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  • Germany
    Monday Jan 30, 1933

    Adolf Hitler

    New Cabinet

    Germany
    Monday Jan 30, 1933

    On 30 January 1933, the new cabinet was sworn in during a brief ceremony in Hindenburg's office. The NSDAP gained three posts: Hitler was named chancellor, Wilhelm Frick Minister of the Interior, and Hermann Göring Minister of the Interior for Prussia.




  • Germany
    Monday Jan 30, 1933

    World War II

    Hitler became the Chancellor

    Germany
    Monday Jan 30, 1933

    Adolf Hitler, after an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow German government in 1923, he became the Chancellor in 30 January 1933.




  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Friday Feb 24, 1933

    World War II

    Japan withdrew from the League of Nations

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Friday Feb 24, 1933

    Japan withdrew from the League of Nations after being condemned for its incursion into Manchuria.




  • Berlin, Germany
    Monday Feb 27, 1933

    Adolf Hitler

    Reichstag building was set on fire

    Berlin, Germany
    Monday Feb 27, 1933

    On 27 February 1933, the Reichstag building was set on fire.




  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Saturday Mar 4, 1933

    Franklin D. Roosevelt

    A President

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Saturday Mar 4, 1933

    The presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt began on March 4, 1933




  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Saturday Mar 4, 1933

    Great Depression

    Franklin D. Roosevelt is inaugurated as President

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Saturday Mar 4, 1933

    Franklin D. Roosevelt is inaugurated as President.




  • U.S.
    Monday Mar 20, 1933

    Great Depression

    Economy Act of 1933

    U.S.
    Monday Mar 20, 1933

    The controversial Economy Act of 1933 is signed into law, slashing $243 million in government salaries and pensions, and veterans' benefits. Despite the economic crisis, super majorities of American economists, policymakers, and the general public believed that the federal government needed to balance the budget and avoid deficit spending, to avoid putting further strain on the bond market which would negatively affect government borrowing costs, banks, corporations, and foreign investors. From 1929 to 1933, the total debt owed by the U.S. government rose from $16.9 billion to over $23 billion.


  • Potsdam, Germany
    Tuesday Mar 21, 1933

    Adolf Hitler

    New Reichstag

    Potsdam, Germany
    Tuesday Mar 21, 1933

    On 21 March 1933, the new Reichstag was constituted with an opening ceremony at the Garrison Church in Potsdam. This "Day of Potsdam" was held to demonstrate unity between the Nazi movement and the old Prussian elite and military. Hitler appeared in a morning coat and humbly greeted Hindenburg.


  • Germany
    Thursday Mar 23, 1933

    Adolf Hitler

    Reichstag assembled under turbulent circumstances

    Germany
    Thursday Mar 23, 1933

    On 23 March 1933, the Reichstag assembled at the Kroll Opera House under turbulent circumstances. Ranks of SA men served as guards inside the building, while large groups outside opposing the proposed legislation shouted slogans and threats towards the arriving members of parliament.


  • U.S.
    Friday Mar 31, 1933

    Great Depression

    Civilian Conservation Corps is created

    U.S.
    Friday Mar 31, 1933

    The Civilian Conservation Corps, a public works relief program, is created. It would last until 1942 and is an icon of the New Deal programs.


  • U.S.
    Wednesday Apr 5, 1933

    Great Depression

    Executive Order 6102 of President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued

    U.S.
    Wednesday Apr 5, 1933

    Executive Order 6102 of President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued, forbidding hoarding of gold coin, bullion, and certificates, effective from May 1, 1933.


  • U.S.
    Sunday Apr 9, 1933

    Great Depression

    Emergency Banking Act was enacted

    U.S.
    Sunday Apr 9, 1933

    The Emergency Banking Act was enacted, which enabled a restructuring of the banking system.


  • Germany
    Tuesday May 2, 1933

    Adolf Hitler

    All trade unions dissolve

    Germany
    Tuesday May 2, 1933

    On 2 May 1933 all trade unions were forced to dissolve and their leaders were arrested. Some were sent to concentration camps.


