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  • Paris, France
    Sunday Jan 1, 1956

    Christine Lagarde

    Birth

    Paris, France
    Sunday Jan 1, 1956

    Lagarde was born in Paris, France.




  • Paris, France
    Tuesday Jan 3, 1956

    Eiffel Tower

    Damage of the top of the tower

    Paris, France
    Tuesday Jan 3, 1956

    A fire started in the television transmitter on 3 January 1956, damaging the top of the tower. Repairs took a year, and in 1957, the present radio aerial was added to the top.




  • Wilmette, Illinois, U.S.
    Saturday Jan 28, 1956

    Neil Armstrong

    1st Marriage

    Wilmette, Illinois, U.S.
    Saturday Jan 28, 1956

    Armstrong met Janet Elizabeth Shearon, who was majoring in home economics, at a party hosted by Alpha Chi Omega. According to the couple, there was no real courtship, and neither could remember the exact circumstances of their engagement. They were married on January 28, 1956, at the Congregational Church in Wilmette, Illinois.




  • Egypt
    Wednesday Mar 21, 1956

    Mother's Day

    Mother's Day (Egypy)

    Egypt
    Wednesday Mar 21, 1956

    The idea (Mother's Day) was first ridiculed by president Gamal Abdel Nasser but he eventually accepted it and Mother's Day was first celebrated on 21 March 1956.




  • Edwards Air Force Base, California, U.S.
    Thursday Mar 22, 1956

    Neil Armstrong

    His First Flight Incident

    Edwards Air Force Base, California, U.S.
    Thursday Mar 22, 1956

    On March 22, 1956, he was in a Boeing B-29 Superfortress, which was to air-drop a Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket. He sat in the right-hand pilot seat while the left-hand seat commander, Stan Butchart, flew the B-29. As they climbed to 30,000 feet (9 km), the number-four engine stopped and the propeller began windmilling (rotating freely) in the airstream. Hitting the switch that would stop the propeller's spinning, Butchart found it slowed but then started spinning again, this time even faster than the others; if it spun too fast, it would break apart. Their aircraft needed to hold an airspeed of 210 mph (338 km/h) to launch its Skyrocket payload, and the B-29 could not land with the Skyrocket attached to its belly. Armstrong and Butchart brought the aircraft into a nose-down attitude to increase speed, then launched the Skyrocket. At the instant of launch, the number-four engine propeller disintegrated. Pieces of it damaged the number-three engine and hit the number-two engine. Butchart and Armstrong were forced to shut down the damaged number-three engine, along with the number-one engine, due to the torque it created. They made a slow, circling descent from 30,000 ft (9 km) using only the number-two engine, and landed safely.




  • United Kingdom
    Monday Mar 26, 1956

    James Bond

    Diamonds Are Forever was published

    United Kingdom
    Monday Mar 26, 1956

    Diamonds Are Forever novel was published. Diamonds Are Forever is the fourth novel by the English author Ian Fleming to feature his fictional British Secret Service agent James Bond.




  • Algeria
    Tuesday Jun 19, 1956

    Algerian War

    Two FLN prisoners were executed

    Algeria
    Tuesday Jun 19, 1956

    On 19 June 1956 two FLN prisoners were executed by guillotine at the Barberousse Prison.


  • Algeria
    Thursday Jun 21, 1956

    Algerian War

    Immediate reprisals

    Algeria
    Thursday Jun 21, 1956

    Abane Ramdane ordered immediate reprisals against the French and Yacef Saâdi, who had assumed command in Algiers following Bitat's arrest was ordered to "shoot down any European, from 18 to 54. No women, no children, no elder." A series of random attacks in the city followed with 49 civilians shot by the FLN between 21 and 24 June.


  • Westchester, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Friday Jun 29, 1956

    Marilyn Monroe

    3rd Marriage

    Westchester, Los Angeles, California, USA
    Friday Jun 29, 1956

    Monroe and Miller were married in a civil ceremony at the Westchester County Court in White Plains, New York, on June 29, and two days later had a Jewish ceremony at the Waccabuc, New York home of Kay Brown, who was Miller's literary agent.


