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  • Cuba
    Thursday Jan 1, 1959

    Raúl Castro

    President Fulgencio Batista fled Cuba

    Cuba
    Thursday Jan 1, 1959

    In response to the victory by Che Guevara at the Battle of Santa Clara, the U.S.-backed President Fulgencio Batista fled Cuba in the early morning of 1 January 1959. After Batista's fall, Raúl had the task of overseeing trials and execution of scores (between 30 and 70) of soldiers loyal to deposed president Batista convicted of war crimes.




  • Havana, Cuba
    Friday Jan 2, 1959

    Che Guevara

    Control the Capital

    Havana, Cuba
    Friday Jan 2, 1959

    On January 2, Guevara entered Havana to take final control of the capital.




  • Cuba
    Thursday Jan 8, 1959

    Che Guevara

    Rally support in several large cities on his way to rolling victoriously

    Cuba
    Thursday Jan 8, 1959

    Fidel Castro took six more days to arrive, as he stopped to rally support in several large cities on his way to rolling victoriously into Havana on January 8, 1959.




  • Havana, Cuba
    Friday Jan 9, 1959

    Fidel Castro

    Castro reached Havana

    Havana, Cuba
    Friday Jan 9, 1959

    Heading toward Havana, he greeted cheering crowds at every town, giving press conferences and interviews. Castro reached Havana on 9 January 1959.




  • Cuba
    Monday Jan 26, 1959

    Raúl Castro

    Marriage

    Cuba
    Monday Jan 26, 1959

    Castro married Vilma Espín, a former Massachusetts Institute of Technology chemical engineering student and the daughter of a wealthy lawyer for the Bacardi rum company, on 26 January 1959.




  • Cuba
    Tuesday Jan 27, 1959

    Che Guevara

    Significant Speeches

    Cuba
    Tuesday Jan 27, 1959

    Along with ensuring "revolutionary justice", the other key early platform of Guevara was establishing agrarian land reform. Almost immediately after the success of the revolution, on January 27, 1959, Guevara made one of his most significant speeches where he talked about "the social ideas of the rebel army".




  • Texas, U.S.
    Friday Feb 6, 1959

    Computer

    Kilby's patent application

    Texas, U.S.
    Friday Feb 6, 1959

    In Kilby's patent application of 6 February 1959, Kilby described his new device as "a body of semiconductor material ... wherein all the components of the electronic circuit are completely integrated".


  • Havana, Cuba
    Monday Feb 16, 1959

    Fidel Castro

    The Prime Minister of Cuba

    Havana, Cuba
    Monday Feb 16, 1959

    On 16 February 1959, Castro was sworn in as Prime Minister of Cuba.


  • Havana, Cuba
    Monday Feb 16, 1959

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Castro took on the role of Prime Minister

    Havana, Cuba
    Monday Feb 16, 1959

    The presidency fell to Castro's chosen candidate, the lawyer Manuel Urrutia Lleó, while members of the MR-26-7 took control of most positions in the cabinet. On 16 February 1959, Castro himself took on the role of Prime Minister. Dismissing the need for elections, Castro proclaimed the new administration an example of direct democracy, in which the Cuban populace could assemble en masse at demonstrations and express their democratic will to him personally. Critics instead condemned the new regime as un-democratic.


  • Havana, Cuba
    Monday Feb 16, 1959

    Raúl Castro

    The Minister of Defence

    Havana, Cuba
    Monday Feb 16, 1959

    He was appointed Minister of the Revolutionary Armed Forces when it was founded in October 1959 and served in that capacity until February 2008.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Monday Mar 23, 1959

    James Bond

    Goldfinger was published

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Monday Mar 23, 1959

    Goldfinger novel was published. Goldfinger is the seventh novel in Ian Fleming's James Bond series. Written in January and February 1958, it was first published in the UK by Jonathan Cape on 23 March 1959.


