Historydraft LogoHistorydraft Logo HistorydraftbetaHistorydraft Logo Historydraftbeta

  • Jing County, Anhui, China
    Wednesday Jan 8, 1941

    World War II

    New Fourth Army incident

    Jing County, Anhui, China
    Wednesday Jan 8, 1941

    Continued antipathy between Chinese communist and nationalist forces culminated in armed clashes in January 1941, effectively ending their co-operation. New Fourth Army incident was argued as a punishment of Communist insubordination and Nationalist treachery.




  • Gulf of Thailand
    Friday Jan 17, 1941

    First Indochina War

    The Battle of Ko Chang

    Gulf of Thailand
    Friday Jan 17, 1941

    Thai military successes were limited to the Cambodian border area, and in January 1941 Vichy France's modern naval forces soundly defeated the inferior Thai naval forces in the Battle of Ko Chang. The war ended in May, with the French agreeing to minor territorial revisions which restored formerly Thai areas to Thailand.




  • Washingtom D.C., U.S.
    Monday Jan 20, 1941

    Franklin D. Roosevelt

    Third Term

    Washingtom D.C., U.S.
    Monday Jan 20, 1941

    The third terms of the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt began on January 20, 1941, the date of Roosevelt's third inauguration, and ended with Roosevelt's death on April 12, 1945.




  • Bordighera, Italy
    Wednesday Feb 12, 1941

    Francisco Franco

    Meeting with Mussolini

    Bordighera, Italy
    Wednesday Feb 12, 1941

    Franco and Serrano Suñer held a meeting with Mussolini and Ciano in Bordighera, Italy on 12 February 1941. Mussolini affected not to be interested in Franco's help due to the defeats his forces had suffered in North Africa and the Balkans, and he even told Franco that he wished he could find any way to leave the war.




  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Tuesday Mar 11, 1941

    World War II

    Lend-Lease

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Tuesday Mar 11, 1941

    Roosevelt promoted Lend-Lease programmes of aid to support the British war effort.




  • Shanggao, Jiangxi, China
    Saturday Mar 15, 1941

    World War II

    Battle of Shanggao

    Shanggao, Jiangxi, China
    Saturday Mar 15, 1941

    In March, the Japanese 11th army attacked the headquarters of the Chinese 19th army but was repulsed during Battle of Shanggao.




  • Mediterranean Sea off Cape Matapan, Greece
    Thursday Mar 27, 1941

    World War II

    Battle of Cape Matapan

    Mediterranean Sea off Cape Matapan, Greece
    Thursday Mar 27, 1941

    Ships of the Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy, intercepted and sank or severely damaged several ships of the Italian Regia Marina under Squadron-Vice-Admiral Angelo Iachino. The Battle of Cape Matapan fought from 27 to 29 March 1941.


  • Belgrade, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Present Day Belgrade, Serbia)
    Thursday Mar 27, 1941

    World War II

    Yugoslav coup d'état

    Belgrade, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Present Day Belgrade, Serbia)
    Thursday Mar 27, 1941

    The Yugoslav government was overthrown two days later (Tripartite Pact Signature) by nationalists. The Yugoslav coup d'état of 27 March 1941 in Belgrade, Kingdom of Yugoslavia, replaced the regency led by Prince Paul and installed King Peter II.


  • Yugoslavia
    Sunday Apr 6, 1941

    Josip Broz Tito

    Invasion of Yugoslavia

    Yugoslavia
    Sunday Apr 6, 1941

    On 6 April 1941, German forces, with Hungarian and Italian assistance, launched an invasion of Yugoslavia.


  • Yugoslavia
    Sunday Apr 6, 1941

    World War II

    Invasion of Yugoslavia

    Yugoslavia
    Sunday Apr 6, 1941

    Germany responded with simultaneous invasion of Yugoslavia. It was Known as the April War or Operation 25, which occurred between 6 to 18 April. The attack led to German occupation to Yugoslavia.


  • Croatia
    Thursday Apr 10, 1941

    Josip Broz Tito

    Independent State of Croatia

    Croatia
    Thursday Apr 10, 1941

    On 10 April 1941, Slavko Kvaternik proclaimed the Independent State of Croatia, and Tito responded by forming a Military Committee within the Central Committee of the Yugoslav Communist Party.


