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  • Port Arthur, China
    Monday Jan 2, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Port Arthur was lost

    Port Arthur, China
    Monday Jan 2, 1905

    With the unsuccessful and bloody Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905) there was unrest in army reserve units. On 2 January 1905, Port Arthur was lost.




  • Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Tuesday Jan 3, 1905

    Anna May Wong

    Birth

    Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Tuesday Jan 3, 1905

    Anna May Wong was born Wong Liu Tsong (Liu Tsong literally meaning "willow frost") on January 3, 1905, on Flower Street in Los Angeles, one block north of Chinatown, in an integrated community of Chinese, Irish, German and Japanese residents.




  • Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
    Thursday Jan 12, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Tsar appointed Dmitri Feodorovich Trepov as governor in St Petersburg

    Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
    Thursday Jan 12, 1905

    On 12 January, the Tsar appointed Dmitri Feodorovich Trepov as governor in St Petersburg.




  • Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
    Saturday Jan 21, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    The City had no electricity and newspaper distribution was halted

    Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
    Saturday Jan 21, 1905

    By 21 January [O.S. 8 January] 1905, the city had no electricity and newspaper distribution was halted. All public areas were declared closed.




  • Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
    Sunday Jan 22, 1905

    Vladimir Lenin

    Bloody Sunday

    Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
    Sunday Jan 22, 1905

    In January 1905, the Bloody Sunday massacre of protesters in St. Petersburg sparked a spate of civil unrest known as the Revolution of 1905.




  • Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
    Sunday Jan 22, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Controversial Orthodox priest Georgy Gapon, who headed a police-sponsored workers' association, led a huge workers' procession to the Winter Palace to deliver a petition to the Tsar

    Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
    Sunday Jan 22, 1905

    Controversial Orthodox priest Georgy Gapon, who headed a police-sponsored workers' association, led a huge workers' procession to the Winter Palace to deliver a petition to the Tsar on Sunday, 22 January [O.S. 9 January] 1905.




  • Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
    Sunday Jan 22, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Bloody Sunday

    Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
    Sunday Jan 22, 1905

    One of the major contributing factors that changed Russia from a country in unrest to a country in revolt was "Bloody Sunday". Loyalty to the tsar Nicholas II was lost when his soldiers fired upon people led by Georgy Gapon on 22 January 1905, who were attempting to present a petition to the tsar.


  • Riga, Lativa
    Thursday Jan 26, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    130 protesters were killed

    Riga, Lativa
    Thursday Jan 26, 1905

    There were also strikes in Finland and the Baltic coast. In Riga, 130 protesters were killed on 26 January [O.S. 13 January] 1905, and in Warsaw a few days later over 100 strikers were shot on the streets.


  • Russian Empire
    Friday Feb 17, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    The Tsar made new concessions

    Russian Empire
    Friday Feb 17, 1905

    Following the assassination of his uncle, the Grand Duke Sergei Aleksandrovich, on 17 February [O.S. 4 February] 1905, the Tsar made new concessions.


  • Moscow, Russian Empire
    Friday Feb 17, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia killed

    Moscow, Russian Empire
    Friday Feb 17, 1905

    Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia killed 17 February [O.S. 4 February] 1905 in Moscow.


  • Russian Empire
    Saturday Feb 18, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Bulygin Rescript

    Russian Empire
    Saturday Feb 18, 1905

    On 18 February [O.S. 5 February] 1905, Tsar published the Bulygin Rescript, which promised the formation of a consultative assembly, religious tolerance, freedom of speech (in the form of language rights for the Polish minority) and a reduction in the peasants' redemption payments.


  • Russian Empire
    Saturday Feb 18, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    State Duma

    Russian Empire
    Saturday Feb 18, 1905

    Tsar Nicholas II agreed on 18 February [O.S. 5 February] to the creation of a State Duma of the Russian Empire but with consultative powers only. When its slight powers and limits on the electorate were revealed, unrest redoubled.


  • Russian Empire
    Saturday Feb 18, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Tsar dismissed the Minister of the Interior

    Russian Empire
    Saturday Feb 18, 1905

    Tsar dismissed the Minister of the Interior, Pyotr Sviatopolk-Mirskii, on 18 February [O.S. 5 February] 1905.


  • Helsinki, Finland, (then Russian Empire)
    Sunday Feb 19, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Procurator of Justice of Finland killed

    Helsinki, Finland, (then Russian Empire)
    Sunday Feb 19, 1905

    Eliel Soisalon-Soininen Procurator of Justice of Finland killed 19 February [O.S. 6 February] 1905 in Helsinki.


