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  • Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 20, 1988

    The Beatles

    The Beatles were Inducted Into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame

    Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 20, 1988

    In 1988, the Beatles were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, their first year of eligibility. Harrison and Starr attended the ceremony with Lennon's widow, Yoko Ono, and his two sons, Julian and Sean. McCartney declined to attend, citing unresolved "business differences" that would make him "feel like a complete hypocrite waving and smiling with them at a fake reunion".




  • Stepanakert, Azerbaijan
    Saturday Feb 20, 1988

    Dissolution of the Soviet Union

    Join with the Soviet Socialist Republic of Armenia

    Stepanakert, Azerbaijan
    Saturday Feb 20, 1988

    On February 20, 1988, after a week of growing demonstrations in Stepanakert, capital of the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast (the Armenian majority area within the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic), the Regional Soviet voted to secede and join with the Soviet Socialist Republic of Armenia.




  • England
    Tuesday Mar 1, 1988

    Stephen Hawking

    A Brief History of Time

    England
    Tuesday Mar 1, 1988

    Publishes "A Brief History of Time," a book on cosmology aimed at the general public that becomes an instant bestseller.




  • Panama
    Wednesday Mar 16, 1988

    Invasion of Panama

    The First Coup attempt

    Panama
    Wednesday Mar 16, 1988

    In March 1988, Noriega's forces resisted an attempted coup against the government of Panama. As relations continued to deteriorate, Noriega appeared to shift his Cold War allegiance towards the Soviet bloc, soliciting and receiving military aid from Cuba, Nicaragua, and Libya. American military planners began preparing contingency plans to invade Panama.




  • Stockholm, Sweden
    Friday Apr 1, 1988

    Nokia

    Buying the Computer Division of Ericsson's Information Systems

    Stockholm, Sweden
    Friday Apr 1, 1988

    On 1 April 1988, Nokia bought the computer division of Ericsson's Information Systems, which originated as a computer division of Swedish aircraft and car manufacturer Saab called Datasaab.




  • Hillsborough Stadium, Sheffield, England, United Kingdom
    Saturday Apr 9, 1988

    Hillsborough events

    FA Cup semi-final 1987-1988

    Hillsborough Stadium, Sheffield, England, United Kingdom
    Saturday Apr 9, 1988

    Liverpool and Nottingham Forest met in the semi-final at Hillsborough in 1988, and fans reported crushing at the Leppings Lane end. Liverpool lodged a complaint before the match in 1989. One supporter wrote to the Football Association and Minister for Sport complaining, "The whole area was packed solid to the point where it was impossible to move and where I, and others around me, felt considerable concern for personal safety"




  • Al-Faw, Iraq
    Sunday Apr 17, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    Second Battle of al-Faw

    Al-Faw, Iraq
    Sunday Apr 17, 1988

    On 17 April 1988, Iraq launched Operation Ramadan Mubarak (Blessed Ramadan), a surprise attack against the 15,000 Basij troops on the peninsula, and within 48 hours, all of the Iranian forces had been killed or cleared from the al-Faw Peninsula.


  • Persian Gulf
    Monday Apr 18, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    Operation Praying Mantis

    Persian Gulf
    Monday Apr 18, 1988

    The same day as Iraq's attack on al-Faw peninsula, the United States Navy launched Operation Praying Mantis in retaliation against Iran for damaging a warship with a mine. Iran lost oil platforms, destroyers, and frigates in this battle, which ended only when President Reagan decided that the Iranian navy had been put down enough.


  • Kiev, Ukraine
    Tuesday Apr 26, 1988

    Dissolution of the Soviet Union

    Second anniversary of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster

    Kiev, Ukraine
    Tuesday Apr 26, 1988

    On April 26, 1988, about 500 people participated in a march organized by the Ukrainian Cultural Club on Kiev's Khreschatyk Street to mark the second anniversary of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster, carrying placards with slogans like "Openness and Democracy to the End".


  • Gilgit-Baltistan
    Monday May 16, 1988

    Bin Laden

    Gilgit massacre

    Gilgit-Baltistan
    Monday May 16, 1988

    Large numbers of Shias in the city and surrounding region of Gilgit were killed in a massacre that occurred in response to rumors of a massacre of Sunnis by Shias, in May 1988. Shia civilians were also subjected to rape.


