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  • Seoul, South Korea
    Thursday Jan 4, 1951

    Korean War

    The PVA and KPA to capture Seoul

    Seoul, South Korea
    Thursday Jan 4, 1951

    The offensive overwhelmed UN forces, allowing the PVA and KPA to capture Seoul for the second time on 4 January 1951.




  • U.S.
    Friday Jan 5, 1951

    Neil Armstrong

    His first flight in a Jet

    U.S.
    Friday Jan 5, 1951

    Neil made his first flight in a jet, a Grumman F9F Panther, on January 5, 1951.




  • Vietnam
    Saturday Jan 13, 1951

    First Indochina War

    Giáp moved the 308th and 312th Divisions

    Vietnam
    Saturday Jan 13, 1951

    On January 13, 1951, Giáp moved the 308th and 312th Divisions, made up of over 20,000 men, to attack Vĩnh Yên, 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Hanoi, which was manned by the 6,000-strong 9th Foreign Legion Brigade.




  • Vĩnh Yên, Vĩnh Phúc, Vietnam
    Tuesday Jan 16, 1951

    First Indochina War

    The Battle of Vĩnh Yên and Giáp's withdrawal

    Vĩnh Yên, Vĩnh Phúc, Vietnam
    Tuesday Jan 16, 1951

    By January 16, the Battle of Vĩnh Yên ended as Giáp was forced to withdraw, with over 6,000 of his troops killed, 8,000 wounded and 500 captured.




  • Han River, South Korea
    Thursday Jan 25, 1951

    Korean War

    Operation Thunderbolt

    Han River, South Korea
    Thursday Jan 25, 1951

    In late January, upon finding that the PVA had abandoned their battle lines, General Ridgway ordered a reconnaissance-in-force, which became Operation Thunderbolt (25 January 1951).




  • Saigon, South Vietnam
    Friday Jan 26, 1951

    First Indochina War

    USS Windham Bay delivered Grumman F8F Bearcat fighter aircraft to Saigon

    Saigon, South Vietnam
    Friday Jan 26, 1951

    USS Windham Bay delivered Grumman F8F Bearcat fighter aircraft to Saigon on January 26, 1951.




  • New York, U.S.
    Thursday Feb 1, 1951

    Korean War

    The United Nations General Assembly passed Resolution 498

    New York, U.S.
    Thursday Feb 1, 1951

    Following the failure of ceasefire negotiations in January, the United Nations General Assembly passed Resolution 498 on 1 February, condemning the PRC as an aggressor, and called upon its forces to withdraw from Korea.


  • Vietnam
    Monday Feb 19, 1951

    Ho Chi Minh

    The Chairman of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Monday Feb 19, 1951

    On 19 February 1951, Hồ Chí Minh became the Chairman of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Vietnam.


  • Soviet Union, (Russia)
    Thursday Mar 1, 1951

    Korean War

    A Cable to Stalin

    Soviet Union, (Russia)
    Thursday Mar 1, 1951

    On 1 March 1951, Mao sent a cable to Stalin emphasizing the difficulties faced by Chinese forces and the need for air cover, especially over supply lines. Apparently impressed by the Chinese war effort, Stalin agreed to supply two air force divisions, three anti-aircraft divisions, and six thousand trucks.


  • Seoul, South Korea
    Wednesday Mar 14, 1951

    Korean War

    The KPA and PVA expelled from Seoul

    Seoul, South Korea
    Wednesday Mar 14, 1951

    On 7 March 1951, the Eighth Army attacked with Operation Ripper, expelling the PVA and the KPA from Seoul on 14 March 1951.


  • Mạo Khê, Vietnam
    Friday Mar 23, 1951

    First Indochina War

    Giáp tried again

    Mạo Khê, Vietnam
    Friday Mar 23, 1951

    On March 23, Giáp tried again, launching an attack against Mạo Khê, 20 miles (32 km) north of Haiphong. The 316th Division, composed of 11,000 men, with the partly rebuilt 308th and 312th Divisions in reserve, went forward and were beaten in bitter hand-to-hand fighting against French troops. Giap withdrew, having lost around 500 troops (by Việt Minh estimation) to over 3,000 (by French estimation) dead and wounded by March 28.