  • Hungary
    Wednesday Jul 18, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    Rákosi was deposed as General Secretary of The Hungarian Working People's Party

    Hungary
    Wednesday Jul 18, 1956

    After Khrushchev's "secret speech" of February 1956, which denounced Stalin and his protégés, Rákosi was deposed as General Secretary of the Party and replaced by Ernő Gerő on 18 July 1956.


  • Santos, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Sunday Jul 29, 1956

    Pelé

    Santos

    Santos, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Sunday Jul 29, 1956

    In 1956, de Brito took Pelé to Santos, an industrial and port city located near São Paulo, to try out for professional club Santos FC, telling the directors at Santos that the 15-year-old would be "the greatest football player in the world."


  • Algeria
    Wednesday Aug 1, 1956

    Algerian War

    73 Muslims are killed

    Algeria
    Wednesday Aug 1, 1956

    On the night of 10 August 1956, helped by members of Robert Martel's Union française nord-africaine, Achiary planted a bomb at Thèbes Road in the Casbah targeted at the FLN responsible for the June shootings, the explosion killed 73 Muslims.


  • Santos, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Tuesday Aug 7, 1956

    Pelé

    Debut

    Santos, Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Tuesday Aug 7, 1956

    He made his senior team debut on 7 September 1956 at the age of 15 against Corinthians Santo Andre and had an impressive performance in a 7–1 victory, scoring the first goal in his prolific career during the match.


  • U.S.
    Tuesday Aug 21, 1956

    Audrey Hepburn

    Natasha Rostova in War and Peace

    U.S.
    Tuesday Aug 21, 1956

    Having become one of Hollywood's most popular box-office attractions, she starred in a series of successful films during the remainder of the decade, including her BAFTA- and Golden Globe-nominated role as Natasha Rostova in War and Peace (1956), an adaptation of the Tolstoy novel set during the Napoleonic wars, starring Henry Fonda and her husband Mel Ferrer.


  • Algeria
    Sunday Sep 30, 1956

    Algerian War

    The Milk Bar bombed

    Algeria
    Sunday Sep 30, 1956

    On the evening of 30 September 1956, a trio of female FLN militants recruited by Yacef Saâdi, Djamila Bouhired, Zohra Drif and Samia Lakhdari, carried out the first series of bomb attacks on three civilian targets in European Algiers. The bombs at the Milk Bar on Place Bugeaud and the Cafeteria on Rue Michelet killed 3 and injured 50, while the bomb at the Air France terminus failed to explode due to a faulty timer.


  • Eastbourne, Sussex, England
    Monday Oct 1, 1956

    Theresa May

    Birth

    Eastbourne, Sussex, England
    Monday Oct 1, 1956

    Born on 1 October 1956 in Eastbourne, Sussex.


  • Hungary
    Saturday Oct 6, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    László Rajk was Reburied

    Hungary
    Saturday Oct 6, 1956

    On 6 October 1956, László Rajk, who had been executed by the Rákosi government, was reburied in a moving ceremony that strengthened the party opposition.


  • Budapest, Hungary
    Monday Oct 22, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    Resurrect MEFESZ Student Union

    Budapest, Hungary
    Monday Oct 22, 1956

    By 22 October 1956, Technical University students had resurrected the banned MEFESZ student union.


  • Budapest, Hungary
    Tuesday Oct 23, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    Technical University Students Staged a demonstration

    Budapest, Hungary
    Tuesday Oct 23, 1956

    Technical University students staged a demonstration on 23 October that set off a chain of events leading directly to the revolution.


  • Budapest, Hungary
    Tuesday Oct 23, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    Protesters Convened Next To The Statue of József Bem

    Budapest, Hungary
    Tuesday Oct 23, 1956

    On the afternoon of 23 October 1956, approximately 20,400 protesters convened next to the statue of József Bem—a national hero of Poland and Hungary.