  • Iraqi-Iranian Border
    Wednesday May 25, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    The First Tawakalna ala Allah (Trust in God) Operation

    Iraqi-Iranian Border
    Wednesday May 25, 1988

    On 25 May 1988, Iraq launched the first of five Tawakalna ala Allah (Trust in God) Operations, consisting of one of the largest artillery barrages in history, coupled with chemical weapons. The marshes had been dried by drought, allowing the Iraqis to use tanks to bypass Iranian field fortifications, expelling the Iranians from the border town of Shalamcheh after less than 10 hours of combat.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Wednesday Jun 1, 1988

    James Bond

    Scorpius was published

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Wednesday Jun 1, 1988

    Scorpius, first published in 1988, is the seventh novel by John Gardner featuring Ian Fleming's secret agent, James Bond. Carrying the Glidrose Publications copyright, it was first published in the United Kingdom by Hodder & Stoughton (the first original Bond novel not to be published by Jonathan Cape) and in the United States by Putnam.


  • Radwaniyah Palace, Baghdad, Iraq
    Monday Jun 13, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    The Strike on Saddam's Presidential Palace

    Radwaniyah Palace, Baghdad, Iraq
    Monday Jun 13, 1988

    Faced with such losses, Khomeini appointed the cleric Hashemi Rafsanjani as the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, though he had in actuality occupied that position for months. Rafsanjani ordered a last desperate counter-attack into Iraq, which was launched 13 June 1988. The Iranians infiltrated through the Iraqi trenches and moved 10 km (6.2 mi) into Iraq and managed to strike Saddam's presidential palace in Baghdad using fighter aircraft. After three days of fighting, the decimated Iranians were driven back to their original positions again.


  • Mehran, Ilam Province, Iran
    Friday Jun 17, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    Operation Forty Stars

    Mehran, Ilam Province, Iran
    Friday Jun 17, 1988

    On 18 June, Iraq launched Operation Forty Stars in conjunction to the Mujahideen-e-Khalq (MEK) around Mehran. With 530 aircraft sorties and heavy use of nerve gas, they crushed the Iranian forces in the area, killing 3,500 and nearly destroying a Revolutionary Guard division. Mehran was captured once again and occupied by the MEK. Iraq also launched air raids on Iranian population centers and economic targets, setting 10 oil installations on fire.


  • Majnoon Island, Iraq
    Saturday Jun 25, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    The Second Tawakal ala Allah Operation

    Majnoon Island, Iraq
    Saturday Jun 25, 1988

    On 25 June, Iraq launched the second Tawakal ala Allah operation against the Iranians on Majnoon Island. Iraqi commandos used amphibious craft to block the Iranian rear, then used hundreds of tanks with massed conventional and chemical artillery barrages to recapture the island after 8 hours of combat.


  • Monaco, France
    Friday Jul 1, 1988

    George Weah

    Moving To Monaco

    Monaco, France
    Friday Jul 1, 1988

    After playing in the Liberian domestic league at the beginning of his successful career and winning several national honours (including the Liberian Premier League and the Liberian Cup), Weah's abilities were discovered by the Cameroon national team coach, Claude Le Roy, who relayed the news to Arsène Wenger. Weah moved to Europe in 1988, for just £12,000 from Cameroonian club Tonnerre Yaoundé, when he was signed by Wenger – the manager of Monaco at the time – who flew to Africa himself prior to the signing, and whom Weah credits as an important influence on his career.


  • U.S.
    Friday Jul 1, 1988

    Nike, Inc.

    Nike's first "Just Do It" Advertisement

    U.S.
    Friday Jul 1, 1988

    Walt Stack was featured in Nike's first "Just Do It" advertisement, which debuted on July 1, 1988.


  • Tehran, Iran
    Friday Jul 1, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    The Joint Central Command In Iran

    Tehran, Iran
    Friday Jul 1, 1988

    On 2 July, Iran belatedly set up a joint central command which unified the Revolutionary Guard, Army, and Kurdish rebels, and dispelled the rivalry between the Army and the Revolutionary Guard.


