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  • Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Tuesday Oct 01, 1895

    Armenian Genocide

    2,000 Armenians assembled in Constantinople

    Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Tuesday Oct 01, 1895

    On 1 October 1895, 2,000 Armenians assembled in Constantinople to petition for the implementation of the reforms, but Ottoman police units violently broke the rally up. Soon, massacres of Armenians broke out in Constantinople and then engulfed the rest of the Armenian-populated provinces of Bitlis, Diyarbekir, Erzurum, Harput, Sivas, Trabzon, and Van. Estimates differ on how many Armenians were killed, but European documentation of the pogroms, which became known as the Hamidian massacres, placed the figures at between 100,000 and 300,000.




  • Tiflis, Tiflis Governorate, Caucasus Viceroyalty, Russian Empire Or Georgia
    Sunday Oct 01, 1899

    Joseph Stalin

    Meteorologist

    Tiflis, Tiflis Governorate, Caucasus Viceroyalty, Russian Empire Or Georgia
    Sunday Oct 01, 1899

    In October 1899, Stalin began work as a meteorologist at a Tiflis observatory.




  • Plains, Georgia, U.S.
    Wednesday Oct 01, 1924

    Jimmy Carter

    Birth

    Plains, Georgia, U.S.
    Wednesday Oct 01, 1924

    James Earl Carter Jr. was born on October 1, 1924, at the Wise Sanitarium (now the Lillian G. Carter Nursing Center) in Plains, Georgia.




  • Burgos, Spain
    Thursday Oct 01, 1936

    Francisco Franco

    Head of State

    Burgos, Spain
    Thursday Oct 01, 1936

    On 1 October 1936, in Burgos, Franco was publicly proclaimed as Generalísimo of the National army and Jefe del Estado (Head of State).




  • Burgos, Spain
    Thursday Oct 01, 1936

    Spanish Civil War

    General Franco was confirmed head of state and armies in Burgos

    Burgos, Spain
    Thursday Oct 01, 1936

    On 1 October 1936, General Franco was confirmed head of state and armies in Burgos. A similar dramatic success for the Nationalists occurred on 17 October, when troops coming from Galicia relieved the besieged town of Oviedo, in Northern Spain.




  • New Caledonia
    Friday Oct 01, 1943

    Richard Nixon

    Lieutenant

    New Caledonia
    Friday Oct 01, 1943

    On October 1, 1943, Nixon was promoted to lieutenant. Then Nixon commanded the SCAT forward detachments at Vella Lavella, Bougainville, and finally at Green Island (Nissan Island).




  • Beijing, China
    Saturday Oct 01, 1949

    Chinese Civil War

    Founding of the People's Republic of China

    Beijing, China
    Saturday Oct 01, 1949

    On 1 October 1949, Mao Zedong proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic of China with its capital at Beijng, which was returned to the former name Beijing.


  • China
    Saturday Oct 01, 1949

    Mao Zedong

    The People's Republic of China

    China
    Saturday Oct 01, 1949

    The People's Republic of China was established on October 1, 1949. It was the culmination of over two decades of civil and international wars. Mao's famous phrase "The Chinese people have stood up" associated with the establishment of the People's Republic of China was not used in the speech he delivered from the Gate of Heavenly Peace (Tian'anmen) on October 1.


  • North Korea
    Sunday Oct 01, 1950

    Korean War

    The UN Command repelled the KPA northwards past the 38th Parallel

    North Korea
    Sunday Oct 01, 1950

    By 1 October 1950, the UN Command repelled the KPA northwards past the 38th Parallel; the ROK advanced after them, into North Korea.


  • Eastbourne, Sussex, England
    Monday Oct 01, 1956

    Theresa May

    Birth

    Eastbourne, Sussex, England
    Monday Oct 01, 1956

    Born on 1 October 1956 in Eastbourne, Sussex.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Oct 01, 1958

    Neil Armstrong

    Neil became an Employee of NASA

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Oct 01, 1958

    Neil became an employee of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) when it was established on October 1, 1958, absorbing NACA.