  • Budapest, Hungary
    Tuesday Oct 23, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    The Incident at Radio Budapest building

    Budapest, Hungary
    Tuesday Oct 23, 1956

    A large crowd gathered at the Radio Budapest building, which was heavily guarded by the ÁVH. The flash point was reached as a delegation attempting to broadcast their demands was detained and the crowd grew increasingly unruly as rumours spread that the protesters had been shot. Tear gas was thrown from the upper windows and the ÁVH opened fire on the crowd, killing many. The ÁVH tried to re-supply itself by hiding arms inside an ambulance, but the crowd detected the ruse and intercepted it. Hungarian soldiers sent to relieve the ÁVH hesitated and then, tearing the red stars from their caps, sided with the crowd. Provoked by the ÁVH attack, protesters reacted violently. Police cars were set ablaze, guns were seized from military depots and distributed to the masses and symbols of the Communist regime were vandalised.


  • Budapest, Hungary
    Tuesday Oct 23, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    Ernő Gerő Requested Soviet Military Intervention

    Budapest, Hungary
    Tuesday Oct 23, 1956

    During the night of 23 October, Hungarian Working People's Party Secretary Ernő Gerő requested Soviet military intervention "to suppress a demonstration that was reaching an ever greater and unprecedented scale". The Soviet leadership had formulated contingency plans for intervention in Hungary several months before.


  • Budapest, Hungary
    Wednesday Oct 24, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    Soviet Tanks were stationed outside the Parliament

    Budapest, Hungary
    Wednesday Oct 24, 1956

    By noon, on 24 October, Soviet tanks were stationed outside the Parliament, and Soviet soldiers guarded key bridges and crossroads. Armed revolutionaries quickly set up barricades to defend Budapest, and were reported to have already captured some Soviet tanks by mid-morning.


  • Budapest, Hungary
    Wednesday Oct 24, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    Imre Nagy Replaced András Hegedüs as Prime Minister

    Budapest, Hungary
    Wednesday Oct 24, 1956

    On 24 October, Imre Nagy replaced András Hegedüs as Prime Minister. On the radio, Nagy called for an end to violence and promised to initiate political reforms that had been shelved three years earlier. The population continued to arm itself as sporadic violence erupted.


  • Moscow, Russian SFSR
    Wednesday Oct 24, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    The Politburo discussed The Political Upheavals In Poland and Hungary

    Moscow, Russian SFSR
    Wednesday Oct 24, 1956

    On 24 October, the Presidium of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (the Politburo) discussed the political upheavals in Poland and Hungary.


  • Budapest, Hungary
    Thursday Oct 25, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    A mass of Protesters Gathered in Front of The Parliament Building

    Budapest, Hungary
    Thursday Oct 25, 1956

    On 25 October, a mass of protesters gathered in front of the Parliament Building. ÁVH units began shooting into the crowd from the rooftops of neighbouring buildings. Some Soviet soldiers returned fire on the ÁVH, mistakenly believing that they were the targets of the shooting. Supplied by arms taken from the ÁVH or given by Hungarian soldiers who joined the uprising, some in the crowd started shooting back.


  • Kecskemét, Hungary
    Friday Oct 26, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    The Military Action Towards The demonstrations in Front of The Office of State Security and The Local Jail

    Kecskemét, Hungary
    Friday Oct 26, 1956

    In the town of Kecskemét on 26 October, demonstrations in front of the office of State Security and the local jail led to military action by the Third Corps under the orders of Major General Lajos Gyurkó, in which seven protesters were shot and several of the organizers were arrested.


  • Csepel, Budapest, Hungary
    Saturday Oct 27, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    The Army Units Were brought In To Secure Csepel and Restore Order

    Csepel, Budapest, Hungary
    Saturday Oct 27, 1956

    On 27 October, army units were brought in to secure Csepel and restore order.


  • Hungary
    Sunday Oct 28, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    A Ceasefire Was Arranged

    Hungary
    Sunday Oct 28, 1956

    Hungarian general Béla Király, freed from a life sentence for political offences and acting with the support of the Nagy government, sought to restore order by unifying elements of the police, army and insurgent groups into a National Guard. A ceasefire was arranged on 28 October.


  • Suez Canal, Egypt
    Monday Oct 29, 1956

    Shimon Peres

    1956 Suez War

    Suez Canal, Egypt
    Monday Oct 29, 1956

    From 1954, as Director-General of the Ministry of Defense, Peres was involved in the planning of the 1956 Suez War, in partnership with France and Britain against Egypt.