  • South Korea
    Friday Mar 23, 1951

    Korean War

    Operation Tomahawk

    South Korea
    Friday Mar 23, 1951

    Operation Tomahawk was an airborne military operation by the 187th Regimental Combat Team (187th RCT) on 23 March 1951 at Munsan-ni as part of Operation Courageous in the Korean War. Operation Courageous was designed to trap large numbers of Chinese People's Volunteer Army (PVA) and Korean People's Army (KPA) forces between the Han and Imjin Rivers north of Seoul, opposite the Republic of Korea Army (ROK) I Corps. The intent of Operation Courageous was for US I Corps, which was composed of the US 25th and 3rd Infantry Divisions and the ROK 1st Division, to advance quickly on the PVA/KPA positions and reach the Imjin River with all possible speed.


  • South Korea
    Friday Mar 23, 1951

    Korean War

    Operation Courageous

    South Korea
    Friday Mar 23, 1951

    Operation Courageous was a military operation performed by the United Nations Command (UN) during the Korean War designed to trap large numbers of Chinese People's Volunteer Army (PVA) and Korean People's Army (KPA) troops between the Han and Imjin Rivers north of Seoul, opposite the Republic of Korea Army (ROK) I Corps. The intent of Operation Courageous was for US I Corps, which was composed of the US 25th and 3rd Infantry Divisions and the ROK 1st Infantry Division, to advance quickly on the PVA/KPA forces and reach the Imjin River with all possible speed.


  • South Korea
    Wednesday Apr 11, 1951

    Korean War

    Relieved the General MacArthur as Supreme Commander in Korea

    South Korea
    Wednesday Apr 11, 1951

    On 11 April 1951, President Truman relieved the General MacArthur as Supreme Commander in Korea. There were several reasons for the dismissal. MacArthur crossed the 38th Parallel in the mistaken belief that the Chinese would not enter the war, leading to major allied losses. He believed that whether to use nuclear weapons should be his decision, not the President's.


  • Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Wednesday Apr 11, 1951

    Marilyn Monroe

    Fox's New Contract

    Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Wednesday Apr 11, 1951

    In December 1950, Hyde was able to negotiate a seven-year contract for Monroe with 20th Century-Fox. Marilyn Monroe Signed 20th Century Fox Contract in April 11, 1951.


  • Paris, France
    Wednesday Apr 18, 1951

    Brexit

    Treaty of Paris

    Paris, France
    Wednesday Apr 18, 1951

    The "Inner Six" European countries signed the Treaty of Paris in 1951, establishing the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC).


  • French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Tuesday May 29, 1951

    First Indochina War

    The Battle of the Day River

    French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Tuesday May 29, 1951

    Giáp launched yet another attack, the Battle of the Day River, on May 29 with the 304th Division at Phủ Lý, the 308th Division at Ninh Bình, and the main attack delivered by the 320th Division at Phat Diem south of Hanoi.


  • U.S.
    Tuesday Jun 5, 1951

    Neil Armstrong

    Neil was promoted to ensign

    U.S.
    Tuesday Jun 5, 1951

    Neil was promoted to ensign on June 5, 1951, and made his first jet carrier landing on USS Essex two days later.


  • Naples, Italy
    Saturday Jun 9, 1951

    Lucky Luciano

    $57,000 cash and new car

    Naples, Italy
    Saturday Jun 9, 1951

    On June 9, 1951, he was questioned by Naples police on suspicion of illegally bringing $57,000 in cash and a new American car into Italy. After 20 hours of questioning, police released Luciano without any charges.


  • Maadi, Cairo, Egypt
    Tuesday Jun 19, 1951

    Ayman al-Zawahiri

    Born

    Maadi, Cairo, Egypt
    Tuesday Jun 19, 1951

    Ayman al-Zawahiri was born in 1951 in the neighborhood of Maadi, Cairo, in the then Kingdom of Egypt, to Mohammed Rabie al-Zawahiri and Umayma Azzam.