  • Christmas Island
    Wednesday Oct 01, 1958

    Christmas Island

    The Island was Officially Placed Under The Authority of The Commonwealth of Australia

    Christmas Island
    Wednesday Oct 01, 1958

    Australia's Christmas Island Act was passed in September 1958 and the island was officially placed under the authority of the Commonwealth of Australia on 1 October 1958.


  • Monrovia, Liberia
    Saturday Oct 01, 1966

    George Weah

    Born

    Monrovia, Liberia
    Saturday Oct 01, 1966

    Weah was born and raised in the Clara Town district of Monrovia.


  • Manila, Philippines
    Wednesday Oct 01, 1975

    Muhammad Ali Clay

    "Thrilla in Manila"

    Manila, Philippines
    Wednesday Oct 01, 1975

    Ali then agreed to a third match with Joe Frazier in Manila. The bout, known as the "Thrilla in Manila", was held on October 1, 1975


  • East Rutherford, New Jersey, U.S.
    Saturday Oct 01, 1977

    Pelé

    Pele's Retirement

    East Rutherford, New Jersey, U.S.
    Saturday Oct 01, 1977

    On 1 October 1977, Pelé closed out his career in an exhibition match between the Cosmos and Santos.


  • Baghdad, Iraq
    Wednesday Oct 01, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    Air attacks

    Baghdad, Iraq
    Wednesday Oct 01, 1980

    By 1 October, Baghdad had been subjected to eight air attacks. In response, Iraq launched aerial strikes against Iranian targets.


  • Mandali, Iraq
    Friday Oct 01, 1982

    Iran–Iraq War

    Operation Muslim ibn Aqil

    Mandali, Iraq
    Friday Oct 01, 1982

    After Iran's failure in Operation Ramadan, they carried out only a few smaller attacks. During Operation Muslim ibn Aqil (1–7 October), Iran recovered 150 km2 (58 sq mi) of disputed territory straddling the international border and reached the outskirts of Mandali before being stopped by Iraqi helicopter and armoured attacks.


  • Tokyo, Japan
    Friday Oct 01, 1982

    Sony Corporation

    Releasing CD

    Tokyo, Japan
    Friday Oct 01, 1982

    In 1983, Sony followed their counterpart Philips to the compact disc (CD). In addition to developing consumer-based recording media, after the launch of the CD Sony began development of commercially based recording media.


  • Jobra, Bangladesh
    Saturday Oct 01, 1983

    Muhammad Yunus

    The Pilot Project began Operation as a Full-Fledged Bank ("Village Bank")

    Jobra, Bangladesh
    Saturday Oct 01, 1983

    By 1982, it had 28,000 members. On 1 October 1983, the pilot project began operation as a full-fledged bank for poor Bangladeshis and was renamed Grameen Bank ("Village Bank").


  • Serbia
    Friday Oct 01, 1999

    Kosovo War

    Operation Rapid Guardian

    Serbia
    Friday Oct 01, 1999

    On 1 October 1999, approximately 150 paratroopers from Alpha Company, 1/508th Airborne Battalion Combat Team from Vicenza, Italy parachuted into Uroševac as part of Operation Rapid Guardian.


  • Russia
    Friday Oct 01, 1999

    Second Chechen War

    Chechen conflict entered a new phase

    Russia
    Friday Oct 01, 1999

    The Chechen conflict entered a new phase on 1 October 1999, when Russia's new Prime Minister Vladimir Putin declared the authority of Chechen President Aslan Maskhadov and his parliament illegitimate.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Friday Oct 01, 1999

    Second Chechen War

    Russian troops entered Chechnya

    Chechnya, Russia
    Friday Oct 01, 1999

    On 1 October, Russian troops entered Chechnya.