  • Strait of Hormuz, near Qeshm Island, Iran
    Saturday Jul 2, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    Iran Air Flight 655

    Strait of Hormuz, near Qeshm Island, Iran
    Saturday Jul 2, 1988

    the USS Vincennes shot down Iran Air Flight 655, killing 290 passengers and crew. The lack of international sympathy disturbed the Iranian leadership, and they came to the conclusion that the United States was on the verge of waging a full-scale war against them, and that Iraq was on the verge of unleashing its entire chemical arsenal upon their cities.


  • Strait of Hormuz near Oman
    Sunday Jul 3, 1988

    Plane Accidents

    Iran Air Flight 655

    Strait of Hormuz near Oman
    Sunday Jul 3, 1988

    Iran Air Flight 655, an Iranian Airbus A300-200 airliner, was shot down on July 3, 1988, by two surface-to-air missiles from the U.S. Navy guided-missile cruiser USS Vincennes over the Strait of Hormuz. All 290 passengers and crew aboard the aircraft died.


  • Dehloran, Ilam Province, Iran
    Monday Jul 11, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    Capturing The City of Dehloran

    Dehloran, Ilam Province, Iran
    Monday Jul 11, 1988

    By 12 July, the Iraqis had captured the city of Dehloran, 30 km (19 mi) inside Iran, along with 2,500 troops and much armour and material, which took four days to transport to Iraq. The Iraqis withdrew from Dehloran soon after, claiming that they had "no desire to conquer Iranian territory."


  • Haj Omran, Iraq
    Thursday Jul 14, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    Iran retreat From Haj Omran

    Haj Omran, Iraq
    Thursday Jul 14, 1988

    Under the threat of a new and even more powerful invasion, Commander-in-Chief Rafsanjani ordered the Iranians to retreat from Haj Omran, Kurdistan on 14 July. The Iranians did not publicly describe this as a retreat, instead calling it a "temporary withdrawal".


  • Berlin, East Germany, Germany
    Tuesday Jul 19, 1988

    Berlin Wall

    Live concert in East Berlin

    Berlin, East Germany, Germany
    Tuesday Jul 19, 1988

    On 19 July 1988, 16 months before the Wall came down, Bruce Springsteen and the E-Street Band, played Rocking the Wall, a live concert in East Berlin, which was attended by 300,000 in person and broadcast delayed on television.


  • Tehran, Iran
    Tuesday Jul 19, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    Iran accepted Resolution 598

    Tehran, Iran
    Tuesday Jul 19, 1988

    At this point, elements of the Iranian leadership, led by Rafsanjani (who had initially pushed for the extension of the war), persuaded Khomeini to accept the ceasefire. On 20 July 1988, Iran accepted Resolution 598, showing its willingness to accept a ceasefire.


  • Western borders, Iran
    Monday Jul 25, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    Operation Mersad

    Western borders, Iran
    Monday Jul 25, 1988

    Operation Mersad was the last big military operation of the war. Both Iran and Iraq had accepted Resolution 598, but despite the ceasefire, after seeing Iraqi victories in the previous months, Mujahadeen-e-Khalq (MEK) decided to launch an attack of its own and wished to advance all the way to Teheran.


  • Iran
    Monday Jul 25, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    The MEK Campaign

    Iran
    Monday Jul 25, 1988

    On 26 July 1988, the MEK started their campaign in central Iran, Operation Forough Javidan (Eternal Light), with the support of the Iraqi army. The Iranians had withdrawn their remaining soldiers to Khuzestan in fear of a new Iraqi invasion attempt, allowing the Mujahedeen to advance rapidly towards Kermanshah, seizing Qasr-e Shirin, Sarpol-e Zahab, Kerend-e Gharb, and Islamabad-e-Gharb. The MEK expected the Iranian population to rise up and support their advance; the uprising never materialised but they reached 145 km (90 mi) deep into Iran.


