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  • Qing Empire (now China)
    Sunday Jun 19, 1718

    Disasters with highest death tolls

    1718 Gansu Earthquake

    Qing Empire (now China)
    Sunday Jun 19, 1718

    1718 Gansu earthquake occurred on June 19, 1718 in Qing Empire (now China), there were an estimated 73,000 deaths.




  • Tilsit (Present Day Sovetsk, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia)
    Friday Jun 19, 1807

    Napoleon

    Tsar Alexander sent an envoy to seek an armistice with Napoleon

    Tilsit (Present Day Sovetsk, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia)
    Friday Jun 19, 1807

    On 19 June, Tsar Alexander sent an envoy to seek an armistice with Napoleon. The latter assured the envoy that the Vistula River represented the natural borders between French and Russian influence in Europe. On that basis, the two emperors began peace negotiations at the town of Tilsit after meeting on an iconic raft on the River Niemen. The very first thing Alexander said to Napoleon was probably well-calibrated: "I hate the English as much as you do".




  • Texas, U.S.
    Tuesday Jun 19, 1866

    Juneteenth

    Freedmen in Texas organized the first of what became the annual celebration

    Texas, U.S.
    Tuesday Jun 19, 1866

    Formerly enslaved people in Galveston celebrated after the announcement. Freedmen in Texas organized the first of what became the annual celebration of "Jubilee Day" on June 19. Early celebrations were used as political rallies to give voting instructions to newly freed slaves. Early independence celebrations often occurred on January 1 or 4.




  • Spokane, Washington, U.S.
    Sunday Jun 19, 1910

    Father's Day

    Father's Day celebration was held in Spokane, Washington

    Spokane, Washington, U.S.
    Sunday Jun 19, 1910

    On June 19, 1910, a Father's Day celebration was held at the YMCA in Spokane, Washington, by Sonora Smart Dodd. Her father, the civil war veteran William Jackson Smart, was a single parent who raised his six children there. She was also a member of Old Centenary Presbyterian Church (now Knox Presbyterian Church), where she first proposed the idea. After hearing a sermon about Jarvis' Mother's Day in 1909 at Central Methodist Episcopal Church, she told her pastor that fathers should have a similar holiday to honor them. Although she initially suggested June 5, her father's birthday, the pastors did not have enough time to prepare their sermons, and the celebration was deferred to the third Sunday in June. Several local clergymen accepted the idea, and on June 19, 1910, the first Father's Day, "sermons honoring fathers were presented throughout the city".




  • Brookline, Massachusetts, U.S.
    Tuesday Jun 19, 1917

    John F. Kennedy

    Baptized

    Brookline, Massachusetts, U.S.
    Tuesday Jun 19, 1917

    Kennedy lived in Brookline for the first ten years of his life and attended the local St. Aidan's Church, where he was baptized on June 19, 1917.




  • Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
    Saturday Jun 19, 1920

    Irish War of Independence

    First cycle of attacks

    Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
    Saturday Jun 19, 1920

    The first cycle of attacks and reprisals broke out in the summer of 1920. On 19 June a week of inter-sectarian rioting and sniping started in Derry, resulting in 18 deaths.




  • Cameroon
    Wednesday Jun 19, 1940

    Francisco Franco

    Wanted to enter the war

    Cameroon
    Wednesday Jun 19, 1940

    On 19 June 1940, Franco pressed along a message to Hitler saying he wanted to enter the war, but Hitler was annoyed at Franco's demand for the French colony of Cameroon, which had been German before World War I, and which Hitler was planning on taking back for Plan Z.


  • Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Friday Jun 19, 1942

    Marilyn Monroe

    1st Marriage

    Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Friday Jun 19, 1942

    In early 1942, the company that employed Doc Goddard (a friend of her mother's husband, Grace McKee Goddard) relocated him to West Virginia.California child protection laws prevented the Goddards from taking Monroe out of state, and she faced the possibility of having to return to the orphanage.As a solution, she married their neighbors' 21-year-old son, a factory worker James "Jim" Dougherty; the wedding took place on June 19, 1942, just after her 16th birthday.


