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  • U.S.
    Monday Jan 4, 1954

    Frank Sinatra

    Sinatra's first album for Capitol

    U.S.
    Monday Jan 4, 1954

    Sinatra's first album for Capitol, Songs for Young Lovers, was released on January 4, 1954, and included "A Foggy Day", "I Get a Kick Out of You", "My Funny Valentine", "Violets for Your Furs" and "They Can't Take That Away from Me", songs which became staples of his later concerts.




  • Los Angeles, California, USA
    Monday Jan 4, 1954

    Marilyn Monroe

    The Suspension

    Los Angeles, California, USA
    Monday Jan 4, 1954

    When she refused to begin shooting yet another musical comedy, a film version of The Girl in Pink Tights, which was to co-star Frank Sinatra, the studio suspended her on January 4, 1954, but she reached a settlement with the studio in March: it included a new contract to be made later in the year




  • San Francisco, California, USA
    Thursday Jan 14, 1954

    Marilyn Monroe

    2nd Marriage

    San Francisco, California, USA
    Thursday Jan 14, 1954

    On January 14, she and Joe DiMaggio, whose relationship had been subjected to constant media attention since 1952, were married at San Francisco City Hall. They then traveled to Japan, combining a honeymoon with his business trip.




  • Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
    Tuesday Feb 9, 1954

    Christopher Paul Gardner

    Birth

    Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
    Tuesday Feb 9, 1954

    Gardner was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on February 9, 1954, to Thomas Turner and Bettye Jean Gardner. He was the second child and the only boy born to Bettye Jean. His older half-sister, Ophelia, is from a previous union. His younger sisters, Sharon and Kimberly, are children from his mother's marriage to Freddie Triplett.




  • Kasımpaşa, Istanbul, Turkey
    Friday Feb 26, 1954

    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

    Birth

    Kasımpaşa, Istanbul, Turkey
    Friday Feb 26, 1954

    Erdoğan was born in the Kasımpaşa neighborhood in Istanbul, to which his family had moved from Rize Province.




  • Vicinity of Điện Biên Phủ, French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Saturday Mar 13, 1954

    First Indochina War

    Battle of Dien Bien Phu

    Vicinity of Điện Biên Phủ, French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Saturday Mar 13, 1954

    The Battle of Dien Bien Phu occurred in 1954 between Việt Minh forces under Võ Nguyên Giáp, supported by China and the Soviet Union, and the French Union's French Far East Expeditionary Corps, supported by US financing and Indochinese allies. The battle was fought near the village of Điện Biên Phủ in northern Vietnam and became the last major battle between the French and the Vietnamese in the First Indochina War.




  • The National Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Monday Apr 5, 1954

    Harald V

    His Mother's Death

    The National Hospital, Oslo, Norway
    Monday Apr 5, 1954

    In 1954 tragedy struck as he lost his mother to cancer. The Crown Princess's death was a tremendous loss for him and his family as well as for Norway.


  • United Kingdom
    Monday Apr 5, 1954

    James Bond

    Live and Let Die was published

    United Kingdom
    Monday Apr 5, 1954

    Live and Let Die novel was published.


  • Hong Kong, China
    Wednesday Apr 7, 1954

    Jackie Chan

    Born

    Hong Kong, China
    Wednesday Apr 7, 1954

    Chan was born on 7 April 1954, in Hong Kong, as Chan Kong-sang.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Monday Apr 26, 1954

    Ho Chi Minh

    The 1954 Geneva Accords

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Monday Apr 26, 1954

    The 1954 Geneva Accords concluded between France and the Việt Minh, allowing the latter's forces to regroup in the North whilst anti-Communist groups settled in the South.


  • Vietnam
    Tuesday May 4, 1954

    First Indochina War

    The Last French offensive Took Place

    Vietnam
    Tuesday May 4, 1954

    With French supply lines interrupted, the French position became untenable, particularly when the advent of the monsoon season made dropping supplies and reinforcements by parachute difficult. With defeat imminent, the French sought to hold on until the opening of the Geneva peace meeting on April 26. The last French offensive took place on May 4, but it was ineffective. The Việt Minh then began to hammer the outpost with newly supplied Soviet Katyusha rockets and other weaponry provided by communist allies.


  • Vietnam
    Thursday May 6, 1954

    First Indochina War

    The Final Fall Took Two Days

    Vietnam
    Thursday May 6, 1954

    The final fall took two days, May 6 and 7, during which the French fought on but were eventually overrun by a huge frontal assault. General Cogny, based in Hanoi, ordered General de Castries, who was commanding the outpost, to cease fire at 5:30 pm and to destroy all materiél (weapons, transmissions, etc.) to deny their use to the enemy. A formal order was given to not use the white flag so that the action would be considered a ceasefire instead of a surrender. Much of the fighting ended on May 7; however, the ceasefire was not respected on Isabelle, the isolated southern position, where the battle lasted until May 8, 1:00 am.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Friday May 7, 1954

    Vietnam War

    The Geneva Conference

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Friday May 7, 1954

    On 7 May 1954, the French garrison at Dien Bien Phu surrendered. The defeat marked the end of French military involvement in Indochina. At the Geneva Conference, the French negotiated a ceasefire agreement with the Viet Minh, and independence was granted to Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam.


