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  • Arganda del Rey, Madrid, Spain
    Monday Feb 7, 1927

    Spanish Civil War

    Battle of Jarama

    Arganda del Rey, Madrid, Spain
    Monday Feb 7, 1927

    The consolidation of various militias into the Republican Army had started in December 1936. The main Nationalist advance to cross the Jarama and cut the supply to Madrid by the Valencia road, termed the Battle of Jarama, led to heavy casualties (6,000–20,000) on both sides. The operation's main objective was not met, though Nationalists gained a modest amount of territory.




  • U.S.
    Tuesday Mar 1, 1927

    Bank of America

    The combined bank operates under Federal Charter 13044, which was granted to Giannini's Bank of Italy

    U.S.
    Tuesday Mar 1, 1927

    While NationsBank was the nominal survivor, the merged bank took the better-known name of Bank of America. Hence, the holding company was renamed Bank of America Corporation, while NationsBank, N.A. merged with Bank of America NT&SA to form Bank of America, N.A. as the remaining legal bank entity. The combined bank operates under Federal Charter 13044, which was granted to Giannini's Bank of Italy on March 1, 1927.




  • Key West, Florida, U.S.
    Monday Mar 14, 1927

    Juan Trippe

    Pan American Airways

    Key West, Florida, U.S.
    Monday Mar 14, 1927

    Interested in operating to the Caribbean, Trippe created the Aviation Corporation of the Americas. Based in Florida, the company would evolve into the unofficial United States flag carrier, Pan American Airways, commonly known as Pan Am.




  • Ireland
    Thursday Mar 17, 1927

    St. Patrick's Day

    Selling alcohol ban

    Ireland
    Thursday Mar 17, 1927

    In 1927, the Irish Free State government banned the selling of alcohol on St Patrick's Day, although it remained legal in Northern Ireland. The ban was not repealed until 1961.




  • U.S.
    Saturday Mar 26, 1927

    Anna May Wong

    Mr. Wu

    U.S.
    Saturday Mar 26, 1927

    In Mr. Wu (1927) Wong played a supporting role as increasing censorship against mixed-race onscreen couples cost her the lead. In The Crimson City, released the following year, this happened again.




  • China
    Thursday Apr 7, 1927

    Chinese Civil War

    Chiang and several other KMT leaders held a meeting during which they proposed that Communist activities

    China
    Thursday Apr 7, 1927

    On April 7, Chiang and several other KMT leaders held a meeting, during which they proposed that Communist activities were socially and economically disruptive and had to be undone for the Nationalist revolution to proceed.




  • Wuhan, China
    Wednesday Apr 27, 1927

    Mao Zedong

    The CPC's Fifth Congress

    Wuhan, China
    Wednesday Apr 27, 1927

    The CPC continued supporting the Wuhan KMT government, a position Mao initially supported, but by the time of the CPC's Fifth Congress he had changed his mind, deciding to stake all hope on the peasant militia.


  • California, U.S.
    Tuesday Jun 21, 1927

    Anna May Wong

    Old San Francisco

    California, U.S.
    Tuesday Jun 21, 1927

    Wong continued to be assigned supporting roles. Hollywood's Asian female characters tended toward two stereotypical poles: the naïve and self-sacrificing "Butterfly" and the sly and deceitful "Dragon Lady". In Old San Francisco (1927), directed by Alan Crosland for Warner Brothers, Wong played a "Dragon Lady", a gangster's daughter.


  • Germany
    Tuesday Jul 5, 1927

    Albrecht Kossel

    Kossel's Death

    Germany
    Tuesday Jul 5, 1927

    Kossel died quietly on 5 July 1927, after a recurring attack of angina pectoris. He is buried in Heidelberg, Germany.


  • Nanchang, Jiangxi, China
    Monday Aug 1, 1927

    Mao Zedong

    The Nanchang Uprising

    Nanchang, Jiangxi, China
    Monday Aug 1, 1927

    The CPC founded the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army of China, better known as the "Red Army", to battle Chiang. A battalion led by General Zhu De was ordered to take the city of Nanchang on August 1, 1927, in what became known as the Nanchang Uprising.


  • Nanchang, China
    Monday Aug 1, 1927

    Chinese Civil War

    The Communist Party launched an uprising in Nanchang

    Nanchang, China
    Monday Aug 1, 1927

    On 1 August 1927, the Communist Party launched an uprising in Nanchang against the Nationalist government in Wuhan. This conflict led to the creation of the Red Army.