  • The Philippine Sea
    Monday Jun 19, 1944

    World War II

    Battle of the Philippine Sea

    The Philippine Sea
    Monday Jun 19, 1944

    Imperial Japanese Navy received heavy defeat from the U.S. forces in The Philippine Sea battle. The battle took place on 19-20 June 1944.


  • Rome, Italy
    Saturday Jun 19, 1948

    Pope John Paul II

    Successfully defended his doctoral thesis

    Rome, Italy
    Saturday Jun 19, 1948

    He resided in the Belgian Pontifical College during this time, under presidency of Mgr Maximilien de Furstenberg. Wojtyła earned a licence in July 1947, passed his doctoral exam on 14 June 1948, and successfully defended his doctoral thesis titled Doctrina de fide apud S. Ioannem a Cruce (The Doctrine of Faith in St. John of the Cross) in philosophy on 19 June 1948.


  • Maadi, Cairo, Egypt
    Tuesday Jun 19, 1951

    Ayman al-Zawahiri

    Born

    Maadi, Cairo, Egypt
    Tuesday Jun 19, 1951

    Ayman al-Zawahiri was born in 1951 in the neighborhood of Maadi, Cairo, in the then Kingdom of Egypt, to Mohammed Rabie al-Zawahiri and Umayma Azzam.


  • Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
    Sunday Jun 19, 1955

    Martin Luther King

    Doctoral Studies

    Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
    Sunday Jun 19, 1955

    King began doctoral studies in systematic theology at Boston University and received his Ph.D. degree on June 5, 1955


  • Algeria
    Tuesday Jun 19, 1956

    Algerian War

    Two FLN prisoners were executed

    Algeria
    Tuesday Jun 19, 1956

    On 19 June 1956 two FLN prisoners were executed by guillotine at the Barberousse Prison.


  • U.S.
    Wednesday Jun 19, 1968

    Juneteenth

    Ralph Abernathy made June 19 the "Solidarity Day of the Poor People’s Campaign"

    U.S.
    Wednesday Jun 19, 1968

    It soon saw a revival as black people began tying their struggle to that of ending slavery. In Atlanta, some campaigners for equality wore Juneteenth buttons. During the 1968 Poor People's Campaign to Washington, DC, called by Rev. Ralph Abernathy, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference made June 19 the "Solidarity Day of the Poor People’s Campaign".


  • Washington D.C.,U.S.
    Saturday Jun 19, 1971

    Jimmy Hoffa

    Resignation

    Washington D.C.,U.S.
    Saturday Jun 19, 1971

    While still in prison, Hoffa resigned as the head of the Teamsters Union, on June 19, 1971.


  • Bhutan
    Monday Jun 19, 1972

    Flag of Bhutan

    Bhutan flag code of conduct

    Bhutan
    Monday Jun 19, 1972

    On 8 June 1972 the National Assembly of Bhutan approved Resolution 28, bringing into effect National Flag Rules drafted by the Cabinet. The rules have eight provisions covering the description and symbolism of the flag's colouring, fields and design elements. Other rules relate to the size of the flag as well as flag protocol.


  • Sycamore Park, Fort Worth, Texas, U.S.
    Saturday Jun 19, 1976

    Juneteenth

    30,000 people attended festivities at Sycamore Park

    Sycamore Park, Fort Worth, Texas, U.S.
    Saturday Jun 19, 1976

    Around 30,000 people attended festivities at Sycamore Park in Fort Worth the following year.


  • Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
    Monday Jun 19, 1978

    Juneteenth

    Milwaukee celebration was described as drawing over 100,000 attendees

    Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
    Monday Jun 19, 1978

    The 1978 Milwaukee celebration was described as drawing over 100,000 attendees.


  • Zhanaozen, Kazakhstan
    Monday Jun 19, 1989

    Dissolution of the Soviet Union

    The protests in Kazakhstan

    Zhanaozen, Kazakhstan
    Monday Jun 19, 1989

    In Kazakhstan on June 19, 1989, young men carrying guns, firebombs, iron bars and stones rioted in Zhanaozen, causing a number of deaths. The youths tried to seize a police station and a water-supply station.


