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  • New York, U.S.
    Thursday Oct 28, 1886

    Statue of Liberty

    Ticker-Tape parade Beginning

    New York, U.S.
    Thursday Oct 28, 1886

    A ceremony of dedication was held on the afternoon of October 28, 1886. President Grover Cleveland, the former New York governor, presided over the event. On the morning of the dedication, a parade was held in New York City; estimates of the number of people who watched it ranged from several hundred thousand to a million. President Cleveland headed the procession, then stood in the reviewing stand to see bands and marchers from across America. General Stone was the grand marshal of the parade. The route began at Madison Square, once the venue for the arm, and proceeded to the Battery at the southern tip of Manhattan by way of Fifth Avenue and Broadway, with a slight detour so the parade could pass in front of the Worldbuilding on Park Row. As the parade passed the New York Stock Exchange, traders threw ticker tape from the windows, beginning the New York tradition of the ticker-tape parade.




  • London, England
    Tuesday Oct 28, 1941

    Alan Turing

    Writing directly to Winston Churchill

    London, England
    Tuesday Oct 28, 1941

    On 28 October they wrote directly to Winston Churchill explaining their difficulties, with Turing as the first named. They emphasised how small their need was compared with the vast expenditure of men and money by the forces and compared with the level of assistance they could offer to the forces.




  • Slovakia
    Saturday Oct 28, 1944

    World War II

    Slovak National Uprising quelled

    Slovakia
    Saturday Oct 28, 1944

    The national uprising in Slovakia was also quelled by the Germans, the uprising started on 29 August 1944.




  • Seattle, Washington, U.S.
    Friday Oct 28, 1955

    Bill Gates

    Birth

    Seattle, Washington, U.S.
    Friday Oct 28, 1955

    Gates was born in Seattle, Washington, on October 28, 1955.




  • England, United Kingdom
    Friday Oct 28, 1955

    Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon

    Margaret would announce that she would marry Townsend and leave the line of succession

    England, United Kingdom
    Friday Oct 28, 1955

    In the 28 October 1955 final draft of the plan, Margaret would announce that she would marry Townsend and leave the line of succession. As prearranged by Eden Anthony, the Queen would consult with the British and Commonwealth governments, then ask them to amend the 1772 Act. Eden would have told Parliament that it was "out of harmony with modern conditions"; Kilmuir estimated that 75% of Britons would approve of allowing the marriage. He advised Eden that the 1772 Act was flawed and might not apply to Margaret anyway.




  • England, United Kingdom
    Friday Oct 28, 1955

    Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon

    Daily Mirror on 28 October discussed The Times's editorial with the headline "THIS CRUEL PLAN MUST BE EXPOSED"

    England, United Kingdom
    Friday Oct 28, 1955

    The Daily Mirror on 28 October discussed The Times's editorial with the headline "THIS CRUEL PLAN MUST BE EXPOSED". Although Margaret and Townsend had read the editorial the newspaper denounced as from "a dusty world and a forgotten age", they had earlier made their decision and written an announcement. On 31 October Margaret issued a statement: I would like it to be known that I have decided not to marry Group Captain Peter Townsend. I have been aware that, subject to my renouncing my rights of succession, it might have been possible for me to contract a civil marriage. But mindful of the Church's teachings that Christian marriage is indissoluble and conscious of my duty to the Commonwealth, I have resolved to put these considerations before others. I have reached this decision entirely alone, and in doing so I have been strengthened by the unfailing support and devotion of Group Captain Townsend. "Thoroughly drained, thoroughly demoralized", Margaret later said, she and Townsend wrote the statement together. She refused when Oliver Dawnay, the Queen Mother's private secretary, asked to remove the word "devotion". The written statement, signed "Margaret", was the first official confirmation of the relationship. Some Britons were disbelieving or angry while others, including clergy, were proud of the princess for choosing duty and faith; newspapers were evenly divided on the decision. Mass-Observation recorded indifference or criticism of the couple among men, but great interest among women, whether for or against. Kenneth Tynan, John Minton, Ronald Searle, and others signed an open letter from "the younger generation". Published in the Daily Express on 4 November, the letter said that the end of the relationship had exposed The Establishment and "our national hypocrisy".