  • Hungary
    Monday Oct 29, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    The Army Units withdrew from Csepel

    Hungary
    Monday Oct 29, 1956

    The army units withdrew from Csepel on 29 October, after which the rebels seized control of the area.


  • Hungary
    Monday Oct 29, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    There Were 71 Cases of Armed Clashes between The Army and The Populace In Fifty Communities

    Hungary
    Monday Oct 29, 1956

    From 24 to 29 October, however, there were 71 cases of armed clashes between the army and the populace in fifty communities, ranging from the defence of attacks on civilian and military objectives to fighting with insurgents depending on the commanding officer.


  • Budapest, Hungary
    Tuesday Oct 30, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    Attacking The Central Committee of The Communist Party building

    Budapest, Hungary
    Tuesday Oct 30, 1956

    On 30 October, Király's forces attacked the Central Committee of the Communist Party building.


  • Hungary
    Tuesday Oct 30, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    The Local Revolutionary Councils Had been Officially Sanctioned

    Hungary
    Tuesday Oct 30, 1956

    Local revolutionary councils formed throughout Hungary, generally without involvement from the preoccupied National Government in Budapest, and assumed various responsibilities of local government from the defunct Communist party. By 30 October, these councils had been officially sanctioned by the Hungarian Working People's Party, and the Nagy government asked for their support as "autonomous, democratic local organs formed during the Revolution".


  • Moscow, Russian SFSR
    Tuesday Oct 30, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    The Presidium decided not to temove the New Hungarian Government

    Moscow, Russian SFSR
    Tuesday Oct 30, 1956

    After some debate, the Presidium on 30 October decided not to remove the new Hungarian government.


  • Budapest, Hungary
    Tuesday Oct 30, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    Most Soviet Troops had Withdrawn from Budapest

    Budapest, Hungary
    Tuesday Oct 30, 1956

    By 30 October most Soviet troops had withdrawn from Budapest to garrisons in the Hungarian countryside.


  • Budapest, Hungary
    Tuesday Oct 30, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    Armed Protesters Attacked The ÁVH detachment Guarding The Budapest Hungarian Working People's Party Headquarters

    Budapest, Hungary
    Tuesday Oct 30, 1956

    On 30 October, armed protesters attacked the ÁVH detachment guarding the Budapest Hungarian Working People's Party headquarters on Köztársaság tér (Republic Square), incited by rumours of prisoners held there and the earlier shootings of demonstrators by the ÁVH in the city of Mosonmagyaróvár.


  • Vietnam
    Thursday Nov 1, 1956

    Ho Chi Minh

    The First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Thursday Nov 1, 1956

    On 1 November 1956, Hồ Chí Minh became the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Vietnam.


  • Hungary
    Thursday Nov 1, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    Nagy Formally declared Hungary's Withdrawal From The Warsaw Pact

    Hungary
    Thursday Nov 1, 1956

    On 1 November, in a radio address to the Hungarian people, Nagy formally declared Hungary's withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact as well as Hungary's stance of neutrality.


  • Hungary
    Thursday Nov 1, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    The Soviet Forces Had Entered Hungary From The East

    Hungary
    Thursday Nov 1, 1956

    On 1 November, Imre Nagy received reports that Soviet forces had entered Hungary from the east and were moving towards Budapest. Nagy sought and received assurances (which proved false) from Soviet ambassador Yuri Andropov that the Soviet Union would not invade. The Cabinet, with János Kádár in agreement, declared Hungary's neutrality, withdrew from the Warsaw Pact, and requested assistance from the diplomatic corps in Budapest and Dag Hammarskjöld, UN Secretary-General, to defend Hungary's neutrality. Ambassador Andropov was asked to inform his government that Hungary would begin negotiations on the removal of Soviet forces immediately.


  • Moscow, Russian SFSR
    Thursday Nov 1, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    Khrushchev left Moscow to Meet with his Warsaw Pact Allies

    Moscow, Russian SFSR
    Thursday Nov 1, 1956

    From 1 to 3 November, Khrushchev left Moscow to meet with his Warsaw Pact allies and inform them of the decision to intervene.


