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  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Saturday Jan 10, 1920

    World War II

    League of Nations

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Saturday Jan 10, 1920

    The League of Nations was the first worldwide international organization whose principle mission to maintain world peace. It was founded on 10 January 1920 following the Paris Peace Conference that ended World War I, and the headquarters was in Geneva, Switzerland.




  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Saturday Jan 10, 1920

    United Nations

    League of Nations

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Saturday Jan 10, 1920

    On 10 January 1920, the League of Nations formally came into being when the Covenant of the League of Nations, ratified by 42 nations in 1919, took effect.




  • U.S.
    Saturday Jan 17, 1920

    Lucky Luciano

    Eighteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution took effect

    U.S.
    Saturday Jan 17, 1920

    On January 17, 1920, the Eighteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution took effect and Prohibition lasted until the amendment was repealed in 1933. The amendment prohibited the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages. Demand for alcohol naturally continued, the resulting black market for alcoholic beverages providing criminals with an additional source of income.




  • Cork, Ireland
    Saturday Mar 20, 1920

    Irish War of Independence

    Sinn Féin Lord Mayor of Cork Death

    Cork, Ireland
    Saturday Mar 20, 1920

    In March 1920, Tomás Mac Curtain, the Sinn Féin Lord Mayor of Cork, was shot dead in front of his wife at his home, by men with blackened faces who were seen returning to the local police barracks. The jury at the inquest into his death returned a verdict of wilful murder against David Lloyd George (the British Prime Minister) and District Inspector Swanzy, among others. Swanzy was later tracked down and killed in Lisburn, County Antrim. This pattern of killings and reprisals escalated in the second half of 1920 and in 1921.




  • Germany
    Wednesday Mar 31, 1920

    Adolf Hitler

    Discharged from the army

    Germany
    Wednesday Mar 31, 1920

    Hitler was discharged from the army on 31 March 1920 and began working full-time for the NSDAP (National Socialist German Workers Party).




  • Wadowice, Poland
    Tuesday May 18, 1920

    Pope John Paul II

    Birth

    Wadowice, Poland
    Tuesday May 18, 1920

    Karol Józef Wojtyła was born in the Polish town of Wadowice. He was the youngest of three children born to Karol Wojtyła (1879–1941), an ethnic Pole, and Emilia Kaczorowska (1884–1929), whose mother's maiden surname was Scholz.




  • Carantec, Brittany, France
    Tuesday Jun 8, 1920

    Igor Stravinsky

    Moving To The Fishing Village of Carantec

    Carantec, Brittany, France
    Tuesday Jun 8, 1920

    On 8 June 1920, the entire family left Morges for the last time, and moved to the fishing village of Carantec in Brittany for the summer while also seeking a new home in Paris.


  • Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
    Saturday Jun 19, 1920

    Irish War of Independence

    First cycle of attacks

    Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
    Saturday Jun 19, 1920

    The first cycle of attacks and reprisals broke out in the summer of 1920. On 19 June a week of inter-sectarian rioting and sniping started in Derry, resulting in 18 deaths.


  • Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles, Paris, France
    Monday Jun 28, 1920

    World War II

    Treaty of Versailles

    Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles, Paris, France
    Monday Jun 28, 1920

    Under the Treaty of Versailles, Germany lost around 13 percent of its home territory and all its overseas possessions, limits were placed on the size and and capability of the country's armed forces.


  • Cork, Ireland
    Saturday Jul 17, 1920

    Irish War of Independence

    British Colonel Gerald Smyth was assassinated by the IRA in the County Club in Cork city

    Cork, Ireland
    Saturday Jul 17, 1920

    On 17 July 1920, a British Colonel Gerald Smyth was assassinated by the IRA in the County Club in Cork city in response to a speech that was made to police officers of Listowel who had refused orders to move into the more urban areas, in which he stated "you may make mistakes occasionally, and innocent persons may be shot, but that cannot be helped.


  • Belfast, Northern Ireland
    Wednesday Jul 21, 1920

    Irish War of Independence

    Loyalists marched on the Harland and Wolff shipyards

    Belfast, Northern Ireland
    Wednesday Jul 21, 1920

    On 21 July 1920, partly in response to the killing of Smyth and partly because of competition over jobs due to the high unemployment rate, loyalists marched on the Harland and Wolff shipyards in Belfast and forced over 7,000 Catholic and left-wing Protestant workers from their jobs. Sectarian rioting broke out in response in Belfast and Derry, resulting in about 40 deaths and many Catholics and Protestants being expelled from their homes.