  • Hungary
    Sunday Oct 28, 1956

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    A Ceasefire Was Arranged

    Hungary
    Sunday Oct 28, 1956

    Hungarian general Béla Király, freed from a life sentence for political offences and acting with the support of the Nagy government, sought to restore order by unifying elements of the police, army and insurgent groups into a National Guard. A ceasefire was arranged on 28 October.


  • U.S.S.R. (Now Russia)
    Sunday Oct 28, 1962

    John F. Kennedy

    Dismantle the missile sites

    U.S.S.R. (Now Russia)
    Sunday Oct 28, 1962

    On October 28, Khrushchev agreed to dismantle the missile sites, subject to UN inspections.


  • Paris, France
    Sunday Oct 28, 1962

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle's proposal to change the election procedure for the French presidency

    Paris, France
    Sunday Oct 28, 1962

    De Gaulle's proposal to change the election procedure for the French presidency was approved at the referendum on 28 October 1962 by more than three-fifths of voters despite a broad "coalition of no" formed by most of the parties, opposed to a presidential regime.


  • Spain
    Thursday Oct 28, 1982

    Juan Carlos I

    The 1982 General Election

    Spain
    Thursday Oct 28, 1982

    The victory of the PSOE in 1982 under González marked the effective end of the King's active involvement in Spanish politics. González would govern for 14 years, longer than any democratically elected Prime Minister. His administration helped consolidate Spanish democracy and thus maintained the stability of the nation.


  • Ukraine
    Saturday Oct 28, 1989

    Dissolution of the Soviet Union

    Official language of Ukraine

    Ukraine
    Saturday Oct 28, 1989

    On October 28, 1989, the Ukrainian Supreme Soviet decreed that effective January 1, 1990, Ukrainian would be the official language of Ukraine, while Russian would be used for communication between ethnic groups.


  • Venezuela
    Friday Oct 28, 2005

    Bolivarian Revolution

    Venezuela declared itself a "Territory Free of Illiteracy"

    Venezuela
    Friday Oct 28, 2005

    On 28 October 2005, Venezuela declared itself a "Territory Free of Illiteracy", having raised in its initial estimates the literacy rate to around 99%, although the statistic was changed to 96%. According to UNESCO standards, a country can be declared "illiteracy-free" if 96% of its population over age 15 can read and write. According to Francisco Rodríguez and Daniel Ortega of IESA, there has been "little evidence" of "statistically distinguishable effect on Venezuelan illiteracy". The Venezuelan government claimed that it had taught 1.5 million Venezuelans to read, but the study found that "only 1.1m were illiterate to begin with" and that the illiteracy reduction of less than 100,000 can be attributed to adults that were elderly and died. David Rosnick and Mark Weisbrot of the Center for Economic and Policy Research responded to these doubts, finding that the data used by Rodríguez and Ortega was too crude a measure since the Household Survey from which it derived was never designed to measure literacy or reading skills and their methods were inappropriate to provide statistical evidence regarding the size of Venezuela's national literacy program. Rodríguez responded to Weisbrot's rebuttal by showing that Weisbrot used biased, distorted data and that the illiteracy argument Weisbrot used showed the exact opposite of what Weisbrot was attempting to convey.


  • Greece
    Sunday Oct 28, 2012

    Christine Lagarde

    Hot Doc's List

    Greece
    Sunday Oct 28, 2012

    On 28 October 2012, Greek reporter and editor Kostas Vaxevanis claimed to be in possession of the list and published a document with more than 2,000 names in his magazine Hot Doc.


  • United Kingdom
    Friday Oct 28, 2016

    Uber

    Uber loses the case of Aslam v Uber BV on workers' rights

    United Kingdom
    Friday Oct 28, 2016

    Uber loses the case of Aslam v Uber BV on workers' rights. Appeals to the UK Employment Appeal Tribunal.


  • Brussels, Belgium
    Monday Oct 28, 2019

    Brexit

    The third extension was agreed to by the EU

    Brussels, Belgium
    Monday Oct 28, 2019

    On 28 October 2019, the third extension was agreed to by the EU, with a new withdrawal deadline of 31 January 2020.


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