  • Shanghai, China
    Wednesday Mar 25, 1959

    Mao Zedong

    The Secret meeting

    Shanghai, China
    Wednesday Mar 25, 1959

    At a secret meeting in the Jinjiang Hotel in Shanghai dated March 25, 1959, Mao specifically ordered the party to procure up to one third of all the grain, much more than had ever been the case. At the meeting he announced that "To distribute resources evenly will only ruin the Great Leap Forward. When there is not enough to eat, people starve to death. It is better to let half of the people die so that the other half can eat their fill."


  • New York, U.S.
    Saturday Apr 4, 1959

    Lucky Luciano

    Gambino became the most powerful

    New York, U.S.
    Saturday Apr 4, 1959

    On April 4, 1959, Genovese was convicted in New York of conspiracy to violate federal narcotics laws. Sent to prison for 15 years, Genovese tried to run his crime family from prison until his death in 1969. Meanwhile, Gambino now became the most powerful man in the Cosa Nostra.


  • Tarara, Havana, Cuba
    Tuesday Jun 2, 1959

    Che Guevara

    Second Marriage

    Tarara, Havana, Cuba
    Tuesday Jun 2, 1959

    On June 2, 1959, he married Aleida March, a Cuban-born member of the 26th of July movement with whom he had been living since late 1958. Guevara returned to the seaside village of Tarara in June for his honeymoon with Aleida.


  • Cuba
    Friday Jun 12, 1959

    Che Guevara

    A three-month tour

    Cuba
    Friday Jun 12, 1959

    On June 12, 1959, Castro sent Guevara out on a three-month tour of 14 mostly Bandung Pact countries (Morocco, Sudan, Egypt, Syria, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Indonesia, Japan, Yugoslavia, Greece) and the cities of Singapore and Hong Kong.


  • Lushan, Jiujiang, Jiangxi, China
    Thursday Jul 2, 1959

    Mao Zedong

    The Lushan Conference

    Lushan, Jiujiang, Jiangxi, China
    Thursday Jul 2, 1959

    At the Lushan Conference in July/August 1959, several ministers expressed concern that the Great Leap Forward had not proved as successful as planned. The most direct of these was Minister of Defence and Korean War veteran General Peng Dehuai. Following Peng's criticism of the Great Leap Forward, Mao orchestrated a purge of Peng and his supporters, stifling criticism of the Great Leap policies. Senior officials who reported the truth of the famine to Mao were branded as "right opportunists."


  • U.S.
    Saturday Jul 4, 1959

    Flag of the United States

    Alaska joined the U.S. flag

    U.S.
    Saturday Jul 4, 1959

    The flag was changed to have 49 stars. (for Alaska)


  • Moscow, Russia
    Friday Jul 24, 1959

    Richard Nixon

    The Opening of The American National Exhibition in Moscow

    Moscow, Russia
    Friday Jul 24, 1959

    In July 1959 President Eisenhower sent Nixon to the Soviet Union for the opening of the American National Exhibition in Moscow. On July 24, Nixon was touring the exhibits with Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev when the two stopped at a model of an American kitchen and engaged in an impromptu exchange about the merits of capitalism versus communism that became known as the "Kitchen Debate".


  • Finchley, London, England
    Thursday Oct 8, 1959

    Margaret Thatcher

    The 1959 Election

    Finchley, London, England
    Thursday Oct 8, 1959

    She was elected as MP for the seat after a hard campaign in the 1959 election.


  • Byimana, Rwanda
    Sunday Nov 1, 1959

    Rwandan genocide

    A Hutu sub-chief, was attacked close to his home

    Byimana, Rwanda
    Sunday Nov 1, 1959

    On 1 November 1959 Dominique Mbonyumutwa, a Hutu sub-chief, was attacked close to his home in Byimana, Gitarama prefecture, by supporters of the pro-Tutsi party. Mbonyumutwa survived, but rumours began spreading that he had been killed.


  • Israel
    Tuesday Nov 3, 1959

    Shimon Peres

    First elected to the Knesset

    Israel
    Tuesday Nov 3, 1959

    Peres was first elected to the Knesset in the 1959 elections, as a member of the Mapai party. He was given the role of Deputy Defense Minister, which he filled until 1965.


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