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  • Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Saturday Jan 1, 1916

    Armenian Genocide

    Typhoid inoculation

    Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Saturday Jan 1, 1916

    Typhoid inoculation: The Ottoman surgeon, Dr. Haydar Cemal wrote "on the order of the Chief Sanitation Office of the Third Army in January 1916, when the spread of typhus was an acute problem, innocent Armenians slated for deportation at Erzincan were inoculated with the blood of typhoid fever patients without rendering that blood 'inactive'".




  • El Paso, Texas, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 13, 1916

    Mexican Revolution

    Huerta's Death

    El Paso, Texas, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 13, 1916

    In exile, Huerta sought to return to Mexico via the United States; U.S. authorities arrested him and he was imprisoned in Fort Bliss, Texas. He died in January 1916, six months after going into exile




  • Munich, Germany
    Tuesday Mar 7, 1916

    BMW

    Foundation

    Munich, Germany
    Tuesday Mar 7, 1916

    The company is now known as BMW or Bayerische Motoren Werke. Aircraft engine manufacturer Rapp Motorenwerke became Bayerische Motorenwerke in 1916.




  • Ireland
    Friday Mar 17, 1916

    St. Patrick's Day

    1916 Parades

    Ireland
    Friday Mar 17, 1916

    On St Patrick's Day 1916, the Irish Volunteers—an Irish nationalist paramilitary organization—held parades throughout Ireland. The authorities recorded 38 St Patrick's Day parades, involving 6,000 marchers, almost half of whom were said to be armed. The following month, the Irish Volunteers launched the Easter Rising against British rule. This marked the beginning of the Irish revolutionary period and led to the Irish War of Independence and the Civil War. During this time, St Patrick's Day celebrations in Ireland were muted, although the day was sometimes chosen to hold large political rallies. The celebrations remained low-key after the creation of the Irish Free State; the only state-organized observance was a military procession and trooping of the colors, and an Irish-language mass attended by government ministers.




  • Ireland
    Saturday Apr 1, 1916

    Irish War of Independence

    Irish republicans launched the Easter Rising against British rule

    Ireland
    Saturday Apr 1, 1916

    In April 1916, Irish republicans launched the Easter Rising against British rule and proclaimed an Irish Republic. Although it was crushed after a week of fighting, the Easter Rising and the British response led to greater popular support for Irish independence.




  • Beijing, China
    Tuesday Jun 6, 1916

    Chinese Civil War

    Death of Yuan Shikai

    Beijing, China
    Tuesday Jun 6, 1916

    Following the collapse of the Qing dynasty in the aftermath of the Xinhai Revolution, China fell into a brief period of civil war before Yuan Shikai assumed the presidency of the newly formed Republic of China. The administration became known as the Beiyang Government, with its capital in Peking. Yuan Shikai was frustrated in a short-lived attempt to restore monarchy in China, with himself as the Hongxian Emperor. After the death of Yuan Shikai in 1916, the following years were characterized by the power struggle between different cliques in the former Beiyang Army. In the meantime, the Kuomintang, led by Sun Yat-sen, created a new government in Guangzhou to resist the rule of Beiyang Government through a series of movements.




  • Ontario, Canada
    Saturday Jul 29, 1916

    Disasters with highest death tolls

    Matheson Fire

    Ontario, Canada
    Saturday Jul 29, 1916

    The great Matheson Fire was a deadly forest fire that passed through the region surrounding the communities of Black River-Matheson and Iroquois Falls, Ontario, Canada, on July 29, 1916. 223 people were killed according to the official estimate.


  • New York, U.S.
    Sunday Jul 30, 1916

    Statue of Liberty

    Damage to the statue during WWI

    New York, U.S.
    Sunday Jul 30, 1916

    On July 30, 1916, during World War I, German saboteurs set off a disastrous explosion on the Black Tom peninsula in Jersey City, New Jersey, in what is now part of Liberty State Park, close to Bedloe's Island. Carloads of dynamite and other explosives that were being sent to Britain and France for their war efforts were detonated. The statue sustained minor damage, mostly to the torch-bearing right arm, and was closed for ten days. The cost to repair the statue and buildings on the island was about $100,000 (equivalent to about $2,350,000 in 2019). The narrow ascent to the torch was closed for public-safety reasons, and it has remained closed ever since.


  • Romania
    Sunday Aug 27, 1916

    Hungarian–Romanian War

    Romania Entered The World War I

    Romania
    Sunday Aug 27, 1916

    In 1916, Romania entered World War I on the side of the Allies. In doing so, Romania's goal was to unite all the territories with a Romanian national majority into one state. In the Treaty of Bucharest (1916), terms for Romania's acquisition of territories within Austria-Hungary were stipulated.


  • Tokyo, Japan
    Thursday Nov 2, 1916

    Hirohito

    Hirohito was formally proclaimed Crown Prince and Heir Apparent

    Tokyo, Japan
    Thursday Nov 2, 1916

    Hirohito was formally proclaimed Crown Prince and heir apparent on 2 November 1916; but an investiture ceremony was not strictly necessary to confirm this status as heir to the throne.


  • New York, U.S.
    Saturday Dec 2, 1916

    Statue of Liberty

    Lighting the Statue

    New York, U.S.
    Saturday Dec 2, 1916

    In 1916, Ralph Pulitzer, who had succeeded his father Joseph as the publisher of the World, began a drive to raise $30,000 (equivalent to $705,000 in 2019) for an exterior lighting system to illuminate the statue at night. He claimed over 80,000 contributors but failed to reach the goal. The difference was quietly made up by a gift from a wealthy donor—a fact that was not revealed until 1936. An underwater power cable brought electricity from the mainland and floodlights were placed along the walls of Fort Wood. Gutzon Borglum, who later sculpted Mount Rushmore, redesigned the torch, replacing much of the original copper with stained glass. On December 2, 1916, President Woodrow Wilson pressed the telegraph key that turned on the lights, successfully illuminating the statue.


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