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  • Buffalo, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 17, 1902

    Willis Carrier

    First modern air conditioning system

    Buffalo, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 17, 1902

    In Buffalo, New York, on July 17, 1902, in response to an air quality problem experienced at the Sackett-Wilhelms Lithographing & Publishing Company of Brooklyn, Willis Carrier submitted drawings for what became recognized as the world's first modern air conditioning system.




  • Cork, Ireland
    Saturday Jul 17, 1920

    Irish War of Independence

    British Colonel Gerald Smyth was assassinated by the IRA in the County Club in Cork city

    Cork, Ireland
    Saturday Jul 17, 1920

    On 17 July 1920, a British Colonel Gerald Smyth was assassinated by the IRA in the County Club in Cork city in response to a speech that was made to police officers of Listowel who had refused orders to move into the more urban areas, in which he stated "you may make mistakes occasionally, and innocent persons may be shot, but that cannot be helped.




  • Spain
    Friday Jul 17, 1936

    Francisco Franco

    Spanish Civil War

    Spain
    Friday Jul 17, 1936

    The Spanish Civil War began in July 1936 and officially ended with Franco's victory in April 1939, leaving 190,000 to 500,000 dead.




  • Morocco
    Friday Jul 17, 1936

    Spanish Civil War

    Control over Spanish Morocco was all but certain

    Morocco
    Friday Jul 17, 1936

    Control over Spanish Morocco was all but certain. The plan was discovered in Morocco on 17 July, which prompted the conspirators to enact it immediately. Little resistance was encountered. The rebels shot 189 people. Goded and Franco immediately took control of the islands to which they were assigned.




  • Potsdam, Germany
    Tuesday Jul 17, 1945

    First Indochina War

    the Potsdam Conference

    Potsdam, Germany
    Tuesday Jul 17, 1945

    At the Potsdam Conference in July 1945, the Combined Chiefs of Staff decided that Indochina south of latitude 16° north was to be included in the Southeast Asia Command under British Admiral Mountbatten. Japanese forces located south of that line surrendered to him and those to the north surrendered to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek.




  • U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 17, 1945

    Ronald Reagan

    Disapproved recommendation

    U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 17, 1945

    He was recommended for promotion to major on February 2, 1945, but this recommendation was disapproved on July 17 of that year.




  • Hamburg, West Germany
    Saturday Jul 17, 1954

    Angela Merkel

    Born

    Hamburg, West Germany
    Saturday Jul 17, 1954

    Merkel was born Angela Dorothea Kasner in 1954, in Hamburg, West Germany.


  • Disneyland Resort, 1313 Disneyland Dr, Anaheim, California, U.S.
    Sunday Jul 17, 1955

    Walt Disney

    The Opening of Disneyland

    Disneyland Resort, 1313 Disneyland Dr, Anaheim, California, U.S.
    Sunday Jul 17, 1955

    For several years Disney had been considering building a theme park. When he visited Griffith Park in Los Angeles with his daughters, he wanted to be in a clean, unspoiled park, where both children and their parents could have fun. He visited the Tivoli Gardens in Copenhagen, Denmark, and was heavily influenced by the cleanliness and layout of the park.= In March 1952 he received zoning permission to build a theme park in Burbank, near the Disney studios. This site proved too small, and a larger plot in Anaheim, 35 miles (56 km) south of the studio, was purchased. To distance the project from the studio‍—‌which might attract the criticism of shareholders‍—‌Disney formed WED Enterprises (now Walt Disney Imagineering) and used his own money to fund a group of designers and animators to work on the plans.Construction work started in July 1954, and Disneyland opened in July 1955; the opening ceremony was broadcast on ABC, which reached 70 million viewers. Although there were early minor problems with the park, it was a success, and after a month's operation, Disneyland was receiving over 20,000 visitors a day; by the end of its first year, it attracted 3.6 million guests.


  • Baghdad, Iraq
    Tuesday Jul 17, 1979

    Iran–Iraq War

    Saddam's Speech

    Baghdad, Iraq
    Tuesday Jul 17, 1979

    Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini called on Iraqis to overthrow the Ba'ath government, which was received with considerable anger in Baghdad. On 17 July 1979, despite Khomeini's call, Saddam gave a speech praising the Iranian Revolution and called for an Iraqi-Iranian friendship based on non-interference in each other's internal affairs. When Khomeini rejected Saddam's overture by calling for Islamic revolution in Iraq, Saddam was alarmed.


