Historydraft LogoHistorydraft Logo HistorydraftbetaHistorydraft Logo Historydraftbeta

  • Mount Vernon, Virginia, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1801

    George Washington

    Slaves are Free

    Mount Vernon, Virginia, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1801

    A year after George Washington's death, on January 1, 1801, Martha Washington signed an order freeing his slaves. Many of them, having never strayed far from Mount Vernon, were naturally reluctant to try their luck elsewhere; others refused to abandon spouses or children still held as dower slaves (the Custis estate) and also stayed with or near Martha. Following George Washington's instructions in his will, funds were used to feed and clothe the young, aged, and sickly slaves until the early 1830s.




  • Paris, France
    Tuesday Jan 1, 1850

    Alfred Nobel

    To Paris to further the work

    Paris, France
    Tuesday Jan 1, 1850

    As a young man, Nobel studied with chemist Nikolai Zinin; then, in 1850, went to Paris to further the work.




  • U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 1, 1851

    Alfred Nobel

    to United States

    U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 1, 1851

    At age 18, he went to the United States for one year to study, working for a short period under Swedish-American inventor John Ericsson, who designed the American Civil War ironclad USS Monitor.




  • U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1863

    Abraham Lincoln

    Effective Emancipation Proclamation

    U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1863

    The Emancipation Proclamation, issued on September 22, 1862 and effective January 1, 1863, affirmed the freedom of slaves in 10 states not then under Union control, with exemptions specified for areas under such control.




  • U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1863

    Frederick Douglass

    Emancipation Proclamation

    U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1863

    President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation, which took effect on January 1, 1863, declared the freedom of all slaves in Confederate-held territory.




  • Sweden
    Tuesday Jan 1, 1867

    Alfred Nobel

    Nobel invented dynamite in 1867

    Sweden
    Tuesday Jan 1, 1867

    Nobel invented dynamite in 1867, a substance easier and safer to handle than the more unstable nitroglycerin.




  • Sweden
    Friday Jan 1, 1875

    Alfred Nobel

    Nobel invented gelignite

    Sweden
    Friday Jan 1, 1875

    In 1875 Nobel invented gelignite, more stable and powerful than dynamite.


  • Germany
    Wednesday Jan 1, 1896

    X-ray

    Sending the news

    Germany
    Wednesday Jan 1, 1896

    Röntgen immediately noticed X-rays could have medical applications. Along with his 28 December Physical-Medical Society submission he sent a letter to physicians he knew around Europe (January 1, 1896).


  • U.S.
    Sunday Jan 1, 1911

    Franklin D. Roosevelt

    Taking his seat

    U.S.
    Sunday Jan 1, 1911

    Though legislative sessions rarely lasted more than ten weeks, Roosevelt treated his new position as a full-time career. Taking his seat on January 1, 1911, Roosevelt immediately became the leader of a group of "Insurgents" who opposed the bossism of the Tammany Hall machine that dominated the state Democratic Party.


  • China
    Monday Jan 1, 1912

    Xinhai Revolution

    The First day of The First Year of The ROC.

    China
    Monday Jan 1, 1912

    1 January 1912, was set as the first day of the First Year of the ROC.


  • Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Saturday Jan 1, 1916

    Armenian Genocide

    Typhoid inoculation

    Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Saturday Jan 1, 1916

    Typhoid inoculation: The Ottoman surgeon, Dr. Haydar Cemal wrote "on the order of the Chief Sanitation Office of the Third Army in January 1916, when the spread of typhus was an acute problem, innocent Armenians slated for deportation at Erzincan were inoculated with the blood of typhoid fever patients without rendering that blood 'inactive'".


  • New York, U.S.
    Tuesday Jan 1, 1929

    Franklin D. Roosevelt

    A Governor

    New York, U.S.
    Tuesday Jan 1, 1929

    Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected governor of New York in 1928 and served from 1 January 1929 until his election as President of the United States in 1932. His term as governor provided him with a high-visibility position in which to prove himself as well as provide a major base from which to launch a bid for the presidency.


  • Germany
    Friday Jan 1, 1937

    Martin Bormann

    Bormann Joined The Schutzstaffel (SS)

    Germany
    Friday Jan 1, 1937

    He joined the Schutzstaffel (SS) on 1 January 1937 with number 278,267.


  • U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1942

    Atlantic Charter

    Declaration by United Nations

    U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1942

    On 1 January 1942, a larger group of nations, who adhered to the principles of the Atlantic Charter, issued a joint Declaration by United Nations stressing their solidarity in the defense against Hitlerism.