  • Sèvres, France
    Sunday Aug 1, 1920

    Armenian Genocide

    Treaty of Sèvres

    Sèvres, France
    Sunday Aug 1, 1920

    Article 230 of the Treaty of Sèvres required the Ottoman Empire to hand over to the Allied Powers the persons responsible for the massacres committed during the war on 1 August 1914.


  • Ireland
    Monday Aug 9, 1920

    Irish War of Independence

    British Parliament passed the Restoration of Order in Ireland Act

    Ireland
    Monday Aug 9, 1920

    On 9 August 1920, the British Parliament passed the Restoration of Order in Ireland Act. It replaced the trial by jury by courts-martial by regulation for those areas where IRA activity was prevalent.


  • Lisburn, County Antrim, Northern Ireland
    Sunday Aug 22, 1920

    Irish War of Independence

    RIC Detective Swanzy was shot dead by Cork IRA men

    Lisburn, County Antrim, Northern Ireland
    Sunday Aug 22, 1920

    On 22 August 1920, RIC Detective Swanzy was shot dead by Cork IRA men while leaving a church in Lisburn, County Antrim. Swanzy had been blamed by an inquest jury for the killing of Cork Mayor Tomás Mac Curtain.


  • Vienna, Austria-Hungary
    Monday Sep 20, 1920

    Josip Broz Tito

    Returned to his homeland

    Vienna, Austria-Hungary
    Monday Sep 20, 1920

    In the autumn of 1920 he and his pregnant wife returned to his homeland, first by train to Narva, by ship to Stettin, then by train to Vienna, where they arrived on 20 September.


  • Mexico City, Mexico
    Tuesday Oct 26, 1920

    Mexican Revolution

    Alvaro Obregón was elected President

    Mexico City, Mexico
    Tuesday Oct 26, 1920

    Alvaro Obregón was elected president in October 1920, the first of a string of revolutionary generals.


  • Ireland
    Monday Nov 1, 1920

    Irish War of Independence

    Twenty-four men were executed by the British

    Ireland
    Monday Nov 1, 1920

    Between 1 November 1920 and 7 June 1921 twenty-four men were executed by the British.


  • Dublin, Ireland
    Sunday Nov 21, 1920

    Irish War of Independence

    There was a day of dramatic bloodshed in Dublin

    Dublin, Ireland
    Sunday Nov 21, 1920

    Then, on 21 November 1920, there was a day of dramatic bloodshed in Dublin. In the early morning, Collins' Squad attempted to wipe out the leading British intelligence operatives in the capital. The Squad shot 19 people, killing 14 and wounding 5. These consisted of British Army officers, police officers and civilians. The dead included members of the Cairo Gang and a courts-martial officer, and were killed at different places around Dublin.


  • Cork, Ireland
    Sunday Nov 21, 1920

    Irish War of Independence

    Bloody Sunday

    Cork, Ireland
    Sunday Nov 21, 1920

    About 300 people had been killed by late 1920, but the conflict escalated in November. On Bloody Sunday in Dublin, 21 November 1920, fourteen British intelligence operatives were assassinated in the morning; then in the afternoon the RIC opened fire on a crowd at a Gaelic football match, killing fourteen civilians and wounding 65. A week later, seventeen Auxiliaries were killed by the IRA in the Kilmichael Ambush in County Cork.


  • Cork, Ireland
    Sunday Nov 28, 1920

    Irish War of Independence

    Ambushed a patrol of Auxiliaries

    Cork, Ireland
    Sunday Nov 28, 1920

    On 28 November 1920, only a week after Bloody Sunday in Dublin, the west Cork unit of the IRA, under Tom Barry, ambushed a patrol of Auxiliaries at Kilmichael in County Cork, killing all but one of the 18-man patrol.


  • Cork, Ireland
    Friday Dec 10, 1920

    Irish War of Independence

    Martial law was proclaimed in Counties Cork

    Cork, Ireland
    Friday Dec 10, 1920

    On 10 December 1920, martial law was proclaimed in Counties Cork, Kerry, Limerick and Tipperary in Munster; in January 1921 martial law was extended to the rest of Munster in Counties Clare and Waterford, as well as Counties Kilkenny and Wexford in Leinster.


  • Cork, Ireland
    Saturday Dec 11, 1920

    Irish War of Independence

    IRA ambush in the city

    Cork, Ireland
    Saturday Dec 11, 1920

    On 11 December, the centre of Cork City was burnt out by the Black and Tans, who then shot at firefighters trying to tackle the blaze, in reprisal for an IRA ambush in the city on 11 December 1920 which killed one Auxiliary and wounded eleven.


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