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  • Caracas, Venezuela
    Thursday Jul 24, 1783

    Simón Bolívar

    Birth

    Caracas, Venezuela
    Thursday Jul 24, 1783

    Simón Bolívar was born in a house in Caracas, Captaincy General of Venezuela, on 24 July 1783.




  • Canada
    Friday Jul 24, 1874

    Incandescent light bulb

    Canadian Patent was filed

    Canada
    Friday Jul 24, 1874

    On 24 July 1874, a Canadian patent was filed by Henry Woodward and Mathew Evans for a lamp consisting of carbon rods mounted in a nitrogen-filled glass cylinder. They were unsuccessful at commercializing their lamp, and sold rights to their patent (U.S. Patent 0,181,613) to Thomas Edison in 1879.




  • Russian Empire
    Tuesday Jul 24, 1906

    1905 Russian Revolution

    The Commander of the Black Sea Fleet killed

    Russian Empire
    Tuesday Jul 24, 1906

    Admiral Chukhnin the commander of the Black Sea Fleet killed 24 July [O.S. 11 July] 1906.




  • Salonika, Ottoman Empire (Now Thessaloniki, Greece)
    Friday Jul 24, 1908

    Armenian Genocide

    Armenians' hopes for equality in the Ottoman Empire brightened when a coup d'état staged by officers in the Ottoman Third Army

    Salonika, Ottoman Empire (Now Thessaloniki, Greece)
    Friday Jul 24, 1908

    On 24 July 1908, Armenians' hopes for equality in the Ottoman Empire brightened when a coup d'état staged by officers in the Ottoman Third Army based in Salonika removed Abdul Hamid II from power and restored the country to a constitutional monarchy. The officers were part of the Young Turk movement that wanted to reform administration of the perceived decadent state of the Ottoman Empire and modernize it to European standards.




  • Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Jul 24, 1913

    Albert Einstein

    Prussian Academy of Sciences in Berlin

    Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Jul 24, 1913

    On 3 July 1913, he was voted for membership in the Prussian Academy of Sciences in Berlin. Max Planck and Walther Nernst visited him the next week in Zurich to persuade him to join the academy, additionally offering him the post of director at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics, which was soon to be established. He was officially elected to the academy on 24 July.




  • Newberry, South Carolina, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 24, 1919

    Red Summer

    Newberry lynching attempt

    Newberry, South Carolina, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 24, 1919

    The Newberry 1919 lynching attempt was the attempted lynching of Elisha Harper, Newberry, South Carolina on July 24, 1919. Harper was sent to jail for insulting a 14 year-old girl.




  • Tiszafüred, Hungary
    Thursday Jul 24, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    The Romanian 20th Infantry Division Cleared The bridgehead at Tiszafüred

    Tiszafüred, Hungary
    Thursday Jul 24, 1919

    On 24 July, the Romanian 20th Infantry Division, brought in as reinforcements, cleared the bridgehead at Tiszafüred. Not being able to break out of Rakamaz, Hungarian forces fortified their positions and redeployed some troops. There was a lull in fighting in the north, as the Romanian troops did the same.


  • Kunhegyes, Hungary
    Thursday Jul 24, 1919

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    The Romanian Took Kunhegyes

    Kunhegyes, Hungary
    Thursday Jul 24, 1919

    On 24 July, the Romanian Army's northern maneuver group attacked. Elements of the 2nd Cavalry Division, supported by troops of the 18th Infantry Division, took Kunhegyes. The Romanian 1st Infantry Division attacked the Hungarian 6th Infantry Division and took Fegyvernek. The Romanian 6th Ddivision was less successful, being counterattacked on the left flank by the Hungarian reserve formations. Altogether, the attack pushed back the Hungarian army 20 kilometres (12 mi). Romanian forces were supported by the 2nd Vânători Division and some cavalry units when they became available.


  • Morocco
    Sunday Jul 24, 1921

    Francisco Franco

    Spanish Army suffered a crushing defeat

    Morocco
    Sunday Jul 24, 1921

    On 24 July 1921, the poorly commanded and overextended Spanish Army suffered a crushing defeat at Annual from Rif tribesmen led by the Abd el-Krim brothers.


  • Burgos, Spain
    Friday Jul 24, 1936

    Francisco Franco

    Coordinating junta was established

    Burgos, Spain
    Friday Jul 24, 1936

    From 24 July a coordinating junta was established, based at Burgos. Nominally led by Cabanellas, as the most senior general, it initially included Mola, three other generals, and two colonels; Franco was later added in early August.


