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  • The Coronado Theatre in Rockford, Illinois, U.S.
    Friday Jan 26, 1940

    Frank Sinatra

    1st Appearance with The New Band

    The Coronado Theatre in Rockford, Illinois, U.S.
    Friday Jan 26, 1940

    On January 26, 1940, he made his first public appearance with the band (the Tommy Dorsey band) at the Coronado Theatre in Rockford, Illinois,opening the show with "Stardust".




  • Glendale, California, U.S.
    Friday Jan 26, 1940

    Ronald Reagan

    Marriage

    Glendale, California, U.S.
    Friday Jan 26, 1940

    Ronald Reagan and Jane Wyman married on January 26, 1940 at the Wee Kirk o' the Heather church in Glendale, California.




  • Greece
    Sunday Jan 28, 1940

    World War II

    Greco-Italian War

    Greece
    Sunday Jan 28, 1940

    In October Italy attacked Greece, but the attack was repulsed with heavy Italian casualties; the campaign ended within months with minor territorial changes. The Greco-Italian War took place between Italy and Greece from 28 October 1940 to 23 April 1941. This local war began the Balkans Campaign of World War II between the Axis powers and the Allies. It turned into the Battle of Greece when British and German ground forces intervened early in 1941.




  • Mexico City, Mexico
    Sunday Jan 28, 1940

    Carlos Slim

    Birth

    Mexico City, Mexico
    Sunday Jan 28, 1940

    Slim was born on 28 January 1940, in Mexico City.




  • Cyrenaica, Libya
    Tuesday Feb 6, 1940

    World War II

    Operation Sonnenblaume

    Cyrenaica, Libya
    Tuesday Feb 6, 1940

    Italian defeats prompted Germany to deploy an expeditionary force to North Africa. Operation Sonnenblaume (6 February - 25 May) was the name given to the dispatch of German troops to North Africa in February 1941, The Italian 10th Army had been destroyed by the British and Allied Western Desert Force attacks during Operation Compass (9 December 1940 – 9 February 1941). Sonnenblume succeeded because the ability of the Germans to mount an offensive was underestimated by General Archbald Wavell, the Commander in Chief Middle East, the War Office and by Winston Churchill.




  • Norwegian waters
    Friday Feb 16, 1940

    Winston Churchill

    Churchill personally ordered Captain Philip Vian of the destroyer HMS Cossack to board the German supply ship Altmark in Norwegian waters

    Norwegian waters
    Friday Feb 16, 1940

    On 16 February 1940, Churchill personally ordered Captain Philip Vian of the destroyer HMS Cossack to board the German supply ship Altmark in Norwegian waters and liberate some 300 British prisoners who had been captured by the Admiral Graf Spee. These actions, supplemented by his speeches, considerably enhanced Churchill's reputation.




  • Bedford, Massachusetts, U.S.
    Saturday Mar 9, 1940

    Igor Stravinsky

    2nd Marriage

    Bedford, Massachusetts, U.S.
    Saturday Mar 9, 1940

    Vera followed Stravinsky in January, and they were married in Bedford, Massachusetts, on 9 March 1940.


  • Ireland
    Sunday Mar 17, 1940

    St. Patrick's Day

    Holy week concurrence

    Ireland
    Sunday Mar 17, 1940

    The church calendar avoids the observance of saints' feasts during certain solemnities, moving the saint's day to a time outside those periods. St Patrick's Day is occasionally affected by this requirement, when 17 March falls during Holy Week. This happened in 1940 when Saint Patrick's Day was observed on 3 April to avoid it coinciding with Palm Sunday, and again in 2008, where it was officially observed on 15 March. St Patrick's Day will not fall within Holy Week again until 2160. However, the popular festivities may still be held on 17 March or on a weekend near to the feast day.


  • Bletchley, Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England, United Kingdom
    Monday Mar 18, 1940

    Alan Turing

    Installing the first Bombe

    Bletchley, Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England, United Kingdom
    Monday Mar 18, 1940

    Within weeks of arriving at Bletchley Park, Turing had specified an electromechanical machine called the bombe, which could break Enigma more effectively than the Polish bomba kryptologiczna, from which its name was derived. The first bombe was installed on 18 March 1940.


  • Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
    Tuesday Mar 26, 1940

    Nancy Pelosi

    Birth

    Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
    Tuesday Mar 26, 1940

    Pelosi was born in Baltimore to an Italian-American family. She was the only girl and the youngest of seven children of Annunciata M. "Nancy" D'Alesandro (née Lombardi) and Thomas D'Alesandro Jr., who both had Italian roots.


