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  • Medina, Washington, U.S.
    Saturday Jan 1, 1994

    Bill Gates

    Marriage

    Medina, Washington, U.S.
    Saturday Jan 1, 1994

    Gates married Melinda French on a golf course on the Hawaiian island of Lanai on January 1, 1994. They have three children. The family resides in Xanadu 2.0, an earth-sheltered mansion in the side of a hill overlooking Lake Washington in Medina, Washington.




  • Rwanda
    Tuesday Jan 11, 1994

    Rwandan genocide

    Genocide Fax

    Rwanda
    Tuesday Jan 11, 1994

    On 11 January 1994, General Roméo Dallaire, commander of UNAMIR (United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda), sent his "Genocide Fax" to UN Headquarters. The fax stated that Dallaire was in contact with "a top level trainer in the cadre of Interhamwe-armed militia of MRND." The informant—now known to be Mathieu Ngirumpatse's chauffeur, Kassim Turatsinze, a.k.a. "Jean-Pierre" – claimed to have been ordered to register all Tutsi in Kigali. According to the memo, Turatsinze suspected that a genocide against the Tutsis was being planned, and he said that "in 20 minutes his personnel could kill up to 1000 Tutsis". Dallaire's request to protect the informant and his family and to raid the weapons caches he revealed was denied.




  • Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
    Wednesday Jan 19, 1994

    First Chechen War

    Russian forces seized the ruins of the Chechen presidential palace

    Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
    Wednesday Jan 19, 1994

    On 19 January, despite heavy casualties, Russian forces seized the ruins of the Chechen presidential palace, which had been heavily contested for more than three weeks as the Chechens finally abandoned their positions in the destroyed downtown area.




  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Feb 5, 1994

    Bosnian War

    Markale massacre

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Feb 5, 1994

    On 5 February 1994, Sarajevo suffered its deadliest single attack of the entire siege with the first Markale massacre, when a 120 millimeter mortar shell landed in the centre of the crowded marketplace, killing 68 people and wounding another 144.




  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Feb 6, 1994

    Bosnian War

    Future requests for air strikes would be carried out immediately

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Feb 6, 1994

    On 6 February, UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali formally requested NATO to confirm that future requests for air strikes would be carried out immediately.




  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Feb 9, 1994

    Bosnian War

    Air strikes—at the request of the UN—against artillery and mortar positions in or around Sarajevo

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Feb 9, 1994

    On 9 February 1994, NATO authorized the Commander of Allied Forces Southern Europe (CINCSOUTH), US Admiral Jeremy Boorda, to launch air strikes—at the request of the UN—against artillery and mortar positions in or around Sarajevo determined by UNPROFOR to be responsible for attacks against civilian targets.




  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Feb 12, 1994

    Bosnian War

    First casualty free day

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Feb 12, 1994

    On 12 February, Sarajevo enjoyed its first casualty free day since April 1992.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Feb 17, 1994

    Bosnian War

    The large-scale removal of Bosnian-Serb heavy weapons

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Feb 17, 1994

    The large-scale removal of Bosnian-Serb heavy weapons began on 17 February 1994.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Feb 20, 1994

    Bosnian War

    An ultimatum to the Bosnian Serbs

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Feb 20, 1994

    NATO also issued an ultimatum to the Bosnian Serbs demanding the removal of heavy weapons around Sarajevo by midnight of 20–21 February, or they would face air strikes.


  • Zagreb, Croatia
    Wednesday Feb 23, 1994

    Bosnian War

    The Croat-Bosniak war

    Zagreb, Croatia
    Wednesday Feb 23, 1994

    The Croat-Bosniak war ended with the signing of a ceasefire agreement between the HVO Chief of Staff, general Ante Roso, and the ARBiH Chief of Staff, general Rasim Delić, on 23 February 1994 in Zagreb. The agreement went into effect on 25 February.


