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  • U.S.
    Saturday Jan 2, 1960

    John F. Kennedy

    Presidential Nomination Announcement

    U.S.
    Saturday Jan 2, 1960

    On January 2, 1960, Kennedy announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.




  • Paris, France
    Friday Jan 29, 1960

    Algerian War

    De Gaulle called on his ineffective army to remain loyal

    Paris, France
    Friday Jan 29, 1960

    In Paris on January 29, 1960, De Gaulle called on his ineffective army to remain loyal and rallied popular support for his Algerian policy in a televised address.




  • Algiers, Algeria
    Monday Feb 1, 1960

    Algerian War

    Most of the Army heeded De Gaulle's call

    Algiers, Algeria
    Monday Feb 1, 1960

    Most of the Army heeded De Gaulle's call, and the siege of Algiers ended on February 1 with Lagaillarde surrendering to General Challe's command of the French Army in Algeria.




  • 25 Madison Avenue, New York City, New York, U.S.
    Monday Feb 15, 1960

    Sony Corporation

    Founding SCA

    25 Madison Avenue, New York City, New York, U.S.
    Monday Feb 15, 1960

    Sony co-founder Akio Morita founded Sony Corporation of America in 1960.




  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Monday Feb 15, 1960

    Akio Morita

    Establishing The Sony Corporation of America

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Monday Feb 15, 1960

    In 1960, the Sony Corporation of America (SONAM, currently abbreviated as SCA) was established in the United States.




  • Santiago, Chile
    Saturday Mar 12, 1960

    Pope Francis

    Officially became a Jesuit

    Santiago, Chile
    Saturday Mar 12, 1960

    At the conclusion of his novitiate in the Society of Jesus, Bergoglio officially became a Jesuit on 12 March 1960, when he made the religious profession of the initial, perpetual vows of poverty, chastity and obedience of a member of the order.




  • U.S.
    Thursday Mar 17, 1960

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    The CIA Put forward their Plan

    U.S.
    Thursday Mar 17, 1960

    On 17 March 1960, the CIA put forward their plan for the overthrow of Castro's administration to the U.S. National Security Council (NSC) where US President Dwight D. Eisenhower lended his support. The first stated objective of the plan was to "bring about the replacement of the Castro regime with one more devoted to the true interests of the Cuban people and more acceptable to the US in such a manner to avoid any appearance of US intervention."


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Monday Apr 11, 1960

    James Bond

    For Your Eyes Only was published

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Monday Apr 11, 1960

    For Your Eyes Only (short stories) was published.


  • Saint Anselm College, Goffstown, New Hampshire, U.S.
    Thursday May 5, 1960

    John F. Kennedy

    Saint Anselm College Speech

    Saint Anselm College, Goffstown, New Hampshire, U.S.
    Thursday May 5, 1960

    Kennedy gave a speech at Saint Anselm College on May 5, 1960, regarding America's conduct in the emerging Cold War. The address detailed how the American foreign policy should be conducted towards African nations, noting a hint of support for modern African nationalism by saying, "For we, too, founded a new nation on revolt from colonial rule".


  • Hughes Research Laboratories, Malibu, California, U.S.
    Monday May 16, 1960

    Laser

    Theodore H. Maiman operated the first functioning laser

    Hughes Research Laboratories, Malibu, California, U.S.
    Monday May 16, 1960

    On May 16, 1960, Theodore H. Maiman operated the first functioning laser at Hughes Research Laboratories, Malibu, California, ahead of several research teams, including those of Townes, at Columbia University, Arthur Schawlow, at Bell Labs, and Gould, at the TRG (Technical Research Group) company. Maiman's functional laser used a flashlamp-pumped synthetic ruby crystal to produce red laser light at 694 nanometers wavelength. The device was only capable of pulsed operation, due to its three-level pumping design scheme.


  • New Jersey, U.S.
    Tuesday Jun 7, 1960

    Atomic Bomb

    The 1960 Fort Dix IM-99 accident

    New Jersey, U.S.
    Tuesday Jun 7, 1960

    June 7, 1960: the 1960 Fort Dix IM-99 accident destroyed a Boeing CIM-10 Bomarc nuclear missile and shelter and contaminated the BOMARC Missile Accident Site in New Jersey.


  • U.S.
    Monday Jul 4, 1960

    Flag of the United States

    The Current Flag

    U.S.
    Monday Jul 4, 1960

    The flag was changed to have 50 stars. (for Hawaii)


  • Congo
    Thursday Jul 14, 1960

    United Nations

    UN established United Nations Operation in the Congo

    Congo
    Thursday Jul 14, 1960

    On 14 July 1960, the UN established United Nations Operation in the Congo (UNOC), the largest military force of its early decades, to bring order to the breakaway State of Katanga, restoring it to the control of the Democratic Republic of the Congo by 11 May 1964.


