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  • Luxembourg Palace, Paris, France
    Friday Apr 1, 1814

    Napoleon

    Alexander addressed the Sénat conservateur

    Luxembourg Palace, Paris, France
    Friday Apr 1, 1814

    On 1 April, Alexander addressed the Sénat conservateur. Long docile to Napoleon, under Talleyrand's prodding it had turned against him. Alexander told the Sénat that the Allies were fighting against Napoleon, not France, and they were prepared to offer honorable peace terms if Napoleon were removed from power.




  • Luxembourg Palace, Paris, France
    Saturday Apr 2, 1814

    Napoleon

    Acte de déchéance de l'Empereur

    Luxembourg Palace, Paris, France
    Saturday Apr 2, 1814

    The Sénat passed the Acte de déchéance de l'Empereur ("Emperor's Demise Act"), which declared Napoleon deposed. Napoleon had advanced as far as Fontainebleau when he learned that Paris was lost. When Napoleon proposed the army march on the capital, his senior officers and marshals mutinied.




  • Fontainebleau, France
    Monday Apr 4, 1814

    Napoleon

    They confronted Napoleon

    Fontainebleau, France
    Monday Apr 4, 1814

    On 4 April, led by Michel Ney, they confronted Napoleon. Napoleon asserted the army would follow him, and Ney replied the army would follow its generals. While the ordinary soldiers and regimental officers wanted to fight on, without any senior officers or marshals any prospective invasion of Paris would have been impossible.




  • France
    Wednesday Apr 6, 1814

    Napoleon

    Napoleon was then forced to announce his unconditional abdication

    France
    Wednesday Apr 6, 1814

    Bowing to the inevitable, on 4 April Napoleon abdicated in favor of his son, with Marie Louise as regent. However, the Allies refused to accept this under prodding from Alexander, who feared that Napoleon might find an excuse to retake the throne. Napoleon was then forced to announce his unconditional abdication only two days later.




  • Fontainebleau, France
    Monday Apr 11, 1814

    Napoleon

    Treaty of Fontainebleau (1814)

    Fontainebleau, France
    Monday Apr 11, 1814

    In the Treaty of Fontainebleau, the Allies exiled Napoleon to Elba, an island of 12,000 inhabitants in the Mediterranean, 20 km (12 mi) off the Tuscan coast. They gave him sovereignty over the island and allowed him to retain the title of Emperor. Napoleon attempted suicide with a pill he had carried after nearly being captured by the Russians during the retreat from Moscow. Its potency had weakened with age, however, and he survived to be exiled, while his wife and son took refuge in Austria.




  • Rueil-Malmaison, Kingdom of France
    Sunday May 29, 1814

    Napoleon

    Josephine death

    Rueil-Malmaison, Kingdom of France
    Sunday May 29, 1814

    A few months into his exile, Napoleon learned that his ex-wife Josephine had died in France. He was devastated by the news, locking himself in his room and refusing to leave for two days.




  • Portoferraio, Italy
    Monday May 30, 1814

    Napoleon

    Napoleon arrived at Portoferraio

    Portoferraio, Italy
    Monday May 30, 1814

    Napoleon was conveyed to the island on HMS Undaunted (1807) by Captain Thomas Ussher, he arrived at Portoferraio on 30 May 1814.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Aug 24, 1814

    Library of Congress

    Burning of Washington

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Aug 24, 1814

    The invading British army burned Washington in August 1814 during the War of 1812 and destroyed the Library of Congress and its collection of 3,000 volumes.These volumes had been left in the Senate wing of the Capitol.


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