Historydraft LogoHistorydraft Logo HistorydraftbetaHistorydraft Logo Historydraftbeta

  • U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 7, 1953

    Harry S. Truman

    The First U.S. hydrogen bomb

    U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 7, 1953

    In response, on January 7, 1953, Truman announced the detonation of the first U.S. hydrogen bomb, which was much more powerful than the Soviet Union's atomic weapons.




  • Yugoslavia
    Tuesday Jan 13, 1953

    Josip Broz Tito

    The law on self-management

    Yugoslavia
    Tuesday Jan 13, 1953

    On 13 January 1953, they established that the law on self-management was the basis of the entire social order in Yugoslavia.




  • Yugoslavia
    Wednesday Jan 14, 1953

    Josip Broz Tito

    A President

    Yugoslavia
    Wednesday Jan 14, 1953

    Tito also succeeded Ivan Ribar as the President of Yugoslavia on 14 January 1953.




  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Tuesday Jan 20, 1953

    Richard Nixon

    Vice presidency

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Tuesday Jan 20, 1953

    General Dwight D. Eisenhower was nominated for president by the Republicans in 1952. He had no strong preference for a vice presidential candidate, and Republican officeholders and party officials met in a "smoke-filled room" and recommended Nixon to the general, who agreed to the senator's selection.




  • Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Sunday Mar 1, 1953

    Che Guevara

    Finishing Studying

    Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Sunday Mar 1, 1953

    Completed his university education and passed his medical degree.




  • Moscow, Soviet Union
    Thursday Mar 5, 1953

    Joseph Stalin

    Death

    Moscow, Soviet Union
    Thursday Mar 5, 1953

    Stalin died on 5 March 1953.




  • Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (Now Russia)
    Thursday Mar 5, 1953

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    Joseph Stalin Death

    Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (Now Russia)
    Thursday Mar 5, 1953

    On 5 March 1953, Joseph Stalin died, ushering in a period of moderate liberalization, when most European communist parties developed a reform wing. In Hungary, the reformist Imre Nagy replaced Rákosi, "Stalin's Best Hungarian Disciple", as Prime Minister. However, Rákosi remained General Secretary of the Party, and was able to undermine most of Nagy's reforms.


  • U.S.
    Friday Mar 13, 1953

    Frank Sinatra

    Capitol Records

    U.S.
    Friday Mar 13, 1953

    On March 13, 1953, Sinatra met with Capitol Records vice president Alan Livingston and signed a seven-year recording contract.


  • United Kingdom
    Tuesday Mar 31, 1953

    James Bond

    Dr. No was published

    United Kingdom
    Tuesday Mar 31, 1953

    Dr. No novel was published. Dr. No is the sixth novel by the English author Ian Fleming to feature his British Secret Service agent James Bond. Fleming wrote the novel in early 1957 at his Goldeneye estate in Jamaica.


  • Laos
    Thursday Apr 9, 1953

    First Indochina War

    Giáp began To pressure the French

    Laos
    Thursday Apr 9, 1953

    On April 9, 1953, Giáp, after having failed repeatedly in direct attacks on French positions in Vietnam, changed strategy and began to pressure the French by invading Laos, surrounding and defeating several French outposts such as Muong Khoua.


  • North of Yeoncheon, South Korea
    Thursday Apr 16, 1953

    Korean War

    The Battle of Pork Chop Hill

    North of Yeoncheon, South Korea
    Thursday Apr 16, 1953

    The Battle of Pork Chop Hill comprises a pair of related Korean War infantry battles during April and July of 1953. These were fought while the United Nations Command (UN) and the Chinese and North Koreans negotiated the Korean Armistice Agreement. In the U.S., they were controversial because of the many soldiers killed for terrain of no strategic or tactical value, although the Chinese lost many times the number of US soldiers killed and wounded. The first battle was described in the eponymous history Pork Chop Hill: The American Fighting Man in Action, Korea, Spring 1953, by S.L.A. Marshall, from which the film Pork Chop Hill was drawn. The UN won the first battle but the Chinese won the second battle.