  • Swoyersville, Pennsylvania, U.S.
    Friday Feb 25, 1994

    Russell Bufalino

    Death

    Swoyersville, Pennsylvania, U.S.
    Friday Feb 25, 1994

    On February 25, 1994, Bufalino died of natural causes at Nesbitt Memorial Hospital in Kingston, Pennsylvania, aged 90. He is buried in Denison Cemetery in Swoyersville, Pennsylvania.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Saturday Feb 26, 1994

    Croatian War of Independence

    A meeting of Croatian, Bosnian, and Bosnian Croat representatives with US Secretary of State

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Saturday Feb 26, 1994

    Under pressure from the United States, the belligerents agreed on a truce in late February, followed by a meeting of Croatian, Bosnian, and Bosnian Croat representatives with US Secretary of State Warren Christopher in Washington, D.C. on February 26, 1994.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Feb 28, 1994

    Bosnian War

    NATO became actively involved

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Feb 28, 1994

    NATO became actively involved when its jets shot down four Serb aircraft over central Bosnia on 28 February 1994 for violating the UN no-fly zone.


  • Croatia
    Friday Mar 4, 1994

    Croatian War of Independence

    The Creation of Federation

    Croatia
    Friday Mar 4, 1994

    On March 4, Franjo Tuđman endorsed the agreement providing for the creation of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and an alliance between Bosnian and Croatian armies against the Serb forces.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Mar 12, 1994

    Bosnian War

    First request for NATO air support

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Mar 12, 1994

    On 12 March 1994, the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) made its first request for NATO air support, but close air support was not deployed, owing to a number of delays associated with the approval process.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Thursday Mar 17, 1994

    Bosnian War

    Washington Agreement

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Thursday Mar 17, 1994

    A peace agreement known as the Washington Agreement, mediated by the US, was concluded on 2 March by representatives of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Herzeg-Bosnia.


  • Maglaj, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Mar 20, 1994

    Bosnian War

    An aid convoy with medical supplies and doctors reached Maglaj

    Maglaj, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Mar 20, 1994

    On 20 March an aid convoy with medical supplies and doctors reached Maglaj, a city of 100,000 people, which had been under siege since May 1993 and had been surviving off food supplies dropped by US aircraft. A second convoy on 23 March was hijacked and looted.


  • Los Angeles, California, USA
    Monday Mar 21, 1994

    Steven Spielberg

    1st Director Oscar

    Los Angeles, California, USA
    Monday Mar 21, 1994

    Steven has won his first Academy Award for the category of Best Director in 1994 For the movie Schindler's List.


  • Istanbul, Turkey
    Sunday Mar 27, 1994

    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

    The local Election of Istanbul

    Istanbul, Turkey
    Sunday Mar 27, 1994

    In the local elections of 27 March 1994, Erdoğan was elected Mayor of Istanbul, with a plurality (25.19%) of the popular vote. He was pragmatic in office, tackling many chronic problems in Istanbul including water shortage, pollution and traffic chaos.


  • Italy
    Sunday Mar 27, 1994

    Silvio Berlusconi

    A Prime Minister

    Italy
    Sunday Mar 27, 1994

    Berlusconi rapidly rose to the forefront of Italian politics in January 1994. He was elected to the Chamber of Deputies for the first time and appointed as Prime Minister following the 1994 parliamentary elections, when Forza Italia gained a relative majority a mere three months after having been launched.


  • Rosario, Argentina
    Wednesday Mar 30, 1994

    Lionel Messi

    Old boys

    Rosario, Argentina
    Wednesday Mar 30, 1994

    A lifelong supporter of Newell's Old Boys, Messi joined the Rosario club when he was six years old. During the six years he played for Newell's, he scored almost 500 goals as a member of "The Machine of '87", the near-unbeatable youth side named for the year of their birth, and regularly entertained crowds by performing ball tricks during half-time of the first team's home games.


  • Kigali, Rwanda
    Wednesday Apr 6, 1994

    Rwandan genocide

    The assassination of Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana

    Kigali, Rwanda
    Wednesday Apr 6, 1994

    The genocide was organised by members of the core Hutu political elite, many of whom occupied positions at top levels of the national government. Most historians agree that a genocide against the Tutsi had been planned for at least a year. However the assassination of Rwandan president Juvénal Habyarimana on 6 April 1994 created a power vacuum and ended peace accords. Genocidal killings began the following day when soldiers, police, and militia executed key Tutsi and moderate Hutu military and political leaders.