  • Điện Biên Phủ, Dien Bien, Vietnam
    Friday May 7, 1954

    Ho Chi Minh

    The Battle of Dien Bien Phu

    Điện Biên Phủ, Dien Bien, Vietnam
    Friday May 7, 1954

    In 1954, after the crushing defeat of French Union forces at Battle of Dien Bien Phu, 2300 French soldiers died during the Battle of Dien Bien Phu more than 10000 french soldiers have surrendered to Vieth Minh. France gave up its fight against the Việt Minh, losing 70,000 soldiers from the eight years of the First Indochina War.


  • Montgomery, Alabama, U.S.
    Friday May 14, 1954

    Martin Luther King

    Called as Pastor

    Montgomery, Alabama, U.S.
    Friday May 14, 1954

    At the age of 25 in 1954, King was called as pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama.


  • Wilmslow, Cheshire, United Kingdom
    Monday Jun 7, 1954

    Alan Turing

    Death

    Wilmslow, Cheshire, United Kingdom
    Monday Jun 7, 1954

    On 8 June 1954, Turing's housekeeper found him dead at the age of 41; he had died the previous day. Cyanide poisoning was established as the cause of death.


  • Wilmslow, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Jun 8, 1954

    The Imitation game: Alan Turing

    Death

    Wilmslow, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Jun 8, 1954

    On 8 June 1954, Turing's housekeeper found him dead at the age of 41: he had died the previous day. Cyanide poisoning was established as the cause of death. When his body was discovered, an apple lay half-eaten beside his bed, and although the apple was not tested for cyanide, it was speculated that this was the means by which Turing had consumed a fatal dose. An inquest determined that he had committed suicide. Andrew Hodges and another biographer, David Leavitt, have both speculated that Turing was re-enacting a scene from the Walt Disney film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937), his favourite fairy tale. Both men noted that (in Leavitt's words) he took "an especially keen pleasure in the scene where the Wicked Queen immerses her apple in the poisonous brew".


  • England
    Saturday Jun 12, 1954

    Alan Turing

    Turing's Remains Were Cremated

    England
    Saturday Jun 12, 1954

    Turing's remains were cremated at Woking Crematorium on 12 June 1954 and his ashes were scattered in the gardens of the crematorium, just as his father's had been.


  • Switzerland
    Wednesday Jun 16, 1954

    FIFA World Cup

    First World Cup Televised

    Switzerland
    Wednesday Jun 16, 1954

    The 1954 World Cup, held in Switzerland, was the first to be televised.


  • France
    Thursday Jun 17, 1954

    First Indochina War

    Pierre Mendès France had been invested as Prime Minister

    France
    Thursday Jun 17, 1954

    Negotiations between France and the Việt Minh started in Geneva in April 1954 at the Geneva Conference, during which time the French Union and the Việt Minh were fighting a battle at Điện Biên Phủ. In France, Pierre Mendès France, opponent of the war since 1950, had been invested as Prime Minister on June 17, 1954, on a promise to put an end to the war, reaching a ceasefire in four months.


  • Guatemala
    Friday Jun 18, 1954

    Che Guevara

    Guatemala's Invasion

    Guatemala
    Friday Jun 18, 1954

    American forces invaded Guatemala and President Arbenz was forced to resign.


  • Mang Yang, Vietnam
    Thursday Jun 24, 1954

    First Indochina War

    Battle of Mang Yang Pass

    Mang Yang, Vietnam
    Thursday Jun 24, 1954

    One month after Điện Biên Phủ, the composite Groupe Mobile 100 (GM100) of the French Union forces evacuated the An Khê outpost and was ambushed by a larger Việt Minh force at the Battle of Mang Yang Pass from June 24 to July 17.


  • Abu Al-Khaseeb District, Basra Governorate, Iraq
    Thursday Jul 1, 1954

    Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis

    Birth

    Abu Al-Khaseeb District, Basra Governorate, Iraq
    Thursday Jul 1, 1954

    Jamal Jaafar al-Ibrahimi was born on 1 July 1954 in Abu Al-Khaseeb District, Basra Governorate, Iraq, to an Iraqi father and an Iranian mother.


  • Hamburg, West Germany
    Saturday Jul 17, 1954

    Angela Merkel

    Born

    Hamburg, West Germany
    Saturday Jul 17, 1954

    Merkel was born Angela Dorothea Kasner in 1954, in Hamburg, West Germany.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Tuesday Jul 20, 1954

    Ho Chi Minh

    Resolving the remaining outstanding issues

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Tuesday Jul 20, 1954

    By the afternoon of 20 July, the remaining outstanding issues were resolved as the parties agreed that the partition line should be at the 17th parallel and the elections for a reunified government should be held in July 1956, two years after the ceasefire.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Jul 21, 1954

    First Indochina War

    The International Geneva Conference

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Jul 21, 1954

    At the International Geneva Conference on July 21, 1954, the new socialist French government and the Việt Minh made an agreement which effectively gave the Việt Minh control of North Vietnam above the 17th parallel. The south continued under Bảo Đại. The agreement was denounced by the State of Vietnam and by the United States. A year later, Bảo Đại would be deposed by his prime minister, Ngô Đình Diệm, creating the Republic of Vietnam.