  • U.S.
    Monday Apr 20, 1953

    Marlon Brando

    Cover of Life Magazine

    U.S.
    Monday Apr 20, 1953

    Brando was featured on cover of Life Magazine for his role of Marc Antony, in Shakespeare's Julius Caeser.


  • Edinburgh, Scotland
    Wednesday May 6, 1953

    Tony Blair

    Birth

    Edinburgh, Scotland
    Wednesday May 6, 1953

    Anthony Charles Lynton Blair was born at Queen Mary Maternity Home in Edinburgh, Scotland, on 6 May 1953.


  • U.S.
    Saturday May 9, 1953

    Neil Armstrong

    Promotion

    U.S.
    Saturday May 9, 1953

    He was promoted to lieutenant (junior grade) on May 9, 1953.


  • Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Monday Jun 1, 1953

    Malcolm X

    Assistant minister of the Nation's Temple Number One

    Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Monday Jun 1, 1953

    In June 1953 he was named assistant minister of the Nation's Temple Number One in Detroit.


  • Westminster Abbey, London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Jun 2, 1953

    Edward VIII

    Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II

    Westminster Abbey, London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Jun 2, 1953

    In June 1953, instead of attending the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II, his niece, in London, the Duke and Duchess watched the ceremony on television in Paris. The Duke said that it was contrary to precedent for a Sovereign or former Sovereign to attend any coronation of another.


  • Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador
    Sunday Jun 7, 1953

    Che Guevara

    Guevara set out

    Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador
    Sunday Jun 7, 1953

    On July 7, 1953, Guevara set out, this time to Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras and El Salvador.


  • Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Sunday Jun 7, 1953

    Louis Armstrong

    The Ninth Cavalcade of Jazz concert

    Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Sunday Jun 7, 1953

    Louis Armstrong and his All Stars were featured at the ninth Cavalcade of Jazz concert also at Wrigley Field in Los Angeles produced by Leon Hefflin Sr. held on June 7, 1953 along with Shorty Rogers, Roy Brown, Don Tosti and His Mexican Jazzmen, Earl Bostic, and Nat "King" Cole.


  • South Korea
    Wednesday Jun 10, 1953

    Korean War

    Outpost Harry

    South Korea
    Wednesday Jun 10, 1953

    Outpost Harry was a remote Korean War outpost located on a tiny hilltop in what was commonly referred to as the "Iron Triangle" on the Korean Peninsula. This was an area approximately 60 miles (100 km) northeast of Seoul and was the most direct route to the South Korean capital.


  • Heiberger, Alabama, U.S.
    Thursday Jun 18, 1953

    Martin Luther King

    Marriage

    Heiberger, Alabama, U.S.
    Thursday Jun 18, 1953

    King married Coretta Scott on June 18, 1953, on the lawn of her parents' house in her hometown of Heiberger, Alabama.


  • Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
    Friday Jul 10, 1953

    Françoise Bettencourt Meyers

    Birth

    Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
    Friday Jul 10, 1953

    Françoise Bettencourt Meyers was born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France on July 10, 1953.


  • Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
    Sunday Jul 26, 1953

    Raúl Castro

    Attack on Moncada Barracks

    Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
    Sunday Jul 26, 1953

    In 1953, Raúl served as a member of the 26th of July Movement group that attacked the Moncada Barracks; he spent 22 months in prison as a result of this action.


  • Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
    Sunday Jul 26, 1953

    Fidel Castro

    Moncada Attack

    Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
    Sunday Jul 26, 1953

    Castro gathered 165 revolutionaries for the mission, ordering his troops not to cause bloodshed unless they met armed resistance. The attack took place on 26 July 1953, but ran into trouble; 3 of the 16 cars that had set out from Santiago failed to get there. Reaching the barracks, the alarm was raised, with most of the rebels pinned down by machine gun fire. Four were killed before Castro ordered a retreat. The rebels suffered 6 fatalities and 15 other casualties, whilst the army suffered 19 dead and 27 wounded. Meanwhile, some rebels took over a civilian hospital; subsequently stormed by government soldiers, the rebels were rounded up, tortured and 22 were executed without trial.


