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  • U.S.
    Sunday Jan 2, 1983

    Internet

    Flag day

    U.S.
    Sunday Jan 2, 1983

    ARPANET became the technical core of what would become the Internet, and a primary tool in developing the technologies used. The early ARPANET used the Network Control Program (NCP, sometimes Network Control Protocol) rather than TCP/IP. On January 1, 1983, known as flag day, NCP on the ARPANET was replaced by the more flexible and powerful family of TCP/IP protocols, marking the start of the modern Internet.




  • Al-Fakkah Field, al-Amarah, Iraq
    Sunday Feb 6, 1983

    Iran–Iraq War

    Operation Fajr al-Nasr (Dawn of Victory)

    Al-Fakkah Field, al-Amarah, Iraq
    Sunday Feb 6, 1983

    In Operation Fajr al-Nasr (Before the Dawn/Dawn of Victory), launched 6 February 1983, the Iranians shifted focus from the southern to the central and northern sectors. Employing 200,000 "last reserve" Revolutionary Guard troops, Iran attacked along a 40 km (25 mi) stretch near al-Amarah, Iraq, about 200 km (120 mi) southeast of Baghdad, in an attempt to reach the highways connecting northern and southern Iraq. The attack was stalled by 60 km (37 mi) of hilly escarpments, forests, and river torrents blanketing the way to al-Amarah, but the Iraqis could not force the Iranians back. Iran directed artillery on Basra, Al Amarah, and Mandali.




  • Australia
    Wednesday Feb 16, 1983

    Disasters with highest death tolls

    Ash Wednesday Bushfires

    Australia
    Wednesday Feb 16, 1983

    The Ash Wednesday bushfires, known in South Australia as Ash Wednesday II, were a series of bushfires that occurred in south-eastern Australia on 16 February 1983, which was Ash Wednesday in the Christian calendar. In Victoria 47 people died. There were 28 deaths in South Australia. This included 14 CFA and 3 CFS volunteer fire-fighters who died across both states that day.




  • Majnoon Island, Iraq
    Sunday Feb 27, 1983

    Iran–Iraq War

    capturing Majnoon Island

    Majnoon Island, Iraq
    Sunday Feb 27, 1983

    By 27 February, they had captured the island, but suffered catastrophic helicopter losses to IRAF. On that day, a massive array of Iranian helicopters transporting Pasdaran troops were intercepted by Iraqi combat aircraft (MiGs, Mirages and Sukhois).




  • U.S.
    Sunday Mar 6, 1983

    Mobile Phones

    The DynaTAC 8000X mobile phone

    U.S.
    Sunday Mar 6, 1983

    On 6 March 1983, the DynaTAC 8000X mobile phone launched on the first US 1G network by Ameritech. It cost $100M to develop, and took over a decade to reach the market. The phone had a talk time of just thirty-five minutes and took ten hours to charge. Consumer demand was strong despite the battery life, weight, and low talk time, and waiting lists were in the thousands.




  • Iraq
    Sunday Apr 10, 1983

    Iran–Iraq War

    Operation Dawn-1

    Iraq
    Sunday Apr 10, 1983

    From early 1983–1984, Iran launched a series of four Valfajr (Dawn) Operations (that eventually numbered to 10). During Operation Dawn-1, in early February 1983, 50,000 Iranian forces attacked westward from Dezful and were confronted by 55,000 Iraqi forces. The Iranian objective was to cut off the road from Basra to Baghdad in the central sector. **place needs to be revised




  • San Francisco, California, U.S.
    Sunday Apr 10, 1983

    Nancy Pelosi

    Phillip Burton died

    San Francisco, California, U.S.
    Sunday Apr 10, 1983

    Phillip Burton died in 1983 and was succeeded by his wife, Sala. In late 1986, Sala became ill with cancer and decided not to run for reelection in 1988. She picked Pelosi as her designated successor, guaranteeing her the support of the Burtons' contacts.


  • California, U.S.
    Monday Apr 11, 1983

    Robin Williams

    First child

    California, U.S.
    Monday Apr 11, 1983

    William's first son Zachary Pym "Zak" Williams was born in 1983.