  • Rwanda
    Wednesday Apr 6, 1994

    Rwandan genocide

    A Crisis Committee

    Rwanda
    Wednesday Apr 6, 1994

    Following Habyarimana's death, on the evening of 6 April, a crisis committee was formed; it consisted of Major General Augustin Ndindiliyimana, Colonel Théoneste Bagosora, and a number of other senior army staff officers. The committee was headed by Bagosora, despite the presence of the more senior Ndindiliyimana. Prime Minister Agathe Uwilingiyimana was legally next in the line of political succession, but the committee refused to recognise her authority. Roméo Dallaire met with the committee that night and insisted that Uwilingiyimana be placed in charge, but Bagosora refused, saying Uwilingiyimana did not "enjoy the confidence of the Rwandan people" and was "incapable of governing the nation". The committee also justified its existence as being essential to avoid uncertainty following the president's death. Bagosora sought to convince UNAMIR and the RPF that the committee was acting to contain the Presidential Guard, which he described as "out of control", and that it would abide by the Arusha agreement.


  • Rwanda
    Thursday Apr 7, 1994

    Rwandan genocide

    The ICTR prosecution was unable to prove that a conspiracy to commit genocide

    Rwanda
    Thursday Apr 7, 1994

    The ICTR (International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda) prosecution was unable to prove that a conspiracy to commit genocide existed prior to 7 April 1994.


  • Rwanda
    Thursday Apr 7, 1994

    Rwandan genocide

    Paul Kagame warned the crisis committee and UNAMIR that he would resume the civil war if the killing did not stop

    Rwanda
    Thursday Apr 7, 1994

    On 7 April, as the genocide started, RPF (the Rwandan Patriotic Front) commander Paul Kagame warned the crisis committee and UNAMIR that he would resume the civil war if the killing did not stop.


  • Gikondo, Rwanda
    Saturday Apr 9, 1994

    Rwandan genocide

    The massacre of children

    Gikondo, Rwanda
    Saturday Apr 9, 1994

    On 9 April, UN observers witnessed the massacre of children at a Polish church in Gikondo.


  • Goražde, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Apr 10, 1994

    Bosnian War

    The first time in NATO's history it had conducted air strikes

    Goražde, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Apr 10, 1994

    On 10–11 April 1994, UNPROFOR called in air strikes to protect the Goražde safe area, resulting in the bombing of a Serbian military command outpost near Goražde by two US F-16 jets.


  • Kigali, Rwanda
    Monday Apr 11, 1994

    Rwandan genocide

    The Official Technical School

    Kigali, Rwanda
    Monday Apr 11, 1994

    Thousands sought refuge in the Official Technical School (École Technique Officielle) in Kigali where Belgian UNAMIR soldiers were stationed. On 11 April, the Belgian soldiers withdrew, and Rwandan armed forces and militia killed all the Tutsi.


  • Rwanda
    Tuesday Apr 12, 1994

    Rwandan genocide

    The Belgian government announced that it was withdrawing

    Rwanda
    Tuesday Apr 12, 1994

    On 12 April, the Belgian government, which was one of the largest troop contributors to UNAMIR, and had lost ten soldiers protecting Prime Minister Uwilingiliyimana, announced that it was withdrawing, reducing the force's effectiveness even further.


  • Nyange, Rwanda
    Tuesday Apr 12, 1994

    Rwandan genocide

    Nyarubuye massacre

    Nyange, Rwanda
    Tuesday Apr 12, 1994

    One such massacre occurred at Nyarubuye. On 12 April, more than 1,500 Tutsis sought refuge in a Catholic church in Nyange, then in Kivumu commune.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Apr 14, 1994

    Bosnian War

    Serbs took 150 U.N. personnel hostage

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Apr 14, 1994

    In retaliation, Serbs took 150 U.N. personnel hostage on 14 April.


  • Goražde, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Apr 15, 1994

    Bosnian War

    the Bosnian government lines around Goražde broke

    Goražde, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Apr 15, 1994

    On 15 April, the Bosnian government lines around Goražde broke.


