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  • Texas, U.S.
    Tuesday Jan 1, 1980

    Juneteenth

    Officially made a state holiday

    Texas, U.S.
    Tuesday Jan 1, 1980

    The bill passed through the Texas Legislature in 1979 and was officially made a state holiday on January 1, 1980.




  • India
    Wednesday Jan 2, 1980

    Indira Gandhi

    The 1980 Elections

    India
    Wednesday Jan 2, 1980

    Before the 1980 elections Gandhi approached the then Shahi Imam of Jama Masjid, Syed Abdullah Bukhari and entered into an agreement with him on the basis of 10-point programme to secure the support of the Muslim votes. In the elections held in January, Congress returned to power with a landslide majority.




  • Iran
    Sunday Feb 3, 1980

    Ruhollah Khomeini

    First president of Iran

    Iran
    Sunday Feb 3, 1980

    On 4 February 1980, Abolhassan Banisadr was elected as the first president of Iran.




  • Brazil
    Sunday Feb 10, 1980

    Lula da Silva

    Workers' Party

    Brazil
    Sunday Feb 10, 1980

    On 10 February 1980, a group of academics, intellectuals, and union leaders, including Lula, founded the Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) or Workers' Party, a left-wing party with progressive ideas created in the midst of Brazil's military government.




  • Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Friday Mar 21, 1980

    Ronaldinho

    Birth

    Porto Alegre, Brazil
    Friday Mar 21, 1980

    Ronaldo de Assis Moreira was born 21 March 1980 in the city of Porto Alegre, the state capital of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.




  • Milton, Massachusetts, U.S.
    Tuesday Apr 1, 1980

    April Fools' Day

    Pranks (U.S.)

    Milton, Massachusetts, U.S.
    Tuesday Apr 1, 1980

    Great Blue Hill eruption prank: On April 1, 1980, Boston television station WNAC-TV aired a fake news bulletin at the end of the 6 o'clock news which reported that Great Blue Hill in Milton, Massachusetts was erupting. The prank resulted in panic in Milton, where some residents began to flee their homes. The executive producer of the 6 o'clock news, Homer Cilley, was fired by the station for "his failure to exercise good news judgment" and for violating the Federal Communications Commission's rules about showing stock footage without identifying it as such.




  • Iran
    Sunday Apr 6, 1980

    Jimmy Carter

    Economic sanctions

    Iran
    Sunday Apr 6, 1980

    On April 7, 1980, Carter issued Executive Order 12205, imposing economic sanctions against Iran and announced further measures being taken by members of his cabinet and the American government that he deemed necessary to ensure a safe release.


  • Iran
    Thursday Apr 24, 1980

    Jimmy Carter

    Operation Eagle Claw

    Iran
    Thursday Apr 24, 1980

    On April 24, 1980, Carter ordered Operation Eagle Claw to try to free the hostages. The mission failed, leaving eight American servicemen dead and causing the destruction of two aircraft.


  • Serbia
    Sunday May 4, 1980

    Kosovo War

    Tito's Death

    Serbia
    Sunday May 4, 1980

    Provincial power was still exercised by the Communist Party, but now devolved mainly to ethnic Albanian communists. Tito's death on 4 May 1980 ushered in a long period of political instability, worsened by growing economic crisis and nationalist unrest.


  • Ljubljana, SR Slovenia, SFR Yugoslavia (now Slovenia)
    Sunday May 4, 1980

    Josip Broz Tito

    Death

    Ljubljana, SR Slovenia, SFR Yugoslavia (now Slovenia)
    Sunday May 4, 1980

    Tito died at the Medical Centre of Ljubljana on 4 May 1980, three days short of his 88th birthday.


  • U.S.
    Friday Jun 13, 1980

    Murder of Gabriel Fernandez

    Aguirre's Birth

    U.S.
    Friday Jun 13, 1980

    Isauro Aguirre, also known as Tony Aguirre, was born on June 13, 1980. Aguirre repeated two grades in school and ultimately dropped out, implying a possible learning disability.


  • New Delhi, India
    Sunday Jun 22, 1980

    Indira Gandhi

    son's Death

    New Delhi, India
    Sunday Jun 22, 1980

    On 23 June, Gandhi's son Sanjay was killed in an air crash while performing an aerobatic manoeuvre in New Delhi.


  • New Mexico, U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 1, 1980

    Bill Gates

    IBM approached Microsoft

    New Mexico, U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 1, 1980

    IBM approached Microsoft in July 1980 in reference to an operating system for its upcoming personal computer, the IBM PC. IBM first proposed that Microsoft write the Basic interpreter.


  • Hamilton, Waikato, New Zealand
    Sunday Jul 27, 1980

    Jacinda Ardern

    Birth

    Hamilton, Waikato, New Zealand
    Sunday Jul 27, 1980

    Jacinda was born in Hamilton, New Zealand, Ardern grew up as a Mormon in Morrinsville and Murupara, where her father, Ross Ardern, worked as a police officer, and her mother, Laurell Ardern (née Bottomley), worked as a school catering assistant.