  • Tobruk, Libya
    Thursday Apr 10, 1941

    World War II

    The Siege of Tobruk

    Tobruk, Libya
    Thursday Apr 10, 1941

    The Siege of Tobruk lasted for 241 days in 1941, after Axis forces advanced through Cyrenaica from El Agheila in Operation Sonnenblume against Allied forces in Libya, during the Western Desert Campaign (1940–1943) of the Second World War. The siege diverted Axis troops from the frontier and the Tobruk garrison repulsed several Axis attacks.


  • Moscow, Russia
    Sunday Apr 13, 1941

    Second Sino-Japanese War

    The Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact

    Moscow, Russia
    Sunday Apr 13, 1941

    In April 1941, Soviet aid ended with the Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact and the beginning of the Great Patriotic War. This pact enabled the Soviet Union to avoid fighting against Germany and Japan at the same time.And in August 1945, the Soviet Union annulled the neutrality pact with Japan.


  • Moscow, U.S.S.R. (Present Day Moscow, Russia)
    Sunday Apr 13, 1941

    World War II

    Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact

    Moscow, U.S.S.R. (Present Day Moscow, Russia)
    Sunday Apr 13, 1941

    With the Soviets wary of mounting tensions with Germany and the Japanese planning to take advantage of the European War by seizing resource-rich European possessions in Southeast Asia, the two powers signed the Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact in April 1941.


  • Belgrade, Serbia
    Thursday Apr 17, 1941

    Josip Broz Tito

    The Government and military met with the German officials in Belgrade

    Belgrade, Serbia
    Thursday Apr 17, 1941

    On 17 April 1941, after King Peter II and other members of the government fled the country, the remaining representatives of the government and military met with the German officials in Belgrade.


  • Yugoslavia
    Thursday May 1, 1941

    Josip Broz Tito

    Calling on the people to unite in a battle against the occupation

    Yugoslavia
    Thursday May 1, 1941

    On 1 May 1941, Tito issued a pamphlet calling on the people to unite in a battle against the occupation.


  • Iraq
    Friday May 2, 1941

    World War II

    Anglo–Iraqi War

    Iraq
    Friday May 2, 1941

    The Anglo–Iraqi War occurred from 2 to 31 May 1941, was a British-led Allied military campaign against Iraq under Rashid Ali, who had seized power during the Second World War with assistance from Germany and Italy. The campaign resulted in the downfall of Ali's government, the re-occupation of Iraq by the United Kingdom, and the return to power of the Regent of Iraq, Prince 'Abd al-Ilah, an ally to the United Kingdom.


  • Soviet Union (Present-Day Russia)
    Tuesday May 6, 1941

    Joseph Stalin

    Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union

    Soviet Union (Present-Day Russia)
    Tuesday May 6, 1941

    Became Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union.


  • United Kingdom
    Saturday May 10, 1941

    Martin Bormann

    Hess flew Solo to Britain

    United Kingdom
    Saturday May 10, 1941

    Hess was concerned that Germany would face a war on two fronts as plans progressed for Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union scheduled to take place later that year. He flew solo to Britain on 10 May 1941 to seek peace negotiations with the British government. He was arrested on arrival and spent the rest of the war as a British prisoner.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Saturday May 10, 1941

    The palace of Westminster England

    The Worst Raid

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Saturday May 10, 1941

    The worst raid took place in the night of 10–11 May 1941, when the Palace took at least twelve hits and three people (two policemen and the Resident Superintendent of the House of Lords, Edward Elliott) were killed.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Monday May 12, 1941

    Martin Bormann

    Bormann became The Head of The Parteikanzlei (Party Chancellery)

    Berlin, Germany
    Monday May 12, 1941

    Hitler considered Hess' departure a personal betrayal, and ordered Hess to be shot should he return to Germany and abolished the post of Deputy Führer on 12 May 1941, assigning Hess' former duties to Bormann, with the title of Head of the Parteikanzlei (Party Chancellery). In this position he was responsible for all NSDAP appointments, and was answerable only to Hitler. Associates began to refer to him as the "Brown Eminence", although never to his face.


