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  • U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1863
    Abraham Lincoln

    Effective Emancipation Proclamation

    U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1863

    The Emancipation Proclamation, issued on September 22, 1862 and effective January 1, 1863, affirmed the freedom of slaves in 10 states not then under Union control, with exemptions specified for areas under such control.




  • U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1863
    Frederick Douglass

    Emancipation Proclamation

    U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1863

    President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation, which took effect on January 1, 1863, declared the freedom of all slaves in Confederate-held territory.




  • Spotsylvania County, Virginia, U.S.
    Thursday Apr 30, 1863
    Abraham Lincoln

    Battle of Chancellorsville

    Spotsylvania County, Virginia, U.S.
    Thursday Apr 30, 1863

    Hooker was routed by Lee at the Battle of Chancellorsville in May, then resigned and was replaced by George Meade. Meade followed Lee north into Pennsylvania and beat him in the Gettysburg Campaign, but then failed to follow up despite Lincoln's demands. At the same time, Grant captured Vicksburg and gained control of the Mississippi River, splitting the far western rebel states.




  • West Virginia, U.S.
    Saturday Jun 20, 1863
    Abraham Lincoln

    West Virginia was admitted to the Union

    West Virginia, U.S.
    Saturday Jun 20, 1863

    West Virginia was admitted to the Union on June 20, 1863.




  • U.S.
    Saturday Jul 4, 1863
    Flag of the United States

    Star for West Virginia

    U.S.
    Saturday Jul 4, 1863

    The flag was changed to have 35 stars. (for West Virginia)




  • Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, U.S.
    Wednesday Nov 18, 1863
    Abraham Lincoln

    Lincoln spoke at the dedication of the Gettysburg battlefield cemetery

    Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, U.S.
    Wednesday Nov 18, 1863

    Lincoln spoke at the dedication of the Gettysburg battlefield cemetery on November 19, 1863. In 272 words, and three minutes, Lincoln asserted that the nation was born not in 1789, but in 1776, "conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal". He defined the war as dedicated to the principles of liberty and equality for all. He declared that the deaths of so many brave soldiers would not be in vain, that slavery would end, and the future of democracy would be assured, that "government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth". Defying his prediction that "the world will little note, nor long remember what we say here", the Address became the most quoted speech in American history.




  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Tuesday Dec 8, 1863
    Abraham Lincoln

    Amnesty Proclamation

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Tuesday Dec 8, 1863

    Amnesty Proclamation of December 8, 1863, offered pardons to those who had not held a Confederate civil office and had not mistreated Union prisoners, if they were willing to sign an oath of allegiance.


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