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  • Paris, France
    Wednesday Sep 3, 1783

    George Washington

    Treaty of Paris

    Paris, France
    Wednesday Sep 3, 1783

    Washington resigned as commander-in-chief once the Treaty of Paris was signed, and he planned to retire to Mount Vernon. The treaty was ratified in April 1783, and Hamilton's Congressional committee adapted the army for peacetime. Washington gave the Army's perspective to the Committee in his Sentiments on a Peace Establishment. The Treaty was signed on September 3, 1783, and Great Britain officially recognized the independence of the United States. Washington then disbanded his army, giving an eloquent farewell address to his soldiers on November 2.




  • Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
    Monday Sep 3, 1838

    Frederick Douglass

    Douglass successfully escaped by boarding a northbound train

    Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
    Monday Sep 3, 1838

    On September 3, 1838, Douglass successfully escaped by boarding a northbound train of the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad.




  • U.S.
    Thursday Sep 3, 1857

    Sojourner Truth

    Truth sold all her possessions

    U.S.
    Thursday Sep 3, 1857

    On September 3, 1857, she sold all her possessions, new and old, to Daniel Ives and moved to Battle Creek, Michigan, where she rejoined former members of the Millerite movement who had formed the Seventh-day Adventist Church. Antislavery movements had begun early in Michigan and Ohio.




  • Stockholm, Sweden
    Saturday Sep 3, 1864

    Alfred Nobel

    Shed used for preparation of nitroglycerin exploded at the factory

    Stockholm, Sweden
    Saturday Sep 3, 1864

    On 3 September 1864, a shed used for preparation of nitroglycerin exploded at the factory in Heleneborg, Stockholm, killing five people, including Nobel's younger brother Emil.




  • South Africa
    Monday Sep 3, 1900

    Second Boer War

    Roberts declared the war

    South Africa
    Monday Sep 3, 1900

    Roberts declared the war over on 3 September 1900; and the South African Republic was formally annexed.




  • Virginia, U.S.
    Thursday Sep 3, 1908

    The Wright brothers

    Demonstrating another nearly identical Flyer to the United States Army

    Virginia, U.S.
    Thursday Sep 3, 1908

    Orville followed his brother's success by demonstrating another nearly identical Flyer to the United States Army at Fort Myer, Virginia, starting on September 3, 1908.




  • United Kingdom and France
    Sunday Sep 3, 1939

    Adolf Hitler

    Britain and France declared war on Germany

    United Kingdom and France
    Sunday Sep 3, 1939

    In response, Britain and France declared war on Germany on 3 September.


  • U.S.
    Thursday Sep 3, 1942

    Frank Sinatra

    Leaving Dorsey's band

    U.S.
    Thursday Sep 3, 1942

    After the 1942 recordings, Sinatra believed he needed to go solo, with an insatiable desire to compete with Bing Crosby, but he was hampered by his contract which gave Dorsey 43% of Sinatra's lifetime earnings in the entertainment industry. A legal battle ensued, eventually settled in August 1942. On September 3, 1942, Dorsey bade farewell to Sinatra, reportedly saying as Sinatra left, "I hope you fall on your ass".


  • Sezimovo Ústí, Czechia (Then Czechoslovakia)
    Friday Sep 3, 1948

    1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état

    Beneš's Death

    Sezimovo Ústí, Czechia (Then Czechoslovakia)
    Friday Sep 3, 1948

    Beneš died in September, bringing a symbolic close to the sequence of events, and was buried before an enormous and silent throng come to mourn the passing of a popular leader and of the democracy he had come to represent.


  • Wonsan, Kangwon, North Korea
    Monday Sep 3, 1951

    Neil Armstrong

    Neil flew armed reconnaissance over the primary transportation and storage facilities

    Wonsan, Kangwon, North Korea
    Monday Sep 3, 1951

    Five days later, on September 3, he flew armed reconnaissance over the primary transportation and storage facilities south of the village of Majon-ni, west of Wonsan. An initial report to the commanding officer of Essex said that while attacking a target, Armstrong's F9F Panther was hit by anti-aircraft fire. The report indicated he was trying to regain control and collided with a pole, which sliced off 2 feet (1 m) of the Panther's right wing. Further perversions of the story by different authors added that he was only 20 feet (6 m) from the ground and that 3 feet (1 m) of his wing was sheared off.


