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  • France
    Saturday Jan 8, 1887

    Eiffel Tower

    Contract was signed

    France
    Saturday Jan 8, 1887

    After some debate about the exact location of the tower, a contract was signed on 8 January 1887. This was signed by Eiffel acting in his own capacity rather than as the representative of his company, and granted him 1.5 million francs toward the construction costs: less than a quarter of the estimated 6.5 million francs. Eiffel was to receive all income from the commercial exploitation of the tower during the exhibition and for the next 20 years. He later established a separate company to manage the tower, putting up half the necessary capital himself.




  • Paris, France
    Friday Jan 28, 1887

    Eiffel Tower

    Work on the foundations started

    Paris, France
    Friday Jan 28, 1887

    Work on the foundations started on 28 January 1887. Those for the east and south legs were straightforward, with each leg resting on four 2 m (6.6 ft) concrete slabs, one for each of the principal girders of each leg. The west and north legs, being closer to the river Seine, were more complicated: each slab needed two piles installed by using compressed-air caissons 15 m (49 ft) long and 6 m (20 ft) in diameter driven to a depth of 22 m (72 ft) to support the concrete slabs, which were 6 m (20 ft) thick. Each of these slabs supported a block of limestone with an inclined top to bear a supporting shoe for the ironwork.




  • France
    Monday Feb 14, 1887

    Eiffel Tower

    Artists against the Eiffel Tower

    France
    Monday Feb 14, 1887

    A petition called "Artists against the Eiffel Tower" was sent to the Minister of Works and Commissioner for the Exposition, Adolphe Alphand, and it was published by Le Temps on 14 February 1887: We, writers, painters, sculptors, architects and passionate devotees of the hitherto untouched beauty of Paris, protest with all our strength, with all our indignation in the name of slighted French taste, against the erection … of this useless and monstrous Eiffel Tower … To bring our arguments home, imagine for a moment a giddy, ridiculous tower dominating Paris like a gigantic black smokestack, crushing under its barbaric bulk Notre Dame, the Tour Saint-Jacques, the Louvre, the Dome of les Invalides, the Arc de Triomphe, all of our humiliated monuments will disappear in this ghastly dream. And for twenty years … we shall see stretching like a blot of ink the hateful shadow of the hateful column of bolted sheet metal. Gustave Eiffel responded to these criticisms by comparing his tower to the Egyptian pyramids: "My tower will be the tallest edifice ever erected by man. Will it not also be grandiose in its way? And why would something admirable in Egypt become hideous and ridiculous in Paris?" These criticisms were also dealt with by Édouard Lockroy in a letter of support written to Alphand, sardonically saying, "Judging by the stately swell of the rhythms, the beauty of the metaphors, the elegance of its delicate and precise style, one can tell this protest is the result of collaboration of the most famous writers and poets of our time", and he explained that the protest was irrelevant since the project had been decided upon months before, and construction on the tower was already under way.




  • Kazan, Russian Empire
    Monday Aug 1, 1887

    Vladimir Lenin

    Entering Kazan University

    Kazan, Russian Empire
    Monday Aug 1, 1887

    Upon entering Kazan University in August 1887, Lenin moved into a nearby flat.




  • Saint Ann's Bay, Jamaica
    Wednesday Aug 17, 1887

    Marcus Garvey

    Birth

    Saint Ann's Bay, Jamaica
    Wednesday Aug 17, 1887

    Marcus Mosiah Garvey was born on 17 August 1887 in Saint Ann's Bay, a town in the Colony of Jamaica.




  • Paris, France
    Wednesday Dec 7, 1887

    Eiffel Tower

    Construction of the legs with scaffolding

    Paris, France
    Wednesday Dec 7, 1887

    Construction of the legs with scaffolding.




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