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  • Paris, France
    Tuesday Jan 30, 1934

    Salvador Dali

    Marriage

    Paris, France
    Tuesday Jan 30, 1934

    Dalí and Gala, having lived together since 1929, were civilly married on 30 January 1934 in Paris. They later remarried in a Church ceremony on 8 August 1958 at Sant Martí Vell.




  • Croatia
    Friday Mar 16, 1934

    Josip Broz Tito

    Released from jail

    Croatia
    Friday Mar 16, 1934

    After completing the full term of his sentence, he was released, only to be arrested outside the prison gates and taken to Ogulin to serve the four-month sentence he had avoided in 1927. He was finally released from prison on 16 March 1934, but even then he was subject to orders that required him to live in Kumrovec and report to the police daily.




  • Italy
    Sunday May 27, 1934

    FIFA World Cup

    Qualification stage

    Italy
    Sunday May 27, 1934

    The 1934 World Cup was hosted by Italy and was the first World Cup to include a qualification stage. Sixteen teams qualified for the tournament, a number which would be retained until the expansion of the finals tournament in 1982.




  • New York, U.S.
    Monday Jun 25, 1934

    DC Comics

    National Allied Publications

    New York, U.S.
    Monday Jun 25, 1934

    Entrepreneur Major Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson founded National Allied Publications in autumn 1934.




  • Germany
    Saturday Jun 30, 1934

    Adolf Hitler

    The Night of the Long Knives

    Germany
    Saturday Jun 30, 1934

    The demands of the SA for more political and military power caused anxiety among military, industrial, and political leaders. In response, Hitler purged the entire SA leadership in the Night of the Long Knives, which took place from 30 June to 2 July 1934. Hitler targeted Ernst Röhm and other SA leaders who, along with a number of Hitler's political adversaries, were rounded up, arrested, and shot.




  • Passy, France
    Wednesday Jul 4, 1934

    Marie Curie

    Death

    Passy, France
    Wednesday Jul 4, 1934

    on 4 July 1934, she died at the Sancellemoz sanatorium in Passy, Haute-Savoie, from aplastic anemia believed to have been contracted from her long-term exposure to radiation.




  • New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 11, 1934

    Nikola Tesla

    New York Herald Tribune published an article on Tesla

    New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 11, 1934

    On 11 July 1934, the New York Herald Tribune published an article on Tesla, in which he recalled an event that occasionally took place while experimenting with his single-electrode vacuum tubes. A minute particle would break off the cathode, pass out of the tube, and physically strike him: Tesla said he could feel a sharp stinging pain where it entered his body, and again at the place where it passed out. In comparing these particles with the bits of metal projected by his "electric gun," Tesla said, "The particles in the beam of force ... will travel much faster than such particles ... and they will travel in concentrations".


  • Germany
    Thursday Aug 2, 1934

    Adolf Hitler

    Hindenburg died

    Germany
    Thursday Aug 2, 1934

    On 2 August 1934, Hindenburg died. The previous day, the cabinet had enacted the "Law Concerning the Highest State Office of the Reich". This law stated that upon Hindenburg's death, the office of president would be abolished and its powers merged with those of the chancellor. Hitler thus became head of state as well as head of government, and was formally named as Führer und Reichskanzler (leader and chancellor), although Reichskanzler was eventually quietly dropped.


  • Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Saturday Aug 11, 1934

    Greyfriars Bobby

    Questions

    Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
    Saturday Aug 11, 1934

    Questions about the story's accuracy are not new. In a newspaper article in The Scotsman, "Greyfriars Bobby A Dog's Devotion" (11 August 1934), Councillor Wilson McLaren responds to contemporary questions about the accuracy of the stories by describing his own conversation, in 1871, with "Mr Traill" of "Traill's Coffee House" in relation to the dog he himself was then feeding, reassuring readers about the story Mr Traill had given him, and describing responses in 1889 to questions about the story's accuracy. A sense of the difficulty of determining accuracy is gained from two opposing letters to The Scotsman newspaper on 8 February 1889 (part of the debate referred to by McLaren), both from people claiming close links to Greyfriars Kirk, both claiming to have known of the dog personally but with opposing views over the accuracy of stories.


  • Germany
    Sunday Aug 19, 1934

    Adolf Hitler

    The Merger was approved

    Germany
    Sunday Aug 19, 1934

    On 19 August, the merger of the presidency with the chancellorship was approved by 88 per cent of the electorate voting in a plebiscite.


  • Barcelona, Spain
    Friday Oct 5, 1934

    Spanish Civil War

    Azaña was in Barcelona

    Barcelona, Spain
    Friday Oct 5, 1934

    On 5 October 1934, in response to an invitation to CEDA to form part of the government, the Acción Republicana and the Socialists (PSOE) and Communists attempted a general left-wing rebellion. The rebellion had a temporary success in Asturias and Barcelona, but was over in two weeks. Azaña was in Barcelona that day, and the Lerroux-CEDA government tried to implicate him. He was arrested and charged with complicity. The October 1934 rebellion is regarded by historians as the beginning of the decline of the Spanish Republic and of constitutional government and constitutional consensus, as the Socialists and left Republicans had been integral to the new system and had governed for two years, yet the Socialists were now attempting a revolt against the democratic system and the left Republicans provided a sort of passive support for them.


  • Marseille, France
    Tuesday Oct 9, 1934

    Josip Broz Tito

    The assassination of King Alexander

    Marseille, France
    Tuesday Oct 9, 1934

    During this time Tito wrote articles on the duties of imprisoned communists and on trade unions. He was in Ljubljana when King Alexander was assassinated by the Croatian nationalist Ustaše organisation in Marseille on 9 October 1934.


  • Jiangxi, China
    Tuesday Oct 16, 1934

    Mao Zedong

    The Long March

    Jiangxi, China
    Tuesday Oct 16, 1934

    On October 14, 1934, the Red Army broke through the KMT line on the Jiangxi Soviet's south-west corner at Xinfeng with 85,000 soldiers and 15,000 party cadres and on 16 October, embarked on the "Long March". In order to make the escape, many of the wounded and the ill, as well as women and children, were left behind, defended by a group of guerrilla fighters whom the KMT massacred.


  • Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Tuesday Dec 25, 1934

    Josip Broz Tito

    Tito was elected as a member of the Politburo for the first time

    Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Tuesday Dec 25, 1934

    On Christmas Day 1934, a secret meeting of the Central Committee of the CPY was held in Ljubljana, and Tito was elected as a member of the Politburo for the first time. The Politburo decided to send him to Moscow to report on the situation in Yugoslavia, and in early February 1935 he arrived there as full-time official of the Comintern.


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