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  • Leipzig, Germany
    Thursday Jan 2, 1913

    Libraries

    German National Library

    Leipzig, Germany
    Thursday Jan 2, 1913

    In 1912, the town of Leipzig, seat of the annual Leipzig Book Fair, the Kingdom of Saxony and the Börsenverein der Deutschen Buchhändler (Association of German booksellers) agreed to found a German National Library in Leipzig. Starting 1 January 1913, all publications in German were systematically collected (including books from Austria and Switzerland).




  • Yorba Linda, California, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 9, 1913

    Richard Nixon

    Birth

    Yorba Linda, California, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 9, 1913

    Richard Milhous Nixon was born on January 9, 1913 in Yorba Linda, California, in a house that was built by his father.




  • Tuskegee, Alabama, U.S.
    Tuesday Feb 4, 1913

    Rosa Parks

    Born

    Tuskegee, Alabama, U.S.
    Tuesday Feb 4, 1913

    Rosa Parks was born Rosa Louise McCauley in Tuskegee, Alabama, on February 4, 1913, to Leona (née Edwards), a teacher, and James McCauley, a carpenter.




  • Brazil, Indiana, U.S.
    Friday Feb 14, 1913

    Jimmy Hoffa

    Birth

    Brazil, Indiana, U.S.
    Friday Feb 14, 1913

    Hoffa was born in Brazil, Indiana, on February 14, 1913, to John and Viola (née Riddle) Hoffa.




  • Mexico City, Mexico
    Wednesday Feb 19, 1913

    Mexican Revolution

    Huerta's presidency

    Mexico City, Mexico
    Wednesday Feb 19, 1913

    Huerta's presidency is usually characterized as a dictatorship. From the point of view of revolutionaries at the time and the construction of historical memory of the Revolution, it is without any positive aspects. "Despite recent attempts to portray Victoriano Huerta as a reformer, there is little question that he was a self-serving dictator." There are few biographies of Huerta, but one strongly asserts that Huerta should not be labeled simply as a counter-revolutionary, arguing that his regime consisted of two distinct periods: from the coup in February 1913 up to October 1913, during which time he attempted to legitimize his regime and demonstrate its legality by pursuing reformist policies.




  • Shanghai, China
    Thursday Mar 20, 1913

    Xinhai Revolution

    Song was Assassinated

    Shanghai, China
    Thursday Mar 20, 1913

    Song was assassinated in Shanghai on 20 March 1913, under the secret order of Yuan Shikai.




  • Paris, France
    Thursday May 29, 1913

    Igor Stravinsky

    Stravinsky Contracted Typhoid

    Paris, France
    Thursday May 29, 1913

    Shortly following the premiere of The Rite of Spring on 29 May 1913, Stravinsky contracted typhoid from eating bad oysters, and was confined to a Paris nursing home, unable to depart for Ustilug until 11 July.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Jul 24, 1913

    Albert Einstein

    Prussian Academy of Sciences in Berlin

    Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Jul 24, 1913

    On 3 July 1913, he was voted for membership in the Prussian Academy of Sciences in Berlin. Max Planck and Walther Nernst visited him the next week in Zurich to persuade him to join the academy, additionally offering him the post of director at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics, which was soon to be established. He was officially elected to the academy on 24 July.


  • Ireland
    Tuesday Nov 25, 1913

    Irish War of Independence

    The Irish Volunteers were formed

    Ireland
    Tuesday Nov 25, 1913

    On 25 November 1913, the Irish Volunteers were formed by Eoin MacNeill in response to the paramilitary Ulster Volunteer Force that had been founded earlier in the year to fight against Home Rule.


  • Lausanne, Switzerland
    Saturday Nov 29, 1913

    Martial arts

    Féderation Internationale d'Escrime founded

    Lausanne, Switzerland
    Saturday Nov 29, 1913

    European swordsmanship always had a sportive component, but the duel was always a possibility until World War I. Modern sport fencing began developing during the 19th century as the French and Italian military academies began codifying instruction. The Olympic games led to standard international rules, with the Féderation Internationale d'Escrime founded in 1913.


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