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  • U.S.
    Friday Mar 2, 1781

    George Washington

    Congress ratified the Articles of Confederation

    U.S.
    Friday Mar 2, 1781

    On March 1, 1781, Congress ratified the Articles of Confederation, but the government that took effect on March 2 did not have the power to levy taxes, and it loosely held the states together.




  • Virginia Capes, Atlantic Ocean
    Thursday Sep 6, 1781

    George Washington

    Battle of the Chesapeake

    Virginia Capes, Atlantic Ocean
    Thursday Sep 6, 1781

    By late September, Patriot-French forces completely surrounded Yorktown, trapped the British army, and prevented British reinforcements from Clinton in the North, while the French Navy was victorious at the Battle of the Chesapeake. The final American offensive was begun with a shot fired by Washington.




  • Yorktown, Virginia, U.S.
    Saturday Sep 29, 1781

    George Washington

    The Siege of Yorktown

    Yorktown, Virginia, U.S.
    Saturday Sep 29, 1781

    The Siege of Yorktown, Virginia was a decisive allied victory by the combined forces of the Continental Army commanded by General Washington, the French Army commanded by the General Comte de Rochambeau, and the French Navy commanded by Admiral de Grasse, in the defeat of Cornwallis' British forces. On August 19, the march to Yorktown led by Washington and Rochambeau began, which is known now as the "celebrated march". Washington was in command of an army of 7,800 Frenchmen, 3,100 militia, and 8,000 Continentals. Lacking in experience in siege warfare, Washington often deferred judgment to Rochambeau, effectively putting him in command; however, Rochambeau never challenged Washington's authority.




  • Yorktown, Virginia, U.S.
    Saturday Oct 20, 1781

    George Washington

    Siege of Yorktown ended

    Yorktown, Virginia, U.S.
    Saturday Oct 20, 1781

    The siege ended with a British surrender on October 19, 1781; over 7,000 British soldiers were captured, in the last major land battle of the American Revolutionary War.




  • Vienna, Austria
    Monday Dec 24, 1781

    Mozart

    Mozart wins a duel against Clementi

    Vienna, Austria
    Monday Dec 24, 1781

    Mozart was infamous enough to be challenged to a duel by December. Another pianist had arrived in town, Clementi himself was a supremely respected pianist, and was invited to court on this occasion as part of the general merrymaking surrounding the presence of the Grand Duke and Duchess of Russia. Mozart and Clementi were asked to become musical gladiators for the amusement of the court, and participated in a piano virtuosity contest, Mozart got off best and this certainly made his name the power of good.




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