  • Amritsar, Punjab, India
    Friday Apr 22, 1983

    Indira Gandhi

    The Punjab Police Deputy was shot dead

    Amritsar, Punjab, India
    Friday Apr 22, 1983

    On 23 April 1983, the Punjab Police Deputy Inspector General A. S. Atwal was shot dead as he left the Temple compound. The following day, after the murder, Harchand Singh Longowal confirmed the involvement of Bhindranwale in the murder.


  • United Kingdom and U.S.
    Monday Jun 6, 1983

    James Bond

    Octopussy

    United Kingdom and U.S.
    Monday Jun 6, 1983

    Octopussy is a 1983 spy film and the thirteenth in the James Bond series produced by Eon Productions; it was the sixth to star Roger Moore as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond. It was directed by John Glen and the screenplay was written by George MacDonald Fraser, Richard Maibaum, and Michael G. Wilson.


  • Sedgefield, England
    Thursday Jun 9, 1983

    Tony Blair

    1983 General Election

    Sedgefield, England
    Thursday Jun 9, 1983

    At the age of thirty, he was elected as MP for Sedgefield in 1983; despite the party's landslide defeat at the general election.


  • London, England
    Thursday Jun 9, 1983

    Margaret Thatcher

    Thatcher re-elected for a second successive term

    London, England
    Thursday Jun 9, 1983

    The "Falklands factor", an economic recovery beginning early in 1982, and a bitterly divided opposition all contributed to Thatcher's second election victory in 1983.


  • United Kingdom
    Thursday Jun 9, 1983

    Brexit

    The 1983 general election

    United Kingdom
    Thursday Jun 9, 1983

    The Labour Party campaigned in the 1983 general election on a commitment to withdraw from the EC without a referendum.


  • United Kingdom
    Thursday Jul 7, 1983

    James Bond

    Icebreaker was published

    United Kingdom
    Thursday Jul 7, 1983

    Icebreaker, first published in 1983, was the third novel by John Gardner featuring Ian Fleming's secret agent, James Bond. Carrying the Glidrose Publications copyright, it was first published in the United Kingdom by Jonathan Cape and is the first Bond novel to be published in the United States by Putnam, beginning a long-standing association.


  • Haj Omran, Iraq
    Saturday Jul 23, 1983

    Iran–Iraq War

    Capturing the Iraqi town of Haj Omran

    Haj Omran, Iraq
    Saturday Jul 23, 1983

    During Operation Dawn-2, the Iranians directed insurgency operations by proxy in April 1983 by supporting the Kurds in the north. With Kurdish support, the Iranians attacked on 23 July 1983, capturing the Iraqi town of Haj Omran and maintaining it against an Iraqi poison gas counteroffensive. This operation incited Iraq to later conduct indiscriminate chemical attacks against the Kurds.


  • East Germany, Germany
    Thursday Jul 28, 1983

    Vladimir Putin

    Marriage

    East Germany, Germany
    Thursday Jul 28, 1983

    On 28 July 1983, Putin married Lyudmila Shkrebneva, and they lived together in East Germany from 1985 to 1990. They have two daughters, Mariya Putina, born 28 April 1985 in Leningrad, and Yekaterina Putina, born 31 August 1986 in Dresden, East Germany.


  • Mehran, Ilam Province, Iran
    Friday Jul 29, 1983

    Iran–Iraq War

    Operation Dawn 3

    Mehran, Ilam Province, Iran
    Friday Jul 29, 1983

    The Iranians attempted to further exploit activities in the north on 30 July 1983, during Operation Dawn-3. Iran saw an opportunity to sweep away Iraqi forces controlling the roads between the Iranian mountain border towns of Mehran, Dehloran and Elam. Iraq launched airstrikes, and equipped attack helicopters with chemical warheads; while ineffective, it demonstrated both the Iraqi general staff's and Saddam's increasing interest in using chemical weapons. In the end, 17,000 had been killed on both sides, with no gain for either country.


  • West Berlin, Germany
    Monday Aug 1, 1983

    Carlos the Jackal

    The Maison de France in West Berlin attack

    West Berlin, Germany
    Monday Aug 1, 1983

    In August 1983, he also attacked the Maison de France in West Berlin, killing one man and injuring twenty-two.


