01, 2014

    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

    The AKP's Presidential Candidate In The Turkish Presidential Election

    Turkey
    Tuesday Jul 01, 2014

    On 1 July 2014, Erdoğan was named the AKP's presidential candidate in the Turkish presidential election. His candidacy was announced by the Deputy President of the AKP, Mehmet Ali Şahin.


  • Monroe, Michigan, U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 01, 2015

    Eminem

    Only in Monroe

    Monroe, Michigan, U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 01, 2015

    Eminem appeared on the public access show Only in Monroe, produced in Monroe, Michigan, and was interviewed by guest host Stephen Colbert for an episode that aired July 1, 2015.


  • Manchester, England
    Friday Jul 01, 2016

    Zlatan Ibrahimović

    Moving To Manchester United

    Manchester, England
    Friday Jul 01, 2016

    On 1 July 2016, Ibrahimović signed as a free agent for Manchester United on a one-year contract, which had the option of being extended depending on his performance for the club.


  • Embassy of Saudi Arabia, Washington D.C., U.S.
    Friday Jul 01, 2016

    September 11 (9/11) Attacks

    File 17

    Embassy of Saudi Arabia, Washington D.C., U.S.
    Friday Jul 01, 2016

    In July 2016, the Obama administration released a document, compiled by US investigators Dana Lesemann and Michael Jacobson, known as "File 17", which contains a list naming three dozen people, including the suspected Saudi intelligence officers attached to Saudi Arabia's embassy in Washington, D.C., which connects Saudi Arabia to the hijackers.


  • U.S.
    Saturday Jul 01, 2017

    Jeff Bezos

    Wealth

    U.S.
    Saturday Jul 01, 2017

    In July 2017 Bezos briefly unseated Microsoft cofounder Bill Gates as the wealthiest person in the world.


  • U.S. and Worldwide
    Sunday Jul 01, 2018

    Bitcoin

    Bitcoin's price was $6,343

    U.S. and Worldwide
    Sunday Jul 01, 2018

    Throughout the rest of the first half of 2018, bitcoin's price fluctuated between $11,480 and $5,848. On 1 July 2018, bitcoin's price was $6,343.


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