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  • Paris, France
    Sunday Jan 4, 1914

    Mona Lisa

    Returned to the Louvre

    Paris, France
    Sunday Jan 4, 1914

    Peruggia was an Italian patriot who believed that Leonardo's painting should have been returned to an Italian museum. Peruggia may have been motivated by an associate whose copies of the original would significantly rise in value after the painting's theft. After having kept the Mona Lisa in his apartment for two years, Peruggia grew impatient and was caught when he attempted to sell it to Giovanni Poggi, director of the Uffizi Gallery in Florence. It was exhibited in the Uffizi Gallery for over two weeks and returned to the Louvre on 4 January 1914.




  • Lausanne, Switzerland
    Thursday Jan 15, 1914

    Igor Stravinsky

    Their Fourth son was born

    Lausanne, Switzerland
    Thursday Jan 15, 1914

    The Stravinsky family returned to Switzerland (as usual) in the fall of 1913. On 15 January 1914, a fourth child, Marie Milène (or Maria Milena), was born in Lausanne. After her delivery, Katya was discovered to have tuberculosis and was confined to the sanatorium at Leysin, high in the Alps. Igor and the family took up residence nearby.




  • Salzburg, Austria-Hungary, Austria
    Thursday Feb 5, 1914

    Adolf Hitler

    To Salzburg for medical assessment

    Salzburg, Austria-Hungary, Austria
    Thursday Feb 5, 1914

    Hitler journeyed to Salzburg on 5 February 1914 for medical assessment.




  • Taiwan
    Tuesday Mar 3, 1914

    Xinhai Revolution

    Luo was Caught and Killed

    Taiwan
    Tuesday Mar 3, 1914

    Luo was caught and killed on 3 March 1914. What was left was known as the "Miaoli incident", where more than 1,000 Taiwanese were executed by the Japanese police. Luo's sacrifice is commemorated in Miaoli.




  • Leysin, Switzerland
    Saturday Mar 28, 1914

    Igor Stravinsky

    Completing his first Opera

    Leysin, Switzerland
    Saturday Mar 28, 1914

    Stravinsky turned his attention to completing his first opera, the Nightingale (usually known by its French title Le Rossignol), which he had begun in 1908 (that is, before his association with the Ballets Russes). The work had been commissioned by the Moscow Free Theatre for the handsome fee of 10,000 rubles. and he completed Le Rossignol at Leysin on 28 March, 1914.




  • U.S.
    Sunday May 10, 1914

    Mother's Day

    A National Holiday to Honor Mothers

    U.S.
    Sunday May 10, 1914

    In 1914, Woodrow Wilson signed a proclamation designating Mother's Day, held on the second Sunday in May, as a national holiday to honor mothers.




  • Paris, France
    Tuesday May 26, 1914

    Igor Stravinsky

    The Premiere of Le Rossignol

    Paris, France
    Tuesday May 26, 1914

    As the Moscow Free Theatre had gone bankrupt, Le Rossignol was first performed under Diaghilev's auspices at the Paris Opéra on 26 May 1914, with sets and costumes designed by Alexandre Benois.


  • Phocaea, Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Friday Jun 12, 1914

    Armenian Genocide

    Massacre of Phocaea

    Phocaea, Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Friday Jun 12, 1914

    Occurred in June 1914, as part of the ethnic cleansing policies of the Ottoman Empire. It was perpetrated by irregular Turkish bands against the predominantly ethnic Greek town of Phocaea, modern Foça, on the east coast of the Aegean Sea. The massacre was part of a wider anti-Greek campaign of genocide launched by the Young Turk Ottoman authorities, which included boycott, intimidation, forced deportations, and massive killings; and was one of the worst attacks during the summer of 1914.


  • New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
    Sunday Jun 14, 1914

    Louis Armstrong

    Released from jail

    New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
    Sunday Jun 14, 1914

    On June 14, 1914, Armstrong was released into the custody of his father and his new stepmother, Gertrude. He lived in this household with two stepbrothers for several months. After Gertrude gave birth to a daughter, Armstrong's father never welcomed him, so he returned to his mother, Mary Albert. In her small home, he had to share a bed with his mother and sister.


  • Sarajevo, Kingdom of Serbia (Present-Day in Bosnia and Herzegovina)
    Sunday Jun 28, 1914

    United Nations

    Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassination

    Sarajevo, Kingdom of Serbia (Present-Day in Bosnia and Herzegovina)
    Sunday Jun 28, 1914

    In 1914, a political assassination in Sarajevo set off a chain of events that led to the outbreak of World War I. As more and more young men were sent down into the trenches, influential voices in the United States and Britain began calling for the establishment of a permanent international body to maintain peace in the postwar world.


  • Jamaica
    Wednesday Jul 15, 1914

    Marcus Garvey

    One Aim. One God. One Destiny

    Jamaica
    Wednesday Jul 15, 1914

    Also in July 1914, Garvey launched the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League, commonly abbreviated as UNIA. Adopting the motto of "One Aim. One God. One Destiny", it declared its commitment to "establish a brotherhood among the black race, to promote a spirit of race pride, to reclaim the fallen and to assist in civilizing the backward tribes of Africa".


  • Germany
    Tuesday Jul 28, 1914

    Adolf Hitler

    World War I

    Germany
    Tuesday Jul 28, 1914

    World War I Begun.


  • Ireland
    Friday Sep 18, 1914

    Irish War of Independence

    Third Home Rule Act

    Ireland
    Friday Sep 18, 1914

    The British Parliament passed the Third Home Rule Act on 18 September 1914 with an amending Bill for the partition of Ireland introduced by Ulster Unionist MPs, but the Act's implementation was immediately postponed by the Suspensory Act 1914 due to the outbreak of the First World War in the previous month. The majority of nationalists followed their IPP leaders and John Redmond's call to support Britain and the Allied war effort in Irish regiments of the New British Army, the intention being to ensure the commencement of Home Rule after the war.


  • Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Monday Nov 2, 1914

    Armenian Genocide

    WWI

    Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Monday Nov 2, 1914

    On 2 November 1914, the Ottoman Empire opened the Middle Eastern theater of World War I by entering hostilities on the side of the Central Powers and against the Allies. The battles of the Caucasus Campaign, the Persian Campaign, and the Gallipoli Campaign affected several populous Armenian centers. Before entering the war, the Ottoman government had sent representatives to the Armenian congress at Erzurum to persuade Ottoman Armenians to facilitate its conquest of Transcaucasia by inciting an insurrection of Russian Armenians against the Russian army in the event a Caucasus front was opened.


  • Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Thursday Dec 24, 1914

    Armenian Genocide

    Minister of War Enver Pasha implemented a plan to encircle and destroy the Russian Caucasus Army

    Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Thursday Dec 24, 1914

    On 24 December 1914, Minister of War Enver Pasha implemented a plan to encircle and destroy the Russian Caucasus Army at Sarikamish in order to regain territories lost to Russia after the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878. Enver Pasha's forces were routed in the battle, and almost completely destroyed. Returning to Constantinople, Enver Pasha publicly blamed his defeat on Armenians in the region having actively sided with the Russians.


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