  • U.S.
    Monday Aug 29, 1983

    Murder of Gabriel Fernandez

    Pearl's Birth

    U.S.
    Monday Aug 29, 1983

    Pearl Sinthia Fernandez was born on August 29, 1983 to Robert and Sandra Fernandez.


  • Moneron Island, Soviet Union
    Thursday Sep 1, 1983

    Plane Accidents

    Korean Air Lines Flight 007

    Moneron Island, Soviet Union
    Thursday Sep 1, 1983

    Soviet interceptor Sukhoi Su-15 shot down Korean Air Lines Flight 007, a Boeing 747-230B, bound for Gimpo International Airport in Seoul, South Korea, after it flew into Soviet airspace; all 269 passengers and crew on board died.


  • Lithuania / Europe
    Tuesday Sep 13, 1983

    Nuclear Power

    Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant

    Lithuania / Europe
    Tuesday Sep 13, 1983

    The Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant is a decommissioned two-unit RBMK-1500 nuclear power station in Visaginas Municipality, Lithuania. It was named after the nearby city of Ignalina. Due to the plant's similarities to the infamous Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in both reactors.


  • Jobra, Bangladesh
    Saturday Oct 1, 1983

    Muhammad Yunus

    The Pilot Project began Operation as a Full-Fledged Bank ("Village Bank")

    Jobra, Bangladesh
    Saturday Oct 1, 1983

    By 1982, it had 28,000 members. On 1 October 1983, the pilot project began operation as a full-fledged bank for poor Bangladeshis and was renamed Grameen Bank ("Village Bank").


  • Murray Hill, New Jersey, U.S.
    Thursday Oct 13, 1983

    Mobile Phones

    The First analog Cellular System Widely deployed in North America

    Murray Hill, New Jersey, U.S.
    Thursday Oct 13, 1983

    The first analog cellular system widely deployed in North America was the Advanced Mobile Phone System (AMPS). It was commercially introduced in the Americas in 13 October 1983, Israel in 1986, and Australia in 1987. AMPS was a pioneering technology that helped drive mass market usage of cellular technology, but it had several serious issues by modern standards. It was unencrypted and easily vulnerable to eavesdropping via a scanner; it was susceptible to cell phone "cloning" and it used a Frequency-division multiple access (FDMA) scheme and required significant amounts of wireless spectrum to support.


  • Lebanon
    Sunday Oct 23, 1983

    Ronald Reagan

    Lebanese Civil War

    Lebanon
    Sunday Oct 23, 1983

    With the approval of Congress, Reagan sent forces to Lebanon in 1983 to reduce the threat of the Lebanese Civil War. The American peacekeeping forces in Beirut, a part of a multinational force during the Lebanese Civil War, were attacked on October 23, 1983.


  • Grenada, Carribean islands
    Tuesday Oct 25, 1983

    Ronald Reagan

    Operation Urgent Fury of Grenada

    Grenada, Carribean islands
    Tuesday Oct 25, 1983

    On October 25, 1983, Reagan ordered U.S. forces to invade Grenada (codenamed "Operation Urgent Fury") where a 1979 coup d'état had established an independent non-aligned Marxist–Leninist government.


  • Redmond, Washington, U.S.
    Thursday Nov 10, 1983

    Windows

    Announcment

    Redmond, Washington, U.S.
    Thursday Nov 10, 1983

    Microsoft Windows was announced by Bill Gates on November 10, 1983.


  • Kuwait City, Kuwait
    Monday Dec 12, 1983

    Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis

    December 1983 bomb attacks on U.S. and French embassies

    Kuwait City, Kuwait
    Monday Dec 12, 1983

    Hours after the December 1983 bomb attacks on U.S. and French embassies in Kuwait, he fled to Iran.


  • Marseille, France
    Saturday Dec 31, 1983

    Carlos the Jackal

    Bombing of the Marseille-Paris TGV train

    Marseille, France
    Saturday Dec 31, 1983

    The bombing of the Marseille-Paris TGV train (3 dead, 12 injured).


  • Marseille, France
    Saturday Dec 31, 1983

    Carlos the Jackal

    Bombing of the Gare Saint-Charles

    Marseille, France
    Saturday Dec 31, 1983

    The bombing of the Gare Saint-Charles in Marseille on December 31, 1983 (2 dead, 33 injured).


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