  • Norway
    Saturday Apr 6, 1940

    Winston Churchill

    Operation Wilfred

    Norway
    Saturday Apr 6, 1940

    Churchill was concerned about German naval activity in the Baltic Sea and initially wanted to send a naval force there but this was soon changed to a plan, codenamed Operation Wilfred, to mine Norwegian waters and stop iron ore shipments from Narvik to Germany. There were disagreements about mining, both in the war cabinet and with the French government. As a result, Wilfred was delayed until 8 April 1940, the day before the German invasion of Norway was launched.


  • Norway
    Monday Apr 8, 1940

    World War II

    Operation Wilfred

    Norway
    Monday Apr 8, 1940

    Operation Wilfred was a British naval operation during the Second World War that involved the mining of the channel between Norway and her offshore islands to prevent the transport of Swedish iron ore through neutral Norwegian waters to be used to sustain the German war effort. The Allies assumed that Wilfred would provoke a German response in Norway and prepared a separate operation known as Plan R 4 to occupy Narvik and other important locations. On 8 April 1940, the operation was partly carried out, but was overtaken by events as a result of the following day′s German invasion of Norway and Denmark (Operation Weserübung), which began the Norwegian Campaign.


  • Norway
    Monday Apr 8, 1940

    World War II

    Norwegian campaign

    Norway
    Monday Apr 8, 1940

    The Norwegian campaign was an attempted Allied occupation of northern Norway, during the early stages of World War II. Resulted evacuation of the Norwegian government and the royal family, establishment of the Norwegian armed forces from the exile. The 62 days of fighting made Norway the nation that withstood a German land invasion for the second longest period of time, after the Soviet Union.


  • Denmark and Norway
    Tuesday Apr 9, 1940

    Adolf Hitler

    German forces invaded Denmark and Norway

    Denmark and Norway
    Tuesday Apr 9, 1940

    On 9 April, German forces invaded Denmark and Norway. On the same day Hitler proclaimed the birth of the Greater Germanic Reich, his vision of a united empire of Germanic nations of Europe in which the Dutch, Flemish, and Scandinavians were joined into a "racially pure" polity under German leadership.


  • Denmark and Norway
    Tuesday Apr 9, 1940

    World War II

    Operation Weserübung

    Denmark and Norway
    Tuesday Apr 9, 1940

    In April 1940, Germany invaded Denmark and Norway to protect shipments of iron ore from Sweden, which the Allies were attempting to cut off. The operation lasted from 9 April to 10 June 1940.


  • Sweden
    Wednesday Apr 10, 1940

    Harald V

    Escaping To Sweden

    Sweden
    Wednesday Apr 10, 1940

    In 1940 the entire royal family had to flee Oslo because of the German invasion. It was deemed safer for the family to split up. The King and Crown Prince Olav would remain in Norway and the Crown Princess was to make her way to Sweden with the three children. The latter party reached Sweden on the night of 10 April. but although Crown Princess Märtha was Swedish-born, they encountered problems at the border station.


  • Frötuna, Sweden
    Tuesday Apr 16, 1940

    Harald V

    Moving To Prince Carl Bernadotte's Home

    Frötuna, Sweden
    Tuesday Apr 16, 1940

    Harald spent the following days in Sälen before moving to Prince Carl Bernadotte's home in Frötuna on 16 April.


  • Drottningholm, Stockholm, Sweden
    Friday Apr 26, 1940

    Harald V

    Moving to Drottningholm

    Drottningholm, Stockholm, Sweden
    Friday Apr 26, 1940

    On 26 April the group moved to Drottningholm in Stockholm.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday May 7, 1940

    World War II

    The Norway Debate

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday May 7, 1940

    The Norway Debate, sometimes called the Narvik Debate, was a momentous debate in the British House of Commons during the Second World War from 7 to 9 May 1940. It has been called the most far-reaching parliamentary debate of the twentieth century. At the end of the second day, the members held a vote of no confidence which was won by the government, but with a drastically reduced majority.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday May 7, 1940

    Winston Churchill

    Norway Debate

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday May 7, 1940

    After the Allies failed to prevent the German occupation of Norway, the Commons held an open debate from 7 to 9 May on the government's conduct of the war. This has come to be known as the Norway Debate and is renowned as one of the most significant events in parliamentary history.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Thursday May 9, 1940

    Winston Churchill

    Churchill had won the doubters over and his successor as party leader was a formality

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Thursday May 9, 1940

    In May, Churchill was still generally unpopular with many Conservatives and probably most of the Labour Party. Chamberlain remained Conservative Party leader until October when ill health forced his resignation. By that time, Churchill had won the doubters over and his successor as party leader was a formality.


  • France
    Friday May 10, 1940

    Adolf Hitler

    Germany attacked France

    France
    Friday May 10, 1940

    In May 1940, Germany attacked France. and conquered Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and Belgium.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Friday May 10, 1940

    World War II

    Neville Chamberlain resignation

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Friday May 10, 1940

    On 10 May, Neville Chamberlain resigned as prime minister.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Friday May 10, 1940

    World War II

    Churchill in the office

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Friday May 10, 1940

    Winston Churchill appointed the prime minster of the United Kingdom.


