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  • Southern Italian peninsula and Sicily
    Wednesday Feb 5, 1783

    1783 Calabrian earthquakes

    The Earthquake

    Southern Italian peninsula and Sicily
    Wednesday Feb 5, 1783

    This earthquake, with an estimated magnitude of 7.0, affected a large area including most of the southern Italian peninsula and shook the whole island of Sicily. Many villages were damaged and as many as 180 almost completely destroyed, with more than 25,000 casualties. A tsunami affected the coastline on both sides of the Straits of Messina, destroying the harbor walls at Messina. The earthquake had already caused widespread death and destruction in Messina. Homes were razed to the ground, the medieval Duomo was badly damaged and most of the historic buildings were reduced to rubble.




  • Southern Italian peninsula and Sicily
    Thursday Feb 6, 1783

    1783 Calabrian earthquakes

    This magnitude 6.2 event

    Southern Italian peninsula and Sicily
    Thursday Feb 6, 1783

    This magnitude 6.2 event occurred during the night following the first event and struck the area just to the southwest. Most of the damage and casualties appear to have been caused by a tsunami that was set off by a major collapse of Monte Pací into the sea near Scilla shortly after the earthquake. Many of Scilla's residents, frightened by the tremors of the previous day had moved onto the open beach for the night, where they were overwhelmed by the waves. The tsunami caused severe flooding in the town, reaching as far as 200 m inland, and there were more than 1500 deaths.




  • Southern Italian peninsula and Sicily
    Friday Feb 7, 1783

    1783 Calabrian earthquakes

    Severe damage extended 15 km along the front of the Serre Mountains

    Southern Italian peninsula and Sicily
    Friday Feb 7, 1783

    This event occurred at about midday 40 km NE of the first mainshock on the 5th. Severe damage extended 15 km along the front of the Serre Mountains, leveling all the villages between Acquaro and Soriano Calabro. The earthquake is thought to have involved the rupturing of the southern segment of the Serre fault that bounds the Mesima Basin.




  • Southern Italian peninsula and Sicily
    Saturday Mar 1, 1783

    1783 Calabrian earthquakes

    Weakest of the sequence

    Southern Italian peninsula and Sicily
    Saturday Mar 1, 1783

    This earthquake was the weakest of the sequence and caused relatively little damage. The earthquake is thought to have involved the rupturing of the northern segment of the Serre fault.




  • Southern Italian peninsula and Sicily
    Friday Mar 28, 1783

    1783 Calabrian earthquakes

    The final event of the sequence

    Southern Italian peninsula and Sicily
    Friday Mar 28, 1783

    The final event of the sequence was of similar magnitude to the first and had an epicenter about 20 km east of the fourth, near Girifalco and Borgia in the Catanzaro Basin. The earthquake lasted for about ten seconds, and many villages were destroyed with many hundreds dead in Borgia, Girifalco, Maida, and Cortale. Landslides were common and sand volcanoes were seen, particularly on the banks of the Amato river. This earthquake has not been tied to a particular fault, but a recent re-evaluation of the intensity data indicates that the isoseismal areas are elongated NE–SW, suggesting faulting of similar trend to that observed for the other earthquakes in the sequence.




  • Vienna, Austria
    Tuesday Jun 17, 1783
    14 PM

    Mozart

    His first son and the tragedy

    Vienna, Austria
    Tuesday Jun 17, 1783
    14 PM

    Constanze gave birth to a baby boy named Raimund Leopold, but the Mozarts took a trip to Salzburg to see Leopold, leaving Raimund Leopold in Vienna as a young infant. Their son died when they were away, so the Mozarts left for Vienna.




  • Caracas, Venezuela
    Thursday Jul 24, 1783

    Simón Bolívar

    Birth

    Caracas, Venezuela
    Thursday Jul 24, 1783

    Simón Bolívar was born in a house in Caracas, Captaincy General of Venezuela, on 24 July 1783.


  • Paris, France
    Wednesday Sep 3, 1783

    George Washington

    Treaty of Paris

    Paris, France
    Wednesday Sep 3, 1783

    Washington resigned as commander-in-chief once the Treaty of Paris was signed, and he planned to retire to Mount Vernon. The treaty was ratified in April 1783, and Hamilton's Congressional committee adapted the army for peacetime. Washington gave the Army's perspective to the Committee in his Sentiments on a Peace Establishment. The Treaty was signed on September 3, 1783, and Great Britain officially recognized the independence of the United States. Washington then disbanded his army, giving an eloquent farewell address to his soldiers on November 2.


  • New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Nov 26, 1783

    George Washington

    the British evacuated New York City

    New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Nov 26, 1783

    On November 25, the British evacuated New York City, and Washington and Governor George Clinton took possession.


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