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  • Jena and Auerstedt, Germany
    Tuesday Oct 14, 1806

    Napoleon

    Battle of Jena–Auerstedt

    Jena and Auerstedt, Germany
    Tuesday Oct 14, 1806

    Napoleon invaded Prussia with 180,000 troops, rapidly marching on the right bank of the River Saale. As in previous campaigns, his fundamental objective was to destroy one opponent before reinforcements from another could tip the balance of the war. Upon learning the whereabouts of the Prussian army, the French swung westwards and crossed the Saale with overwhelming force. At the twin battles of Jena and Auerstedt, fought on 14 October, the French convincingly defeated the Prussians and inflicted heavy casualties. With several major commanders dead or incapacitated, the Prussian king proved incapable of effectively commanding the army, which began to quickly disintegrate.




  • Schönbrunn Palace near Vienna, Austria
    Saturday Oct 14, 1809

    Napoleon

    Treaty of Schönbrunn

    Schönbrunn Palace near Vienna, Austria
    Saturday Oct 14, 1809

    The resulting Treaty of Schönbrunn in October 1809 was the harshest that France had imposed on Austria in recent memory.




  • New Jersey, U.S.
    Monday Oct 14, 1878

    Incandescent light bulb

    Edison filed his first patent Application for "Improvement In Electric Lights"

    New Jersey, U.S.
    Monday Oct 14, 1878

    Thomas Edison began serious research into developing a practical incandescent lamp in 1878. Edison filed his first patent application for "Improvement In Electric Lights" on 14 October 1878.




  • Kimberley, South Africa
    Saturday Oct 14, 1899

    Second Boer War

    Siege of Kimberley

    Kimberley, South Africa
    Saturday Oct 14, 1899

    Lastly, over 360 kilometres (220 mi) to the south of Mafeking lay the diamond mining city of Kimberley, which was also subjected to a siege. Although not militarily significant, it nonetheless represented an enclave of British imperialism on the borders of the Orange Free State and was hence an important Boer objective. The Siege of Kimberley took place during the Second Boer War at Kimberley, Cape Colony (present-day South Africa), when Boer forces from the Orange Free State and the Transvaal besieged the diamond mining town. The Boers moved quickly to try to capture the area when war broke out between the British and the two Boer republics in October 1899.




  • Russian Empire
    Saturday Oct 14, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    October Manifesto

    Russian Empire
    Saturday Oct 14, 1905

    The October Manifesto, written by Sergei Witte and Alexis Obolenskii, was presented to the Tsar on 14 October [O.S. 1 October]. It closely followed the demands of the Zemstvo Congress in September, granting basic civil rights, allowing the formation of political parties, extending the franchise towards universal suffrage, and establishing the Duma as the central legislative body.




  • Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
    Monday Oct 14, 1912

    Theodore Roosevelt

    Assassination Attempt

    Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
    Monday Oct 14, 1912

    On October 14, 1912, while campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Roosevelt was shot by a saloonkeeper named John Flammang Schrank. The bullet lodged in his chest after penetrating his steel eyeglass case and passing through a thick (50 pages) single-folded copy of the speech titled "Progressive Cause Greater Than Any Individual", which he was carrying in his jacket.




  • North of Gimhwa-eup, Chorwon County, North Korea
    Tuesday Oct 14, 1952

    Korean War

    The Battle of Triangle Hill

    North of Gimhwa-eup, Chorwon County, North Korea
    Tuesday Oct 14, 1952

    The Battle of Triangle Hill, also known as Operation Showdown or the Shangganling Campaign, was a protracted military engagement during the Korean War. The main combatants were two United Nations (UN) infantry divisions, with additional support from the United States Air Force, against elements of the Chinese People's Volunteer Army (PVA) 15th and 12th Corps. The battle was part of UN attempts to gain control of "The Iron Triangle", and took place from 14 October to 25 November 1952.


  • Cuba
    Friday Oct 14, 1960

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    The Retaliation

    Cuba
    Friday Oct 14, 1960

    In retaliation, the Cuban National Institute for Agrarian Reform took control of 383 private-run businesses on 14 October, and on 25 October a further 166 US companies operating in Cuba had their premises seized and nationalized, including Coca-Cola and Sears Roebuck.


  • Cuba
    Friday Oct 14, 1960

    Fidel Castro

    The Retaliation

    Cuba
    Friday Oct 14, 1960

    In retaliation, the National Institute for Agrarian Reform INRA took control of 383 private-run businesses on 14 October.


  • Cuba
    Saturday Oct 14, 1961

    John F. Kennedy

    Soviets' construction of intermediate-range ballistic missile sites in Cuba

    Cuba
    Saturday Oct 14, 1961

    On October 14, 1962, CIA U-2 spy planes took photographs of the Soviets' construction of intermediate-range ballistic missile sites in Cuba. The photos were shown to Kennedy on October 16; a consensus was reached that the missiles were offensive in nature and thus posed an immediate nuclear threat.


  • Iran
    Wednesday Oct 14, 1981

    Iran–Iraq War

    The Ambush

    Iran
    Wednesday Oct 14, 1981

    On 15 October, after breaking the siege, a large Iranian convoy was ambushed by Iraqi tanks, and during the ensuing tank battle Iran lost 20 Chieftains and other armored vehicles and withdrew from the previously gained territory.


  • Canada
    Tuesday Oct 14, 2008

    Justin Trudeau

    Prime Minister Stephen Harper called an election

    Canada
    Tuesday Oct 14, 2008

    Prime Minister Stephen Harper called an election for 14 October 2008, by which time Trudeau had been campaigning for a year in Papineau. On election day Trudeau narrowly defeated Bloc Québécois incumbent Vivian Barbot.


  • Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Tuesday Oct 14, 2008

    Kaká

    Sidewalk of fame

    Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Tuesday Oct 14, 2008

    On 14 October, he cast his footprints into the Estádio do Maracanã's sidewalk of fame, in a section dedicated to the memory of the country's top players.


  • U.S.
    Friday Oct 14, 2011

    Apple Inc.

    iPhone 4S

    U.S.
    Friday Oct 14, 2011

    Apple released the iPhone 4S.


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