  • China
    Sunday Aug 7, 1927

    Chinese Civil War

    CPC meeting confirmed the objective of the party was to seize the political power by force

    China
    Sunday Aug 7, 1927

    A CPC (Communist Party of China) meeting on August 7 confirmed the objective of the party was to seize the political power by force, but the CPC was quickly suppressed the next day on August 8 by the Nationalist government in Wuhan led by Wang Jingwei.


  • China
    Sunday Aug 14, 1927

    Chinese Civil War

    Chiang Kai-shek announced his temporary retirement

    China
    Sunday Aug 14, 1927

    On August 14, Chiang Kai-shek announced his temporary retirement, as the Wuhan faction and Nanjing faction of the Kuomintang were allied once again with common goal of suppressing the Communist Party after the earlier split.


  • Nanchang, China
    Sunday Sep 4, 1927

    Chinese Civil War

    Nationalist forces quickly reoccupied Nanchang

    Nanchang, China
    Sunday Sep 4, 1927

    On August 4, the main forces of the Red Army left Nanchang and headed southwards for an assault on Guangdong. Nationalist forces quickly reoccupied Nanchang while the remaining members of the CPC in Nanchang went into hiding.


  • Changsha, Hunan, China
    Thursday Sep 15, 1927

    Mao Zedong

    Mao's defeat at Changsha

    Changsha, Hunan, China
    Thursday Sep 15, 1927

    Mao was appointed commander-in-chief of the Red Army and led four regiments against Changsha in the Autumn Harvest Uprising, in the hope of sparking peasant uprisings across Hunan. On the eve of the attack, Mao composed a poem—the earliest of his to survive—titled "Changsha". His plan was to attack the KMT-held city from three directions on September 9, but the Fourth Regiment deserted to the KMT cause, attacking the Third Regiment. Mao's army made it to Changsha, but could not take it; by September 15, he accepted defeat and with 1000 survivors marched east to the Jinggang Mountains of Jiangxi.


  • Leiden, Netherlands
    Thursday Sep 29, 1927

    Willem Einthoven

    Death

    Leiden, Netherlands
    Thursday Sep 29, 1927

    Einthoven died in Leiden in the Netherlands and is buried in the graveyard of the Reformed Church at 6 Haarlemmerstraatweg in Oegstgeest. It is encouraged to visit his grave and pay respects.


  • Havana, Cuba
    Wednesday Oct 19, 1927

    Juan Trippe

    Pan Am's First Flight

    Havana, Cuba
    Wednesday Oct 19, 1927

    Pan Am's first flight took off on October 19, 1927, from Key West, Florida, to Havana, Cuba, in a hired Fairchild FC-2 floatplane being delivered to West Indian Aerial Express in the Dominican Republic.


  • U.S.
    Friday Nov 18, 1927

    Marcus Garvey

    Released

    U.S.
    Friday Nov 18, 1927

    The Attorney General, John Sargent, received a petition with 70,000 signatures urging for Garvey's release. Sargeant warned President Calvin Coolidge that African-Americans were regarding Garvey's imprisonment not as a form of justice against a man who had swindled them but as "an act of oppression of the race in their efforts in the direction of race progress". Eventually, Coolidge agreed to commute the sentence so that it would expire immediately, on 18 November 1927. He stipulated, however, that Garvey should be deported straight after release.


  • New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
    Saturday Dec 3, 1927

    Marcus Garvey

    Garvey was taken by train to New Orleans, where around a thousand supporters saw him onto the SS Saramaca

    New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
    Saturday Dec 3, 1927

    On being released, Garvey was taken by train to New Orleans, where around a thousand supporters saw him onto the SS Saramaca on 3 December. The ship then stopped at Cristóbal in Panama, where supporters again greeted him, but where the authorities refused his request to disembark. He then transferred to the SS Santa Maria, which took him to Kingston.


  • Guangzhou, China
    Sunday Dec 11, 1927

    Chinese Civil War

    Guangzhou Uprising

    Guangzhou, China
    Sunday Dec 11, 1927

    On December 11, the CPC started the Guangzhou Uprising, establishing a soviet there the next day, but lost the city by December 13 to a counter-attack under the orders of General Zhang Fakui.


  • France
    Friday Dec 16, 1927

    Chinese Civil War

    Wang Jingwei fled to France

    France
    Friday Dec 16, 1927

    On December 16, Wang Jingwei fled to France. There were now three capitals in China: the internationally recognized republic capital in Beijing, the CPC and left-wing KMT (Kuomintang) at Wuhan and the right-wing KMT regime at Nanjing, which would remain the KMT capital for the next decade.


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