  • Park Ridge, New Jersey, U.S.
    Monday Apr 18, 1994

    Richard Nixon

    Nixon Suffered a Severe Stroke

    Park Ridge, New Jersey, U.S.
    Monday Apr 18, 1994

    Nixon suffered a severe stroke on April 18, 1994, while preparing to eat dinner in his Park Ridge, New Jersey home. A blood clot resulting from the atrial fibrillation he had suffered for many years had formed in his upper heart, broken off, and traveled to his brain. He was taken to New York Hospital–Cornell Medical Center in Manhattan, initially alert but unable to speak or to move his right arm or leg. Damage to the brain caused swelling (cerebral edema), and Nixon slipped into a deep coma.


  • Rusumo, Rwanda
    Thursday Apr 28, 1994

    Rwandan genocide

    The first rumours of RPF killings

    Rusumo, Rwanda
    Thursday Apr 28, 1994

    The first rumors of RPF killings emerged after 250,000 mostly Hutu refugees streamed into Tanzania at the border crossing of Rusumo on 28 April 1994.


  • Tuzla, Bosna and Herzegovina
    Friday Apr 29, 1994

    Bosnian War

    A Danish contingent (Nordbat 2) on peacekeeping duty in Bosnia

    Tuzla, Bosna and Herzegovina
    Friday Apr 29, 1994

    Around 29 April 1994, a Danish contingent (Nordbat 2) on peacekeeping duty in Bosnia, as part of UNPROFOR's Nordic battalion located in Tuzla, was ambushed when trying to relieve a Swedish observation post (Tango 2) that was under heavy artillery fire by the Bosnian Serb Šekovići brigade at the village of Kalesija.


  • Rusumo, Rwanda
    Saturday Apr 30, 1994

    Rwandan genocide

    The RPF took control of the border crossing at Rusumo

    Rusumo, Rwanda
    Saturday Apr 30, 1994

    After the RPF took control of the border crossing at Rusumo on 30 April, refugees continued to cross the Kagera River, ending up in remote areas of Tanzania.


  • South Africa
    Tuesday May 10, 1994

    Nelson Mandela

    The Presidency of South Africa

    South Africa
    Tuesday May 10, 1994

    The newly elected National Assembly's first act was to formally elect Mandela as South Africa's first black chief executive. His inauguration took place in Pretoria on 10 May 1994, televised to a billion viewers globally. The event was attended by four thousand guests, including world leaders from a wide range of geographic and ideological backgrounds. Mandela headed a Government of National Unity dominated by the ANC—which had no experience of governing by itself—but containing representatives from the National Party and Inkatha.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Thursday May 12, 1994

    Bosnian War

    the US Senate adopted S. 2042

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Thursday May 12, 1994

    On 12 May, the US Senate adopted S. 2042, introduced by Sen. Bob Dole, to unilaterally lift the arms embargo against the Bosnians, but it was repudiated by President Clinton.


  • Rwanda
    Monday May 16, 1994

    Rwandan genocide

    RPF had cut the road between Kigali and Gitarama

    Rwanda
    Monday May 16, 1994

    By 16 May, RPF (the Rwandan Patriotic Front) had cut the road between Kigali and Gitarama, the temporary home of the interim government.


  • Rwanda
    Tuesday May 17, 1994

    Rwandan genocide

    Resolution 918

    Rwanda
    Tuesday May 17, 1994

    On 17 May 1994, the UN passed Resolution 918, which imposed an arms embargo and reinforced UNAMIR, which would be known as UNAMIR II. The new soldiers did not start arriving until June, and following the end of the genocide in July, the role of UNAMIR II was largely confined to maintaining security and stability, until its termination in 1996.


  • Rwanda
    Tuesday May 17, 1994

    Rwandan genocide

    UNHCR began hearing concrete accounts of atrocities and made this information public

    Rwanda
    Tuesday May 17, 1994

    The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) began hearing concrete accounts of atrocities and made this information public on 17 May.


  • Japan
    Saturday May 28, 1994

    Hachikō

    Hachikō Bark

    Japan
    Saturday May 28, 1994

    In 1994, Nippon Cultural Broadcasting in Japan was able to lift a recording of Hachikō barking from an old record that had been broken into several pieces. A huge advertising campaign ensued and on Saturday, May 28, 1994, 59 years after his death, millions of radio listeners tuned in to hear Hachikō bark.