  • Egyptian and Libyan border
    Thursday May 15, 1941

    World War II

    Operation Brevity

    Egyptian and Libyan border
    Thursday May 15, 1941

    Operation Brevity was a limited offensive conducted in mid-May 1941, during the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War. Conceived by the commander-in-chief of the British Middle East Command, General Archibald Wavell, Brevity was intended to be a rapid blow against weak Axis front-line forces in the Sollum–Capuzzo–Bardia area of the border between Egypt and Libya. Although the operation got off to a promising start, throwing the Axis high command into confusion, most of its early gains were lost to local counter-attacks, and with German reinforcements being rushed to the front the operation was called off after one day.


  • Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Monday May 19, 1941

    Jimmy Hoffa

    Second Child

    Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Monday May 19, 1941

    The couple had a son, James P. Hoffa on May 19, 1941, in Detroit, Michigan.


  • Crete, Greece
    Tuesday May 20, 1941

    World War II

    Battle of Crete

    Crete, Greece
    Tuesday May 20, 1941

    The Battle of Crete was fought on the Greek island of Crete, It began on the morning of 20 May 1941, when Nazi Germany began an airborne invasion of Crete. Greek and other Allied forces, along with Cretan civilians, defended the island.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Saturday May 31, 1941

    Martin Bormann

    Extending The 1935 Nuremberg Laws

    Berlin, Germany
    Saturday May 31, 1941

    Bormann was invariably the advocate of extremely harsh, radical measures when it came to the treatment of Jews, the conquered eastern peoples, and prisoners of war. He signed the decree of 31 May 1941 extending the 1935 Nuremberg Laws to the annexed territories of the East.


  • Syria and Lebanon
    Sunday Jun 8, 1941

    World War II

    Syria–Lebanon campaign

    Syria and Lebanon
    Sunday Jun 8, 1941

    Between June and July, United Kingdom invaded and occupied the French possessions Syria and Lebanon (8 June – 14 July 1941), with the assistance of the Free French.


  • Soviet Union, (Russia)
    Sunday Jun 22, 1941

    Joseph Stalin

    Hitler launched an invasion

    Soviet Union, (Russia)
    Sunday Jun 22, 1941

    On 22 June 1941, Hitler launched an invasion of the Soviet Union.


  • Soviet Union
    Sunday Jun 22, 1941

    Francisco Franco

    Invasion of the Soviet Union

    Soviet Union
    Sunday Jun 22, 1941

    When the invasion of the Soviet Union began on 22 June 1941, Franco's foreign minister Ramón Serrano Suñer immediately suggested the formation of a unit of military volunteers to join the invasion. Volunteer Spanish troops fought on the Eastern Front under German command from 1941 to 1944.


  • Soviet Union
    Sunday Jun 22, 1941

    Adolf Hitler

    Contravening the Hitler–Stalin Non-Aggression Pact

    Soviet Union
    Sunday Jun 22, 1941

    On 22 June 1941, contravening the Hitler–Stalin Non-Aggression Pact of 1939, over 3 million Axis troops attacked the Soviet Union.


  • Yugoslavia
    Friday Jun 27, 1941

    Josip Broz Tito

    Commander in Chief of all project national liberation military forces

    Yugoslavia
    Friday Jun 27, 1941

    On 27 June 1941, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia appointed Tito Commander in Chief of all project national liberation military forces.


  • Yugoslavia
    Tuesday Jul 1, 1941

    Josip Broz Tito

    The Comintern sent precise instructions calling for immediate action

    Yugoslavia
    Tuesday Jul 1, 1941

    On 1 July 1941, the Comintern sent precise instructions calling for immediate action.


  • Smolensk, U.S.S.R.
    Thursday Jul 10, 1941

    World War II

    First Battle of Smolensk

    Smolensk, U.S.S.R.
    Thursday Jul 10, 1941

    During the summer, the Axis made significant gains into Soviet territory, inflicting immense losses in both personnel and materiel. By mid-August, however, the German Army High Command decided to suspend the offensive of a considerably depleted Army Group Centre, and to divert the 2nd Panzer Group to reinforce troops advancing towards central Ukraine and Leningrad. The First Battle of Smolensk was fought around the city of Smolensk between 10 July and 10 September 1941, about 400 km (250 mi) west of Moscow.