  • Novi Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Jun 19, 1992

    Bosnian War

    A conflict in Novi Travnik

    Novi Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Jun 19, 1992

    On 19 June, a conflict between the units of the TO on one side, and HVO and HOS units on the other side broke out in Novi Travnik.


  • Seattle, Washington, U.S.
    Monday Jun 19, 2000

    Amazon

    Amazon's logotype

    Seattle, Washington, U.S.
    Monday Jun 19, 2000

    Since June 19, 2000, Amazon's logotype has featured a curved arrow leading from A to Z, representing that the company carries every product from A to Z, with the arrow-shaped like a smile.


  • London, England
    Tuesday Jun 19, 2007

    Rafael Nadal

    A knee Injury

    London, England
    Tuesday Jun 19, 2007

    On 19 June, Nadal withdrew from the 2009 Wimbledon Championships, citing his recurring knee injury.


  • U.S.
    Thursday Jun 19, 2008

    Apple Inc.

    iTunes Store

    U.S.
    Thursday Jun 19, 2008

    The iTunes Store quickly became the market leader in online music services, with over five billion downloads by June 19, 2008.


  • London, England
    Friday Jun 19, 2015

    Prince Harry

    Harry's Resign

    London, England
    Friday Jun 19, 2015

    On 19 June 2015 he resigned his short service commission.


  • Vatican City
    Friday Jun 19, 2015

    Pope Francis

    Met with Moran Mor Ignatius Aphrem II

    Vatican City
    Friday Jun 19, 2015

    In June 2015, Pope Francis met with Moran Mor Ignatius Aphrem II, Patriarch of the Syriac Orthodox Church.


  • Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
    Sunday Jun 19, 2016

    LeBron James

    15-16 season Champion

    Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
    Sunday Jun 19, 2016

    15-16 season Champion with Cavaliers.


  • Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
    Sunday Jun 19, 2016

    LeBron James

    Won the 15-16 Playoffs

    Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
    Sunday Jun 19, 2016

    Won the 15-16 Playoffs with Cleveland.


  • United Kingdom
    Monday Jun 19, 2017

    Brexit

    Negotiations commenced

    United Kingdom
    Monday Jun 19, 2017

    Negotiations commenced on 19 June 2017.


  • Cupertino, California, U.S.
    Tuesday Jun 19, 2018

    Juneteenth

    Apple added Juneteenth to its calendars in iOS under official US holidays

    Cupertino, California, U.S.
    Tuesday Jun 19, 2018

    In 2018, Apple added Juneteenth to its calendars in iOS under official US holidays.


  • Massachusetts, U.S.
    Friday Jun 19, 2020

    Juneteenth

    Juneteenth Independence Day

    Massachusetts, U.S.
    Friday Jun 19, 2020

    In 2020, Massachusetts Governor Charles Baker issued a proclamation that the day would be marked as "Juneteenth Independence Day". This followed the filing of bills by both the House and Senate to make Juneteenth a state holiday. Baker did not comment on these bills specifically, but promised to grant the observance of Juneteenth greater importance.


  • South Dakota, U.S.
    Friday Jun 19, 2020

    Juneteenth

    Governor Kristi Noem of South Dakota proclaimed June 19, 2020, as Juneteenth Day

    South Dakota, U.S.
    Friday Jun 19, 2020

    Governor Kristi Noem of South Dakota proclaimed June 19, 2020, as Juneteenth Day, spurring calls for it to be recognized annually, rather than just for 2020.


  • North Dakota, U.S.
    Friday Jun 19, 2020

    Juneteenth

    North Dakota Governor Doug Burgum announced that the state would formally recognize Friday

    North Dakota, U.S.
    Friday Jun 19, 2020

    North Dakota Governor Doug Burgum announced that the state would formally recognize Friday, June 19, 2020, as Juneteenth Day in North Dakota for the year 2020.


  • United Kingdom
    Friday Jun 19, 2020

    Covid-19 Pandemic: 2020 Coronavirus outbreak

    The UK Reach 300K Infections

    United Kingdom
    Friday Jun 19, 2020

    On 19 June, the UK reached 300K of total infections but managed to keep their number of daily infections decreasing through the process.


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