  • Tokyo, Japan
    Monday Oct 01, 2001

    Mobile Phones

    The First Commercial 3G Network

    Tokyo, Japan
    Monday Oct 01, 2001

    NTT DoCoMo launched the first commercial 3G network on 1 October 2001, using the WCDMA technology.


  • Brazil
    Sunday Oct 01, 2006

    Lula da Silva

    Second Term

    Brazil
    Sunday Oct 01, 2006

    General elections were held in Brazil on 1 October 2006 to elect all seats in the Chamber of Deputies, one-third of the Federal Senate, and members of the Legislative Assemblies of the 26 states and the Federal District. As no candidate for president received over 50% of the vote, a second round run-off was held on 29 October between incumbent Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and his challenger, Geraldo Alckmin. A second round was also required in 10 states where no candidate for governor received a majority. Lula won the second round with over 60% of the valid votes and secured a new four-year term.


  • U.S.
    Sunday Oct 01, 2006

    Netflix

    Cinematch recommendation algorithm

    U.S.
    Sunday Oct 01, 2006

    Netflix developed and maintains an extensive personalized video-recommendation system based on ratings and reviews by its customers. On October 1, 2006, Netflix offered a $1,000,000 prize to the first developer of a video-recommendation algorithm that could beat its existing algorithm Cinematch, at predicting customer ratings by more than 10%.


  • U.S.
    Wednesday Oct 01, 2008

    Netflix

    A partnership with Starz

    U.S.
    Wednesday Oct 01, 2008

    On October 1, 2008, Netflix announced a partnership with Starz to bring 2,500+ new films and shows to "Watch Instantly", under Starz Play.


  • U.S.
    Friday Oct 01, 2010

    Mark Zuckerberg

    A movie

    U.S.
    Friday Oct 01, 2010

    A movie based on Zuckerberg and the founding years of Facebook, The Social Network was released on October 1, 2010, starring Jesse Eisenberg as Zuckerberg.


  • Foster City, California, U.S.
    Monday Oct 01, 2012

    Visa Inc.

    Headquarters in Foster City, California

    Foster City, California, U.S.
    Monday Oct 01, 2012

    As of October 1, 2012, Visa's headquarters are located in Foster City, California.


  • Moscow, Russia
    Monday Oct 01, 2012

    Mark Zuckerberg

    Visited Russian Prime Minister

    Moscow, Russia
    Monday Oct 01, 2012

    On October 1, 2012, Zuckerberg visited Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev in Moscow to stimulate social media innovation in Russia and to boost Facebook's position in the Russian market.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Oct 01, 2015

    League of Legends

    2015 Finals

    Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Oct 01, 2015

    In October 2015, SK Telecom T1 became the first-ever two-time World Champion when they defeated fellow Korean team KOO Tigers with a score of 3 to 1 in the best-of-five finals in Berlin, Germany.


  • U.S.
    Saturday Oct 01, 2016

    Internet

    ICANN ended its contract with the United States Department of NTIA

    U.S.
    Saturday Oct 01, 2016

    Finally, on October 1, 2016 ICANN ended its contract with the United States Department of Commerce National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), allowing oversight to pass to the global Internet community.


  • Paradise, Nevada, U.S.
    Sunday Oct 01, 2017

    Mass Shootings in the United States

    2017 Las Vegas Shooting

    Paradise, Nevada, U.S.
    Sunday Oct 01, 2017

    On the night of October 1, 2017, a shooter opened fire on a crowd of concertgoers at the Route 91 Harvest music festival on the Las Vegas Strip in Nevada. He killed 58 people and wounded 413, with the ensuing panic bringing the injury total to 869. The shooter, Stephen Paddock, a 64-year-old man from Mesquite, Nevada, fired more than 1,100 rounds of ammunition from his suite on the 32nd floor of the Mandalay Bay Hotel. Paddock was found dead in his room from a self-inflicted gunshot wound. His motive remains officially undetermined.


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