  • Riyadh, Saudia Arabia
    Tuesday Aug 19, 1980

    Plane Accidents

    Saudia Flight 163

    Riyadh, Saudia Arabia
    Tuesday Aug 19, 1980

    Saudi Arabian Airlines Flight 163, a Lockheed L-1011, became the world's deadliest aviation accident that did not involve a crash. On August 19, 1980, The crew performed an emergency landing at Riyadh after a fire broke out in an aft baggage compartment. The fire burned through the ceiling of the compartment and into the passenger cabin. While the crew managed to land the plane safely, the captain did not stop immediately and order an evacuation. He taxied off the runway instead, by which time everyone in the cabin had become unconscious due to fumes and unable to open any doors or evacuate. All 301 passengers and crew died of suffocation before rescue ground crews could open any door, after which the aircraft burst into flames and was consumed by fire.


  • Michigan, U.S.
    Friday Sep 12, 1980

    Jimmy Hoffa

    Death of His Wiife

    Michigan, U.S.
    Friday Sep 12, 1980

    Hoffa's wife, Josephine, died on September 12, 1980. She is entombed in Michigan.


  • Baghdad, Iraq
    Wednesday Sep 17, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    Iraq abrogated The Algiers Protocol

    Baghdad, Iraq
    Wednesday Sep 17, 1980

    on 17 September 1980, Iraq suddenly abrogated the Algiers Protocol following the Iranian revolution. Saddam Hussein claimed that the Islamic Republic of Iran refused to abide by the stipulations of the Algiers Protocol and, therefore, Iraq considered the Protocol null and void. Five days later, the Iraqi army crossed the border.


  • Damascus, Arkansas, U.S.
    Thursday Sep 18, 1980

    Atomic Bomb

    The Damascus Accident

    Damascus, Arkansas, U.S.
    Thursday Sep 18, 1980

    September 18–19, 1980: the Damascus Accident, occurred in Damascus, Arkansas, where a Titan missile equipped with a nuclear warhead exploded. The accident was caused by a maintenance man who dropped a socket from a socket wrench down an 80-foot (24 m) shaft, puncturing a fuel tank on the rocket. Leaking fuel resulted in a hypergolic fuel explosion, jettisoning the W-53 warhead beyond the launch site.


  • Iran
    Sunday Sep 21, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    Iraqi Air Force Launched Surprise Air Strikes

    Iran
    Sunday Sep 21, 1980

    Iraq launched a full-scale invasion of Iran on 22 September 1980. The Iraqi Air Force launched surprise air strikes on ten Iranian airfields with the objective of destroying the Iranian Air Force. The attack failed to damage the Iranian Air Force significantly; it damaged some of Iran's airbase infrastructure, but failed to destroy a significant number of aircraft.


  • Iran
    Sunday Sep 21, 1980

    Ruhollah Khomeini

    War with Iraq

    Iran
    Sunday Sep 21, 1980

    Iraq launched a full-scale invasion of Iran, beginning the Iran–Iraq War (September 1980 – August 1988).


  • Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Sunday Sep 21, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    Starting The Battle of Khorramshahr

    Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Sunday Sep 21, 1980

    On 22 September, a prolonged battle began in the city of Khorramshahr, eventually leaving 7,000 dead on each side. Reflecting the bloody nature of the struggle, Iranians came to call Khorramshahr "City of Blood".


  • Iran
    Monday Sep 22, 1980

    Qasem Soleimani

    Iran–Iraq War

    Iran
    Monday Sep 22, 1980

    On 22 September 1980, when Saddam Hussein launched an invasion of Iran, setting off the Iran–Iraq War (1980–1988), Soleimani joined the battlefield serving as the leader of a military company, consisting of men from Kerman whom he assembled and trained.


  • Iran
    Monday Sep 22, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    IraqI ground invasion To Iran

    Iran
    Monday Sep 22, 1980

    The next day, Iraq launched a ground invasion along a front measuring 644 km (400 mi) in three simultaneous attacks. The invasion's purpose, according to Saddam, was to blunt the edge of Khomeini's movement and to thwart his attempts to export his Islamic revolution to Iraq and the Persian Gulf states.


  • Iraqi
    Tuesday Sep 23, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    Operation Kaman 99

    Iraqi
    Tuesday Sep 23, 1980

    Though the Iraqi air invasion surprised the Iranians, the Iranian air force retaliated the day after with a large-scale attack against Iraqi air bases and infrastructure in Operation Kaman 99. Groups of F-4 Phantom and F-5 Tiger fighter jets attacked targets throughout Iraq, such as oil facilities, dams, petrochemical plants, and oil refineries, and included Mosul Airbase, Baghdad, and the Kirkuk oil refinery.