  • Kerend-e Gharb, Kermanshah Province, Iran
    Thursday Jul 28, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    Recapturing Kerend-e Gharb

    Kerend-e Gharb, Kermanshah Province, Iran
    Thursday Jul 28, 1988

    The Iranians defeated the MEK in the city of Kerend-e Gharb on 29 July 1988.


  • Sarpol Zahab, Kermanshah Province, Iran - Qasr-e Shirin, Kermanshah Province, Iran
    Saturday Jul 30, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    Iran drove The MEK out of The Cities

    Sarpol Zahab, Kermanshah Province, Iran - Qasr-e Shirin, Kermanshah Province, Iran
    Saturday Jul 30, 1988

    On 31 July, Iran drove the MEK out of Qasr-e-Shirin and Sarpol Zahab, though MEK claimed to have "voluntarily withdrawn" from the towns.


  • The Persian Gulf
    Tuesday Aug 2, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    The Last Notable Combat actions of The war

    The Persian Gulf
    Tuesday Aug 2, 1988

    The last notable combat actions of the war took place on 3 August 1988, in the Persian Gulf when the Iranian navy fired on a freighter and Iraq launched chemical attacks on Iranian civilians, killing an unknown number of them and wounding 2,300.


  • Myanmar
    Sunday Aug 7, 1988

    Conflict in Myanmar

    Students began demonstrating in Rangoon (Yangon)

    Myanmar
    Sunday Aug 7, 1988

    On 8 August 1988, students began demonstrating in Rangoon (Yangon) against General Ne Win's rule and the disastrous Burmese Way to Socialism system.


  • Iran - Iraq
    Monday Aug 8, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    Ending all Combat Operations

    Iran - Iraq
    Monday Aug 8, 1988

    Iraq came under international pressure to curtail further offensives. Resolution 598 became effective on 8 August 1988, ending all combat operations between the two countries.


  • Afghanistan
    Wednesday Aug 10, 1988

    Bin Laden

    Al Qaueda

    Afghanistan
    Wednesday Aug 10, 1988

    Researches suggest that al-Qaeda was formed at an August 11, 1988, meeting between "several senior leaders" of Egyptian Islamic Jihad, Abdullah Azzam, and bin Laden, where it was agreed to join bin Laden's money with the expertise of the Islamic Jihad organization and take up the jihadist cause elsewhere after the Soviets withdrew from Afghanistan.


  • Iran - Iraq
    Saturday Aug 20, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    Peace

    Iran - Iraq
    Saturday Aug 20, 1988

    By 20 August 1988, peace with Iran was restored. UN peacekeepers belonging to the UNIIMOG mission took the field, remaining on the Iran–Iraq border until 1991.


  • Iraq
    Saturday Aug 20, 1988

    Gulf War

    The ceasefire with Iran

    Iraq
    Saturday Aug 20, 1988

    By the time the ceasefire with Iran was signed in August 1988, Iraq was heavily debt-ridden and tensions within society were rising.


  • Iraq
    Saturday Sep 3, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    Clearing The Kurdish Resistance

    Iraq
    Saturday Sep 3, 1988

    Iraq spent the rest of August and early September clearing the Kurdish resistance. Using 60,000 troops along with helicopter gunships, chemical weapons (poison gas), and mass executions, Iraq hit 15 villages, killing rebels and civilians, and forced tens of thousands of Kurds to relocate to settlements. Many Kurdish civilians fled to Iran. By 3 September 1988, the anti-Kurd campaign ended, and all resistance had been crushed.


  • Tokyo, Japan
    Monday Sep 19, 1988

    Hirohito

    The Emperor Suffered From Continuous Internal Bleeding

    Tokyo, Japan
    Monday Sep 19, 1988

    The Emperor appeared to be making a full recovery for several months after the surgery. About a year later, however, on September 19, 1988, he collapsed in his palace, and his health worsened over the next several months as he suffered from continuous internal bleeding.


  • Novi Sad, Serbia
    Thursday Oct 6, 1988

    Slobodan Milošević

    100,000 demonstrators rallied outside the Communist Party headquarters

    Novi Sad, Serbia
    Thursday Oct 6, 1988

    In Vojvodina, where 54 percent of the population was Serb, an estimated 100,000 demonstrators rallied outside the Communist Party headquarters in Novi Sad on 6 October 1988 to demand the resignation of the provincial leadership.