  • Tehran, Iran
    Sunday Sep 3, 1978

    Iranian Revolution

    The large march of Eid-e-Fitr

    Tehran, Iran
    Sunday Sep 3, 1978

    4 September was Eid-e-Fitr, the holiday celebrating the end of the month of Ramadan. A permit for an open air prayer was granted, in which 200,000–500,000 people attended. Instead, the clergy directed the crowd on a large march through the center of Tehran (the Shah reportedly watched the march from his helicopter, unnerved and confused). A few days later even larger protests took place, and for the first time protesters called for Khomeini's return and the establishment of an Islamic republic.


  • Serbia
    Thursday Sep 3, 1987

    Kosovo War

    The Paraćin massacre

    Serbia
    Thursday Sep 3, 1987

    In 1987 the growing ethnic tension in Yugoslavia and rising nationalism among Albanians in Kosovo and referred to the Paraćin massacre, where an ethnic Albanian soldier in the JNA killed four fellow soldiers.


  • Iraq
    Saturday Sep 3, 1988

    Iran–Iraq War

    Clearing The Kurdish Resistance

    Iraq
    Saturday Sep 3, 1988

    Iraq spent the rest of August and early September clearing the Kurdish resistance. Using 60,000 troops along with helicopter gunships, chemical weapons (poison gas), and mass executions, Iraq hit 15 villages, killing rebels and civilians, and forced tens of thousands of Kurds to relocate to settlements. Many Kurdish civilians fled to Iran. By 3 September 1988, the anti-Kurd campaign ended, and all resistance had been crushed.


  • Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Monday Sep 3, 1990

    Mongolian Revolution of 1990

    The People's Great Khural (upper house) First Met

    Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
    Monday Sep 3, 1990

    The People's Great Khural (upper house) first met on 3 September and elected a president (MPRP), vice president (Social Democrat), prime minister (MPRP), and 50 members to the Baga Hural (lower house). The vice president was also chairman of the Baga Khural.


  • United Kingdom
    Friday Sep 3, 1993

    Brexit

    The UK Independence Party (UKIP)

    United Kingdom
    Friday Sep 3, 1993

    The UK Independence Party (UKIP), a Eurosceptic political party, was formed in 1993. It achieved third place in the UK during the 2004 European elections, second place in the 2009 European elections and first place in the 2014 European elections, with 27.5% of the total vote. This was the first time since the 1910 general election that any party other than Labour or the Conservatives had taken the largest share of the vote in a nationwide election.


  • Egypt
    Saturday Sep 3, 2011

    Mohamed Salah

    International debut

    Egypt
    Saturday Sep 3, 2011

    On 3 September 2011, Salah made his debut for the Egypt national football team in the 2–1 away defeat by Sierra Leone.


  • Finland
    Tuesday Sep 3, 2013

    Microsoft

    Nokia

    Finland
    Tuesday Sep 3, 2013

    On September 3, 2013, Microsoft agreed to buy Nokia's mobile unit for $7 billion.


  • Philippines, Vietnam, China
    Tuesday Sep 3, 2013

    Disasters with highest death tolls

    Typhoon Haiyan

    Philippines, Vietnam, China
    Tuesday Sep 3, 2013

    Typhoon Haiyan, known in the Philippines as Super Typhoon Yolanda, was one of the most powerful tropical cyclones ever recorded. On making landfall, Haiyan devastated portions of Southeast Asia, particularly the Philippines. It is the deadliest Philippine typhoon on record, killing at least 6,300 people in that country alone. In terms of JTWC-estimated 1-minute sustained winds, Haiyan is tied with Meranti for being the strongest landfalling tropical cyclone on record.


  • Cholpon Ata, Kyrgyzstan
    Monday Sep 3, 2018

    Sooronbay Jeenbekov

    Opening the 2018 World Nomad Games

    Cholpon Ata, Kyrgyzstan
    Monday Sep 3, 2018

    Jeenbekov opened the 2018 World Nomad Games in Cholpon-Ata on September 3, 2018, marking the first major international event that Jeenbekov has hosted in Kyrgyzstan.


  • Frankfurt, Germany
    Thursday Sep 3, 2020

    Bitcoin

    Frankfurt Stock Exchange admitted in its Regulated Market the quotation of the first Bitcoin exchange-traded note (ETN)

    Frankfurt, Germany
    Thursday Sep 3, 2020

    On September 3, 2020, the Frankfurt Stock Exchange admitted in its Regulated Market the quotation of the first Bitcoin exchange-traded note (ETN), centrally cleared via Eurex Clearing.


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