  • The Benedum Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
    Tuesday Sep 23, 1980

    Bob Marley

    Marley's Last Concert

    The Benedum Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
    Tuesday Sep 23, 1980

    Marley's last concert occurred at the Stanley Theater (now called The Benedum Center For The Performing Arts) in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on 23 September 1980.


  • Basra, Iraq
    Wednesday Sep 24, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    The Iranian Navy Attack

    Basra, Iraq
    Wednesday Sep 24, 1980

    On 24 September, the Iranian Navy attacked Basra, Iraq, destroying two oil terminals near the Iraqi port Faw, which reduced Iraq's ability to export oil. The Iranian ground forces (primarily consisting of the Revolutionary Guard) retreated to the cities, where they set up defences against the invaders.


  • Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Monday Sep 29, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    Clearing The Iranians From The outskirts of The city

    Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Monday Sep 29, 1980

    By 30 September, the Iraqis had managed to clear the Iranians from the outskirts of the city. The next day, the Iraqis launched infantry and armoured attacks into the city. After heavy house-to-house fighting, the Iraqis were repelled.


  • Baghdad, Iraq
    Tuesday Sep 30, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    Operation Scorch Sword

    Baghdad, Iraq
    Tuesday Sep 30, 1980

    On 30 September, Iran's air force launched Operation Scorch Sword, striking and badly damaging the nearly-complete Osirak nuclear reactor near Baghdad.


  • Baghdad, Iraq
    Wednesday Oct 1, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    Air attacks

    Baghdad, Iraq
    Wednesday Oct 1, 1980

    By 1 October, Baghdad had been subjected to eight air attacks. In response, Iraq launched aerial strikes against Iranian targets.


  • Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S.
    Thursday Oct 2, 1980

    Muhammad Ali Clay

    Ali dominated

    Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S.
    Thursday Oct 2, 1980

    The fight took place on October 2, 1980, in Las Vegas Valley, with Holmes easily dominating Ali, who was weakened from thyroid medication he had taken to lose weight. Holmes defeated Ali by 10th round TKO.


  • Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Monday Oct 13, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    The Iraqis Launched a Second offensive on Khorramshahr

    Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Monday Oct 13, 1980

    On 14 October, the Iraqis launched a second offensive. The Iranians launched a controlled withdrawal from the city, street by street.


  • U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 4, 1980

    Jimmy Carter

    The 1980 United States presidential election

    U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 4, 1980

    The 1980 United States presidential election was the 49th quadrennial presidential election. It was held on November 4, 1980. Republican nominee Ronald Reagan defeated incumbent Democrat Jimmy Carter. Due to the rise of conservativism following Reagan's victory, some historians consider the election to be a realigning election that marked the start of the "Reagan Era".


  • Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Sunday Nov 9, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    Capturing the city of Khorramshahr

    Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Sunday Nov 9, 1980

    By 24 October, most of the city was captured, and the Iranians evacuated across the Karun River. Some partisans remained, and fighting continued until 10 November.


  • Iraq
    Friday Nov 28, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    Operation Morvarid

    Iraq
    Friday Nov 28, 1980

    On 28 November, Iran launched Operation Morvarid (Pearl), a combined air and sea attack which destroyed 80% of Iraq's navy and all of its radar sites in the southern portion of the country.


  • Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Sunday Nov 30, 1980

    Johan Cruyff

    Technical advisor

    Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Sunday Nov 30, 1980

    After his spell in the U.S. and a short-lived stay in Spain, Cruyff returned to play in his homeland, rejoining Ajax on 30 November 1980 as "technical advisor" to trainer Leo Beenhakker, Ajax being eighth in the league table at the time after 13 games played. After 34 games, however, Ajax finished the 1980–81 season in second.


  • U.S.
    Saturday Dec 6, 1980

    Robin Williams

    First major performance

    U.S.
    Saturday Dec 6, 1980

    His first major performance is as the title character in Popeye (1980). There, Williams showcased the acting skills previously demonstrated in his television work; and the film's commercial disappointment was not blamed on his performance.


  • Iran
    Saturday Dec 6, 1980

    Iran–Iraq War

    Going on the defensive

    Iran
    Saturday Dec 6, 1980

    On 7 December, Hussein announced that Iraq was going on the defensive. By the end of 1980, Iraq had destroyed about 500 Western-built Iranian tanks and captured 100 others.


  • New York, U.S.
    Monday Dec 8, 1980

    The Beatles

    Lennon's Death

    New York, U.S.
    Monday Dec 8, 1980

    In December 1980, Lennon was shot and killed outside his New York City apartment.


  • Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.
    Tuesday Dec 16, 1980

    KFC

    Death of Creator

    Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.
    Tuesday Dec 16, 1980

    On 16 December 1980, his promotional work making him a prominent figure in American cultural history. By the time of his death, there were an estimated 6,000 KFC outlets in 48 different countries worldwide, with $2 billion of sales annually.


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