  • France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg
    Friday May 10, 1940

    World War II

    Fall of France

    France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg
    Friday May 10, 1940

    Germany launched an offensive against France. To circumvent the strong Maginot Line fortifications on the Franco-German border, Germany directed its attack at the neutral nations of Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.


  • France
    Sunday May 12, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle activated his new division

    France
    Sunday May 12, 1940

    De Gaulle activated his new division on 12 May. which gave him command of the 4th Armoured Division.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Monday May 13, 1940

    Winston Churchill

    "blood, toil, tears and sweat" speech

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Monday May 13, 1940

    His first speech as Prime Minister delivered to the Commons on 13 May was the "blood, toil, tears and sweat" speech. It was little more than a short statement but, Jenkins says, "it included phrases which have reverberated down the decades". Churchill made it plain to the nation that a long, hard road lay ahead and that victory was the final goal: I would say to the House... that I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears, and sweat. We have before us an ordeal of the most grievous kind. You ask, what is our policy? I will say: it is to wage war, by sea, land, and air, with all our might and with all the strength that God can give us; to wage war against a monstrous tyranny, never surpassed in the dark, lamentable catalog of human crime. That is our policy. You ask, what is our aim? I can answer in one word: it is victory, victory at all costs, victory in spite of all terror, victory, however long and hard the road may be; for without victory, there is no survival.


  • France
    Wednesday May 15, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle was given command of the 4th Armoured Division

    France
    Wednesday May 15, 1940

    In late-March de Gaulle was told by Reynaud that he would be given command of the 4th Armoured Division, due to form by 15 May.


  • France
    Wednesday May 15, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    The Germans broke through at Sedan

    France
    Wednesday May 15, 1940

    The Germans broke through at Sedan on 15 May 1940.


  • France
    Saturday May 18, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle was reinforced by two fresh regiments

    France
    Saturday May 18, 1940

    On 18 May he was reinforced by two fresh regiments of armored cavalry, bringing his strength up to 150 vehicles.


  • Montcornet, France
    Sunday May 19, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle attacked again and his forces were once again devastated

    Montcornet, France
    Sunday May 19, 1940

    Charles attacked again on 19 May and his forces were once again devastated by German Stukas and artillery. He ignored orders from General Georges to withdraw, and in the early afternoon demanded two more divisions from Touchon, who refused his request.


  • Montcornet, France
    Monday May 20, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle delayed his retreat

    Montcornet, France
    Monday May 20, 1940

    Charles delayed his retreat until 20 May.


  • Montcornet, France
    Tuesday May 21, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle gave a talk on French radio

    Montcornet, France
    Tuesday May 21, 1940

    On 21 May, at the request of propaganda officers, he gave a talk on French radio about his recent attack.


  • France
    Thursday May 23, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle was promoted to the rank of temporary

    France
    Thursday May 23, 1940

    In recognition of his efforts de Gaulle was promoted to the rank of temporary (acting, in Anglophone parlance) brigadier-general on 23 May 1940.


  • France
    Saturday Jun 1, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle's rank of brigadier-general

    France
    Saturday Jun 1, 1940

    De Gaulle's rank of brigadier-general became effective on 1 June 1940.UTC (GMT -00:00)


  • Paris, France
    Sunday Jun 2, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle sent a memo to Weygand

    Paris, France
    Sunday Jun 2, 1940

    On 2 June he sent a memo to Weygand vainly urging that the French armored divisions be consolidated from four weak divisions into three stronger ones and concentrated into an armored corps under his command. He made the same suggestion to Reynaud.


  • Dunkirk, France
    Tuesday Jun 4, 1940

    Winston Churchill

    Operation Dynamo

    Dunkirk, France
    Tuesday Jun 4, 1940

    Operation Dynamo, the evacuation of 338,226 Allied servicemen from Dunkirk, ended on Tuesday, 4 June when the French rearguard surrendered. The total was far in excess of expectations and it gave rise to a popular view that Dunkirk had been a miracle, and even a victory. Churchill himself referred to "a miracle of deliverance" in his "we shall fight on the beaches" speech to the Commons that afternoon, though he shortly reminded everyone that: "We must be very careful not to assign to this deliverance the attributes of a victory. Wars are not won by evacuations". The speech ended on a note of defiance coupled with a clear appeal to the United States: We shall go on to the end. We shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air. We shall defend our Island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills. We shall never surrender, and even if, which I do not for a moment believe, this Island or a large part of it were subjugated and starving, then our Empire beyond the seas, armed and guarded by the British Fleet, would carry on the struggle, until, in God's good time, the New World, with all its power and might, steps forth to the rescue and the liberation of the old.