  • U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1942

    World War II

    Declaration by United Nations

    U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1942

    On 1 January 1942, the Allied Big Four (the Soviet Union, China, the United Kingdom and the United States) and 22 smaller or exiled governments issued the Declaration by United Nations.


  • U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1942

    United Nations

    United Nations Declaration

    U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1942

    "On New Year's Day 1942, President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill, Maxim Litvinov, of the USSR, and T. V. Soong, of China, signed a short document which later came to be known as the United Nations Declaration, and the next day the representatives of twenty-two other nations added their signatures". A JOINT DECLARATION BY THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, THE UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS, CHINA, AUSTRALIA, BELGIUM, CANADA, COSTA RICA, CUBA, CZECHOSLOVAKIA, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, EL SALVADOR, GREECE, GUATEMALA, HAITI, HONDURAS, INDIA, LUXEMBOURG, NETHERLANDS, NEW ZEALAND, NICARAGUA, NORWAY, PANAMA, POLAND, SOUTH AFRICA, YUGOSLAVIA The Governments signatory hereto, Having subscribed to a common program of purposes and principles embodied in the Joint Declaration of the President of the United States of America and the Prime Minister of Great Britain dated August 14, 1941, known as the Atlantic Charter, Being convinced that complete victory over their enemies is essential to defend life, liberty, independence and religious freedom, and to preserve human rights and justice in their own lands as well as in other lands and that they are now engaged in a common struggle against savage and brutal forces seeking to subjugate the world, DECLARE: Each Government pledges itself to employ its full resources, military or economic, against those members of the Tripartite Pact and its adherents with which such government is at war. Each Government pledges itself to cooperate with the Governments signatory hereto and not to make a separate armistice or peace with the enemies. The foregoing declaration may be adhered to by other nations which are, or which may be, rendering material assistance and contributions in the struggle for victory over Hitlerism. The Washington Conference 1941–1942


  • Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1948

    Malcolm X

    Prayer to God

    Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1948

    In late 1948, Little wrote to Elijah Muhammad, the leader of the Nation of Islam. Muhammad advised him to renounce his past, humbly bow in prayer to God, and promise never to engage in destructive behavior again.


  • Paris, France
    Sunday Jan 1, 1956

    Christine Lagarde

    Birth

    Paris, France
    Sunday Jan 1, 1956

    Lagarde was born in Paris, France.


  • Cuba
    Thursday Jan 1, 1959

    Raúl Castro

    President Fulgencio Batista fled Cuba

    Cuba
    Thursday Jan 1, 1959

    In response to the victory by Che Guevara at the Battle of Santa Clara, the U.S.-backed President Fulgencio Batista fled Cuba in the early morning of 1 January 1959. After Batista's fall, Raúl had the task of overseeing trials and execution of scores (between 30 and 70) of soldiers loyal to deposed president Batista convicted of war crimes.


  • Yugoslavia
    Sunday Jan 1, 1967

    Josip Broz Tito

    Yugoslavia was the first communist country to open its borders to all foreign visitors

    Yugoslavia
    Sunday Jan 1, 1967

    On 1 January 1967, Yugoslavia was the first communist country to open its borders to all foreign visitors and abolish visa requirements.


  • Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1970

    Muhammad Ali Clay

    Mohammad Ali vs Patterson

    Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1970

    Ali defended his title against former heavyweight champion Floyd Patterson on November 22, 1965. Before the match, Ali mocked Patterson, who was widely known to call him by his former name Cassius Clay, as an "Uncle Tom", calling him "The Rabbit". Ali won the fight in the 12th round through technical knockouts.


  • Brussels, Belgium
    Monday Jan 1, 1973

    Brexit

    UK joined Denmark and Ireland in becoming a member

    Brussels, Belgium
    Monday Jan 1, 1973

    Parliament passed the European Communities Act later that year and the UK joined Denmark and Ireland in becoming a member on 1 January 1973.


  • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Monday Jan 1, 1973

    KFC

    Malaysia

    Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Monday Jan 1, 1973

    the Malaysian KFC traces its origin from 1 January 1973, from its first outlet in Jalan Tunku Abdul Rahman, Kuala Lumpur. Now, there exist more than 700 KFC outlets.


  • Kosovo
    Tuesday Jan 1, 1974

    Kosovo War

    Kosovo was declared a Province

    Kosovo
    Tuesday Jan 1, 1974

    In 1974 Kosovo's political status improved further when a new Yugoslav constitution granted an expanded set of political rights. Along with Vojvodina, Kosovo was declared a province and gained many of the powers of a fully-fledged republic: a seat on the federal presidency and its own assembly, police force and national bank.