  • Kapolei, Hawaii, U.S.
    Thursday Jun 28, 1951

    Neil Armstrong

    VF-51 Flew ahead to Naval Air Station Barbers Point in Hawaii

    Kapolei, Hawaii, U.S.
    Thursday Jun 28, 1951

    On June 28, 1951, Essex had set sail for Korea, with VF-51 aboard to act as ground-attack aircraft. VF-51 flew ahead to Naval Air Station Barbers Point in Hawaii, where it conducted fighter-bomber training before rejoining the ship at the end of July.


  • Kaesong, North Korea
    Tuesday Jul 10, 1951

    Korean War

    Protracted Armistice Negotiations

    Kaesong, North Korea
    Tuesday Jul 10, 1951

    For the remainder of the war the UN and the PVA/KPA fought but exchanged little territory, as the stalemate held. Large-scale bombing of North Korea continued, and protracted armistice negotiations began on 10 July 1951 at Kaesong, an ancient capital of North Korea located in PVA/KPA held territory.


  • Chicago, U.S.
    Saturday Jul 21, 1951

    Robin Williams

    Birth

    Chicago, U.S.
    Saturday Jul 21, 1951

    Robin McLaurin Williams was born at St. Luke's Hospital, in Chicago, Illinois on July 21, 1951. His father, Robert Fitzgerald Williams, was a senior executive in Ford Motor Company's Lincoln-Mercury Division. His mother, Laurie McLaurin, was a former model from Jackson, Mississippi. Through her, he was a great-great-grandson of Mississippi senator and governor Anselm J. McLaurin. Williams had two elder half-brothers; paternal half-brother Robert (also known as Todd) and maternal half-brother McLaurin. He had English, Scottish, Welsh, Irish, French, and German ancestry.


  • South Vietnam
    Tuesday Jul 31, 1951

    First Indochina War

    French General Charles Chanson was assassinated

    South Vietnam
    Tuesday Jul 31, 1951

    On July 31, French General Charles Chanson was assassinated during a propaganda suicide attack at Sa Đéc in South Vietnam that was blamed on the Việt Minh although it was argued in some quarters that Cao Đài nationalist Trình Minh Thế could have been involved in its planning.


  • U.S.
    Monday Aug 27, 1951

    Anna May Wong

    The Gallery of Madame Liu-Tsong

    U.S.
    Monday Aug 27, 1951

    From August 27 to November 21, 1951, Wong starred in a detective series that was written specifically for her, the DuMont Television Network series The Gallery of Madame Liu-Tsong, in which she played the title role that used her birth name.


  • Kimchaek, North Hamgyong, North Korea
    Wednesday Aug 29, 1951

    Neil Armstrong

    An escort for a Photo Reconnaissance Plane in the Korean War

    Kimchaek, North Hamgyong, North Korea
    Wednesday Aug 29, 1951

    On August 29, 1951, Armstrong saw action in the Korean War as an escort for a photo reconnaissance plane over Songjin.


  • The Punchbowl, Haean, Korea
    Friday Aug 31, 1951

    Korean War

    The Battle of the Punchbowl

    The Punchbowl, Haean, Korea
    Friday Aug 31, 1951

    The Battle of the Punchbowl, was one of the last battles of the movement phase of the Korean War. Following the breakdown of armistice negotiations in August 1951, the United Nations Command (UN) decided to launch a limited offensive in the late summer/early autumn to shorten and straighten sections of their lines, acquire better defensive terrain, and deny the enemy key vantage points from which they could observe and target UN positions. The Battle of Bloody Ridge took place west of the Punchbowl from August–September 1951 and this was followed by the Battle of Heartbreak Ridge northwest of the Punchbowl from September–October 1951. At the end of the UN offensive in October 1951, UN forces controlled the line of hills north of the Punchbowl.


  • Wonsan, Kangwon, North Korea
    Monday Sep 3, 1951

    Neil Armstrong

    Neil flew armed reconnaissance over the primary transportation and storage facilities

    Wonsan, Kangwon, North Korea
    Monday Sep 3, 1951

    Five days later, on September 3, he flew armed reconnaissance over the primary transportation and storage facilities south of the village of Majon-ni, west of Wonsan. An initial report to the commanding officer of Essex said that while attacking a target, Armstrong's F9F Panther was hit by anti-aircraft fire. The report indicated he was trying to regain control and collided with a pole, which sliced off 2 feet (1 m) of the Panther's right wing. Further perversions of the story by different authors added that he was only 20 feet (6 m) from the ground and that 3 feet (1 m) of his wing was sheared off.


