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  • Mérida, Venezuela
    Monday May 24, 1813

    Simón Bolívar

    Bolívar entered Mérida

    Mérida, Venezuela
    Monday May 24, 1813

    This was the beginning of the Admirable Campaign. On 24 May, Bolívar entered Mérida, where he was proclaimed El Libertador ("The Liberator").




  • Venezuela
    Tuesday Jun 15, 1813

    Simón Bolívar

    Decree of War to the Death

    Venezuela
    Tuesday Jun 15, 1813

    This was followed by the occupation of Trujillo on 9 June. Six days later, and as a result of Spanish massacres on independence supporters, Bolívar dictated his famous "Decree of War to the Death", allowing the killing of any Spaniard not actively supporting independence.




  • Caracas, Venezuela
    Friday Aug 6, 1813

    Simón Bolívar

    Caracas was retaken

    Caracas, Venezuela
    Friday Aug 6, 1813

    Caracas was retaken on 6 August 1813, and Bolívar was ratified as El Libertador, establishing the Second Republic of Venezuela. The following year, because of the rebellion of José Tomás Boves and the fall of the republic, Bolívar returned to New Granada, where he commanded a force for the United Provinces.




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