  • U.S.
    Sunday Jul 17, 1960

    Audrey Hepburn

    Sean Hepburn Ferrer

    U.S.
    Sunday Jul 17, 1960

    Hepburn's son Sean Hepburn Ferrer was born on 17 July 1960.


  • Christmas Island
    Friday Aug 5, 1960

    Christmas Island

    The Media Statement of The Minister For Territories

    Christmas Island
    Friday Aug 5, 1960

    In a media statement on 5 August 1960, the minister for territories, Paul Hasluck, said, among other things, that, "His extensive knowledge of the Malay language and the customs of the Asian people... has proved invaluable in the inauguration of Australian administration... During his two years on the island he had faced unavoidable difficulties... and constantly sought to advance the island's interests."


  • Cyprus
    Monday Aug 15, 1960

    Cypriot intercommunal violence

    Republic of Cyprus was proclaimed

    Cyprus
    Monday Aug 15, 1960

    On August 15, 1960, the Republic of Cyprus was proclaimed.


  • Hamburg, Germany
    Wednesday Aug 17, 1960

    The Beatles

    Moving to Hamburg

    Hamburg, Germany
    Wednesday Aug 17, 1960

    Allan Williams, the Beatles' unofficial manager, arranged a residency for them in Hamburg, but lacking a full-time drummer they auditioned and hired Pete Best in mid-August 1960. The band, now a five-piece, left four days later, contracted to club owner Bruno Koschmider for what would be a 3​1⁄2-month residency.


  • New Delhi, India
    Wednesday Sep 7, 1960

    Indira Gandhi

    Her Husband Death

    New Delhi, India
    Wednesday Sep 7, 1960

    Her marriage lasted 18 years, until Feroze died of a heart attack in 1960.


  • Vietnam
    Saturday Sep 10, 1960

    Ho Chi Minh

    Lê Duẩn was officially named Party Leader

    Vietnam
    Saturday Sep 10, 1960

    Lê Duẩn was officially named party leader in 1960, leaving Hồ to function in a secondary role as head of state and member of the Politburo. He nevertheless maintained considerable influence in the government.


  • Havana, Cuba
    Wednesday Sep 28, 1960

    Fidel Castro

    The Committees for the Defense of the Revolution

    Havana, Cuba
    Wednesday Sep 28, 1960

    In September 1960, they created the Committees for the Defense of the Revolution (CDR), a nationwide civilian organization which implemented neighborhood spying to detect counter-revolutionary activities as well as organizing health and education campaigns, becoming a conduit for public complaints.


  • Cuba
    Thursday Oct 13, 1960

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    The Start of an economic embargo

    Cuba
    Thursday Oct 13, 1960

    On 13 October 1960, the US government then prohibited the majority of exports to Cuba – the exceptions being medicines and certain foodstuffs – marking the start of an economic embargo.


  • U.S
    Thursday Oct 13, 1960

    Fidel Castro

    The U.S. Prohibited the Majority of Exports to Cuba

    U.S
    Thursday Oct 13, 1960

    On 13 October 1960, the U.S. prohibited the majority of exports to Cuba, initiating an economic embargo.


  • Cuba
    Friday Oct 14, 1960

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    The Retaliation

    Cuba
    Friday Oct 14, 1960

    In retaliation, the Cuban National Institute for Agrarian Reform took control of 383 private-run businesses on 14 October, and on 25 October a further 166 US companies operating in Cuba had their premises seized and nationalized, including Coca-Cola and Sears Roebuck.


  • Cuba
    Friday Oct 14, 1960

    Fidel Castro

    The Retaliation

    Cuba
    Friday Oct 14, 1960

    In retaliation, the National Institute for Agrarian Reform INRA took control of 383 private-run businesses on 14 October.


  • California, U.S.
    Friday Oct 21, 1960

    Neil Armstrong

    Resigning his Commission

    California, U.S.
    Friday Oct 21, 1960

    As a reservist, he continued to fly, with VF-724 at Naval Air Station Glenview in Illinois, and then, after moving to California, with VF-773 at Naval Air Station Los Alamitos. He remained in the reserve for eight years, before resigning his commission on October 21, 1960.


  • Cuba
    Tuesday Oct 25, 1960

    Fidel Castro

    U.S. Companies' Nationalization

    Cuba
    Tuesday Oct 25, 1960

    On 25 October a further 166 U.S. companies operating in Cuba had their premises seized and nationalized.


  • U.S.
    Saturday Oct 29, 1960

    Muhammad Ali Clay

    Professional debut

    U.S.
    Saturday Oct 29, 1960

    Clay made his professional debut on October 29, 1960, winning a six-round decision over Tunney Hunsaker.