  • Vietnam
    Thursday Jul 22, 1954

    First Indochina War

    Armistice and partition of Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Thursday Jul 22, 1954

    In August 1954, in support to the French navy and the merchant navy, the U.S. Navy launched Operation Passage to Freedom and sent hundreds of ships, including USS Montague, in order to evacuate non-communist—especially Catholic—Vietnamese refugees from North Vietnam following the July 20, 1954, armistice and partition of Vietnam.


  • Sabaneta, Venezuela
    Wednesday Jul 28, 1954

    Hugo Chávez

    Born

    Sabaneta, Venezuela
    Wednesday Jul 28, 1954

    He was born on 28 July 1954 in his paternal grandmother Rosa Inéz Chávez's home, a modest three-room house located in the rural village Sabaneta, Barinas State.


  • Singapore
    Monday Aug 23, 1954

    Halimah Yacob

    Born

    Singapore
    Monday Aug 23, 1954

    Halimah was born in 23 August 1954, in the Colony of Singapore.


  • China
    Wednesday Sep 8, 1954

    Mao Zedong

    The Chairman of the Central Military Commission

    China
    Wednesday Sep 8, 1954

    On September 8, 1954, Mao became the Chairman of the Central Military Commission of China.


  • Tylertown, Mississippi, U.S.
    Wednesday Sep 8, 1954

    Ruby Bridges

    Birth

    Tylertown, Mississippi, U.S.
    Wednesday Sep 8, 1954

    Bridges was the eldest of five children born to Abon and Lucille Bridges.


  • Chimsan-dong, Daegu, South Korea
    Wednesday Sep 15, 1954

    Samsung

    Founding Cheil Mojik

    Chimsan-dong, Daegu, South Korea
    Wednesday Sep 15, 1954

    In 1954, Lee founded Cheil Mojik and built the plant in Chimsan-dong, Daegu. It was the largest woollen mill ever in the country.


  • Switzerland
    Saturday Sep 25, 1954

    Audrey Hepburn

    Marriage

    Switzerland
    Saturday Sep 25, 1954

    During the production, Hepburn and her co-star, Mel Ferrer began a relationship and were married on 25 September 1954 in Switzerland.


  • China
    Monday Sep 27, 1954

    Mao Zedong

    The Chairman of the People's Republic of China

    China
    Monday Sep 27, 1954

    On September 27, 1954, Mao became The Chairman of the People's Republic of China.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Oct 21, 1954

    James Bond

    The episode aired live (CBS Series "Casino Royale")

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Oct 21, 1954

    The episode aired live (CBS Series "Casino Royale") on 21 October 1954 and starred Barry Nelson as "Card Sense" James Bond and Peter Lorre as Le Chiffre.


  • Naples, Italy
    Monday Nov 1, 1954

    Lucky Luciano

    Restrictions

    Naples, Italy
    Monday Nov 1, 1954

    On November 1, 1954, an Italian judicial commission in Naples applied strict limits on Luciano for two years. He was required to report to the police every Sunday, to stay home every night, and to not leave Naples without police permission. The commission cited Luciano's alleged involvement in the narcotics trade as the reason for these restrictions.


  • Algeria
    Monday Nov 1, 1954

    Algerian War

    The National Liberation Front

    Algeria
    Monday Nov 1, 1954

    Effectively started by members of the National Liberation Front (FLN) on November 1, 1954, during the Toussaint Rouge ("Red All Saints' Day"), the conflict led to serious political crises in France, causing the fall of the Fourth French Republic (1946–58) replaced by the Fifth Republic with a strengthened Presidency.


  • Algeria
    Monday Nov 1, 1954

    Algerian War

    The Toussaint Rouge

    Algeria
    Monday Nov 1, 1954

    In the early morning hours of November 1, 1954, FLN (the National Liberation Front) maquisards (guerrillas) attacked military and civilian targets throughout Algeria in what became known as the Toussaint Rouge (Red All-Saints' Day).


  • Omaha, Nebraska, U.S.
    Thursday Dec 16, 1954

    Warren Buffett

    Second Child

    Omaha, Nebraska, U.S.
    Thursday Dec 16, 1954

    In December 16, 1954, Buffett and Susan Thompson had their second child, Howard Graham.


  • India
    Tuesday Dec 21, 1954

    Josip Broz Tito

    Tito visited India

    India
    Tuesday Dec 21, 1954

    Tito visited India from 22 December 1954 through 8 January 1955.


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