  • Colombia
    Monday Jun 6, 1994

    Disasters with highest death tolls

    1994 Paez River Earthquake

    Colombia
    Monday Jun 6, 1994

    The 1994 Páez River earthquake occurred on June 6 with a moment magnitude of 6.8 at a depth of 12 km (7.5 mi). The event, which is also known as the Páez River disaster, included subsequent landslides and mudslides that destroyed the small town of Páez, located on the foothills of the Central Ranges of the Andes in Cauca in south-western Colombia. It was estimated that 1,100 people, mostly from the Páez, were killed in some 15 settlements on the Páez River basin, Cauca and Huila departments of which the eponymous town of Páez suffered 50% of the death toll.


  • Ohio, U.S.
    Sunday Jun 12, 1994

    Neil Armstrong

    2nd Marriage

    Ohio, U.S.
    Sunday Jun 12, 1994

    He met his second wife, Carol Held Knight, at a golf tournament in 1992, when they were seated together at breakfast. She said little to Armstrong, but two weeks later he called her to ask what she was doing. She replied that she was cutting down a cherry tree, and 35 minutes later Armstrong was at her house to help. They were married in Ohio on June 12, 1994, and had a second ceremony at San Ysidro Ranch in California. He lived in Indian Hill, Ohio.


  • Gitarama, Rwanda
    Monday Jun 13, 1994

    Rwandan genocide

    RPF had taken Gitarama itself

    Gitarama, Rwanda
    Monday Jun 13, 1994

    By 13 June, RPF (the Rwandan Patriotic Front) had taken Gitarama itself, following an unsuccessful attempt by the Rwandan government forces to reopen the road; the interim government was forced to relocate to Gisenyi in the far north west.


  • Rwanda
    Thursday Jun 23, 1994

    Rwandan genocide

    Opération Turquoise

    Rwanda
    Thursday Jun 23, 1994

    On 23 June, around 2,500 soldiers entered southwestern Rwanda as part of the French-led United Nations Opération Turquoise.


  • Glenegedale Airport, Islay, Argylll & Bute , Hebrides
    Wednesday Jun 29, 1994

    Prince Charles

    Hebrides Crash

    Glenegedale Airport, Islay, Argylll & Bute , Hebrides
    Wednesday Jun 29, 1994

    He learned to fly on a Chipmunk basic pilot trainer, a BAC Jet Provost jet trainer, and a Beagle Basset multi-engine trainer; he then regularly flew the Hawker Siddeley Andover, Westland Wessex and BAe 146 aircraft of The Queen's Flight. until he gave up flying after crashing the BAe 146 in the Hebrides in 1994.


  • Rwanda
    Monday Jul 4, 1994

    Rwandan genocide

    The Liberation Day for Rwanda

    Rwanda
    Monday Jul 4, 1994

    The Liberation Day for Rwanda would come to be marked as 4 July and is commemorated as a public holiday.


  • Northeast 28th Street in Bellevue, Washington, U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 5, 1994

    Jeff Bezos

    Amazon

    Northeast 28th Street in Bellevue, Washington, U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 5, 1994

    Bezos decided to establish an online bookstore. He left his job at D. E. Shaw and founded Amazon in his garage on July 5, 1994, after writing its business plan on a cross-country drive from New York to Seattle.


  • Seattle, Washington, U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 5, 1994

    Amazon

    Jeff Bezos founded Amazon

    Seattle, Washington, U.S.
    Tuesday Jul 5, 1994

    Jeff Bezos founded Amazon in July 1994. He chose Seattle because of technical talent as Microsoft is located there. Bezos initially incorporated the company in Washington state with the name Cadabra, Inc.


  • England
    Tuesday Jul 12, 1994

    Tony Blair

    Blair the Leader of Opposition

    England
    Tuesday Jul 12, 1994

    Blair defeated John Prescott and Margaret Beckett in the subsequent leadership election and became Leader of the Opposition. As is customary for the holder of that office, Blair was appointed a Privy Councillor.


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