  • Russian Empire
    Sunday Mar 5, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    The Commission was dissolved without having started work

    Russian Empire
    Sunday Mar 5, 1905

    Elections of the workers delegates were, however, blocked by the socialists who wanted to divert the workers from the elections to the armed struggle. On 5 March [O.S. 20 February] 1905, the Commission was dissolved without having started work.


  • New York, U.S.
    Friday Mar 17, 1905

    Franklin D. Roosevelt

    Marriage

    New York, U.S.
    Friday Mar 17, 1905

    On March 17, 1905, Roosevelt married Eleanor in New York City, despite the fierce resistance of his mother.


  • Zürich, Switzerland
    Sunday Apr 30, 1905

    Albert Einstein

    First scientific papers

    Zürich, Switzerland
    Sunday Apr 30, 1905

    In 1900, Einstein's paper "Folgerungen aus den Capillaritätserscheinungen" ("Conclusions from the Capillarity Phenomena") was published in the journal Annalen der Physik. On 30 April 1905, Einstein completed his thesis, with Alfred Kleiner, Professor of Experimental Physics, serving as pro-forma advisor. As a result, Einstein was awarded a PhD by the University of Zürich, with his dissertation A New Determination of Molecular Dimensions.


  • Russian Empire
    Thursday May 11, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    The 'Group', the revolutionary leadership, called for the workers at all the textile mills to strike

    Russian Empire
    Thursday May 11, 1905

    11 May 1905: The 'Group', the revolutionary leadership, called for the workers at all the textile mills to strike.


  • Russian Empire
    Friday May 12, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    The Strike begins

    Russian Empire
    Friday May 12, 1905

    12 May: The strike begins. Strike leaders meet in the local woods.


  • Russian Empire
    Saturday May 13, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    40,000 workers assemble before the Administration Building to give Svirskii

    Russian Empire
    Saturday May 13, 1905

    13 May: 40,000 workers assemble before the Administration Building to give Svirskii, the regional factory inspector, a list of demands.


  • Russian Empire
    Sunday May 14, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Workers' delegates are elected

    Russian Empire
    Sunday May 14, 1905

    14 May: Workers' delegates are elected. Svirskii had suggested they do so, as he wanted people to negotiate with. A mass meeting is held in Administration Square. Svirskii tells them the mill owners will not meet their demands but will negotiate with elected mill delegates, who will be immune to prosecution, according to the governor.


  • Russian Empire
    Monday May 15, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Svirskii tells the strikers they can negotiate only about each factory in turn, but they can hold elections wherever

    Russian Empire
    Monday May 15, 1905

    15 May: Svirskii tells the strikers they can negotiate only about each factory in turn, but they can hold elections wherever. The strikers elect delegates to represent each mill while they are still out in the streets. Later the delegates elect a chairman.


  • Russian Empire (now Ukraine)
    Wednesday May 17, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    The meetings are moved to the bank of the Talka River

    Russian Empire (now Ukraine)
    Wednesday May 17, 1905

    17 May: The meetings are moved to the bank of the Talka River, on suggestion by the police chief.


  • Moscow, Russian Empire
    Wednesday May 24, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    300 Zemstvo and municipal representatives held three meetings in Moscow

    Moscow, Russian Empire
    Wednesday May 24, 1905

    On 24 and 25 May [O.S. 11 and 12 May] 1905, about 300 Zemstvo and municipal representatives held three meetings in Moscow, which passed a resolution, asking for popular representation at the national level.


  • Tsushima, Japan (Then China)
    Saturday May 27, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Russian Baltic Fleet was defeated

    Tsushima, Japan (Then China)
    Saturday May 27, 1905

    On 27–28 May 1905, the Russian Baltic Fleet was defeated at Tsushima.


  • Russian Empire
    Saturday May 27, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    The delegates' meeting house is closed

    Russian Empire
    Saturday May 27, 1905

    27 May: The delegates' meeting house is closed.


  • Russian Empire
    Saturday Jun 3, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Cossacks break up a workers' meeting

    Russian Empire
    Saturday Jun 3, 1905

    3 June: Cossacks break up a workers' meeting, arresting over 20 men. Workers start sabotaging telephone wires and burn down a mill.