  • Lanús, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Sunday Oct 30, 1960

    Diego Maradona

    Birth

    Lanús, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Sunday Oct 30, 1960

    Born Diego Armando Maradona in 30 October 1960, in Lanús, Buenos Aires, Argentina.


  • Cuba
    Monday Oct 31, 1960

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    The CIA Fail

    Cuba
    Monday Oct 31, 1960

    By 31 October 1960, most guerrilla infiltrations and supply drops directed by the CIA into Cuba had failed, and developments of further guerrilla strategies were replaced by plans to mount an initial amphibious assault, with a minimum of 1,500 men. The election of John Kennedy as US President sped up preparations for the invasion; Kennedy reached out to Cuban exiles who supported Batista and hinted he was willing to bring Batista back to power in order to overthrow Castro.


  • U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 8, 1960

    Richard Nixon

    Losing the 1960 United States presidential election

    U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 8, 1960

    In 1960 Nixon launched his first campaign for President of the United States. He faced little opposition in the Republican primaries and chose former Massachusetts Senator Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. as his running mate. His Democratic opponent was John F. Kennedy and the race remained close for the duration. Then a new political medium was introduced in the campaign: televised presidential debates. In the first of four such debates Nixon appeared pale, with a five o'clock shadow, in contrast to the photogenic Kennedy. Nixon's performance in the debate was perceived to be mediocre in the visual medium of television, though many people listening on the radio thought that Nixon had won. Nixon narrowly lost the election; Kennedy won the popular vote by only 112,827 votes (0.2 percent).


  • New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
    Monday Nov 14, 1960

    Ruby Bridges

    Judge J. Skelly Wright's court order for the first day of integrated schools in New Orleans

    New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
    Monday Nov 14, 1960

    Judge J. Skelly Wright's court order for the first day of integrated schools in New Orleans on Monday, November 14, 1960, was commemorated by Norman Rockwell in the painting, The Problem We All Live With (published in Look magazine on January 14, 1964).


  • New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
    Monday Nov 14, 1960

    Ruby Bridges

    Barbara Henry

    New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
    Monday Nov 14, 1960

    As soon as Bridges entered the school, white parents pulled their own children out; all the teachers except for one refused to teach while a black child was enrolled. Only one person agreed to teach Bridges and that was Barbara Henry, from Boston, Massachusetts, and for over a year Henry taught her alone, "as if she were teaching a whole class."


  • U.S.
    Friday Nov 18, 1960

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Telling President-elect John Kennedy about the outline plans

    U.S.
    Friday Nov 18, 1960

    On 18 November 1960, Allen Dulles and Richard Bissell first briefed President-elect John Kennedy on the outline plans. Having experience in actions such as the 1954 Guatemalan coup d'état, Dulles was confident that the CIA was capable of overthrowing the Cuban government.


  • Hamburg, Germany
    Sunday Nov 20, 1960

    The Beatles

    Harrison's deportation

    Hamburg, Germany
    Sunday Nov 20, 1960

    When Koschmider learned they had been performing at the rival Top Ten Club in breach of their contract, he gave the band one month's termination notice,and reported the underage Harrison, who had obtained permission to stay in Hamburg by lying to the German authorities about his age. The authorities arranged for Harrison's deportation in late November.


  • U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 29, 1960

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    The Chiefs' Meeting

    U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 29, 1960

    On 29 November 1960, President Eisenhower met with the chiefs of the CIA, Defense, State, and Treasury departments to discuss the new concept. None expressed any objections, and Eisenhower approved the plans with the intention of persuading John Kennedy of their merit. On 8 December 1960, Bissell presented outline plans to the "Special Group" while declining to commit details to written records.


  • Algeria
    Saturday Dec 3, 1960

    Algerian War

    Secret Army Organization

    Algeria
    Saturday Dec 3, 1960

    The loss of many ultra leaders who were imprisoned or transferred to other areas did not deter the French Algeria militants. Sent to prison in Paris and then paroled, Lagaillarde fled to Spain. There, with another French army officer, Raoul Salan, who had entered clandestinely, and with Jean-Jacques Susini, he created the Organisation armée secrète (Secret Army Organization, OAS) on December 3, 1960, with the purpose of continuing the fight for French Algeria. Highly organized and well-armed, the OAS stepped up its terrorist activities, which were directed against both Algerians and pro-government French citizens, as the move toward negotiated settlement of the war and self-determination gained momentum.


  • East Germany
    Saturday Dec 17, 1960

    Che Guevara

    A trade agreement in East Berlin

    East Germany
    Saturday Dec 17, 1960

    At the end of 1960 he visited Czechoslovakia, the Soviet Union, North Korea, Hungary and East Germany and signed, for instance, a trade agreement in East Berlin on December 17, 1960.


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