  • England, United Kingdom
    Saturday Jul 12, 1941

    World War II

    Anglo-Soviet Agreement

    England, United Kingdom
    Saturday Jul 12, 1941

    In July, the UK and the Soviet Union formed a military alliance against Germany.


  • Placentia Bay, Newfoundland
    Saturday Aug 9, 1941

    Atlantic Charter

    First meeting

    Placentia Bay, Newfoundland
    Saturday Aug 9, 1941

    On 9 August 1941, the British battleship HMS Prince of Wales steamed into Placentia Bay, with Churchill on board, and met the American heavy cruiser USS Augusta, where Roosevelt and members of his staff were waiting. On first meeting, Churchill and Roosevelt were silent for a moment until Churchill said "At long last, Mr. President", to which Roosevelt replied "Glad to have you aboard, Mr. Churchill". Churchill then delivered to the president a letter from King George VI and made an official statement which, despite two attempts, the movie sound crew present failed to record.


  • Naval Station Argentia, Placentia Bay, Dominion of Newfoundland
    Thursday Aug 14, 1941

    World War II

    Atlantic Charter

    Naval Station Argentia, Placentia Bay, Dominion of Newfoundland
    Thursday Aug 14, 1941

    In August, the United Kingdom and the United States jointly issued the Atlantic Charter, which outlined British and American goals for the war, even though America had yet to officially join.


  • Newfoundland
    Thursday Aug 14, 1941

    Atlantic Charter

    Atlantic Conference

    Newfoundland
    Thursday Aug 14, 1941

    US President, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, discussed what would become the Atlantic Charter in 1941 during the Atlantic Conference in Placentia Bay, Newfoundland. They made their joint declaration on 14 August 1941 from the US naval base in the bay, Naval Base Argentia, that had recently been leased from Britain as part of a deal that saw the US give 50 surplus destroyers to the UK for use against German U-boats (the US did not enter the war as a combatant until the attack on Pearl Harbour, four months later).


  • Požarevac, Serbia (Then German-occupied Serbia)
    Wednesday Aug 20, 1941

    Slobodan Milošević

    Born

    Požarevac, Serbia (Then German-occupied Serbia)
    Wednesday Aug 20, 1941

    Milošević was born in Požarevac, four months after the Axis invasion of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and raised during the Axis occupation of World War II.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Thursday Aug 21, 1941

    Atlantic Charter

    The Charter's content

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Thursday Aug 21, 1941

    No signed version ever existed. The document was threshed out through several drafts and the final agreed text was telegraphed to London and Washington. President Roosevelt gave Congress the Charter's content on 21 August 1941.


  • United Kingdom
    Sunday Aug 24, 1941

    Atlantic Charter

    The name Atlantic Charter

    United Kingdom
    Sunday Aug 24, 1941

    When it was released to the public, the Charter was titled "Joint Declaration by the President and the Prime Minister" and was generally known as the "Joint Declaration". The Labour Party newspaper Daily Herald coined the name Atlantic Charter, but Churchill used it in Parliament on 24 August 1941, and it has since been generally adopted.


  • Imperial State of Iran (Present Day Iran)
    Monday Aug 25, 1941

    World War II

    Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran

    Imperial State of Iran (Present Day Iran)
    Monday Aug 25, 1941

    The British and Soviets invaded neutral Iran to secure the Persian Corridor and Iran's oil fields. The invasion took place from 25 to 31 August.


  • Tokyo, Japan
    Thursday Sep 4, 1941

    Hirohito

    The Japanese Cabinet Meeting

    Tokyo, Japan
    Thursday Sep 4, 1941

    On September 4, 1941, the Japanese Cabinet met to consider war plans prepared by Imperial General Headquarters.