  • Russian Empire
    Tuesday Jun 6, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Nicholas II had received a Zemstvo deputation

    Russian Empire
    Tuesday Jun 6, 1905

    On 6 June [O.S. 24 May] 1905, Nicholas II had received a Zemstvo deputation. Responding to speeches by Prince Sergei Trubetskoi and Mr Fyodrov, the Tsar confirmed his promise to convene an assembly of people's representatives.


  • Russian Empire
    Friday Jun 9, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    The Police chief resigns

    Russian Empire
    Friday Jun 9, 1905

    9 June: The police chief resigns.


  • Moscow, Russian Empire
    Monday Jun 12, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    All prisoners are released

    Moscow, Russian Empire
    Monday Jun 12, 1905

    12 June: All prisoners are released. Most mill owners flee to Moscow. Neither side gives in.


  • U.S.
    Friday Jun 23, 1905

    The Wright brothers

    The Flyer III

    U.S.
    Friday Jun 23, 1905

    The Wrights scrapped the battered and much-repaired aircraft, but saved the engine, and in 1905 built a new airplane, the Flyer III. Nevertheless, at first this Flyer offered the same marginal performance as the first two. Its maiden flight was on June 23 and the first few flights were no longer than 10 seconds.


  • Russian Empire
    Tuesday Jun 27, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Workers agree to stop striking 1 July

    Russian Empire
    Tuesday Jun 27, 1905

    27 June: Workers agree to stop striking 1 July.


  • San Francisco, California, U.S.
    Thursday Aug 3, 1905

    X-ray

    Elizabeth Fleischman death

    San Francisco, California, U.S.
    Thursday Aug 3, 1905

    Many physicians claimed there were no effects from X-ray exposure at all. On August 3, 1905 at San Francisco, California, Elizabeth Fleischman, American X-ray pioneer, died from complications as a result of her work with X-rays


  • Tokyo, China
    Sunday Aug 20, 1905

    Xinhai Revolution

    Tongmenghui (United League)

    Tokyo, China
    Sunday Aug 20, 1905

    Sun Yat-sen successfully united the Revive China Society, Huaxinghui and Guangfuhui in the summer of 1905, thereby establishing the unified Tongmenghui (United League) in August 1905 in Tokyo.


  • Kittery, Maine, U.S.
    Tuesday Sep 5, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Treaty of Portsmouth

    Kittery, Maine, U.S.
    Tuesday Sep 5, 1905

    Witte was dispatched to make peace, negotiating the Treaty of Portsmouth (signed 5 September [O.S. 23 August] 1905).


  • Beijing, China
    Sunday Sep 24, 1905

    Xinhai Revolution

    Beijing Zhengyangmen East Railway Assassination Attempt

    Beijing, China
    Sunday Sep 24, 1905

    Wu Yue of Guangfuhui carried out an assassination attempt at the Beijing Zhengyangmen East Railway station in an attack on five Qing officials on 24 September 1905.


  • Ḷḷuarca, Valdés, Asturias, Spain
    Sunday Sep 24, 1905

    Severo Ochoa

    Ochoa's birth

    Ḷḷuarca, Valdés, Asturias, Spain
    Sunday Sep 24, 1905

    Ochoa was born in Luarca (Asturias), Spain. His father was Severo Manuel Ochoa, (who he was named after), a lawyer and businessman,and his mother was Carmen de Albornoz.


  • Russian Empire
    Saturday Oct 14, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    October Manifesto

    Russian Empire
    Saturday Oct 14, 1905

    The October Manifesto, written by Sergei Witte and Alexis Obolenskii, was presented to the Tsar on 14 October [O.S. 1 October]. It closely followed the demands of the Zemstvo Congress in September, granting basic civil rights, allowing the formation of political parties, extending the franchise towards universal suffrage, and establishing the Duma as the central legislative body.


  • Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
    Tuesday Oct 17, 1905

    Vladimir Lenin

    October Manifesto

    Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
    Tuesday Oct 17, 1905

    In response to the revolution of 1905, Tsar Nicholas II accepted a series of liberal reforms in his October Manifesto, after which Lenin felt it safe to return to St. Petersburg.


  • Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
    Saturday Oct 21, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Strike by railway workers

    Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
    Saturday Oct 21, 1905

    A strike by railway workers on 21 October [O.S. 8 October] 1905 quickly developed into a general strike in Saint Petersburg and Moscow.