  • P'anmunjŏm, South Korea
    Monday Jul 27, 1953

    Korean War

    The Korean Armistice Agreement

    P'anmunjŏm, South Korea
    Monday Jul 27, 1953

    the KPA, the PVA and the UN Command signed the Korean Armistice Agreement on 27 July 1953.


  • Omaha, Nebraska, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 30, 1953

    Warren Buffett

    First Child

    Omaha, Nebraska, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 30, 1953

    In July 30, 1953, Buffett and Susan Thompson had their first child, Susan Alice.


  • Busan, South Korea
    Saturday Aug 1, 1953

    Samsung

    Founding Cheil Jedang

    Busan, South Korea
    Saturday Aug 1, 1953

    When the Korean War broke out, he was forced to leave Seoul. He started a sugar refinery in Busan named Cheil Jedang.


  • U.S.
    Wednesday Aug 5, 1953

    Frank Sinatra

    The Remarkable Career Revival

    U.S.
    Wednesday Aug 5, 1953

    The release of the film "From Here to Eternity" in August 1953 marked the beginning of a remarkable career revival.


  • U.S.
    Thursday Aug 27, 1953

    Audrey Hepburn

    Roman Holiday

    U.S.
    Thursday Aug 27, 1953

    Hepburn had her first starring role in Roman Holiday (1953), playing Princess Ann, a European princess who escapes the reins of royalty and has a wild night out with an American newsman (Gregory Peck). The producers of the movie initially wanted Elizabeth Taylor for the role, but director William Wyler was so impressed by Hepburn's screen test that he cast her instead.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Monday Sep 7, 1953

    Audrey Hepburn

    Hepburn was featured cover of Time magazine

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Monday Sep 7, 1953

    Hepburn was featured on 7 September 1953 cover of Time magazine, and also became known for her personal style.


  • Madrid, Spain
    Wednesday Sep 23, 1953

    Francisco Franco

    Pact of Madrid

    Madrid, Spain
    Wednesday Sep 23, 1953

    The visit of US President Dwight Eisenhower to Spain in 1953, which resulted in the Pact of Madrid.


  • Moscow, Russia
    Friday Sep 25, 1953

    Mikhail Gorbachev

    Marriage

    Moscow, Russia
    Friday Sep 25, 1953

    On 25 September 1953 he and Raisa registered their marriage at Sokolniki Registry Office.


  • U.S.
    Friday Oct 9, 1953

    Jimmy Carter

    Left active duty

    U.S.
    Friday Oct 9, 1953

    Carter left active duty on October 9, 1953.


  • Isla de la Juventud, Cuba
    Friday Oct 16, 1953

    Fidel Castro

    Imprisonment

    Isla de la Juventud, Cuba
    Friday Oct 16, 1953

    Castro was sentenced on 16 October, during which he delivered a speech that would have been printed under the title of History Will Absolve Me. Castro was sent to 15 years' imprisonment in the hospital wing of the Model Prison (Presidio Modelo), a relatively comfortable and modern


  • Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam
    Friday Nov 20, 1953

    First Indochina War

    Operation Castor

    Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam
    Friday Nov 20, 1953

    Operation Castor was launched on November 20, 1953, with 1,800 men of the French 1st and 2nd Airborne Battalions dropping into the valley of Điện Biên Phủ and sweeping aside the local Việt Minh garrison. The paratroopers gained control of a heart-shaped valley 12 miles (19 km) long and 8 miles (13 km) wide surrounded by heavily wooded hills. Encountering little opposition, the French and Tai units operating from Lai Châu to the north patrolled the hills.


  • Guatemala
    Thursday Dec 10, 1953

    Che Guevara

    Update to Aunt

    Guatemala
    Thursday Dec 10, 1953

    On December 10, 1953, before leaving for Guatemala, Guevara sent an update to his Aunt Beatriz from San José, Costa Rica. In the letter Guevara speaks of traversing the dominion of the United Fruit Company, a journey which convinced him that the Company's capitalist system was a terrible one.


<