  • Yanggu County, Gangwon Province, South Korea
    Wednesday Sep 5, 1951

    Korean War

    The Battle of Bloody Ridge

    Yanggu County, Gangwon Province, South Korea
    Wednesday Sep 5, 1951

    The Battle of Bloody Ridge was a ground combat battle that took place during the Korean War from 18 August to 5 September 1951. By the summer of 1951, the Korean War had reached a stalemate as peace negotiations began at Kaesong. The opposing armies faced each other across a line which ran from east to west, through the middle of the Korean peninsula, located in hills a few miles north of the 38th Parallel in the central Korean mountain range. United Nation and the North Korean Korean People's Army (KPA) and Chinese People's Volunteer Army (PVA) forces jockeyed for position along this line, clashing in several relatively small but intense and bloody battles. Bloody Ridge began as an attempt by UN forces to seize a ridge of hills which they believed were being used as observation posts to call in artillery fire on a UN supply road.


  • Venice, Italy
    Tuesday Sep 11, 1951

    Igor Stravinsky

    The Premiere of The Rake's Progress

    Venice, Italy
    Tuesday Sep 11, 1951

    In 1951, he completed his last neoclassical work, the opera The Rake's Progress to a libretto by W.H. Auden and Chester Kallman based on the etchings of William Hogarth. It premiered in Venice that year and was produced around Europe the following year before being staged in the New York Metropolitan Opera in 1953.


  • Yanggu County, Gangwon Province, South Korea
    Thursday Sep 13, 1951

    Korean War

    The Battle of Heartbreak Ridge

    Yanggu County, Gangwon Province, South Korea
    Thursday Sep 13, 1951

    The Battle of Heartbreak Ridge , also known as the Battle of Wendengli , was a month-long battle in the Korean War which took place between 13 September and 15 October 1951. After withdrawing from Bloody Ridge, the Korean People's Army (KPA) set up new positions just 1,500 yards (1,400 m) away on a 7-mile (11 km) long hill mass. If anything, the defenses were even more formidable here than on Bloody Ridge. The Battle of Heartbreak Ridge was one of several major engagements in the hills of North Korea a few miles north of the 38th Parallel (the pre-war boundary between North and South Korea), near Chorwon. For the Chinese, this battle is often confused with the Battle of Triangle Hill, which occurred a year later.


  • U.S.
    Wednesday Nov 7, 1951

    Frank Sinatra

    2nd Marriage

    U.S.
    Wednesday Nov 7, 1951

    Sinatra was married to Hollywood actress Ava Gardner in 1951.


  • Hòa Bình, Vietnam
    Wednesday Nov 14, 1951

    First Indochina War

    The French seized Hòa Bình

    Hòa Bình, Vietnam
    Wednesday Nov 14, 1951

    On November 14, 1951, the French seized Hòa Bình, 25 miles (40 km) west of the De Lattre Line, by a parachute drop and extended their perimeter.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Saturday Nov 24, 1951

    Audrey Hepburn

    Gigi

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Saturday Nov 24, 1951

    Hepburn went into rehearsals having never spoken on stage, and required private coaching. When Gigi opened at the Fulton Theatre on 24 November 1951, she received praise for her performance, despite criticism that the stage version was inferior to the French film adaptation. The play ran for 219 performances, closing on 31 May 1952.


  • Wesley's Chapel, London, England
    Thursday Dec 13, 1951

    Margaret Thatcher

    Marriage

    Wesley's Chapel, London, England
    Thursday Dec 13, 1951

    At a dinner following her formal adoption as Conservative candidate for Dartford in February 1949 she met divorcé Denis Thatcher, a successful and wealthy businessman, who drove her to her Essex train. After their first meeting she described him to Muriel as "not a very attractive creature – very reserved but quite nice". They married on 13 December 1951, at Wesley's Chapel in City Road, London.


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