  • Russian Empire
    Thursday Oct 26, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    2 million workers were on strike and there were almost no active railways in all of Russia

    Russian Empire
    Thursday Oct 26, 1905

    By 26 October [O.S. 13 October] 1905, over 2 million workers were on strike and there were almost no active railways in all of Russia. Growing inter-ethnic confrontation throughout the Caucasus resulted in Armenian-Tatar massacres, heavily damaging the cities and the Baku oilfields.


  • Tallinn, Estonia, Russian Empire
    Sunday Oct 29, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    The Russian army opened fire in a meeting on a street market in Tallinn in which about 8 000-10 000 people

    Tallinn, Estonia, Russian Empire
    Sunday Oct 29, 1905

    In the Governorate of Estonia, Estonians called for freedom of the press and assembly, for universal suffrage, and for national autonomy. On 29 October [O.S. 16 October], the Russian army opened fire in a meeting on a street market in Tallinn in which about 8 000-10 000 people participated, killing 94 and injuring over 200. The October Manifesto was supported in Estonia and the Estonian flag was displayed publicly for the first time.


  • Russian Empire
    Monday Oct 30, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Tsar finally signed the manifesto

    Russian Empire
    Monday Oct 30, 1905

    The Tsar waited and argued for three days, but finally signed the manifesto on 30 October [O.S. 17 October] 1905, citing his desire to avoid a massacre and his realisation that there was insufficient military force available to pursue alternative options. He regretted signing the document, saying that he felt "sick with shame at this betrayal of the dynasty ... the betrayal was complete".


  • Russian Empire (Present Day Finland)
    Sunday Nov 12, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Grand Duchy of Finland, the Social Democrats organised the general strike

    Russian Empire (Present Day Finland)
    Sunday Nov 12, 1905

    In the Grand Duchy of Finland, the Social Democrats organised the general strike of 1905 (12–19 November [O.S. 30 October – 6 November]).


  • Korea
    Friday Nov 17, 1905

    Korean War

    The Eulsa Treaty

    Korea
    Friday Nov 17, 1905

    Japan made Korea its protectorate with the Eulsa Treaty in 1905.


  • Russian Empire
    Tuesday Dec 5, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    There was a general strike by Russian workers

    Russian Empire
    Tuesday Dec 5, 1905

    Between 5 and 7 December [O.S. 22 and 24 November], there was a general strike by Russian workers.


  • Russian Empire
    Tuesday Dec 5, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Former war minister killed

    Russian Empire
    Tuesday Dec 5, 1905

    Viktor Sakharov former war minister killed 5 December [O.S. 22 November] 1905.


  • Russian Empire
    Thursday Dec 7, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    The government sent troops

    Russian Empire
    Thursday Dec 7, 1905

    The government sent troops on 7 December, and a bitter street-by-street fight began.


  • Russian Empire
    Monday Dec 18, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Workers surrendered

    Russian Empire
    Monday Dec 18, 1905

    A week later, the Semyonovsky Regiment was deployed, and used artillery to break up demonstrations and to shell workers' districts. On 18 December [O.S. 5 December], with around a thousand people dead and parts of the city in ruins, the workers surrendered.


  • Harris County, Texas, U.S.
    Sunday Dec 24, 1905

    Howard Hughes: The Aviator

    Birth

    Harris County, Texas, U.S.
    Sunday Dec 24, 1905

    He was born on December 24, 1905, in Harris County, Texas. However, his certificate of baptism, recorded on October 7, 1906, in the parish register of St. John's Episcopal Church in Keokuk, Iowa, listed his date of birth as December 24, 1905, without any reference to the place of birth.


  • Harris County, Texas, U.S.
    Sunday Dec 24, 1905

    Howard Hughes: The Aviator

    Parents

    Harris County, Texas, U.S.
    Sunday Dec 24, 1905

    Howard Robard Hughes Jr. was the son of Allene Stone Gano (1883—1922) and of Howard R. Hughes Sr. (1869-1924), a successful inventor and businessman from Missouri. He had English, Welsh, and some French Huguenot ancestry, and was a descendant of John Gano (1727-1804), the minister who allegedly baptized George Washington. His father patented (1909) the two-cone roller bit, which allowed rotary drilling for petroleum in previously inaccessible places. The senior Hughes made the shrewd and lucrative decision to commercialize the invention by leasing the bits instead of selling them, obtained several early patents, and founded the Hughes Tool Company in 1909. Hughes' uncle was the famed novelist, screenwriter, and film director Rupert Hughes.


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