  • Managua, Nicaragu
    Tuesday Jul 17, 1979

    Nicaraguan Revolution

    President Somoza Resigned

    Managua, Nicaragu
    Tuesday Jul 17, 1979

    on 17 July President Somoza resigned and the FSLN entered Managua, giving full control of the government to the revolutionary movements.


  • Iran
    Wednesday Jul 17, 1985

    Qasem Soleimani

    Soleimani opposed the IRGC leadership's plan

    Iran
    Wednesday Jul 17, 1985

    On 17 July 1985, Soleimani opposed the IRGC leadership's plan to deploy forces to two islands in western Arvand Rud, on the Shatt al-Arab River.


  • Serbia
    Tuesday Jul 17, 1990

    Kosovo War

    The Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS)

    Serbia
    Tuesday Jul 17, 1990

    On 16 or 17 July 1990 the League of Communists of Serbia (LCS) combined with the Socialist Alliance of Working People of Serbia to become the Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS), and Milošević became its first president.


  • the Atlantic Ocean near East Moriches, New York
    Wednesday Jul 17, 1996

    Plane Accidents

    TWA Flight 800

    the Atlantic Ocean near East Moriches, New York
    Wednesday Jul 17, 1996

    ِِA Boeing 747-131, TWA Flight 800, carrying 212 passengers and 18 crew, exploded and crashed into the Atlantic Ocean near East Moriches, New York, shortly after departing from John F. Kennedy International Airport on a flight to Paris and Rome. A lengthy investigation concluded that the probable cause of the accident was a short circuit in a fuel tank that contained an explosive mixture of fuel vapor and air. As a result, new requirements were developed to prevent future fuel tank explosions in aircraft.


  • Kosovo
    Friday Jul 17, 1998

    Kosovo War

    Villages were captured

    Kosovo
    Friday Jul 17, 1998

    The tide turned in mid-July when the KLA captured Orahovac. On 17 July 1998, two nearby villages, Retimlije and Opteruša, were also captured, while less systematic events took place in the larger Serb-populated village of Velika Hoča.


  • Eastern Ukraine
    Thursday Jul 17, 2014

    Plane Accidents

    Malaysia Airlines Flight 17

    Eastern Ukraine
    Thursday Jul 17, 2014

    Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, a Boeing 777-200ER, flying from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur with 298 people on board, was shot down in an area of Eastern Ukraine near the Ukraine/Russian border during the War in Donbass. There were 283 passengers, including 3 infants, and 15 crew members on board MH17, all of whom perished. The crew was all Malaysians, while the passengers were of various nationalities, most from the Netherlands.


  • Rome, Italy
    Monday Jul 17, 2017

    Francesco Totti

    Announced that he had accepted an offer from his former team Roma to become a club director

    Rome, Italy
    Monday Jul 17, 2017

    On 17 July 2017, Totti confirmed his retirement from professional football and announced that he had accepted an offer from his former team Roma to become a club director.


  • Rome, Italy
    Wednesday Jul 17, 2019

    Francesco Totti

    Announced his resignations from his managerial role at AS Roma

    Rome, Italy
    Wednesday Jul 17, 2019

    On 17 June 2019, he announced his resignations from his managerial role at AS Roma, in a hour-long press conference held at the Italian Olympic Committee headquarters where he publicly accused chairman James Pallotta and the management for not involving him enough into the club's decision making, up to the point of stating he would reconsider a comeback only under a different ownership. The events marked the end for his 30-year long formal association with the club.


  • United Kingdom
    Friday Jul 17, 2020

    Ellie Goulding

    Brightest Blue (album)

    United Kingdom
    Friday Jul 17, 2020

    It was released on 17 July 2020 through Polydor Records. Originally scheduled for 5 June 2020, the album's release was delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The album is preceded by three singles: "Worry About Me", "Power" and "Slow Grenade", and features guest vocals from Blackbear, Diplo, Juice Wrld, Lauv, serpentwithfeet and Swae Lee. It is Goulding's first album since Delirium (2015).


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