  • India
    Monday May 8, 1933

    Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

    21-day fast of self-purification

    India
    Monday May 8, 1933

    In 1932, Gandhi began a new campaign to improve the lives of the untouchables, whom he started referring to as Harijans or "the children of god". On 8 May 1933, Gandhi began a 21-day fast of self-purification and launched a one-year campaign to help the Harijan movement. This new campaign was not universally embraced within the Dalit community. Ambedkar and his allies felt Gandhi was being paternalistic and was undermining Dalit political rights.


  • U.S.
    Friday May 12, 1933

    Great Depression

    Agricultural Adjustment Act is enacted

    U.S.
    Friday May 12, 1933

    The Agricultural Adjustment Act is enacted, designed to boost agricultural prices by reducing surpluses.


  • U.S.
    Saturday May 27, 1933

    Great Depression

    Securities Act of 1933 is enacted

    U.S.
    Saturday May 27, 1933

    The Securities Act of 1933 is enacted, requiring the registration of all sales and purchases of financial securities, as well as the disclosure of critical financial information about the firms involved. The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission was established the following year, which helped combat insider trading and reducing transaction risk.


  • Tanggu District, Tianjin, China
    Wednesday May 31, 1933

    World War II

    Tanggu Truce

    Tanggu District, Tianjin, China
    Wednesday May 31, 1933

    The two nations then fought several battles, in Shanghai, Rehe and Hebei, until the Tanggu Truce was signed in 1933.


  • Germany
    Thursday Jun 29, 1933

    Adolf Hitler

    Other parties had been intimidated into disbanding

    Germany
    Thursday Jun 29, 1933

    By the end of June, the other parties had been intimidated into disbanding. This included the Nazis' nominal coalition partner, the DNVP; with the SA's help, Hitler forced its leader, Hugenberg, to resign on 29 June.


  • Germany
    Saturday Jul 1, 1933

    Martin Bormann

    The Chief of Staff In The Office of Rudolf Hess

    Germany
    Saturday Jul 1, 1933

    Bormann applied for a transfer and was accepted as chief of staff in the office of Rudolf Hess, the Deputy Führer, on 1 July 1933.


  • Germany
    Tuesday Jul 4, 1933

    Martin Bormann

    The Personal Secretary to Rudolf Hess

    Germany
    Tuesday Jul 4, 1933

    Bormann served as personal secretary to Hess from 4 July 1933 until May 1941.


  • Germany
    Friday Jul 14, 1933

    Adolf Hitler

    The Only legal political party in Germany

    Germany
    Friday Jul 14, 1933

    On 14 July 1933, the NSDAP was declared the only legal political party in Germany.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Tuesday Oct 10, 1933

    Martin Bormann

    Hitler named Bormann Reichsleiter

    Berlin, Germany
    Tuesday Oct 10, 1933

    On 10 October 1933 Hitler named Bormann Reichsleiter (national leader – the highest party rank) of the NSDAP.


  • U.S.
    Wednesday Nov 8, 1933

    Great Depression

    Civil Works Administration is created

    U.S.
    Wednesday Nov 8, 1933

    The Civil Works Administration is created, which would employ over 4 million people and distribute over $400 million in funds for work programs through its end on March 31, 1934, when it would be replaced by the more permanent Works Progress Administration.


  • Spain
    Sunday Nov 19, 1933

    Spanish Civil War

    1933 Spanish general election

    Spain
    Sunday Nov 19, 1933

    In 1933, the parties of the right won the general elections, largely due to the anarchists' abstention from the vote, increased right-wing resentment of the incumbent government caused by a controversial decree implementing land reform, the Casas Viejas incident, and the formation of a right-wing alliance, Spanish Confederation of Autonomous Right-wing Groups (CEDA). Another factor was the recent enfranchisement of women, most of whom voted for centre-right parties.


  • U.S.
    Tuesday Dec 5, 1933

    Great Depression

    Prohibition is repealed at the national level

    U.S.
    Tuesday Dec 5, 1933

    Prohibition is repealed at the national level. 18 states continue with state-level prohibition. The end of Prohibition hurts organized crime, allows legal employment in alcoholic drink production, and increases state tax revenues.


  • Italy
    Sunday Dec 24, 1933

    Mother's Day

    Mother's Day (Italy)

    Italy
    Sunday Dec 24, 1933

    Mother's Day in Italy was celebrated for the first time on 24 December 1933 as the "Day of the mother and the child" (Giornata della madre e del fanciullo).


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