  • France
    Saturday Jun 8, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle suggested fighting on

    France
    Saturday Jun 8, 1940

    On 8 June, de Gaulle visited Weygand, who believed it was "the end" and that after France was defeated Britain would also soon sue for peace. He hoped that after an armistice the Germans would allow him to retain enough of a French Army to "maintain order" in France. He gave a "despairing laugh" when de Gaulle suggested fighting on.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Sunday Jun 9, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle flew to London and met British Prime Minister Winston Churchill

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Sunday Jun 9, 1940

    On 9 June, De Gaulle flew to London and met British Prime Minister Winston Churchill for the first time. It was thought that half a million men could be evacuated to French North Africa, provided the British and French navies and air forces coordinated their efforts.


  • Italy
    Monday Jun 10, 1940

    Adolf Hitler

    Italy join forces with Hitler

    Italy
    Monday Jun 10, 1940

    These victories prompted Mussolini to have Italy join forces with Hitler on 10 June.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Monday Jun 10, 1940

    Marcus Garvey

    Death

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Monday Jun 10, 1940

    Garvey then suffered a second stroke and died at the age of 52 on 10 June 1940.


  • Italian-French Boarders
    Monday Jun 10, 1940

    World War II

    Battle of Alps

    Italian-French Boarders
    Monday Jun 10, 1940

    On 10 June, Italy invaded France, declaring war on both France and the United Kingdom. It was the first major engagement of the World War II.


  • Malta
    Tuesday Jun 11, 1940

    World War II

    Siege of Malta

    Malta
    Tuesday Jun 11, 1940

    In early June 1940 the Italian Royal Air Forces attacked and besieged Malta, a British possession. The siege lasted from June 1940 to November 1942, the fight for the control of the strategically important island of the British Crown Colony of Malta, which pitted the air forces and navies of Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany against the Royal Air Force (RAF) and the Royal Navy. By May 1943, the Allied forces had sunk 230 Axis ships in 164 days, the highest Allied sinking rate of the war. The Allied victory in Malta played a major role in the eventual Allied success in North Africa.


  • France
    Tuesday Jun 11, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle offered General Hunziger as Commander-in-Chief

    France
    Tuesday Jun 11, 1940

    On 11 June, Charles de Gaulle drove to Arcis-Sur-Aube and offered General Hunziger (Commander of the Central Army Group) Weygand's job as Commander-in-Chief.


  • France
    Tuesday Jun 11, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle attended the meeting of the Anglo-French Supreme War Council at the Chateau

    France
    Tuesday Jun 11, 1940

    Later on, 11 June de Gaulle attended the meeting of the Anglo-French Supreme War Council at the Chateau du Muguet at Briare. The British were represented by Churchill, Anthony Eden, John Dill, General Ismay, and Edward Spears, and the French by Reynaud, Pétain, Weygand, and Georges.


  • Egypt and Libya
    Tuesday Jun 11, 1940

    Winston Churchill

    Western Desert campaign

    Egypt and Libya
    Tuesday Jun 11, 1940

    Churchill was determined to fight back and ordered the commencement of the Western Desert campaign on 11 June, an immediate response to the Italian declaration of war. This went well at first while the Italian army was the sole opposition and Operation Compass was a noted success.


  • France
    Thursday Jun 13, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle attended another Anglo-French

    France
    Thursday Jun 13, 1940

    On 13 June de Gaulle attended another Anglo-French conference at Tours with Churchill, Lord Halifax, Lord Beaverbrook, Spears, Ismay, and Alexander Cadogan. This time few other major French figures were present apart from Reynaud and Baudoin.


  • Tangier, Morocco
    Friday Jun 14, 1940

    Francisco Franco

    Occupied Tangier

    Tangier, Morocco
    Friday Jun 14, 1940

    On 14 June 1940, Spanish forces in Morocco occupied Tangier (a city under the rule of the League of Nations) and did not leave it until the war's end in 1945.


  • Bordeaux, France
    Friday Jun 14, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle arrived at Bordeaux

    Bordeaux, France
    Friday Jun 14, 1940

    De Gaulle arrived at Bordeaux on 14 June and was given a new mission to go to London to discuss the potential evacuation to North Africa.


  • Paris, France
    Friday Jun 14, 1940

    World War II

    Surrender of Paris

    Paris, France
    Friday Jun 14, 1940

    German soldiers marched past the Arch de Triomphe after the surrender of Paris.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Sunday Jun 16, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle talked about Jean Monnet's mooted Anglo-French political union

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Sunday Jun 16, 1940

    On the afternoon of Sunday, 16 June de Gaulle was at 10 Downing Street for talks about Jean Monnet's mooted Anglo-French political union. He telephoned Reynaud – they were cut off during the conversation and had to resume later – with the news that the British had agreed.


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