  • Opera Square, Giza, Egypt
    Sunday Jan 1, 1978

    Ayman al-Zawahiri

    1st Marriage

    Opera Square, Giza, Egypt
    Sunday Jan 1, 1978

    In 1978, al-Zawahiri married his first wife, Azza Ahmed Nowari, a student at Cairo University who was studying philosophy. Their wedding, which was held at the Continental Hotel in Opera Square, was very conservative, with separate areas for both men and women, and no music, photographs, or light-hearted humour.


  • near the coast of Bombay, India
    Sunday Jan 1, 1978

    Plane Accidents

    Air India Flight 855

    near the coast of Bombay, India
    Sunday Jan 1, 1978

    Boeing 747-237B, Air India Flight 855 on January 1, 1978, crashed into the Arabian Sea just off the coast of Bombay, India, killing all 190 passengers and 23 crew on board. An investigation concluded that the captain became disoriented after the failure of one of the flight instruments in the cockpit, leading to "irrational control inputs" that caused the plane to crash.


  • Texas, U.S.
    Tuesday Jan 1, 1980

    Juneteenth

    Officially made a state holiday

    Texas, U.S.
    Tuesday Jan 1, 1980

    The bill passed through the Texas Legislature in 1979 and was officially made a state holiday on January 1, 1980.


  • Kosovo
    Thursday Jan 1, 1981

    Kosovo War

    4,000 Serbs moved from Kosovo to central Serbia

    Kosovo
    Thursday Jan 1, 1981

    In 1981 it was reported that some 4,000 Serbs moved from Kosovo to central Serbia after the Kosovo Albanian riots in March that resulted in several Serb deaths and the desecration of Serbian Orthodox architecture and graveyards.


  • Newbury, England, U.K.
    Tuesday Jan 1, 1985

    Vodafone

    Racal-Vodafone

    Newbury, England, U.K.
    Tuesday Jan 1, 1985

    Vodafone was launched on 1 January 1985 under the new name, Racal-Vodafone (Holdings) Ltd, with its first office based in the Courtyard in Newbury, Berkshire, and shortly thereafter Racal Strategic Radio was renamed Racal Telecommunications Group Limited.


  • Medina, Washington, U.S.
    Saturday Jan 1, 1994

    Bill Gates

    Marriage

    Medina, Washington, U.S.
    Saturday Jan 1, 1994

    Gates married Melinda French on a golf course on the Hawaiian island of Lanai on January 1, 1994. They have three children. The family resides in Xanadu 2.0, an earth-sheltered mansion in the side of a hill overlooking Lake Washington in Medina, Washington.


  • Johannesburg, South Africa
    Sunday Jan 1, 1995

    Nelson Mandela

    The Nelson Mandela Children's Fund

    Johannesburg, South Africa
    Sunday Jan 1, 1995

    In 1995, Mandela stopped to talk to street children in Cape Town, and was inspired to found organisation.So he founded Nelson Mandela Children's Fund.


  • Genoa, Italy
    Wednesday Jan 1, 1997
    14 PM

    Francesco Totti

    To Sampdoria on Loan

    Genoa, Italy
    Wednesday Jan 1, 1997
    14 PM

    Totti struggled to gain playing time under new manager Carlos Bianchi, and was even set to leave for Sampdoria on loan in January 1997. Roma's chairman at the time however, Franco Sensi, impeded the transfer, leading to further tensions with the manager, who eventually parted ways with the club.


  • Marseille, France
    Monday Jan 1, 2001

    George Weah

    Moving To Marseille

    Marseille, France
    Monday Jan 1, 2001

    Following his time in England, Weah returned to France and had a spell at Marseille, where he remained until May 2001.


  • Brazil
    Wednesday Jan 1, 2003

    Lula da Silva

    A President

    Brazil
    Wednesday Jan 1, 2003

    He became a president in 2003.


  • Canada
    Monday Jan 1, 2007

    Justin Trudeau

    The two-part CBC Television miniseries The Great War

    Canada
    Monday Jan 1, 2007

    In 2007, Trudeau starred in the two-part CBC Television miniseries The Great War, which gave an account of Canada's participation in the First World War.


  • Italy
    Thursday Jan 1, 2009

    Zlatan Ibrahimović

    The League's Top goalscorer

    Italy
    Thursday Jan 1, 2009

    Ibrahimović ended the 2008–09 Serie A season as the league's top goalscorer with 25 goals.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 2009

    Bank of America

    Bank of America purchased Merrill Lynch

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 2009

    Around the same time, Bank of America was reportedly also in talks to purchase Lehman Brothers, however a lack of government guarantees caused the bank to abandon talks with Lehman. Lehman Brothers filed for bankruptcy the same day Bank of America announced its plans to acquire Merrill Lynch. This acquisition made Bank of America the largest financial services company in the world. Shareholders of both companies (Bank of America and Merrill Lynch) approved the acquisition on December 5, 2008, and the deal closed January 1, 2009.