  • Tököl, Hungary
    Saturday Nov 3, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    The Negotiations On The Soviet Withdrawal

    Tököl, Hungary
    Saturday Nov 3, 1956

    On 3 November, a Hungarian delegation led by the Minister of Defense Pál Maléter was invited to attend negotiations on Soviet withdrawal at the Soviet Military Command at Tököl, near Budapest. At around midnight that evening, General Ivan Serov, Chief of the Soviet Security Police (KGB) ordered the arrest of the Hungarian delegation, and the next day, the Soviet army again attacked Budapest.


  • Hungary
    Sunday Nov 4, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    Fighting Ceased

    Hungary
    Sunday Nov 4, 1956

    Fighting ceased between 28 October and 4 November, as many Hungarians believed that Soviet military units were withdrawing from Hungary.


  • Hungary
    Sunday Nov 4, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    The Establishment of The "Revolutionary Workers'-Peasants' Government of Hungary"

    Hungary
    Sunday Nov 4, 1956

    During the early hours of 4 November, Ferenc Münnich announced on Radio Szolnok the establishment of the "Revolutionary Workers'-Peasants' Government of Hungary".


  • Budapest, Hungary
    Monday Nov 5, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    The Councils decided To End The Nationwide Labour Strikes and Resume Work

    Budapest, Hungary
    Monday Nov 5, 1956

    In total there were approximately 2,100 local revolutionary and workers councils with over 28,000 members. These councils held a combined conference in Budapest, deciding to end the nationwide labour strikes and resume work on 5 November, with the more important councils sending delegates to the Parliament to assure the Nagy government of their support.


  • Knightsbridge, London, SW1X 0EP England
    Wednesday Nov 7, 1956

    Prince Charles

    Education

    Knightsbridge, London, SW1X 0EP England
    Wednesday Nov 7, 1956

    Buckingham Palace announced in 1955 that Charles would attend school rather than have a private tutor, making him the first heir apparent to be educated in that manner. On 7 November 1956, Charles commenced classes at Hill House School, in west London.


  • U.S.
    Wednesday Nov 7, 1956

    United Nations

    UN peacekeeping force was established to end the Suez Crisis

    U.S.
    Wednesday Nov 7, 1956

    On 7 November 1956, the first UN peacekeeping force was established to end the Suez Crisis; however, the UN was unable to intervene against the USSR's simultaneous invasion of Hungary following that country's revolution.


  • Budapest, Hungary
    Thursday Nov 8, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    Most of Budapest Became Under Soviet Control

    Budapest, Hungary
    Thursday Nov 8, 1956

    With most of Budapest under Soviet control by 8 November, Kádár became Prime Minister of the "Revolutionary Worker-Peasant Government" and General Secretary of the Hungarian Communist Party. Few Hungarians rejoined the reorganised Party, its leadership having been purged under the supervision of the Soviet Praesidium, led by Georgy Malenkov and Mikhail Suslov.


  • Budapest, Hungary
    Thursday Nov 22, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    Nagy and His Group Were Arrested

    Budapest, Hungary
    Thursday Nov 22, 1956

    Imre Nagy along with Georg Lukács, Géza Losonczy, and László Rajk's widow, Júlia, took refuge in the Embassy of Yugoslavia as Soviet forces overran Budapest. Despite assurances of safe passage out of Hungary by the Soviets and the Kádár government, Nagy and his group were arrested when attempting to leave the embassy on 22 November and taken to Romania.


  • Cuba
    Sunday Nov 25, 1956

    Che Guevara

    Cuba's Revolution

    Cuba
    Sunday Nov 25, 1956

    The first step in Castro's revolutionary plan was an assault on Cuba from Mexico via the Granma, an old, leaky cabin cruiser. They set out for Cuba on November 25, 1956. Attacked by Batista's military soon after landing, many of the 82 men were either killed in the attack or executed upon capture; only 22 found each other afterwards.


  • Cuba
    Sunday Nov 25, 1956

    Che Guevara

    Batista's attack

    Cuba
    Sunday Nov 25, 1956

    The first step in Castro's revolutionary plan was an assault on Cuba from Mexico via the Granma, an old, leaky cabin cruiser. They set out for Cuba on November 25, 1956. Attacked by Batista's military soon after landing, many of the 82 men were either killed in the attack or executed upon capture; only 22 found each other afterwards.


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