  • Moscow, Russia
    Friday Jul 24, 1959

    Richard Nixon

    The Opening of The American National Exhibition in Moscow

    Moscow, Russia
    Friday Jul 24, 1959

    In July 1959 President Eisenhower sent Nixon to the Soviet Union for the opening of the American National Exhibition in Moscow. On July 24, Nixon was touring the exhibits with Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev when the two stopped at a model of an American kitchen and engaged in an impromptu exchange about the merits of capitalism versus communism that became known as the "Kitchen Debate".


  • North Pacific Ocean
    Thursday Jul 24, 1969

    Neil Armstrong

    Return to Earth

    North Pacific Ocean
    Thursday Jul 24, 1969

    After they re-entered the LM, the hatch was closed and sealed. While preparing for the liftoff from the lunar surface, Armstrong and Aldrin discovered that, in their bulky space suits, they had broken the ignition switch for the ascent engine; using part of a pen, they pushed the circuit breaker in to activate the launch sequence. The Eagle then continued to its rendezvous in lunar orbit, where it docked with Columbia, the command and service module. The three astronauts returned to Earth and splashed down in the Pacific Ocean, to be picked up by the USS Hornet.


  • The Supreme Court, Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 24, 1974

    Richard Nixon

    The Supreme Court

    The Supreme Court, Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 24, 1974

    On July 24, the Supreme Court ruled unanimously that the full tapes, not just selected transcripts, must be released.


  • The Persian Gulf
    Friday Jul 24, 1987

    Iran–Iraq War

    Operation Earnest Will

    The Persian Gulf
    Friday Jul 24, 1987

    The attacks on oil tankers continued. Both Iran and Iraq carried out frequent attacks during the first four months of the year. Iran was effectively waging a naval guerilla war with its IRGC navy speedboats, while Iraq attacked with its aircraft. In 1987, Kuwait asked to reflag its tankers to the U.S. flag. They did so in March, and the U.S. Navy began Operation Earnest Will to escort the tankers. The result of Earnest Will would be that while oil tankers shipping Iraqi/Kuwaiti oil were protected, Iranian tankers and neutral tankers shipping to Iran would be unprotected, resulting in both losses for Iran and the undermining of its trade with foreign countries, damaging Iran's economy further.


  • Barcelona, Spain
    Sunday Jul 24, 2005

    Lionel Messi

    First Contract

    Barcelona, Spain
    Sunday Jul 24, 2005

    On 24 June 2005, his 18th birthday, Messi signed his first contract as a senior team player. It made him a Barcelona player until 2010, two years less than his previous contract, but his buyout clause increased to €150 million.


  • Israel
    Thursday Jul 24, 2014

    Shimon Peres

    Last Day in Presidency

    Israel
    Thursday Jul 24, 2014

    Peres announced in April 2013 that he would not seek to extend his tenure beyond 2014. His successor, Reuven Rivlin, was elected on 10 June 2014 and took office on 24 July 2014.


  • Australia
    Thursday Jul 24, 2014

    Xiaomi

    Australia store

    Australia
    Thursday Jul 24, 2014

    In March 2014, Xiaomi Store Australia (an unrelated business) began selling Xiaomi mobile phones online in Australia through its website, XiaomiStore.com.au. However, they traded for only a few months, as Xiaomi soon "requested" that the store be shut down on (or by) 25 July 2014. Shortly after sales were halted, the website itself was also taken down, on 7 August 2014. An industry commentator described the action by Xiaomi to get the Australian website closed down as unprecedented, saying, “I’ve never come across this [before]. It would have to be a strategic move.” At the time this left only one online vendor selling Xiaomi mobile phones into Australia, namely Yatango (formerly MobiCity), which was based in Hong Kong — although this business closed in late 2015.


  • Budapest, Hungary
    Sunday Jul 24, 2016

    Uber

    Uber leaves Budapest

    Budapest, Hungary
    Sunday Jul 24, 2016

    Uber leaves Budapest, Hungary.


  • United Kingdom
    Wednesday Jul 24, 2019

    Brexit

    Boris Johnson became prime minister

    United Kingdom
    Wednesday Jul 24, 2019

    Boris Johnson became prime minister on 24 July 2019 and met with EU leaders, the EU changed its stance.


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