  • Spain and Switzerland
    Monday Oct 10, 1988

    Freddie Mercury

    Barcelona

    Spain and Switzerland
    Monday Oct 10, 1988

    His second album, Barcelona, recorded with Spanish soprano vocalist Montserrat Caballé, combines elements of popular music and opera. Many critics were uncertain what to make of the album; one referred to it as "the most bizarre CD of the year".


  • Newbury, England, U.K.
    Wednesday Oct 26, 1988

    Vodafone

    The Successful Flotation

    Newbury, England, U.K.
    Wednesday Oct 26, 1988

    On 26 October 1988, Racal Telecom, the majority held by Racal Electronics, went public on the London Stock Exchange with 20% of its stock floated. The successful flotation led to a situation where Racal's stake in Racal Telecom was valued more than the whole of Racal Electronics.


  • Delhi, India
    Saturday Nov 5, 1988

    Virat Kohli

    The birth of Virat Kohli

    Delhi, India
    Saturday Nov 5, 1988

    Virat Kohli was born on 5 November 1988 in Delhi into a Punjabi Hindu family. His father, Prem Kohli, worked as a criminal lawyer and his mother, Saroj Kohli, is a housewife. He has an older brother, Vikas, and an older sister, Bhavna. According to his family, when he was three-years old, Kohli would pick up a cricket bat, start swinging it and ask his father to bowl at him.


  • Estonia
    Wednesday Nov 16, 1988

    Dissolution of the Soviet Union

    Estonian laws would take precedence over of the Soviet Union's

    Estonia
    Wednesday Nov 16, 1988

    On November 16, 1988, the Supreme Soviet of the Estonian SSR adopted a declaration of national sovereignty under which Estonian laws would take precedence over those of the Soviet Union.


  • Kosovo
    Thursday Nov 17, 1988

    Kosovo War

    Resignations from the leadership of the League of Communists of Kosovo (LCK)

    Kosovo
    Thursday Nov 17, 1988

    On 17 November 1988, Kaqusha Jashari and Azem Vllasi were forced to resign from the leadership of the League of Communists of Kosovo (LCK).


  • Belgrade, Serbia
    Saturday Nov 19, 1988

    Slobodan Milošević

    Belgrade Speech

    Belgrade, Serbia
    Saturday Nov 19, 1988

    Milošević appealed to nationalist and populist passion by speaking of Serbia's importance to the world and in a Belgrade speech on 19 November 1988, he spoke of Serbia as facing battles against both internal and external enemies.


  • Catalonia, Spain
    Monday Dec 5, 1988

    Salvador Dali

    King's Visit

    Catalonia, Spain
    Monday Dec 5, 1988

    On 5 December 1988, he was visited by King Juan Carlos, who confessed that he had always been a serious devotee of Dalí.


  • California, U.S.
    Tuesday Dec 6, 1988

    Robin Williams

    Velardi's divorce

    California, U.S.
    Tuesday Dec 6, 1988

    Velardi and Williams were divorced in 1988. While it was reported that Williams began an affair with Zachary's nanny Marsha Garces in 1986, Velardi stated in the 2018 documentary Robin Williams: Come Inside My Mind that the relationship with Garces began after the two had separated.


  • Lockerbie, Scotland
    Wednesday Dec 21, 1988

    Plane Accidents

    Pan Am Flight 103

    Lockerbie, Scotland
    Wednesday Dec 21, 1988

    Pan Am Flight 103, a Boeing 747–121 bound for New York–JFK from London–Heathrow with continued service to Detroit, was destroyed by a terrorist bomb over the town of Lockerbie, Scotland. All 243 passengers and 16 crew, and 11 people on the ground (all residents of Sherwood Crescent, Lockerbie), died, making it the worst terrorist attack involving an aircraft in the UK and the deadliest terrorist attack on British soil.


  • Paris, France
    Tuesday Dec 27, 1988

    Marco van Basten

    1st Ballon d'Or

    Paris, France
    Tuesday Dec 27, 1988

    Van Basten won his 1st Ballon d'Or.


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