  • Tokyo, Japan
    Friday Sep 5, 1941

    Hirohito

    Prime Minister Submitted a draft of the Decision To The Emperor

    Tokyo, Japan
    Friday Sep 5, 1941

    On September 5, Prime Minister Konoe informally submitted a draft of the decision to the Emperor, just one day in advance of the Imperial Conference at which it would be formally implemented.


  • Changsha, China
    Sunday Sep 7, 1941

    World War II

    Second Battle of Changsha

    Changsha, China
    Sunday Sep 7, 1941

    In September, Japan attempted to take the city of Changsha again and clashed with Chinese nationalist forces.


  • Leningrad, U.S.S.R. (Present Day Saint Petersburg, Russia)
    Monday Sep 8, 1941

    World War II

    Siege of Leningrad

    Leningrad, U.S.S.R. (Present Day Saint Petersburg, Russia)
    Monday Sep 8, 1941

    The siege of Leningrad was a military blockade undertaken from the south by the Army Group North of Nazi Germany against the Soviet city of Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg). The siege began on the 8 September 1941, when the Wehrmacht severed the last road to the city. Although Soviet forces managed to open a narrow land corridor to the city on 18 January 1943, the Red Army did not lift the siege until 27 January 1944, 872 days after it began.


  • Yugoslavia
    Friday Sep 19, 1941

    Josip Broz Tito

    Tito held talks with Chetnik leader Draža Mihailović

    Yugoslavia
    Friday Sep 19, 1941

    Despite conflicts with the rival monarchic Chetnik movement, Tito's Partisans succeeded in liberating territory, notably the "Republic of Užice". During this period, Tito held talks with Chetnik leader Draža Mihailović on 19 September and 27 October 1941.


  • U.S.
    Wednesday Sep 24, 1941

    John F. Kennedy

    Joined the United States Naval Reserve

    U.S.
    Wednesday Sep 24, 1941

    On September 24, 1941, with the help of the director of the Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI)—who was the former naval attaché to Joseph Kennedy—Kennedy joined the United States Naval Reserve.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Wednesday Sep 24, 1941

    Atlantic Charter

    Subsequent meeting of the Inter-Allied Council

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Wednesday Sep 24, 1941

    The Allied nations and leading organisations quickly and widely endorsed the Charter. At the subsequent meeting of the Inter-Allied Council in London on 24 September 1941, the governments in exile of Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, and Yugoslavia, as well as the Soviet Union, and representatives of the Free French Forces, unanimously adopted adherence to the common principles of policy set forth in the Atlantic Charter.


  • Tokyo, Japan
    Thursday Oct 16, 1941

    Hirohito

    Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe gave his Resignation

    Tokyo, Japan
    Thursday Oct 16, 1941

    As war preparations continued, Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe found himself more and more isolated and gave his resignation on October 16.


  • Kharkov, U.S.S.R. (Kharkov, Ukraine)
    Monday Oct 20, 1941

    World War II

    First Battle of Kharkov

    Kharkov, U.S.S.R. (Kharkov, Ukraine)
    Monday Oct 20, 1941

    By 20 October the Germans had reached the western edge of Kharkov, it was taken by 24 October. At that time, however, most of Kharkiv's industrial equipment had been evacuated or rendered useless by the Soviet authorities.


  • London, England
    Tuesday Oct 28, 1941

    The Imitation game: Alan Turing

    A message to Churchill

    London, England
    Tuesday Oct 28, 1941

    On 28 October they wrote directly to Winston Churchill explaining their difficulties, with Turing as the first-named. They emphasized how small their need was compared with the vast expenditure of men and money by the forces and compared with the level of assistance they could offer to the forces. As Andrew Hodges, biographer of Turing, later wrote, "This letter had an electric effect." Churchill wrote a memo to General Ismay, which read: "ACTION THIS DAY. Make sure they have all they want on extreme priority and report to me that this has been done."


  • London, England
    Tuesday Oct 28, 1941

    Alan Turing

    Writing directly to Winston Churchill

    London, England
    Tuesday Oct 28, 1941

    On 28 October they wrote directly to Winston Churchill explaining their difficulties, with Turing as the first named. They emphasised how small their need was compared with the vast expenditure of men and money by the forces and compared with the level of assistance they could offer to the forces.


<