  • Colombia
    Friday Jan 1, 2010

    Colombian conflict

    The Colombian Air Force bombed a Jungle Camp in Southern Colombia

    Colombia
    Friday Jan 1, 2010

    On January 1, 2010, Eighteen FARC rebels were killed when the Colombian Air Force bombed a jungle camp in Southern Colombia. Colombian troops of the elite Task Force Omega then stormed the camp, capturing fifteen FARC rebels, as well as 25 rifles, war materials, explosives, and information which was given to military intelligence. In Southwestern Colombia, FARC rebels ambushed an army patrol, killing a soldier. The troops then exchanged fire with the rebels. During the fighting, a teenager was killed in the crossfire.


  • U.S.
    Friday Jan 1, 2010

    Bank of America

    Brian Moynihan became President

    U.S.
    Friday Jan 1, 2010

    Ken Lewis, who had lost the title of Chairman of the Board, announced that he would retire as CEO effective December 31, 2009, in part due to controversy and legal investigations concerning the purchase of Merrill Lynch. Brian Moynihan became President and CEO effective January 1, 2010, and afterward, credit card charge offs and delinquencies declined in January. Bank of America also repaid the $45 billion it had received from the Troubled Assets Relief Program.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Wednesday Jan 1, 2014

    Symbian OS

    Symbian terminated

    Espoo, Finland
    Wednesday Jan 1, 2014

    Nokia terminated its support of software development and maintenance for Symbian with effect from 1 January 2014, thereafter refusing to publish new or changed Symbian applications or content in the Nokia Store and terminating its 'Symbian Signed' program for software certification.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 1, 2014

    Bitcoin

    From $13.30 rising to $770

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 1, 2014

    In 2013, prices started at $13.30 rising to $770 by 1 January 2014.


  • U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 1, 2014

    Robin Williams

    After Deaths Films

    U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 1, 2014

    After his death in 2014, four films starring him were released: Night at the Museum: Secret of the Tomb, A Merry Friggin' Christmas, Boulevard and Absolutely Anything.


  • London, England
    Thursday Jan 1, 2015

    Prince Harry

    Supporting Wounded Service Personnel

    London, England
    Thursday Jan 1, 2015

    In January 2015, it was reported that Harry would take a new role in supporting wounded service personnel by working alongside members of the London District's Personal Recovery Unit for the MOD's Defence Recovery Capability scheme to ensure that wounded personnel have adequate recovery plans. The palace confirmed weeks later that the scheme was established in partnership with Help for Heroes and the Royal British Legion.


  • Tokyo, japan
    Thursday Jan 1, 2015

    PlayStation Network

    5-day extension to PlayStation Plus memberships

    Tokyo, japan
    Thursday Jan 1, 2015

    On January 1, 2015, Sony announced that users would be compensated for the downtime with a 5-day extension to PlayStation Plus memberships.


  • London, United Kingdom
    Friday Jan 1, 2016

    Prince William

    Royal ranks

    London, United Kingdom
    Friday Jan 1, 2016

    On January 1, 2016, Prince William was ranked Major in the British Army, Squadron Leader in the Royal Air Force and Squadron Leader in the Royal Air Force.


  • U.S. and Worldwide
    Sunday Jan 1, 2017

    Bitcoin

    Prices rose and climbed up to $998

    U.S. and Worldwide
    Sunday Jan 1, 2017

    In 2015, prices started at $314 and rose to $434 for the year. In 2016, prices rose and climbed up to $998 by 1 January 2017.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Sunday Jan 1, 2017

    United Nations

    Ninth Secretary-General

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Sunday Jan 1, 2017

    On 1 January 2017, Portuguese diplomat António Guterres, who previously served as UN High Commissioner for Refugees, became the ninth Secretary-General. Guterres has highlighted several key goals for his administration, including an emphasis on diplomacy for preventing conflicts, more effective peacekeeping efforts, and streamlining the organization to be more responsive and versatile to global needs.


  • Brazil
    Tuesday Jan 1, 2019

    Jair Bolsonaro

    A President

    Brazil
    Tuesday Jan 1, 2019

    He took office on 1 January 2019.


  • U.S. and Worldwide
    Tuesday Jan 1, 2019

    Bitcoin

    The price fell to $3,747

    U.S. and Worldwide
    Tuesday Jan 1, 2019

    The price on 1 January 2019 was $3,747, down 72% for 2018, and down 81% since the all-time high.


<